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[The Editors are not responsible for every statement or opinion of their correspondents; at the same time, their object is to open the pages of their Magazine to those only, who seek the real good of that Protestant Church with which it is in connexion.]
To the Editor of the Christian Guardian. may hope to be not only pardoned,
but SIR-I perceive in the columns of supported in actively striving for the religious periodicals of the day,
a revision of what we think to be of an advertisement of a work called,
far higher moment to the interests “Hints for an Improved Translation
of the Church of England. of the New Testament, by James
When will the Evangelical Clergy, Scholefield, M.A., Regius Professor
as a body, see and acknowledge honof Greek, Cambridge; and Canon of estly the real mischief originated and Ely.” Now I freely grant that there
continued, not only by words, but be some reason for this modest sug
whole sentences, in our Prayer-book ? gestion for an improvement of our
C. A. present authorized version; there may be some words, or perhaps larger portions, more or less inaccurately translated, but the blemishes are, after all, so few and so doctrinally unimportant,
To the Editor. that I for one cannot but deprecate
Sir,- I have thought that the folany meddling with, or alteration of, a version to which the tribute of uni
lowing extract from a recent number
of a Roman Catholic newspaper, versal admiration is justly due. But while I am one of those who
may not be without interest to your are more than content with my Eng- for which Dr. Newman claims a cre
readers. It shews the sort of miracles lish Testament, I cannot but desire to turn the attention of Mr. Scholefield
dibility equal to those recorded in to a work of far more pressing ur
I am, Sir, yours, &c. gency,--and that is one which your
B. magazine, most properly advocates, -the Scriptural Revision of our Na- “ There is much talk at Rome of an extional Liturgy. If some few impro- traordinary cure which has taken place in per renderings may offend the clas- the very palace of the Vatican. The folsical scholar, and possibly in some lowing is the manner in which this proslight measure obscure the meaning digious fact is described, and which will, of some passages, so as to call for an without doubt, become the subject of a alteration, which, after all, may be a
judicial inquiry : debateable improvement, what cannot
A young girl, of about twenty years be said in support of that growing de
of age, whose family is employed in the
domestic side of the palace, had contracted mand for such a revision of our unin
a bad fever, owing to the loss of her father spired Prayer-book, as may at all
a little time before, as well as to the influevents allow the real and attached
ence of the season, which has multiplied members of the national Protestant at Rome diseases of this kind, and by Church to worship with free consci- which a great number of victims have ences, and enlarged comfort and de fallen within the last few months. votion, in her services.
“Notwithstanding the enlightened efYou are so ably and constantly forts of the doctor of the pontifical 'family,' bringing this question before your and of her parents, the young invalid was readers, that I will not further tres- soon at the last extremity. The Vice Curé
of the palace, (which, as is known, is a pass upon your space; but allow me to say, that if an Evangelical Regius order (Monseigneur
the Sacristan of the
foundation,) a member of the Augustin Professor of Greek may, without re
same order is the Titular Curé) had adbuke, put forth “Hints for an Im
ministered to her the Sacrament of Exproved Translation of the Testament,” surely we, his Evangelical brethren,
* The Catholic Standard, Oct. 4, 1851,
treme Unction, and had recited the prayer the altar, in placing him amongst the recommending her soul. Her last sigh blest, the venerable Father Clavier, of the was hourly expected.
Society of Jesus, and at the close of the “For the sake of enabling our readers expiatory triduo which has been celebrated to understand the prodigy about to be re- at Saint Andre del la Valle, in reparation lated, it is necessary to state that, during of the sacrilegious outrage committed the course of the malady the Vice Curé had against the Madonna du Vicolo dell' several times engaged the pious patient to Abate Luigi. invoke the aid of a venerable servant of “Our readers will be obliged to us for God, of the Augustin Order, whose beati- saying some words about this ceremony, fication is about to be declared, and he and the cause which led to it :had even mixed in the potions given to “ Last year, Colonel Nardoni, assailed such girl some little fragments of the by two assassins, providentially escaped clothes of the venerable man. On the death. It so happened that the theatre other hand, according to the usage of of this event was precisely under the Mareligious families, they had carried into donna placed at the corner Du Vicolo the chamber of the dying person the Santo dell’Abate Luigi. The colonel attributed Bambino de l’Ara Cali
, demanding of his escape to the protection of the Holy these last resources of the Faith a cure Virgin, and, out of gratitude, caused the no longer in the reach of human science image which had so protected him to be to bestow.
