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table in which his soul delighted. And partial estrangement between those who was he to be severely condemned for this ? think, with M. Laffitte, that the scientific Suppose, reader, that you shot a woodcock side of Positivism, or what calls itself by unobserved; what would you do? Tell that name, should take precedence of the about it, no doubt, and to every one you moral and religious side, and those who

Moved thereto by honesty un- think, with Mr. Congreve, that the emoadorned ? Has not vanity a little to do tional culture of the Positivist Church with it? To test the matter, say, did you should take precedence of its scientific ever shoot one, and allow it to be supposed culture. In a sermon delivered at the for one moment that any one else shot it? Positivist School, 19 Chapel Street, Lamb's Probably not. It comes, then, to this Conduit Street, W.C., on the Festival of which is the meaner vice, vanity or greed? Humanity, Ist Moses, 91 (January 1, But perhaps I am rather a partial advo-1879)” * Mr. Congreve explains, with his cate; or perhaps, after all, the fault lay in usual perfect equanimity, that the differthe woodcock being so portable.

ences of opinion developed among the In the course of my investigation I made handful of the Positivists have turned out a few inquiries in other quarters concern less serious than at one time he had been ing “The Great Unloaded's ” mode of life led to fear. Had Auguste Comte lived, during his tenancy of “The Nest;" but he says, “ to teach us what a pontiff should little transpired that did not redound to his be, we might have escaped most of our credit. His rent and bis tradesmen's bills present embarrassments. But left to ourwere paid in full through a local solicitor. selves, with a many-sided doctrine, and It may be mentioned parenthetically that one whose greatest development was, by while his grocer's bill for sauces and con- the necessity of the case, most perfect in diments was considerable and constant, the direction to which its author assigned his butcher's bill was small and intermit- the secondary, subordinate place, tent, especially from and after the 12th of trine, therefore, not complete and rounded August. I tried to draw his late cook, a off to his wish in all its parts, but overremarkably shrewd old Scotch woman; weighted in its intellectual, as compared but her deafness when I trenched on deli- with the practical and religious constitcate ground was that of the nether mill- uent, it was hardly to be hoped that we stone. I honor her for her loyalty, and I should escape a divergence such as the only trust that she was not under the spell present, which turns ultimately on the of a more tender passion. She and her relative immediate importance of these master had been thrown much together, as two distinct yet, in our system, inseparable he spent a large portion of each day in the constituents.” But Mr. Congreve, though kitchen; and to see much of Mr. John- deeply regretting the divergence, is rather stone was to love him. Fortunately, love relieved than otherwise at the form it has and admiration of a worthy object bring taken. The split has come, and there has, their reward with them. So great was Mr. nevertheless, been no backsliding. The Johnstone's fame as a good liver, that Positivists who hold to the more scientific. Kitty M'Isaac has ever since commanded school have not deserted Positivism. The her own price as a cook.

Positivists who join with Mr. Congreve in But was he the Reverend James John- a demand for the development of the Posstone, M.A., of Corpus College, Cam- itivist worship bave been wholly faithful to bridge ? Surely this admitted of easy their master. There have been heart. ascertainment. Well, I have not examined burnings, but none that Positivists, from the books of Corpus or the clergy list, and their higher standpoint, cannot regard as I cannot tell. But if that name is to be temporary, — nay, as tending, perhaps, to found therein, I think I can safely say to a fuller development of Positivist energy its lawful owner, non de te fabula nar- than could have been secured without the ratur.

schism. It appears that the schism originated with Mr. Congreve and those who think, with him, that Auguste Comte's religious principles were not adequately

embodied in the habits of the Positivist

From The Spectator. THE POSITIVIST STRIKE FOR A LITURGY. ful as the responsibility was of changing

communion prior to this schism: “PainWe have referred to the rent in the the pre-existent order, it seemed to me, as minute Church of the Positivists, – the to others, that it was a duty from which crack in the rather thin eggshell of the Religion of Humanity. There has been a • Published by C. Kegan Paul & Co.

