Hay and Straw Conservation: For Small-scale Farming and Pastoral Conditions
Food & Agriculture Org., 2000 - 303 pagina's
Hay is the oldest and most important conserved fodder, and it can be made with simple equipment, manually or with mechanization. Many small-scale farmers make hay and store crop residues to carry livestock through periods of shortage. Practices vary in different parts of the world, but follow some basic principles. This publication discusses hay, hay crops and crop residues in a wide range of situations. It deals with the haymaking process, cultivation of hay crops and management of natural hay fields as well as the harvest and conservation of crop residues as animal feed; a series of case studies from Asia, Africa and Latin America illustrates how hay and crop residues can be integrated into production systems. Addresses technicians, advisers and extension workers dealing with small-scale farming, traditional sectors and development projects, and includes over 60 colour figures, a bibliography, a glossary and an index. (From FAO website.)
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Afghanistan agricultural alfalfa altitude animals animaux arable areas Asia bales Balochistan berseem buffelgrass cattle cereals climates clover coarse conservation crop residues cultivars cultivated dairy developed dried drought dry season eleveurs especially farmers farming systems fertilizer field fodder foin forage grain grassland grazing green feed growing season grown growth harvest hay crop haymaking herbage humid important improved India irrigation kg/ha land legumes livestock Loess Plateau lucerne maize mechanized milk moisture monsoon mower mowing mown natural pasture nitrogen oats Pakistan perennial plant production systems protein rain rainfall roughage ruminants ryegrass Sahel sativa seed rates seedbed semi-arid shaftal sickle silage small-scale farming soils sorghum South Africa sowing sown stacks storage stored straws and stovers subtropical suitable summer swath t/ha teff temperate temperatures threshing traditional transhumant Trifolium usually vetch waterlogging weather weeds wheat widely windrowing winter yield zone