carefully restored ; for, owing to the iso“Let us return to the bed of the dying lation of the place, it had been much girl, whom we find in a profound sleep, neglected. from which she shall soon awaken to relate, Demagoguism, as it appears, owed a with smiles on her lips, how she had seen grudge to the Queen of Heaven, for havthe infant Jesus, having at his side a vene- ing saved a man whose death would have rable servant of God, clad in the habit of been so precious to the republican cause, the order of St. Augustin. She adds, that and a sacrilegious and democratic hand, she feels herself cured, but very weak, some time ago, smashed with stones the and she asks for a cup of broth to give crystal which secures the sacred image, her strength. The broth is given to her, and mutilated its blessed features. This although the request is regarded as com- brutal outrage having filled the town with ing from one in the last agitation of horror, his Eminence the Cardinal Vicar, dying ; but the sick girl, who had felt the yielding to intreaties, ordered a solemn action of grace, and who knew well that triduo, which took place the 14th,'15th, she was cured, rises, throws off all the and 16th of the month. The image so blisters, of which not a trace was left on outraged by demagogues was placed on her body, and on the following day re- the grand altar of the church, in the midst paired to the Church of l’Ara Cæli, at of an infinitude of tapers, which crowned more than half a league distant, to thank it as with a diadem of fire. and for three the Santo Bambino and the servant of God days she received the homage, the invowho had restored her to life and health. cations, and the tears of a faithful people.
“ You may easily comprehend the sen- On the evening of the third day, in the sation that a fact of this kind must have midst of singing and illuminations, the produced upon a population so full of holy image was borne in procession and faith, especially on the eve of the ceremony replaced in the corner it had occupied, of the 21st, which will put solemnly upon the people crying. Viva Maria !! "
Rebiews, and short Notices of Books. The Life of John STERLING. By religious principles. We shall not
Thomas Carlyle. 8vo. pp. 344. stop to expose every phantasm which London : Chapman & Hall. 1851.
the biographer presents episodically,
in the belief that he is destroying the About seven years ago Mr. Archdea- very foundations of evangelical Chriscon Hare, under express agreement
tianity; neither shall we pass all in with Mr. Carlyle, undertook the au
silence. thorship of a Biography of John Ster- The first, and a most important, ling, from the papers and documents fact we notice, is, the entire absence committed to the care of these two of any information that the object of individuals by Sterling himself, a short this biographical sketch was taught time before his death. Mr. Carlyle in his early days to seek his Creator,has suffered this interval to elapse,
a potent fact in after
every and now resuscitates an almost for- child of man. The prevailing feature gotten and melancholy story by writing of his school-life, Mr. Carlyle informs . a letter to himself, in which he com- his readers, was “excessive fluctuaplains of the Archdeacon's work, on
tion,”-incessant change of parental what appear to us to be very slight residence, and consequently of teachgrounds. However this may be, Mr. “ His gentle, pious-hearted moCarlyle seizes the opportunity for
ther,” Mr. Carlyle tells us,
“ ever waging war against all that has been watching over him in all outward held sacred, under the name of reli- changes, and assiduously keeping gion, for more than eighteen hundred human* (?) pieties and good affections years, by the great and wise, as well alive in him, was probably the best as by the humble and simple. The counteracting element in his lot.” obligation is assumed by the biogra- Evangelical piety and divine affecpher, and the work is done,- the chief tions do not appear to have been conobjects thereof being, so far as we can
sidered as of any importance to the discover, to snarl at all the world be- child :—these perhaps the biographer sides himself, and to claim, unblush- would repudiate as shams and cant. ingly, his part in the ultimate unset- After desultory schooling, we find tling of the character and aims of a Sterling at Trinity College, Cammind struggling after truth, without bridge,-his tutor, Julius Hare, “now the use of the only true helps, the the distinguished Archdeacon of Lewword of God and prayer.
