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MORAL ESSAY S.

EP I S T L E I. .
TO

: Sir Richard Temple, Lord Cobham.

A R G U M E N T. : Of the Knowledge and Characters of MEN.

THAT it is not sufficient for this knowledge to consider

Man in the Abstract: Books will not serve the purpose, nor get our own Experience fingly, w 1. General maxims, unless they be formed upon both, will be but notional, x 10. Some Peculiarity in every man, charaEteristic to himself, yet varying from himself, y 15. Dificulties arising from our own Pafons, Fancies, Faculties, &c. x 31. The Mortness of Life, to observe in, and the uncertainty of the Principles of action in men, to observe by, x 37, &c. Our own Principle of aétion often bid from ourselves, v 41. Some few Chara&ters plain, but in general confounded, dissembled, or incon. sistent, Ý 51. The same man utterly different in different places and seafons, Ý 71. Unimaginable weakneles in the greatest, $ 70, &c. Nothing constant and certain but God and Nature, x 95. No judging of the Motives from the aétions ; the same actions proceeding from contrary Motives, and the same Motives infiuencing contrary actions, x 100. II. Yet to form Characters, we can only take obe strongest actions of a man's life, and try to make them agree : The utter uncertainty of this, from Nature itself, and from Policy, X 120. Characters given according to the rank of men of the world, 135. And some reason for it, Ý 140. Education alters the Nature, or at least Character, of many, Ý 149. Actions, Passions, Opinions, Manners, Humours, or Principles, all subject to change. No judging by Nature, from ø 158 to 178. III. It only remains to find (if we can) bis Rulino PASSION: That will certainly influence all the rest, and can reconcile the seeming or real inconsistency of all bis a£tions, x 175. Instanced in the extraordinary charaĉter of Clodio, y 179. A caution against mistaking second qualities for first, which will destroy all polfibility of the knowledge of mankind, x 210. Examples of the strength of the Ruling Passion, and its continua. tion to the last breath, x 222, &c.

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N. Blakey im. Adel.

G.Scotin Sculp. Boastfull 6 rough your first Son is a Squire; The next a Tradesman, meek and much aliar; Tom struts a Soldier, open,bold and Bravel.; Will oneaks a Sorivener, an exceeding Knave.

I char: of Men

EPI s T L E I.

V ES, you despise the man to Books confin'd

1 Who from his study rails at human kind; Tho' what he learns he speaks, and may advance Some gen’ral maxims, or be right by chance.

COMMENTARY, Epistle of the Knowledge and Characters of Men] Whoever compares this with the former Editions of this poem, will observe that the order and disposition of the several parts are entirely changed and reversed, tho' with hardly the Alteration of a single Word. When the Editor, at the Author's desire, first examined this Epistle, he was surprized to find it contain a num: ber of fine observations, without order, connection, or depen. dence : but much more so, when, on an attentive review, he saw, that, if put into a different form, on an idea he then conceived, it would have all the clearness of method, and force of connected reasoning. The author appeared as much stryck with the thing as the editor, and agreed to put the Poem into the present order, which has given it all the juftness of a true composition. The introduction of the epistle on Riches was in the same condition, and underwent the same reform,

Moral Elays in Four Books Author has şi

NOTES, Moral Essays.] The Essay On Man was intended to have · been comprised in Four Books :

The First of which, the Author has given us under that. title, in four Epistles.

The Second was to have consisted of the fame number: Į, Of the extent and limits of human Reason. 2. Of those Arts and Sciences, and of the parts of them, which are useful, and therefore attainable, together with thofe which are unuseful, and therefore unattainable. 3. Of the Nature, Ends, Use, and Application of the different Capacities of Men. 4. Of the Use of Learning, of the Science of the World, and of

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