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Whose chearful Tenants bless their yearly toil, Yet to their Lord owe more than to the scal;
COMMENTARY. a true Tofte, the great end and aim of both be the fame, riz the zener el god, in use or ornament; yet that tbeir progres us this end is carried on in direct contrary courses; that, in Pla sing, the private advantage of the neizbbcurbood is firit promoted, till, by ume, it riles up to a public benefit:
Wbule ample Lawns are not asham'd to feed
But iuture Buildir.ps, future Navies grow. On the contrary, the wonders of Architecture cucht fisit to te bestowed on the public:
Bid Harbors open, public Ways extend,
bid the broad Arch the dang’roys ficod contain;
''The Mole projected break the roaring main. And when the public has been properly accommodated and adorned, then, and not till then, the works of private Magrificence may take place. This was the order observ'd by those two great Empires, from whom we received all we have of this polite ait: We do not read of any Magnificence in the private buildings of Greece or Rome, till the generosity of their public fpirit had adorned the State with Temples, Emporiums, Counciihouses, Common-Porticos, Baths, and Theatres.
NOT E S. make the examples of good Taste the better understood, introduces them with a summary of his Precepts in these two sublime lines : for, the consulting Use is beginning with Sense; and the making Splendor or Taste borrow all its rays from thence, is going on with Sense, after she has led us up to Tafie. The art of this can never be sufficiently admired. But the Expression is equal to the Thought. This functifying of expence gives us the idea of something consecrated and set apart for sacred ules, and indeed, it is the idea under which it may be properly considered : For wealth employed according to the inten*tion di Providence, is its true confecration; and the real uses of humanity were certainly first in its intention.
Whose ample Lawns are not asham'd to feed: 185
The milky heifer and deserving steed;
You too proceed! make falling Arts your care,
NOTE s. VER. 195, 197, &c.] 'Till Kings — Bid Harbors open, &c.] The poet after having touched upon the proper objects of Magnificence and Expence, in the private works of great men, comes to those great and public works which become a prince.
This Poem was published in the year 1732, when some of the · new-built churches, by the act of Queen Anne, were ready to fall, being founded in boggy land (which is fatirically alluded to in our author's imitation of Horace, Lib. ii. Sat. 2.
Shall half the new-built Churches round thee fall) others were vilely executed, thro' fraudulent cabals between undertakers, officers, sc. Dagenham-breach had done very great mischiefs ; many of the Highways throughout England were hardly passable; and most of those which were repaired by Turnpikes were made jobs for private lucre, and infamously executed, even to the entrance of London itself: The pro
Bid the broad Arch the dang’rous Flood contain,
Notes. pofal of building a Bridge at Westminster had been petition'd against and rejected; but in two years after the publication of this poem, an Aet for building a Bridge pass’d thro' both houses. After many debates in the committee, the execution was left to the carpenter above-mentioned, who would have 'made it a wooden one ; to which our auther alludes in these lines,
Who builds a Bridge that never drove a pile ?
Should Ripley venture, all the world would smile. See the notes on that place. P.
MORAL ESSAY S.
E P I S T L E V.,
To Mr. ADDISON.
CEE the wild Waste of all-devouring years!
How Rome her own fad Sepulchre appears,
EPIST. V.) As the third Epiftle treated of the extremes of
Imperial wonders rais'd on Nations spoild, 5
Not in. Vrr. 6. II hire mix'd neli Dictiostli, grosining Njartyr 11: The insttentive reader mihi wunho how this circumstance came to find a place here. But lo: ho compare it with a 13, 14, and he will see the Realon,
Barbarian blindnel, Chrilluun zeal confpire,
And Papal picty, and Gothic fue. For the Slaves mentioned in the 6th linc were of the same nation with the Barbarians in the 13th : and the Christians in the 13th, the Succeflors of the Martyrs in the 6th : Providence ordaining, that these thould ruin what those were so injurioully employed in rearing: for the poct never loseth light of his great principle.
Vra.. Fanes, which admiring Gods with pride survey, 1 Thele Gods were the then 'I yrants of Rome, to whom the Empire railed Temples. The epithet, admiring, conveys a ftrong ridicule ; that passion, in the opinion of Philofophy, always conveying the ideas of ignorance and misery.
Nil admirari properes ell una, Numici,
Soluque quae poflit faccre et fervare bcatum. Admiration implyiny, our ignorance of viher things s pride, our ignorance of ourselves.