“But here,” says Mr. Carlyle, The friends of John Sterling will, as in his former schools, his studies we imagine, see great reason to regret and enquiries, diligently prosecuted, this new biography. On our part,
I believe, were of the most discursive, while we cannot but deplore the sad wide-flowing character; not steadily spectacle thus again laid bare to pub- advancing along beaten roads towards lic gaze, we would not let the occasion college honours, but pulsing out with pass without calling attention to the impetuous irregularity, now on this warning, speaking trumpet-tongued, tract, now on that, towards whatever of the danger and insane folly of spiritual Delphi might promise to untrusting to human intellect alone, in fold the mystery of this world, and spiritual matters. Biography, besides announce to him what was, in our teaching philosophy by example, does new day, the authentic message of the here, in the narrative of Sterling's gods."— Are we in the nineteenth life, preach a solemn alarm to the century of the Christian era? heedless, the self-wise, and the back- Mr. Carlyle describes his hero as slider.
having at this time “frankly adopted We shall on this occasion endea- the anti-superstitious side of things," vour to present from the work before and represents him
to have epitomised us the principal points in Sterling's the ministers of the Established Church history which may seem more especi
as “black dragoons in every parish, ally to have had influence upon his
• The Italics are our own,
on good pay and rations, horse-meat counter, contact with, the plausible and man's-meat."
sophistries of German mysticism. For This estimate, we shall see, subse
some long period he remained unquently underwent a change; unfor- settled as to any useful occupation,tunately, too, for him, changes.
we may say, burying his talents in The next step in Sterling's life was the ground, instead of employing the choice of a profession. “But,” them in any one of the countless ways says our growling and sneering bio- by which the good of man, and the grapher, ever ready to find fault, ever glory of God, may be promoted. The slow to find remedies, "professions, benighted state of his mind at this built so largely on speciosity, instead period is thus acknowledged by his of performance, clogged in this bad biographer:epoch, and defaced under such sus
“ Piety of heart, a certain reality of repicions of fatal imposture, were hate, ligious faith, was alway's Sterling's,-the ful, not lovable, to the young radical gitt of nature to him, which he would not soul, scornful of gross profit, and in- and could not throw away; but I find at tent on ideals and human noble- this time his religion is as good as alto
The three professions, Tho- gether Ethnic, Greekish, what Goethe mas Carlyle avers, "require you at
calls the heathen form of religion. The the threshold to constitute yourself an
Church, with her Articles, is without reimpostor.” All the world, we may
lation to him." observe, knows that the assertion is At this juncture Sterling became false. If it were true, trade alone admitted to intimacy with Coleridge, can admit of honesty, and we, of who was regarded then, and since, by course, suppose, of all trades, that of
“young inquiring men,” as a sort of making books must be the most hon- prophet or magus.
The religious est, as Mr. Carlyle has chosen it; for feelings then dwelling in Coleridge's surely our author himself must be heart, and poured forth in his swelling “scornful of gross profits," and, while food of words, too often obscured in protesting the hypocrisy of all under cloudy German transcendentalisms, himself, his publishers would doubt- were the influential means of directless well be pleased that he should ing the earnest but wavering mind of be “intent upon ideals.” Obviously Sterling to the “ peace which passeth Thomas Carlyle knows nothing about understanding,” and which for a seathe “ three professions.” However, son it is probable he in some degree one fact is unanswerably clearer than realised. He was then taught and all Carlylean rhodomantade against received the very reverse of his biothe three professions : honest men grapher's Will-o'-th’-wisp doctrines, have gone out into the world, with which he at a later period adopted: the love of God in their hearts, and “ What the light of your mind, which is have laboured more successfully for the direct inspiration of the Almighty, the benefit of man in the pursuit of pronounces incredible, -that, in God's the “ three professions,” than has any name, leave uncredited ; at your peril would-be Diogenes, seated quietly in do not try believing other than that.” his well warmed tub, smoking his It had been better for Sterling had he complacent pipe, and spinning out of not afterwards been brought within its vapoury wreaths tirades of scornful the range of such influences as are abuse of all that is held sacred by his conveyed in these heathenish flattefellow-men.
