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discretion, [having first placed upon his heart, so let him give; not grudgingly, the Table so much bread and wine as or of necessity : for God loveth a cheerful he shall think sufficient.']*
giver. 2 Cor. ix. [6, 7]. +Let your light so shine before men, As we have therefore opportunity, let that they may see your good works, and us do good unto all men, especially unto. glorify your Father which is in heaven. them who are of the household of faith. St. Matth. v. (16.]
Gal. vi. . Lay not up for yourselves treasures Godliness with contentment is great upon earth, where moth and rust doth gain. For we brought nothing into corrupt, and where thieves break through this world, and it is certain we can carry and
But lay up for your- nothing out. 1 Tim. vi. (6, 7). selves treasures in heaven, where neither Charge them that are rich in this moth nor rust doth corrupt, and where world, that they be not highminded, nor thieves do not break through nor steal. trust in uncertain riches, but in the living St. Matth. vi. [19, 20).
God, who giveth us richly all things to Whatsoever ye would that men should enjoy ; that they do good, that they be do to you, do ye even so to them : for rich in good works, ready to distribute, willthis is the law and the prophets. St. ing to conımunicate ; Laying up in store Matth. vii. .
for themselves a good foundation against Not every one that saith unto me, the time to come, that they may lay hold Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom on eternal life. I Tim. vi. [17, 18, 19]. of heaven; but he that doeth the will of God is not unrighteous to forget your my Father which is in heaven. St. Matth. work and labour of love, which ye have vii. .
shewed toward his name, in that ye have Zaccheus stood, and said unto the ministered to the saints, and do minisLord; Behold, Lord, the half of my ter. Heb. vi. . goods I give to the poor; and if I have To do good and to communicate taken any thing from any man by false forget not: for with such sacrifices God accusation, I restore him fourfold. St. is well pleased. Heh. xiii. . Luke xix. .
Whoso hath this world's good, and He which soweth sparingly shall reap
seeth his brother have need, and shutteth also sparingly; and he which someth up his bowels of compassion from him, bountifully shall reap also bountifully. how dwelleth the love of God in him ? Every man according as he purposeth in 1 St. John iii. .
He that hath pity upon the poor lend• This appears to be a more convenient posi.
eth unto the Lord ; and that which he tion for this Rubric, than where it now stands,
hath given will he pay him again. Prov. viz., after the offertory. The best mode of ar
xix. . ranging the matter seems to be (not by the use Blessed is he that considereth the poor : of a “Credence Table " but) by the Church
the Lord will deliver him in time of wardens or other fit persons bringing the ele. trouble. Psalm xli. . ments from the vestry at the proper time; or Who goeth a warfare any time at his by the Minister then taking them from under own charges ? who planteth a vineyard, the table. No Rubric of the kind appears to and eateth not of the fruit thereof? or hav ted before the last review; at least a who feedeth a flock, and eateth not of Rubric something similar in the book of 1549, the milk of the flock ! 1 Cor. ix. . was thrown out in 1552, and not restored till If we have sown unto you spiritual 1661.2, (See Keeling, pp. 184.-185).
things, is it a great thing if we shall reap + The Scotch Liturgy of 1637 has been fol- your carnal things ?
Cor. ix. . lowed in giving these sentences according to Do ye not know that they which minisour present authorized version; as also in the ter about holy things live of the things omission of the two from Tobit, in lieu of which of the temple ? and they which wait at Mark xii. 41-44, and 1 Chron. xxix. 10-12, the altar are partakers with the altar ? 14, 17, are substituted, which occur in the
Even so hath the Lord ordained that Scotch Liturgy. The order of the sentences
they which preach the gospel should live has also been slightly changed, so as to place
of the gospel. I Cor. ix. [13, 14). those which refer to the “ oblations” or “other
Let him that is taught in the word devotions of the people,” viz. 1 Cor. ix. 7, 11,
communicate unto him that teacheth in 13, 14, and Gal. vi. 6, 7, all together.
all good things. Be not deceived ; God
is not mocked: for whatsoever a man Scotch and American Liturgies are followed in the addition of the verses, as well as chapters soweth, that shall he also reap. Gal. vi. from which these sentences are taken.
