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V.-1. Tableau de la Poésie française au XVIme Siècle.

2 vols. 8vo. Paris : 1828.

2. Poésies complètes. 2 vols. 8vo. Paris: 1869.

3. Critiques et Portraits littéraires. 5 vols. 8vo.

Paris : 1836-39.

4. Portraits contemporains et divers. 4 vols. Paris :

1869-70.

5. Portraits de Femmes. 1 vol. 1870.

6. Volupté. 1 vol. 5me édition. Paris: 1862.

7. Histoire de Port-Royal. 6 vols. 3me édition. 1867.

8. Chateaubriand et son Groupe. 2 vols.

2me édition.

1870.

9. Causeries de Lundi. 15 vols. 1852-60,

126

[And other Works.]

VI.— 1. A Manual of Ancient History, from the Earliest

Times to the Fall of the Western Empire. By George

Rawlinson, M A., Camden Professor of Ancient History

in the University of Oxford. Oxford: at the Claren-

don Press. 1869.

2. A Manual of the Ancient History of the East to the

Commencement of the Median Wars. By F. Lenor-

mant, Sub-Librarian of the Imperial Institute of

France, and E. Chevallier, Member of the Royal

Asiatic Society, London. London: 1869,

154

VII.--1. The Life and Letters of Faraday. By Dr. Bence

Jones, Secretary of the Royal Institution. Second

edition. 1870.

2. Faraday as a Discoverer. By John Tyndall. New

edition. 1870.

3. Eloge historique de Michel Faraday. Par M. Dumas,

Secrétaire perpétuel de l'Académie des Sciences.

Paris: 1868,

176

VIII.-1. Special Report from the Select Committee on the

Electric Telegraph Bill; together with Minutes of

Evidence. London: 1868.

2. Electric Telegraphs Returns to an Order of the

Honourable the House of Commons, April, 1868.

London.

3. The Ocean Telegraph to India; a Narrative and a

Diary. By J.C. Parkinson. London: 1870, 209

IX.—The Life and Adventures of John James Audubon, the

Naturalist. Edited, from Materials supplied by his

Widow, by Robert Buchanan. London: 1868, 250

X.-Lothair. By the Right Hon. B. Disraeli. 3 vols.

London: 1870,

275

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VI.-1. Prehistoric Times, as illustrated by Ancient Remains

and Manners and Customs of Modern Savages. By

Sir John Lubbock, Bart., F.R.S. 8vo. 2nd edition.

1869.

2. Précis de Paléontologie humaine. Par le Docteur

E. T. Hamy. 8vo. Paris: 1870.

3. Reliquiæ Aquitanicæ. By MM. Lartet and Christy.

4to. 1863–70.

4. The Primitive Inhabitants of Scandinavia. By Sven

Nilsson. Edited by Sir John Lubbock, Bart., F.R.S.

8vo. London: 1868.

5. Stone Monuments, Tumuli, and Ornaments of Remote

Ages, with remarks on the Architecture of Ireland

and Scotland. By J. B. Waring. Folio. London:

1870,

439

VII.-1. The Military Memorial. Translated from the Frank-

fort Edition of Prince Frederic Charles's Essay, 'How

to beat the French.' London : 1860.

2. The Prussian Tactical Instructions for Grand Man-

@uvres. Translated by Sir C. Staveley. London:

1870.

3. A Tactical Retrospect of 1866. Translated by Col.

Ouvry, C.B. London: 1870.

4. Entgegnung über die tacktische Rückblicke (a reply

to the • Tactical Retrospect'). Von Lieut.-Col. von

Bronsart. Berlin : 1870.

5. Der Feldzug von 1870; vom Rhein bis vor Chalons.

Von G. von Glasenapp. Berlin : Sept. 1870, . 480

VIII.—History of England, comprising the Reign of Anne until

the Peace of Utrecht. By Earl Stanhope. London:

1870,

. 519

IX.—1. La Prusse et l'Autriche depuis Sadowa. Par Émile

de Laveleye. Deux Tomes. Paris : 1870.

2. Correspondence respecting the Negotiations prelimi-

nary to the War.

