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THE

PICTORIAL FIELD-BOOK

OF

THE REVOLUTION;

OR,

ILLUSTRATIONS, BY PEN AND PENCIL, OF THE HISTORY, BIOG-
RAPHY, SCENERY, RELICS, AND TRADITIONS OF THE

WAR FOR INDEPENDENCE.

BY BENSON J. LOSSING.

WITH SEVERAL HUNDRED ENGRAVINGS ON WOOD, BY LOSSING AND BARRITT,

CHIEFLY FROM ORIGINAL SKETCHES BY THE AUTHOR.

IN TWO VOLUMES.

VOL. II.

NEW YORK:

HARPER & BROTHERS, PUBLISHERS,

329 & 331 PEARL STREET,

FRANKLIN SQUARE.

208
288

Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year one thousand

eight hundred and fifty, by

HARPER & BROTHERS, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the Southern District

of New York,

[graphic][merged small]

CHAPTER I.

First unfurling of the Union Flag-Return of Colonel Knox

from the North with heavy Cannons and Howitzers-Plan

of Attack on Boston-Re-enforcement of the Army-Council

of War-Number of Troops-Situation of Washington-Con-

dition of the British Troops in Boston-A Farce, and its Term-

ination-Bombardment of Boston-Industry of Patriots-As-

tonishment of the British-Insecurity of the Fleet and Army

-Preparations for bombarding Boston - Condition of the

Patriots there-Tacit Agreement to spare the Town-Can-

nonade renewed-Commission to plunder-Bad Conduct

of the British Troops-The Embarkation-Entrance of the

Americans into the City-The Refugees-Condition of Bos.

ton after the Evacuation-Troops sent to New York-Linger-

ing of British Vessels--Final Departure-Capture of Camp.

bell and Store-ships-Effect of the Evacuation of Boston-

Medal awarded to Washington-Denunciations by John

Wilkes-Boldness of Common Council-Governor Penn-

John Horne Tooke-Strength of the Americans-Political

Change in the London Common Council-Persecution of

Stephen Sayre-Tenor of the King's Speech-His false Hopes

-Warm Debates in Parliament-Duke of Grafton in Opposi

tion-The Colonies placed under martial Law-Augmenta

tion of the Army and Navy-Proposition to employ foreign

Troops-Reasons for employing German Troops-Opposition

to it in Parliament-Terms on which the Mercenaries were

hired-Parliament alarmed by a Rumor-French Emissary

in Philadelphia-Official Announcement of the evacuation of

Boston-Royal approval of Howe's Course-Opinions of the

People-Position of the Colonies-Count Rumford-Fortifi-

cations-Boston Harbor- Remains of the Revolutionary

Fortifications around Boston-The "Convention Troops"

Their Parole of Honor-Picture of the Captives-Burgoyne

in Boston-Expedition against Penobscot-Its Failure-Gen-

eral Phillips-General Wadsworth-Close of the Chronicles

of Boston
.. Page 9-26

CHAPTER II.

Departure from Boston-Scenery on the Route-Cochituate
The Quinebaug-Tradition of Mashapaug-Arrival at Nor-
wich-A literary Friend-Indian History of Norwich-Uncas
and Miantonomoh-Surrender of Miantonomoh to the En-
glish-Unjust Decision-Murder of Miantonömoh-Settle-
ment of New London-Settlement of Norwich-Mohegan
Cemetery-Uncas's Monument-Revolutionary Spirit-Owa.
neko-Norwich Liberty Tree-Celebration under it-Hon-
ors to John Wilkes-Patriotic town Meeting-Benevolence
of the People-March of Militia to Boston-General Hunting-
ton-The French Officers-Benjamin Huntington-A pre-
cious Heir-loom-The Road to Lebanon-Bozrah and Fitch-
ville-Situation of Lebanon-Governor Trumbull-His Char
acter and Services-His Dwelling and War Office-Settle-
ment of Lebanon-Lauzun-The Alden Tavern-General
Prescott horsewhipped there-The Williams House-The
Trumbull Vault-Return to Norwich-Destruction of the
Yantic Falls-Birth-place of Arnold-Inscription upon the
Trumbull Monument - Arnold's early Years- Attempt to
commit Murder-A Ringleader in Mischief-His Mother-
-Scorching Acrostic-Residence of Governor Huntington-
Unpublished Letter written by Washington-Family Vault

of Governor Huntington-Tomb of General Jabez Hunting.