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we might not shrink; that the taking it are met in praise, in prayer, in thanksgiving, upon ourselves was the indispensable con- to celebrate thy coming, in the fulness of time, dition of a right presentment of the relig. for the visible perfecting of thy as yet unseen

work. ion of humanity as the one paramount

Priest, - We bow before thee in thankful. consideration ; that a bolder, fuller, more

ness; direct assertion of the religious aspect of our doctrine was the essential want; lastly,

People. As children of thy Past.

Priest. We adore thee in hope; that the worship, in some form or other, People. — As thy ininisters and stewards for must precede the teaching in a

the Future. marked degree than it had hitherto done. Priest. — We would commune with thee The extreme slowness of our progress we

humbly in prayer; thought due, and the words of our common

People. As thy servants in the Present. master warrant our so thinking, to our

All. - May our worship, as our lives, grow own imperfect appreciation of, and insist

more and more worthy of thy lence upon, this truth, more than to any

great name. external obstacle. We did not feel war. Such are the truly magnificent firstranted by our experience, much less by fruits of the great religious schism, - inthe course of the discussion when the volving perhaps a score of persons in issue was once 'raised, in looking for any England and it may be more still in France. decided change in regard to this defect on Our readers must not imagine that there the part of the then direction. The only is in those who composed this form of litalternative then was, either to acquiesce urgy any tinge of the feeling of mockery, in that which we thought so imperfect, or, we should rather describe it as blasby a new combination, to attain complete phemy if we thought it mockery at all, freedom for working out our own concep: which such parodies of Christian worship tion of the true method to be pursued.” naturally suggest to men who have not And so the schism came. A certain num followed out the quaint history of Positivber of French and a certain number of ism. These services and prayers, there English Positivists

Protestant Positiv- are other prayers, which, as they repre. ists we may call them - joined in it. They sent, we suppose, feelings among the Posi“ adhered strictly to that most important tivists as much akin to what we call devoprinciple of avoiding all merely national tion as those who ignore all existences formations.” And Mr. Congreve and his higher than man's can entertain, we would friends are still “in full communion with rather not print, are really and sincerely the only other constituent of the West the expression of the highest Positivist which furnishes religious disciples.". We piety. They are not parodies of Christian conclude, therefore, that the liturgical form feelings. They are what Positivists mainwhich is prefixed to Mr. Congreve's dis- tain to be the legitimate residue of such course has been sanctioned, if not in detail, feelings after the superstitions of theology at least in principle, by the religious sec- have been purged away. The schism has tion of the French Positivists. On the ist evidently been a genuine strike for more Moses, 91 were introduced, for the first and more earnest worship. These feeble time, into the services of the Positivist little quavers of apostrophe to humanity, Church “the short sentences which pre- as they seem to those who worship God cede the sermon;” and “other additions,” in Christ, are the expression of a genuit is added, “ will come in due time.” Mr. ine want, a sincere craving for more heat Congreve declares of this new liturgy that on the part of those who are weary of mere its form “is due to the thoughtful co-ope light. One part of the service of the new ration of two members," and " with allow- schismatic Positivist Church is devoted to ance for the accidental failure of the the reading of Thomas à Kempis, but it is portrait" (whether of Humanity, or of read with the changes described in the Auguste Comte, or of Moses, whose month following grotesque explanatory note of it was, it is left to outsiders to conjecture), Mr. Congreve's: – “is, I think, very successful.” The short sentences referred to, which are the chief We read the “Imitation of Christ,” by results as yet of this portentous schism Thomas à Kempis, so strongly recommended among a score or two of French and En- by our founder as the most universally received glish Positivists, are, we suppose, those

manual of devotion and of a holy life; but it

may be wise here, in order to avoid ambiguity which immediately succeed the following or any doubt as to our use of it

, to say that in invocation to Humanity :

using it we substitute Humanity for God; the Holy and Glorious Humanity, on this thy social type for the personal type of Jesus; our High Day at the beginning of a new year, we own inward growth in gooainess for outward

