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Whose chearful Tenants bless their yearly toil, Yet to their Lord owe more than to the scal;

COMMENTARY. a true Tofte, the great end and aim of both be the fame, riz the zener el god, in use or ornament; yet that tbeir progres us this end is carried on in direct contrary courses; that, in Pla sing, the private advantage of the neizbbcurbood is firit promoted, till, by ume, it riles up to a public benefit:

Wbule ample Lawns are not asham'd to feed
The milky heifer and deserving steed;
Whose thing Forests, not for pride or show,

But iuture Buildir.ps, future Navies grow. On the contrary, the wonders of Architecture cucht fisit to te bestowed on the public:

Bid Harbors open, public Ways extend,
Ed Temples, worthier of the God, ascend;

bid the broad Arch the dang’roys ficod contain;

''The Mole projected break the roaring main. And when the public has been properly accommodated and adorned, then, and not till then, the works of private Magrificence may take place. This was the order observ'd by those two great Empires, from whom we received all we have of this polite ait: We do not read of any Magnificence in the private buildings of Greece or Rome, till the generosity of their public fpirit had adorned the State with Temples, Emporiums, Counciihouses, Common-Porticos, Baths, and Theatres.

NOT E S. make the examples of good Taste the better understood, introduces them with a summary of his Precepts in these two sublime lines : for, the consulting Use is beginning with Sense; and the making Splendor or Taste borrow all its rays from thence, is going on with Sense, after she has led us up to Tafie. The art of this can never be sufficiently admired. But the Expression is equal to the Thought. This functifying of expence gives us the idea of something consecrated and set apart for sacred ules, and indeed, it is the idea under which it may be properly considered : For wealth employed according to the inten*tion di Providence, is its true confecration; and the real uses of humanity were certainly first in its intention.

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Whose ample Lawns are not asham'd to feed: 185

The milky heifer and deserving steed;
Whose rising Forests, not for pride or show,
But future Buildings, future Navies, grow:
Let his plantations stretch from down to down,
First shade a Country, and then raise a Town. 190

You too proceed! make falling Arts your care,
Erect new wonders, and the old repair ;
Jones and Palladio to themselves restore,
And be whate'er Vitruvius was before: ..
Till Kings call forth th’ Ideas of your mind, 195
(Proud to accomplish what such hands design'd,)
Bid Harbors open, public Ways extend,
Bid Temples, worthier of the God, ascend;

NOTE s. VER. 195, 197, &c.] 'Till Kings Bid Harbors open, &c.] The poet after having touched upon the proper objects of Magnificence and Expence, in the private works of great men, comes to those great and public works which become a prince.

This Poem was published in the year 1732, when some of the · new-built churches, by the act of Queen Anne, were ready to fall, being founded in boggy land (which is fatirically alluded to in our author's imitation of Horace, Lib. ii. Sat. 2.

Shall half the new-built Churches round thee fall) others were vilely executed, thro' fraudulent cabals between undertakers, officers, sc. Dagenham-breach had done very great mischiefs ; many of the Highways throughout England were hardly passable; and most of those which were repaired by Turnpikes were made jobs for private lucre, and infamously executed, even to the entrance of London itself: The pro

Bid the broad Arch the dang’rous Flood contain,
The Mole projected break the roaring Main; 200
Back to his bounds their subject fea command,
And roll obedient Rivers thro' the Land :
These Honours, Peace to happy Britain brings,
These are Imperial Works, and worthy Kings.

Notes. pofal of building a Bridge at Westminster had been petition'd against and rejected; but in two years after the publication of this poem, an Aet for building a Bridge pass’d thro' both houses. After many debates in the committee, the execution was left to the carpenter above-mentioned, who would have 'made it a wooden one ; to which our auther alludes in these lines,

Who builds a Bridge that never drove a pile ?

Should Ripley venture, all the world would smile. See the notes on that place. P.

MORAL ESSAY S.

E P I S T L E V.,

To Mr. ADDISON.
Occasion’d by his Dialogues on Medals. ;

CEE the wild Waste of all-devouring years!

How Rome her own fad Sepulchre appears,
With nodding arches, broken temples spread!
The very Tombs now vanish'd like their dead!

NOTES.
THIS was originally written in the year 1715, when
Mr. Addison intended to publish his book of Medals; it w29
sometime before he was Secretary of State ; but not published
till Mr. Tickell's Edition of his works; at which time the
verses on Mr. Craggs, which conclude the poem, were added,
viz. in 1720. P.

EPIST. V.) As the third Epiftle treated of the extremes of
Avarice and Profufion; and the fourth took up one particular
branch of the latter, namely, the vanity of expence in people
of wealth and quality, and was therefore a corolary to us
third; so this treats of one circumftarse of that V251), as it
appears in the common collector3 cod cins; 2001, 2:.
fore, a cornisary to the fourth.

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Imperial wonders rais'd on Nations spoild, 5
Where mix'd withSlaves the groaning Martyr toil'd:
Huge Theatres, that now unpcoplcd Woods,
Now drain'd a disant country of her Floods: .
Fancs, which admiring Gods with pride survey,
Statues of Men, scarce less alive than they! 10
Some felt the filent stroke of mould'ring age,
Some hoftile fury, some religious rage.
Barbarian blindness, Christian zeal conspire,
And Papal picty, and Gothic fire.

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Not in. Vrr. 6. II hire mix'd neli Dictiostli, grosining Njartyr 11: The insttentive reader mihi wunho how this circumstance came to find a place here. But lo: ho compare it with a 13, 14, and he will see the Realon,

Barbarian blindnel, Chrilluun zeal confpire,

And Papal picty, and Gothic fue. For the Slaves mentioned in the 6th linc were of the same nation with the Barbarians in the 13th : and the Christians in the 13th, the Succeflors of the Martyrs in the 6th : Providence ordaining, that these thould ruin what those were so injurioully employed in rearing: for the poct never loseth light of his great principle.

Vra.. Fanes, which admiring Gods with pride survey, 1 Thele Gods were the then 'I yrants of Rome, to whom the Empire railed Temples. The epithet, admiring, conveys a ftrong ridicule ; that passion, in the opinion of Philofophy, always conveying the ideas of ignorance and misery.

Nil admirari properes ell una, Numici,

Soluque quae poflit faccre et fervare bcatum. Admiration implyiny, our ignorance of viher things s pride, our ignorance of ourselves.

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