ton-His five Sons-The old Burying-ground-Captain Per-

kins-Old Men of Norwich-Greenville-Tory Hill-Letter

of General Williams-New London-Its Settlement-Forti-

fications- The Harbor-Revolutionary Movements - Forts

Griswold and Trumbull - Prizes - Clinton's Designs-Ar-

nold's Expedition-Naval Force of Connecticut-Landing of

the Enemy-March toward New London-Destruction of

the Town-Property destroyed-"Fire Lands"-Infamy of

Arnold-Attack on Fort Griswold-Its Defense and Capture

-Murder of Colonel Ledyard-Cruelties at Fort Griswold-

Fanny Ledyard-Departure of the Enemy-Events in 1813

-Arnold's Dispatches-The Groton Monument-Inscription

upon it-Ascent of its Stair-case-View from the Top-A

Retrospect-The Pequots-English Expedition against them

-Attack on their Fort-Pequot Hill-Destruction of the Fort

-Terrible Massacre-Departure of the English-Another In-

vasion-Destruction of the Pequots-Mrs. Anna Bailey-Her

Husband at Fort Griswold-Her Mementoes and her Politics

-Her Patriotism- Landing place of Arnold-Bishop Sea-

bury's Monument-First Printing in Connecticut.. Page 27-50

CHAPTER III.

Voyage to Rhode Island-Stonington-Arrival at Providence

-Roger Williams's Rock-" Water Lots"-Proposed Dese-

cration-Arrival of Roger Williams-His Character-Narrow

Views of the Old Puritans-Zeal of Roger Williams-Dis-

turbance at Salem-Williams arraigned for Treason - His

Banishment-Flight to Seekonk-Landing at Providence-

Commencement of a Settlement-His Negotiations with the

Indians-Ingratitude of the Massachusetts Colony-March to

and Encampment of the French Army at Providence-Site

of the Encampment-Remains-Departure of the French

from Boston-Governor Cooke's Monument-La Fayette's

Head-quarters-Roger Williams's Spring-Old Tavern in

Providence-Its Associations-Destruction of Tea in Market

Square-Rhode Island Historical Society-Valuable Manu-
scripts-A telescopic Peep at the Moon and Stars-Bryant's

"Song of the Stars"-Voyage to Gaspee Point-The Gaspee
-Conduct of her Commander-Sketch of Gaspee Point-
Governor Wanton-Montague's insolent Letter-Wanton's
Rejoinder-Captain Lindsey's Packet chased by the Gaspee
-Expedition against the Gaspee-Her Destruction-Efforts
to discover the Incendiaries-The Commissioners-Return
to Providence-Visit to Mr. John Howland-His military
Career in the Revolution-Departure for Newport-Appear-
ance of Rhode Island-Mansion of Governor Gibbs-Old
Tower at Newport-Its former Appearance-Attempt to de
stroy it-Obscurity of its Origin-First Wind mill at New.
port-Inquiries respecting the Tower-" Antiquitates Amer.
icana"-Inscription on Dighton Rock-Prescott's Head-quar
ters at Newport-Old Cemetery-Perry's Monument-Runic
Inscriptions elsewhere-"Tonomy Hill-Hubbard's House
and Mill-Inscription on Perry's Monument-Oppression of
the Whigs by Prescott-View from "Tonomy Hill-Mrs. Hut-
chinson and Sir Henry Vane-Persecution of Mrs. Hutchin-
son and her Friends-Settlement of Rhode Island-Its first
Constitution-Royal Charter-Toleration in Rhode Island--
Separation and Reunion of the Plantations-Newport-De-
struction of the Sloop Liberty-Admiral Wallace in Narra

170739

ganset Bay Disarming of the Tories-Skirmish in the Har
bor-Engagement at Sea-Continued Hostilities in Newport
Harbor-Privateers-Arrival of a large British Force-Con-
duct of the Enemy.
..Page 51-73

CHAPTER IV.