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reward; the innate benevolent instincts for | acknowledge,” says Mr. Congreve, “the grace ; our selfish instincts for nature.

sway of the dead.” Nay, he not only ac

knowledges it, he hugs it, even after he has Thomas à Kempis, thus translated into emancipated himself from the belief of the the Agnostic dialect, must read as unlike dead. He loves the echo of words of the Imitatio Christias does the lan- which the meaning for him has exhaled, guage of the benediction with which the and indulges himself in invocations to Positivist liturgy closes, namely, The powers which he ostentatiously proclaims Faith of Humanity, the Hope of Hu- deaf and insensible. Nay, he goes so far manity, the Love of Humanity, bring you even as to foster a barren passion of graticomfort, and teach you sympathy, give tude to space itself. “We gratefully comyou peace in yourselves, and peace with memorate also,” he says in his discourse, others, now and forever. Amen." Yet to “the services of our common mother, the those who realize, as careful readers of earth, the planet which is our home, and Mr. Congreve's discourse must do, that all with her the orbs which form the solar this is not“ making believe very much,” system, our world. We may not separate but a grave self-assertion of the legitimate from this last commemoration that of the authority of devout feeling against some of milieu in which we place that system, the the very few who had hitherto been his Space which has ever been of great service chief friends and supporters, there is some to man, and is destined to be of greater by thing extremely pathetic as well as quaint his wise use, as it becomes the recognized in all this unreal and almost absurd rifa- seat of abstraction, the seat of the higher cimento of the language of Christian adora- laws which collectively constitute the destion. No wonder that Humanity is ad. tiny of man, and is introduced as such in all dressed in one of the prayers as about to our intellectual and moral training.”. How take to herself her 56

great power and “ Space is to become “the recognized reign,” by inducing "all the members of seat of abstraction” is not explained ; inthe human family, now so torn by discord,” deed, we should have thought Space as to place themselves, “ by the power of the much, or as little, entitled to our gratitude, unity of thy Past," “ under thy guidance, if it failed to become the seat of abstracthe living under the government of the tion," whatever such failure may mean, as dead.” It is indeed the government of the if it succeeded in that ambitious enterdead, and the government of the dead prise. But however pallid these ghosts of only, as it seems to us, which could recon- the spiritual world which haunt the devocile living men, who reject as superstitious tions of the pious (as distinguished from all the doctrines of theology, first to dis- the scientific) Positivists may be, there is charge all the old meaning from the phrase- to us something very touching in this exology of worship, and then to cling to the traordinary craving for the restoration of form when the life is gone and make a the outside of worship, when the inside is solemn and painful duty of separating from utterly gone. It is difficult to believe that those who agree heartily with them in men who talk of “Space” in almost the creed, rather than fail in observances sug: same earnest and devout language in which gesting nothing but ghosts of repudiated we talk of God, are really feeding their faiths, - rather than neglect to sprinkle souls with anything but wind; but even if ceremoniously every one of the sacrifices they are but feeding them with wind, there of life with a salt which has lost its savor, is a pathos in this passionate conviction of and seems, no doubt, even to their own theirs that they have a soul to feed, and more rationally-minded brethren, hence that they must address flattering words to forth fit for nothing but to be cast out and it, if they cannot address any meaning. trodden under the feet of men. Why need We think we can tell them how this prowe wonder at Ritualism, in a day when pitiation of Humanity and Space will end. Agnosticism itself is ritualistic? when it It will end either in blank ennni, or in recprefers to perform its worship in the pres- ognizing once more that under what they ence of a portrait of (we suppose) one of had deemed empty shadows, is the fulness Humanity's saints,when it composes litur- of one who, being in the form of God and gies to Humanity wherein priest and peo- filling all space, made himself of no repuple unite in ascribing to that dim abstrac- tation, in order to touch even the thinnest tion of their fancy, a fictitious existence and fancies of our otherwise poor and pale hu. an imaginary Messianic glory. “Welmanity with his infinite life and love.