And Jesus sat over against the trea- the universal Church with the spirit sury, and beheld how the people cast of truth, unity, and concord: And money into the treasury: and many that grant, that all they that do confess thy were rich cast in much. And there came holy Name may agree in the truth of thy a certain poor widow, and she threw in holy Word, and live in unity, and godly two mites, which make a farthing. And love. We beseech thee also to save and he called unto him his disciples, and defend all Christian Kings, Princes, and saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, Governours ;* and specially thy Servant That this poor widow hath cast more in, VICTORIA our Queen: that under her than all they which have cast into the we may be godly and quietly governed ; treasury : for all they did cast in of their And grant unto her whole Council, and abundance ; but she of her want did cast to all that are put in authority under her, in all that she had, even all her living. that they may truly and [' impartially ')+ St. Mark xii [41—44).
minister justice, to the punishment of David blessed the Lord before all the wickedness and vice, and to the maintecongregation : and David said, Blessed nance of thy true religion, and virtue, be thou, Lord God of Israel our Father, Give grace, O heavenly Father, to all for ever and ever. Thine, O Lord, is Bishops and [' Pastors,']I that they may the greatness, and the power, and the both by their life and doctrine set forth glory, and the victory, and the majesty : thy true and lively Word, and rightly and for all that is in the heaven and in the duly administer thy lioly Sacraments : earth is thine; thine is the kingdom, O And to all thy people give thy heavenly Lord, and thou art exalted as head above grace; and especially to this congregation all. Both riches and honour coine of here present ; that, with meek heart and thee,.., and of thine own have we given due reverence, they may hear, and receive thee ... I know also, my God, that thou thy holy Word ; truly serving thee in triest the heart, and hast pleasure in up- holiness and righteousness all the days rightness. As for me, in the uprightness of their life. And we most humbly beseech of mine heart I have willingly offered all thee of thy goodness, O Lord, to comfort these things : and now have I seen with and succour all them, who in this transi. joy thy people, which are present here, to offer willingly unto thee, 1 Chron. xxix. (10-12, 14, 17].
ceding Rubric. In the Scotch Liturgy of 1637, Whilst these Sentences are in reading,
in the parallel Rubric “the devotions of the the Deacons, Churchwardens, or other
people" are expressly termed “oblarions." And fit person appointed for that purpose,
this it was, no doubt, which suggested to our shall receive the alms for the poor, and
Reviewers in 1661-2, the additions then made other devotions of the people, in a decent
after the word "alms" both in the Rubric and in bason to be provided by the parish for
the Prayer, viz., in the former, " and other dethat purpose ; and reverently bring it
votions of the people,” in the latter “and oblato the Minister] who shall humbly pre
tions” (see Acts xxiv. 17) with obvious reference sent and place it upon the holy table. to the same. They also added at the same time
a Rubric at the end of the Office respecting the After which done, the [ Minister] shall say, distribution of the collections to “ pious and Let us pray for the whole state of Christ's charitable uses generally. On this subject, Church militant here in earth.
see the "Christian Observer,” Aug. 1849, p.517. Almighty and everliving God, who by Cardwell's “ Conferences,” p. 382, note ; Rothy holy Apostle hast taught us to make bertson's “How shall we Conform to the prayers, and supplications, and to give Liturgy?" pp. 207—209; Bp. of Rochester's thanks, for all men ; We humbly beseech Charge of 1843, p. 14; and Hooker, b. v. c. 79, If there be thee most mercifully (* to
8. I. no alms or [of- accept our alms and Cofferferings),t then ings]t and )to receive these
• The American prayer runs thus,
“ We shall the words
beseech thee also, so to direct and dispose the our prayers, which we of accepting our alms and (ofter. offer unto thy Divine
hearts of all Christian rulers, that they may ings] be left Majesty ; beseeching thec
truly and impartially minister justice," &c. Perout unsaid. to inspire continually
haps in our own, "rulers” would be preferable
to “governours." * The Rubric here omitted has been trans. posed. See a previous note.