His

Condition of Rhode Island in 1777- Re-encampment of the

British-General Prescott-His Character and bad Conduct

-Colonel Barton's Plan for capturing him - Biographical

Sketch of Barton-Expedition to capture Prescott-Pres-

cott's Quarters-A Sentinel deceived-Names of Barton's

Men-Entrance to Prescott's Room-Seizure of the Gen-
eral and his Aid-de-camp-Barton rewarded by Congress-
Predatory Excursions-French Fleet for America-Count
D'Estaing-France and England-Excitement in Parliament
-The King's Speech-Boldness of the Opposition - The
British and French Fleets-Sandy Hook and Amboy Bay-
General Spencer's Expedition against Rhode Island
Resignation -French Fleet off Newport-American Land
Forces-Destruction of British Vessels-Landing of Ameri-
cans on Rhode Island-Naval Battle-Great Storm-State
of the American Troops-Refusal of the French to co-operate
-They sail for Boston-Protests-Retreat of the Americans
to Butts's Hill-Battle of Quaker Hill-Scene of the Engage-
ment-Loss of the Belligerents-Evacuation of Rhode Island
by the Americans-Return of La Fayette from Boston-Ex-
pedition against New Bedford - Murmurings against the
French-Evacuation of Rhode Island by the British-Severe
Winter-Sir Robert Pigot-Return of La Fayette to France
-His Zeal and Success-Washington appointed Lieutenant
General by the French King-Good Tidings brought by La
Fayette Their Effect--Arrival of the Allies-Encampment
at Newport-British blockade of Narraganset Bay-Clinton's
Expedition-Death of Ternay-Washington in Newport-
Property destroyed in Newport-Ride to Butts's Hill-Hos-
pitality-Fort on Butts's Hill-View of the Battle-ground-
North View from Butts's Hill-The Narraganset Country-
Massasoit and his Sons-King Philip-His Jealousy-Treaties
with the Whites-Curtailment of his Domains-His chief
Captains-John Elliot--Enlightenment of the Indians-Sassa-
mon-Rising of the New England Tribes-Daniel Gookin-
Philip's Appeal-Condition of the Indians-Commencement
of Hostilities-Canonchet-Mather's Magnalia-Indian Meth-
od of Warfare-Destruction of New England Villages-Ter-
rible Retaliation by the Whites-Decimation of the Indians
-Strifes among them-Philip a Fugitive-His Death-His
Son-Captain Church-Sufferings of the Colonists-A happy
Change-Capture of the Pigot by Talbot-His Promotion-
Departure from Newport-Adieu to New England-Halleck's
Connecticut

CHAPTER V.

74-97

The Hudson Highlands-Newburgh-The Indian Summer-Its

Character-The "Hasbrouck House" and Vicinity-Its in-

terior Construction-Purchased by the State-Ceremonies

at its Dedication-Washington's Dining-hall-Anecdote con-

cerning it-Lady Washington's Gardening-Settlement of

Newburgh- First Settlements in Orange County - Indian

Wars-Sufferings of the People-Attack on Minisink-Intem.

perate Zeal of the Volunteers-Unwise Decision-Battle of

Minisink-Its Location-The Massacre - Brant's Defense-

Effect of the Massacre-Salvation of Major Wood-Interment

of the Remains of the Slain-Monument-Cantonment of the

Army near Newburgh-Head quarters of the Officers-Nico-

la's Proposition to Washington-Washington's Letter of Re-

buke to Nicola-Patriotism of the Chief-Discontents in the

Army-Memorial to Congress-Resolutions of Congress re-

specting Claims-The Army still dissatisfied-Action of the

Officers-Major Armstrong-Meeting of Officers privately

called-Anonymous Address to the Army-Dangerous Tend-

ency of its Recommendations-Bold Tone of the Address-

Similar Opinions held by Hamilton-Washington's Counter-

action-Second anonymous Address-Meeting called by

Washington-Major Burnet's Recollections-Washington's

Address to the Officers-Action of the Meeting of Officers-

A strong Resolution-Record of Proceedings sent to Con.

gress-Washington's Opinion of Armstrong's Motives-His

farewell Address-His Tour to the Northern Battle fields-

Called to Princeton-A Statue ordered by Congress-Gen-

eral Clinton-A very little Maiden-Her Dignity - Plum

Point-Fortifications there-An Acrostic-Redoubt on Plum

Point Chevaux-de-frise Anecdote - Head quarters of

Greene and Knox-Ball at the Quarters of Greene and Knox

-Signatures of young Ladies-Washington on Dancing-

The Square A Spy in the American Camp-Dispatch in a

silver Bullet-Name and Fate of the Spy-Site and probable

Form of the Temple-View from it-The Camp Ground and

Vicinity-The Temple, as described by Major Burnet-Two

living Patriots-Visit to Major Burnet-Public Life of Major

Burnet and Sergeant Knapp-Washington's Letter to Greene

-The Commander-in-chief's Guard-Its Organization, Char-

acter, and Uniform-Its Officers-Sergeant Knapp-Return

to Newburgh-Departure for Fishkill-Return of the Com-

mander-in-chief's Guard-Fishkill Village-The "Wharton

House"--Enoch Crosby-The "Spy Unmasked"-Exploits

of Crosby-Incidents of his Life-Ancient Dutch Church-

Fishkill Village--Escape of Crosby-His Exploits at Teller's
Point A very old Man and rejected Lover-Trinity Church
-Printing of the first Constitution of the State of New York
-Head-quarters of Baron Steuben-Anecdote of the Barou
-The Society of the Cincinnati-Final Proceedings in the
Organization of the Institution-Plan and Name of the So-

ciety of the Cincinnati-The Constitution-Opposition of

Judge Burke and others-Certificate of Membership of the

Cincinnati-The Design and Engraving- Alteration of the

Plate-The Order of the Society-The successive Presidents

General-Departure for West Point
.. Page 98-129

CHAPTER VI.