ries of the human intellect. Thanks Sterling had not in him that steady be to God, that there are not wanting industry which is essential to suc- noble armies of martyrs, and great cess in any calling, professional or clouds of witnesses, to the pure truth, literary,-" black dragoon,” or even that the sole veracity is to be discobook-maker. He was, as his biog- vered by the light of Divine revelarapher justly remarks, a man of tion alone; not in the paganism which “swift far darting brilliancies, and failed philosophers of old. nomadic desultory ways.” The most Passing over the lamentable epiunfortunate of all constitutions to en- sode of Sterling's Spanish radicalism
his marriage, his residence in the Archdeacon Hare, and his paWest Indies, we come to his deter- rishioners of Hurstmonceaux, have mination to enter the ministry of the borne grateful testimony to the earChurch, influenced by what Mr. Car- nestness, sincerity, and affectionatelyle is pleased to denominate “Cole- ness, of the performance of his pastoridgean Moonshine;" and of which ral duties as curate. He had set he has the exalted lack of wisdom to himself St. Paul for a model; for a speak thus: “The bereaved young time he acted up to his pattern with lady has taken the veil, then! Even the best of his energies. But ill health,
“ To such length and probably from the seed not havcan transcendental moonshine, cast ing been sown in truly good ground, by some morbidly radiating Cole- the promising plant began to droop. ridge into the chaos of a fermenting
Other influences now began to opelife, act magically there, and produce rate upon Sterling's mind. The acdivulsions and convulsions, and dis- quaintance with Mr. Carlyle began eased developments.” All beyond soon after the abandonment of his "the light of your own mind," which, clerical functions. Sterling yet bewe hold to be darkness visible, is of lieving in the existence of a “personal course cant and hypocrisy to Mr. God,"—the very idea of which CarCarlyle; happily quite the reverse to lyle scouts,-holds frequent discusColeridge, and most other persons. sions upon this topic, and upon faith, To Mr. Carlyle Coleridge becomes with his new friend; but of these dismaudlin when he becomes religious, cussions the biographer gives little which to him is only another word for note, and regards them as pitiable on hypocritical
the part of Sterling. From this time l'he influence of Coleridge on the we have much recorded by Mr. Carrising generation has been far from lyle of his private life, interesting inbeneficial. Much of the error and deed; of his various travels and mysticism of the present day must, change of residence in search of we fear, be traced to the unrestrained health; his desultory literary purliberty given by that great man to his suits ; his unsuccessful attempts at vast imagination, which he suffered poetry, &c., and many other matters. to revel unchecked by reason or judg- not material to our present purpose. ment in the cloud-land of transcen- Two painfully mournful circumdental metaphysical speculation. But stances, however, were becoming daily certainly here is one redeeming fact, more manifest;-one, that his bodily that Mr. Carlyle does so constantly frame was doomed ere long to return insist upon referring the only mani- to the dust; the other, that his soul's festations of true religion in Sterling's health seemed to droop, pari passu, mind to “Coleridgean Moonshine.” with his march towards eternity. May such sunshine, we should say, A few short extracts may perhaps ere long illumine the recesses of the
than any statements of hearts of all who have at present but ours to indicate, in the biographer's the farthing-rush-light glimmer of own expressions, whither this poor “the light of your own mind,” which shattered bark was tending. is anything but the direct inspiration of the Almighty,- oftener the sug
“The conscious life, ecclesiastical still, gestions of Satan.
hung visibly about his inner, unconscious.
and real life, for years to come: and not Carlyle accounts this ministerial character of “ Poor Sterling”.“among from him the wrappages of it, could he
till by sluw degrees he had unwinded the evil lessons of his time,” as “the become clear about himself, and so much. worst,”—"properly indeed the apothe
as try heartily what his now sole course osis, the solemn apology and consecration, of all the evil lessons that “In fact, it became clear to me more were in him.” All christian men will, and more that here was nobleness of heart we think, regard it as the one bright striving towards all nobleness ; here was. spot in his life, in which indeed cul- ardent recognition of the worth of Chrisminated all that was good in him. tianity, for one thing; but no belief in it