+ From the American Liturgy. + The word “ oblations” refers, (not as some I “Bishops and Pastors" from the Collect suppose, to the elements, but) to the “other for St. Peter's day, the American form has it, devotions of the people” spoken of in the pre “ Bishops and other Ministers."
tory life are in trouble, sorrow, need, and whereinsoever ye shall perceive yoursickness, or any other adversity. And we selves to have offended, either by will, also bless thy holy Name for all thy ser- word, or deed, there to bewail your own vants departed this life in thy faith and sinfulness, and to confess yourselves to fear; beseeching thee to give us grace so Almighty God, with full purpose of to follow their good examples, that with amendment of life. And if
perthem, we may be partakers of thy hea- ceive your offences to be such as are not venly kingdom : Grant this, O Father, only against God, but also against your for Jesus Christ's sake, our only Mediator neighbours; then ye shall reconcile yourand Advocate. Amen.
selves unto them; being ready to make When the Minister giveth warning for restitution and satisfaction, according to the celebration of the holy Communion, the uttermost of your powers, for all in(which he shall always do upon the juries and wrongs done by you to any Sunday or some Holy-day, immediately other ; and being likewise ready to forpreceding).. *he shall read this Exhor- give others that have offended you, as ye tation following [; 'or so much thereof would have forgiveness of your offences as, in his discretion he
at God's hand : for otherwise the receive tenient.'] +
ing of the holy Communion doth nothing DEARLY beloved, on- -day next [it is else but increase your ['condemnation.']* purposed,]I through God's assistance, to Therefore if any of you be a blasphemer administer to all such as shall be reli- of God, an hinderer or slanderer of his giously and devoutly disposed the most Word, an adulterer, or be in malice, or comfortable Sacrament of the Body and envy, or in any other grievous crime, Blood of Christ; to be by them received repent you of your sins, or else come not in remembrance of his meritorious Cross to that holy Table ; lest, after the taking and Passion; whereby alone we obtain of that holy Sacrament, the devil enter remission of our sins, and are made par- into you, as he entered into Judas, and takers of the Kingdom of heaven. Where- fill you full of all iniquities, and bring fore it is our duty to render most humble you to destruction both of body and soul.t and hearty thanks to Almighty God our And because it is requisite, that no heavenly Father, for that he hath given man should come to the holy Commuhis Son, our Saviour Jesus Christ, not nion, but with a full trust to God's only to die for us, but also to be our mercy, and with a quiet conscience ; spiritual food and sustenance in that holy therefore if there be any of you, who by Sacrament. Which being so divine and this means cannot quiet his own concomfortable a thing to then who receive science herein, but requireth further comit worthily, and so dangerous to them fort or counsel, let him come to me, or that will presume to receive it unwor. to some other ... I Minister of God's thily; my duty is to exhort you in the Word, and open his grief ; that...he mean season to consider the dignity of may receive [' such godly '] $ counsel that holy [' Sacrament ']$ and the great and advice [' as may tend ']$ to the quietperil of the unworthy receiving thereof; ing of his conscience, and the removand so to search and examine your own ing ']$ of all scruple and doubtfulness. consciences, (ard that not lightly, and Tor, in case he shall see the people negliafter the manner of dissemblers with God; gent to come to the holy Communion, but so) that ye may come holy and clean instead of the former, he shall use this to such a heavenly Feast, in the marriage- Exhortation. garment required by God in lioly Scrip- Dearly beloved brethren, on I ture, and be received as worthy partakers intend, by God's grace, to celebrate the of that holy Table.