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From The Pall Mall Gazette.

people borne past in blankets told us that A FIRE AT HONG KONG.

the hospital was on fire. Still we made

our way to the front, through the smoke, The following account of the terrible up a street of small houses, mostly those fire which lately ravaged Hong Kong will of small Parsee merchants, who were hudbe found interesting: “We certainly have dling out bales of cotton, silks, embroidhad an exciting year: first the fearful eries, framed pictures, etc. ; while so great rains-torm in May, then about a month was the mass of broken looking-glasses since an earthquake, and now the worst that walking became difficult. At last we fire ever known in Hong Kong. I, with reached the cordon of soldiers ; and besome of our guests, went to the top of the yond it a blazing mass was all that remained house, where a gigantic column of flame of the civil hospital and eight other large and smoke rose before us. We soon saw houses. The governor and general stood that many houses were blazing. My there; and the governor said to me, ‘I guests left me, and I remained on the roof, had to blow it up to save the gaol ;' and seeing the circle of hills on which the city then he whispered, “God know's what we is built become more ghastly brilliant every may have to do : there are nearly one thou. minute. The shouts, cries, yells, and sand prisoners.? Now came the shrill crash of the falling roofs became louder blast of the bugle, "Stand back all.' Out and louder; the harbor was so lighted up came from the smoke the engineer officers, that I could see the boats putting off from having just laid the charges to blow up the the men-of-war. At last, at half past three, rear of the hospital, which adjoined the I heard the first explosion (they were be- gaol yard. Another explosion of bricks, ginning to blow up houses); and so, quit-blazing bits of rafter, a shower of sparks ting the house, I went through streets and blinding smoke, and a gorgeous cloud which by nine were blazing ruins, and soon of colored flame showed the drugs stored met homeless crowds carrying their little in the hospital were alight. Then came a household goods; while the streets were commotion which I did not understand. as light as day, and shaking every now Soldiers marched up, fresh cries were and then as the engineers blew up house raised ; and a stranger coming up said, after house. X. and the doctor returned You had better stand up the rise of the at nearly six with a fearful tale. No one bill, for they are about to bring out the would take the responsibility of blowing prisoners. It was like the riot scene in up the lines of Chinese houses; and so Barnaby · Rudge. I could hear the ormost valuable time was lost, till on the der, "Fix bayonets;' and then down appearance of the governor the order was through the crowd and dust tramped the promptly given. Then the appalling work soldiers, with about one hundred wretched commenced. We bad barely returned for handcuffed creatures in their midst. When a brief rest when some coolies rushed into X. and I returned we followed the govour garden, carrying furniture, and in- ernor through the back entrance into the formed us that the chief magistrate's house gaol, passing through the central police had caught fire. This was awful news. station, wbere the inspectors who are marIf the magistracy had gone the gaol and ried men have large quarters. Here Enthe civil hospital must go. I roused up glish furniture, books, ornaments, dresses X., when in rushed a coolie to say the lay about drenched with water. The govRoman Catholic cathedral was on fire. X. ernor of the gaol told me that the gaol was dressed himself in an instant, leaving me saved by the blowing up of the civil hosto follow with coolies carrying baskets of pital, but that the danger then was from sandwiches and brandy and soda-water. I the police-station stables. Very soon they trust never to see such a sight again. The were gallantly broken open, principally by long road shaded with trees leading from sailors, and huge piles of hay handed from our part of the town to the populous part man to man and thrown down the steep was alive with Chinese carrying their streets; and last night many homeless goods, women huddled together over beds, Chinese were cuddled under the hay. baskets, boxes, stools, clothes, crockery — Now the block of buildings in front of the anything and everything in the way of per-Oriental Bank was to be blown up. I sonal goods. Small-footed women tottered hastened thither, through a never-ending along, held up by their children; while scene of distress, to find the bank hung others bore some good bit of bronze or over with the handsome carpets soaked some family treasure. Several sewing- with water. Within doors papers were machines lay on the road, and I met a su- being packed in safes, bank-notes in fireperb American piano carried along. Sick | proof boxes, and so sent down to the har