West Point and its Associations-Mrs. Faugeres-Sufferings of
Mrs. Bleeker-Scenery around West Point-The military
Establishment-Wood's Monument - Interesting Relics-
Size of the Mortars and Chain-Position of the Chain in the
River-Other Relics-Kosciuszko's Monument-His Garden
-Other Localities-Fort Arnold-Fort Putnam-View from
the Ruins of Fort Putnam-Names of the Highland Peaks-
Drake's "Culprit Fay"-Fortifications in the Highlands or-
dered-Action of the New York Assembly-Fort Constitu
tion-New Forts in the Highlands proposed-West Point se
lected-Radière and other Engineers from France-West
Point in 1780-Construction of the great Chain-History of
the Work-Map of West Point-The Chain weakened by
Arnold-Importance of West Point-Establishment of the
military Academy there-Forts Webb, Wyllys, and Putnam
-Visit to Constitution Island-Remains of Fort Constitution
-Buttermilk Falls-A venerable Boatman-Beverly Dock
and Robinson House-Arnold's Willow - Arnold in Phila-
delphia-His Extravagance-Marriage with Miss Shippen-
Memoir of Beverly Robinson-Arnold's Residence and Style
of Living-His fraudulent Dealings-Charge of Malfeasance
preferred against him-Arnold ordered to be tried by a Court-
martial-His Trial, Verdict, and Punishment-Its Effects-
Interview with Luzerne-His Wife and Major André-Sym-
pathy of Schuyler and Livingston-Visit to the American
Camp-Washington deceived by him-Obtains the Com
mand at West Point-Correspondence of Arnold and André
-Proposed Plan of the British to gain Possession of West
Point-Andrè appointed to confer with Arnold-An Inter-
view proposed by the Traitor-Letter to Colonel Sheldon-
Effect of Andrè's Letter to Sheldon-Arnold's attempted In-
terview with Andrè-His Letter to Washington-Joshua H.
Smith-Further arrangements for an Interview-Arnold's
Correspondence with Beverly Robinson-Washington on his
Journey-Again deceived by Arnold's Duplicity-Smith em-
ployed to bring Andrè from the Vulture-His Difficulties-
Refusal of the Colquhons to accompany Smith-Final Com-
pliance-Landing of Andrè, and his first Interview with Ar-
nold-Arrival of the Conspirators at Smith's House-The

Vulture fired upon-Plan of Operations arranged-Colonel

Livingston-The Papers taken from Andrè's Boot-" Artillery

Orders"-Forces at West Point-Villefranche's Estimate--

Return of the Ordnance in the different Forts at West Point

-Arnold's Description of the Works-His Pass-Smith's Re-

fusal to take Andrè back to the Vulture-His insufficient Ex-

cuse-Andre's Exchange of Coats-He and Smith cross the

Hudson-Smith's Letter to his Brother-Ambiguous Mem-

..130-156

orandum

CHAPTER VII.

Arnold's Composure in presence of his Aids-Washington's re-

turn from Hartford-His Approach to Arnold's Quarters-

His Delay in reaching Arnold's Quarters-Announcement

of Andre's Arrest-Flight of Arnold-His Wife and Son-His

Passage to the Vulture-Treatment of his Oarsmen-Wash-

ington's Visit to West Point- Discovery of the Treason-

His presence of Mind-Condition of Mrs. Arnold-Attempts

to "head" the Traitor-His Letters from the Vulture-Bev-

erly Robinson's Letter to Washington--The Army at Tappan

put in Motion-Andrè ordered to West Point-Ride to Fort

Montgomery-Mrs. Rose-A speculating Daughter-Sites of

Forts Clinton and Montgomery-Lake Sinnipink-Beverly

Garrison-His Recollections-- Captain Molly"-Character

of Forts Clinton and Montgomery-Chevaux-de-frise-Con-

dition of the British Forces-Putnam's intended Expedition

-Sir Henry Clinton's Stratagem-Landing of British Troops

-Governor Clinton informed of the Landing of the British

-A reconnoitering Party-Skirmish near Doodletown-

Treachery of a Messenger- Putnam deceived - Skirmish

near Fort Montgomery-Forts ordered to be surrendered-

Attack on Forts Clinton and Montgomery-Flight of the

Americans-Destruction of Vessels and the Chevaux-de-frise

-Evening Voyage in a Fisherman's Shallop-Anthony's Nose

-Peekskill-Situation of the Village-The Birdsall House-

An Octogenarian-Onk Hill-Van Cortlandt Mansion-Philip

Van Cortlandt-Paulding's Monument, and St. Peter's Church

-Gallows Hill-Execution Place of a Spy-Putnam's laconic

Letter View from Gallows Hill-Relative importance of

Peekskill Stratagem of Sir William Howe-Invasion of

Peekskill-Destruction of Stores-Destruction of Continental

Village-Peekskill possessed by the Americans-The Sol-

dier's Spring-Verplanck's Point--Hudson and the Indians-

Fortifications at Verplanck's Point-Capture of Fort Fayette

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