Lord's Supper ; unto which, in God's The way and means thereto is ; First, behalf, I bid you all that are here preto examine your lives and conversations by the rule of God's commandments; • “Condemnation," so it is in the American sent; and beseech you, for the Lord will by God's grace return to a better Jesus Christ's sake, that ye will not re- mind : for the obtaining whereof we shall fuse to come thereto, being so lovingly not cease to make our humble petitions called and bidden by God himself. Ye unto Almighty God our heavenly Father. know how grievous and unkind a thing it 1 At the time of the celebration of the is, when a man hath prepared a rich Communion, the Communicants being feast, decked his table with all kind of conveniently placed for the receiving of provision, so that there lacketh nothing the holy Sacrament, the [' Presbyter']* but the guests to sit down; and yet they shall say this Exhortation. who are called (without any cause) most DEARLY beloved in the Lord, ye that unthankfully refuse to come. Which of mind to come to the holy Communion of you in such a case would not be moved ? the Body and Blood of our Saviour Who would not think a great injury and Christ, must consider how Saint Paul wrong done unto him ? Wherefore, most exhorteth all persons diligently to try dearly beloved in Christ, take ye good and examine themselves, before they preheed, lest ye, withdrawing yourselves sume to eat of that Bread, and drink of from this holy Supper, provoke God's that Cup. For as the benefit is great, if indignation against you. It is an easy with a true penitent heart and lively faith matter for a man to say, I will not com- we receive that holy Sacrament; (for municate, because I am otherwise hin- then we spiritually eat the flesh of Christ, dered with worldly business. But such and drink his blood; then we dwell in excuses are not so easily accepted and Christ, and Christ in us; we are one with allowed before God. If any man say,
Liturgy. See also Abp. Secker in Bp, Mant's • This omission is in the American Liturgy. Prayer book, p. 353, col. 2. + From the American Liturgy.
+ The American form omits this clause from I This is substituted because the notice is
lest, after taking” to “body and soul." See not always given by the celebrant in person.
also Adn. Sharp's Charge iii. pp. 50, 51, The words “Mystery” and “Sacrament"
I This omission occurs in the American seem to be used as convertible terms in “the Fa.
Liturgy. thers.” Thus the vulgate translates μυστηριον § The passages here introduced are taken as “sacramentum" in Ephes. V. 32.
from the American Liturgy.
I Christ, and Christ with us;t) so is the am a grievous sinner, and therefore am danger great, if we receive the same unafraid to come ; wherefore then do ye worthily. For then we are guilty of the not repent and amend ? When God Body and Blood of Christ our Saviour calleth you, are ye not ashamed to say we eat and drink our own (condemnation), ye will not come ? When ye should not considering the Lord's Body; we return to God, will ye excuse yourselves, kindle God's wrath against us; we proand say ye are not ready ? Consider ear- voke him to plague us with divers diseases, nestly with yourselves how little such and sundry kinds of death. I Judge feigned excuses will avail before God. therefore yourselves, brethren, that ye They that refused the feast in the Gospel be not judged of the Lord ; repent you because they had bought a farm, or truly for your sins past; have a lively would try their yokes of oxen, or because and stedfast faith in Christ our Saviour; they were married, were not so excused, amend your lives, and be in perfect chabut counted unworthy of the heavenly rity with all men; so shall ye be meet feast. (Wherefore ']* according to mine partakers of [that] holy (sacrament]. And Office, I bid you in the Name of God, I above all things ye must give most humcall you in Christ's behalf, I exhort you, ble and hearty thanks to God, the Father, as ye love your own salvation, that ye will the Son, and the Holy Ghost, for the rebe partakers of this holy Communion. demption of the world by theideath and pasAnd as the Son of God did vouchsafe to sion of our Saviour Christ, both God and yield up his soul by death upon the Cross man'; who did humble himself, even to the for your salvation ; so it is your duty to death upon the Cross, for us, miserable sinreceive the Communion in remembrance ners, who lay in darkness and the shadow of the sacrifice of his death, as he himself of death ; that he might make us the chil. hath commanded : which if ye shall dren of God, and exalt us to everlasting neglect to do, consider with yourselves life. And to the end that we should how great injury ye do unto God, and alway remember the exceeding great love how sore punishment hangeth over your of our Master, and only Saviour, Jesus heads for the same when ye wilfully ab- Christ, thus dying for us, and the innustain from the Lord's Table, and separate from your brethren, who come to feed on • The Scotch Liturgy has been followed in the banquet of that most heavenly food. the substitution of “Presbyter” for “Priest," These things if ye earnestly consider, ye when the second order of the ministry is desig• The American Liturgy omits, “I for my
nated. See also Hooker, b. v. c. 78, s. 3. part shall be ready;" &c., and substitutes,
+ This parenthesis is for some reason omitted " Wherefore." If the retention of the former
in the American Liturgy. be preferable, “ if the Lord will" (James iv. 15.) I In the American Liturgy the clause from should be added after, “I, for my part, shall be “For then” is omitted, though it is evidently ready."
