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porters of the arms of England, viz. the Antelope, used by K. Henry VIII. the Dragon by Q. Elizabeth, and the Lion and the Unicorn : each holds a banner, with the quarterings of the royal arms.
Between the supporters are various ornaments, such as boys, obelisks, &c. Upon the outside of the four arches, are the four cardinal virtues, and in each nich of the octagon is a statue with a gilt crown and fceptre; they represent the seven Worthies, with our worthy K. James I. who made up the eighth, and are as follows: K. David, Alexander, Godfroi de Bouillon, Arthur, Charlemagne, Hector, Julius Cæsar. Each figure bears a Thield, containing his device, or coat of arms. Between the niches, are the figures of women upwards, and scales of fish below, and beneath them are placed interchangeably the royal badges of England, Scotland, France, and Ireland. Above the cornice of the dome are smaller figures representing the liberal fciences, one of which is Orpheus, with his harp, and other mufical instruments. On the top of the building Atand two figures under a canopy, back to back, to represent Janus ; the one is of an old man holding a shield, whereon is carved a bat with wings difplayed ; the other, of a young woman holding a fceptre. Above this is a vane, and over that a crofs.
N. B. The name of this building is probably
a corruption of the French words, quatre faces, or of carrefour, from the fituation in which it was placed, where four streets met. It originally stood at the end of the High Street, Oxford, and having been taken down in the year 1787, was presented by the University to Earl Harcourt, who caused it to be removed to its present situation.
On returning towards the house, in one particular spot, Oxford is seen to more advantage, than from any other part of the drive-the point of view is, where the ground falls abruptly towards a large groupe of trees, in a hollow bottom, whose tops uniting, form 4 broad base to the town, and give it an artificial elevation. The immediate approach to the house being on a descent, has no other beauty, than what it derives from three groupes of large spreading elms, which being connected by side-skreens of trees, with the wings of the building, every distant object is excluded, and from that circumstance, the rich and extensive prospect, from the apartments in the back front, appears more striking.
Entering a vestibule, ornamented with Doric columns, and casts of statues from the antique, you ascend by an oral geometrical staircase to
30 by 16, and 18 feet 6 high. Over one chimney, Susanna and the Elders, by Annibale Caracci.
Over the other, Beggar Boys by Murillio; it *came from Penshurft.
The following eight-heads hang on either <fide of the door.
On the right, William, fifth Lord Paget, by Sir Peter Lely.
Under it, Philip Duc de Vendome (grand Prieur an. 1710): this fine portrait was a prefent from the Hon. Horace Walpole.
The Lady Anne Finch, daughter of Thomas, first Earl of Winchelsea, second wife of Sir William Waller, the Parliament General; by Vandyk, or old Stone.
Under it, George Simon Harcourt, Viscount - Nuneham, at the age of 17, by Reynolds.—The transparent colouring of this head can scarcely be surpassed.
On the left, a head of one of the Harcourt family, a present from Mr. Harcourt Powell.
Under it, Elizabeth Vernon, wife to Henry Earl of Southampton, by Cornelius Jansen. It came from Stoke Poggis, and was a present from the Lady Charlotte Finch, daughter of the Earl of Pomfret : it is lettered at the back,
in the hand-writing of her grand daughter, the celebrated Rachel Lady Ruffel.
Mrs. Siddons, the celebrated Tragedian, in the character of Isabella in the Fatal Marriage ; by Hamilton.
Under it, Nathaniel Lord Crewe, (afterwards Bishop of Durham,) when young, by Lely. One of the best works of that master.
At one end of the room, Queen Henrietta Maria, by Vandyk. Under it, the Nativity, by Pietro da Pietri.
At the other end, the Lady Mary. Tufton, daughter of John, fecond Earl of Thanet, lecond wife to Sir William Walter, Bart, of Saresden, in Oxfordfhire; by Lely.
Under it, Simon first Earl Harcourt, by Reynolds.
Over the centre door, a Nymph with Cupids, representing Night, by Valerio Castelli.
Over the other two, Aubrey Vere, twentieth and last Earl of Oxford of that house, by Walker.,
Baron Rhynwick, by Porbus.'
THE ANTE ROOM.
24 by 15, and 18 feet 6 high. Over the chimney, Louis XIV. by Mignard: under it the three following pictures; the reetory at Nuneham, by Mr. Cowden, and Mor
land. On either fide of it, a Morning and an Evening, by Rathbone.
Over the arches, two Landfcapes with figures, by Paul Brill.
Within the left recefs, a Landscape with figures, by Swanvelt. Over it, a Landscape, by Karel du Jardin. On either fide, and under it, views of the Parish Church, and of the Porter's lodge, at Stanton Harcourt, by Rathbone.
The right recefs, a Landscape, by Gasparo Poussin : the same subject, upon a larger scale, is in the King's collection. Over it, a Herdfman with cattle, by Karel du Jardin, from the collection of Mr. Bagnol. On either side, and below it, views of the domestic Chapel, and of the ancient Kitchen, at Stanton Harcourt, by Rathbone.
At one end, King William, with several attendants, hunting ; by Wotton. Below it the three following pictures--a small and very fine head of Sir William Waller, the Parliament General, son of Sir Thomas Waller, Constable of Dover Castle, and Margaret daughter of Sampson Lennard Lord Dacre, by Walker : it has been engraved by Milton, for Sir William's Vindication, written by himself, and first published in the year 1793. At the back of this portrait is affixed a copy of his admirable letter to Sir Ralph (afterwards Lord) Hopton, written before the battle of Lansdown.