bor escorted by soldiers and placed in snug, cottage on the Eltham Road, near steam launches. I watched the blowing London, with garden, paddock and coachup of Ross's tailoring establishment, a fine house adjoining," and delighted to gather block of buildings. Several fifty-pound round him a small circle of intimate friends, charges of powder were laid, the bugle to whom, over a glass of old port,” he sounded again, and Ross's ceased to exist. would relate, as he did with a peculiar inThis, however, saved our end of the town. describable dry humor, his experiences of Words cannot tell the scene in Queen's. men and things, and especially his remi. road, one of the sights of the city, for here niscences of the East India Company and are (or rather were) the curiosity and bird of Charles Lamb. He always spoke of shops. The place was deeply littered with Lamb as an excellent man of business, broken glass and shattered vases, burning discharging the duties of his post with acsilks and gauzes, smashed ivories, lovely curacy, diligence, and punctuality. Chamlacquer cabinets in fragments. I tumbled bers died on the 3rd September, 1862, aged over a lot of hares, ducks, geese, pheas- seventy-three. It is a matter of regret ants, etc., the whole of a poulterer's stock. that of all the stories he related of Lamb

The fire brigade, mostly volunteers, were these alone are now remembered, and for still working, looking thoroughly exhaust the first time written down by their hearer. ed. Before one shop an Irish lad declared The circumstances under which they were he could not let the birds be burned alive ; told, the humor of Mr. Chambers, and the and, though he was warned that a fifty- running commentary with which he always pound charge was in the house, he dashed accompanied any allusion to Lamb are in, broke open dozens of cages with his wanting to lend them the interest, vividaxe, and a Hock of little canaries was all ness, and charm of their actual narration. over Queen's-road in less than five min. utes. By six o'clock in the evening all was over, smouldering ruins and falling 1. Lamb, at the solicitation of a city walls only left.”

acquaintance, was induced to go to a public dinner, but stipulated that the latter was to see him safely home. When the banquet was over, Lamb reminded his friend

of their agreement. “But where do you From Macmillan's Magazine. live ?” asked the latter.

affair,” said Lamb, “ you undertook to see THE following new and characteristic me home, and I hold you to the bargain.” anecdotes of Charles Lamb are well worth His friend, not liking to leave Lamb to preservation. They formed a part of the find his way alone, had no choice but to ample recollections of the late Mr. John take a hackney coach, drive to Islington Chambers of Lee, Kent.

where he had a vague notion that Lamb Mr. Chambers was for many years a col- resided, and trust to inquiry to discover league at the East India House of Charles his house. This he accomplished, but Lamb, of whom he had a keen apprecia. only after some hours had been thus spent, tion and warm admiration. He himself is during which Lamb dryly and persistently referred to in the essay by Elia on “The refused to give the slightest clue or inforSuperannuated Man" under the letters mation in aid of his companion. Ch—, as “ dry, sarcastic, and friendly,” 2. Lamb was one of the most punctual and in these words Lamb accurately de- of men, although he never carried a watch. fines his character. They probably worked A friend observing the absence of this together in the same room, or - in India- usual adjunct of a business man's attire, house language — "compound," a

“compound," a term presented him with a new gold watch which Lamb once explained to mean "a which he accepted and carried for one day collection of simples." Chambers was the only. A colleague asked Lamb what had youngest son of the vicar of Radway, near become of it. * Pawned,” was the reply. Edgehill, to whom Lamb alludes in his He had actually pawned the watch, finding letter given at page 307, vol. ii., first edi- it a useless encuinbrance. tion of Tallourd's “Letters of Charles 3. On one occasion Lamb arrived at the Lamb” (Moxon, 1837).. He was a bach- office at the usual hour, but omitted to sign elor, simple, methodical, and punctual in the attendance-book. About midday he his habits, genial, shrewd, and generous, suddenly paused in his work and slapping and of strong common sense. He lived, his forehead as though illuminated by reafter his retirement from active duty in the turning recollection, exclaimed loudly: East India Company's civil service, at a “ Lamb! Lamb! I have it;” and rushing

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CHARLES LAMB.

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