founded on 1 Cor. xi. 27--32,
merable benefits which by his precious Christ's sake, Forgive us all that is past; blood-shedding he hath obtained to us ; And grant that we may ever hereafter he hath instituted and ordained holy Serve and please thee in [' holiness '] of (symbols]. as pledges of his love, and life, To the honour and glory of thy for a continual remembrance of his death, Name; Through Jesus Christ our Lord. to our great and endless comfort. To Amen. him therefore, with the Father and the Then shall the [* Presbyter '] (or the Holy Ghost, let us give (as we are most Bishop, being present,) stand up, and bounden) continual thanks; submitting turning himself to the people, [' say']," ourselves wholly to his holy will and plea- ALMIGHTY God, our heavenly Father, sure, and studying to serve him in true who of his great mercy hath promised holiness and righteousness all the days forgiveness of sins to all them that with of our life. Amen.
hearty repentance and true faith turn Then shall the [' Presbyter '] say to unto him ; Have mercy upon you; parthem that come to receive the holy Com.. don and deliver you from all your sins ; munion.
confirm and strengthen you in all goodYe that do truly and earnestly repent ness ; and bring you to everlasting life ; you of your sins, and are in love and through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. charity with your neighbours, and in- Then shall the [' Presbyter also ']t tend to lead a Choly]life, following the say, commandments of God, and walking from Hear what comfortable words our Saviour henceforth in his holy ways ; Draw near Christ saith unto all that truly turn to with faith, and take this holy Sacrament him. to your comfort ; and make your humble Come unto me all [' ye that labour']t confession to Almighty God, meekly and are heavy laden, and I will ['give kneeling upon your knees.
you rest']. st. Afatth. xi. 20. Then shall this general Confession be God so loved the world, that he gave made, in the name of all those that are his only-begotten Son, that ['whosominded to receive the holy Communion, ever believeth '] in him should not perish, by (the Presbyter]; both he and ali but have everlasting life. St. John iii. 16. the people kneeling humbly upon their Hear also what Saint Paul saith, knees, and saying,
This is a [' faithful '] saying, and worALMIGHTY God, Father of our Lord thy of all ['acceptation '), That Christ Jesus Christ, Maker of all things, Judge Jesus came into the world to save sinof all men ; We acknowledge and be- ners. 1 Tim. i. 15. wail our manifold sins and wickedness, Hear also what Saint John saith, Which we, from time to time, most If any man sin, we have an Advocate grievously have committed, By thought, with the Father, Jesus Christ the righword, and deed, Against thy Divine Ma- teous : and he is the Propitiation for our jesty, Provoking most justly thy wrath sins. 1 St. John ii. 1, . and indignation against us.
We do ear- After which the [. Presbyter '] shall nestly repent, And are heartily sorry for
proceed, saying, these our misdoings; The remembrance Lift up your hearts. of them is grievous unto us; The burden Answer. We lift them up unto the of them is intolerable. Have mercy upon
Lord. us, Have mercy upon us, most merciful Priest. Let us give thanks unto our Father; For thy Son our Lord Jesus Lord God.
Answer. It is meet and right so to do. • “Symbols." This appears to be the mean
Then shall the [' Presbyter'] turn to ing of the word “mysteries "in this place. The
the Lord's Table, and say, word “symbolical" is much the same as “mys
It is very meet, right, and our bounden tical.” And Augustine calls Baptism a “mystery duty, that we should at all times, and in of conversion," which clearly means symbol.
• Instead of "pronounce this absolution, the + A "holy life," and in the Confession, “ho
American has it merely“ say,” which is here liness of life,” (Litany), seem more suitable than “new life" and "newness of life"-since
adopted. Until 1661, it was say thus' even
in our own. the communicants do not consist merely of persons just beginning their christian course. + From the Scotch Liturgy.
I Instead of “one of the Ministers," the # The Scotch Liturgy is here followed in the American form has it “the Priest,” which sug- use of the authorized version, and in the addi. gests the above emendation.
tion of “2," after the last sentence.