Presented to Parliament by Com-

mand. 1870,

554

THE

EDINBURGH REVIEW,

JULY, 1870.

No. CCLXIX.

Art. I.-1. The Prologue and Knight's Tale, of the Canterbury

Tales, in six parallel Texts (from six MSS.), together with Tables, showing the Groups of the Tales, and their varying order in thirty-eight MSS. Published by the Chaucer

Society. London: 1869. 2. The Miller's, Reeve's, and Cook's Tales, with an Appendix

of the Spurious Tale of Gamelyn, in six parallel Texts. 3. English Pronunciation, with especial reference to Shak

spere and Chaucer. By ALEXANDER J. ELLIS, Esq.,

F.R.S. Parts I. and II. London: 1869-70. 4. Essays on Chaucer, his Words and Works: 1. Professor

EBERT's Review of Sandras's Étude sur Chaucer, translated by J. W. van REES HOETS, M.A. ; 2. A 13th-century Latin Treatise on the Chilindre (of the Shipmans Tale)

edited by Mr. E. BROCK. London: 1869. 5. A Temporary Preface to the Society's Six-Text edition of

Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, Part I., attempting to show the right Order of the Tales, and the Days and Stages of the Pilgrimage, 8c., 8c. By F. J. FURNIVALL, Esq., M.A.

1870. 6. The Poetical Works of Geoffrey Chaucer.

Edited by RICHARD MORRIS. 1870. 7. The Canterbury Tales of Geoffrey Chaucer. A New Text

with Illustrative Notes. By Thomas WRIGHT, Esq.,

M.A., F.S.A., &c. 1847. IT T is a national reproach that after the lapse of nearly five

hundred years we are still without a critical and illustrative edition of Chaucer's poetical works. Excepting Shakspeare, no English poet so thoroughly requires and deserves VOL. CXXXII, NO, CCLXIX.

B

careful editing as Chaucer; and, in the essential characteristics of his genius, no English poet comes nearer to Shakspeare. In breadth of dramatic insight, power of individual portraiture, fertility of invention, and command over the resources of pathos and humour, Chaucer is essentially Shakspearian. He has, moreover, the intense love of nature, the delicacy and truth of observation, and the vivid descriptive power which appear so conspicuously in Shakspeare's early poems. Above all, he has the same wide human interest, the large toleration, and the inexhaustible sympathy with life in every form. His pictures of contemporary society, though rich in local colouring, are thus still richer in dramatic power. The 'Canterbury Tales,' while presenting us with graphic pictures of mediæval costume and manners, contain delineations of humours and passions that reappear in every age, and are of universal interest. No doubt Chaucer lacks the higher qualities of Shakspeare, his depth of passion, subtile and profound reflectiveness, and peerless creative imagination. Yet Chaucer's poetical genius is not only dramatic, but broadly and variously dramatic, including a wide range of keen observation, truthful portraiture, and effective incident. The Canterbury Tales' are in substance, if not in form, a diversified, though unfinished drama. The descriptions of the Monk and Prioress, the Reeve and Franklin, the Friar and Pardoner, of Dame Alison and the Wife of Bath, are well-known masterpieces. Some of the lighter tales, such as those of the Miller and the Reeve, are short comedies full of genuine humour; while others, such as those of the Nun Priest and the Manciple, abound with well-directed strokes of incisive irony, and keen but quiet satire. Again, the picture of the wave-tossed Constance mazed in the sea,' and, after a brief gleam of happiness, committed again with her weeping infant to its cruel mercies, and that of the much-enduring Griselda's parting and reunion with her children, may rank as pathetic images with those of the wildered Ophelia distributing her floral gifts, and the footsore heart-wearied Imogen passing dream-like through the wild in the one thought of her absent lord.

Next to his command over the fountains of laughter and tears comes Chaucer's rare power of felicitous expression. His style in his later writings, while easy and flexible, is at the same time vigorous and pointed, having rarely a sentence or even a word of repetition or needless amplification. At a time when inordinate diffuseness and prolixity was the vice of English versification, he gave an example of artistic concentration, of terse and vigorous clearness in narrative, description, and dia

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