Byzantium and the Bosporus: A Historical Study, from the Seventh Century BC Until the Foundation of Constantinople
Oxford University Press, 2017 - 290 pagina's
In 330 AD, the Emperor Constantine consecrated the new capital of the eastern Roman Empire on the site of the ancient city of Byzantium. Its later history is well known, yet comparatively little is known about the city before it became Constantinople, and then Istanbul. Although it was just a minor Greek polis located on the northern fringes of Hellenic culture, surrounded by hostile Thracian tribes and denigrated by one ancient wit as the -armpit of Greece, - Byzantium did nevertheless possess one unique advantage--control of the Bosporus strait. This highly strategic waterway links the Aegean to the Black Sea, thereby conferring on the city the ability to tax maritime traffic passing between the two.
Byzantium and the Bosporus is a historical study of the city of Byzantium and its society, epigraphy, culture, and economy, which seeks to establish the significance of its geographical circumstances and in particular its relationship with the Bosporus strait. Examining the history of the region through this lens reveals how over almost a millennium it came to shape many aspects of the lives of its inhabitants, illuminating not only the nature of economic exploitation and the attitudes of ancient imperialism, but also local industries and resources and the genesis of communities' local identities. Drawing extensively on Dionysius of Byzantium's Anaplous Bosporou, an ancient account of the journey up the Bosporus, and on local inscriptions, what emerges is a meditation on regional particularism which reveals the pervasive influence that the waterway had on the city of Byzantium and its local communities and illustrates how the history of this region cannot be understood in isolation from its geographical context. This volume will be of interest to all those interested in classical history more broadly and to Byzantinists seeking to explore the history of the city before it became Constantinople.
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The Armpit of Greece
The Land of Inachus
Taxation and Extortion The Bosporus and the Delian League
Common Benefactors of All
The Bounty of the Bosporus
The First Greek City to which we have come
Overige edities - Alles weergeven
ancient archaic Argonauts argued Ashmolean Museum Athenian Athens attempt Avram Bithynia Black Sea Bosporios Bosporus Braund Byzan Byzantines Byzantium and Chalcedon Byzas calendar Callatis Chalcedon Chalcedonians Chapter citizenship city’s claims Clearchus coinage colonies connected countermarks currents dekate Delian League Dion Dionysius Dionysius of Byzantium dolphin economic eponymous magistrate evidence exploit exported FGrHist fifth century Fıratlı-Robert fleets foundation founder fourth century Gabrielsen 2007 grain Greece Hanell harbour Heberden Coin Room hekatostyes Heraclea Heraclea Pontica Hesychius Hieron Histiaeus honour IByz identity inscriptions Istanbul Łajtar literary sources Loukopoulou 1989b Lysimachi Lysimachus Lytle madragues Megara Megarian merchants Merle minted month mother-city Newskaja notes passage Pausanias Perinthus Philip poleis polis Polybius Pontic Pontus possessed Propontis Ptolemy region Robert Robu Roman SchŲnert-Geiss Selymbria Seyrig ships shore Sparta strait suggests territory tetradrachms third century Thrace Thracian Thucydides toll trade traditions transl tribute tunny καὶ