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At the same time, particular acts of was commissioned to speak to them in injustice, such as that connected with God's name, and say :

-Go ye, serve the establishment of the opium trade ye every one his idols -and hereafter also, with China, by mercantile influence with if ye will not hearken unto me, but polthe government of this country; the lute ye my boly name no more with your manner in which, to a great extent, indi gifts and with your idols.' viduals and companies evade the payment A religion like Popery may embrace of custom to whom custom is due;' the much scrupulous observance of command. way in which money is often acquired by ments enjoined in God's word, and yet undue advantage taken of the necessity the practice of it be nothing but a mulof the poor, or by fraudulent practices, tiplication of transgression, because it some of which are occasionally brought violates some of the fundamental princito light; the sad and disgraceful end ples revealed in that word.

• Go to mass whereby such proceedings are often and transgress, observe your fasts and closed; all these facts, regarded as indi feasts, procure your indulgences, practice cations of the existence of a spirit of in your mortifications, make many prayers ; justice, shew how necessary it is to follow bestow much in alms; and multiply a prophet like Amos, when he reveals to transgression,' for while you set up the us the hidden workings of Divine Provi authority of tradition on a level with that dence, and declares the certain ruin of Scripture, while you offer adoration to which, sooner or later will destroy the the Virgin Mary, while you call a wafer unjust and the unmerciful.”

God, while you teach the purifying power One more extract, and we must

of purgatory, while you trade with an bring our very inadequate notice of

imaginary stock of human merit, while this little volume to a close. It is

you set up the Bishop of Rome as taken from p. 98, and shows how well

the vicegerent of Jesus Christ on able is our author to treat upon the

earth, you are mixing 'blasphemous

fables and dangerous deceits' with the Romish apostasy, and to illustrate its

holy records and saving truths of the corruptions of Christianity, by the

Bible, and God will not allow of any abuse of religion, and the use of fond

such contamination. devices, found amongst the Jewish “ An individual may do many things, people :

and hear the word gladly,' and yet from "The particular sin here so awfully day to day be transgressing and multitreated is an attempt to combine the plying transgression. He may be setting worship of false gods with the worship of up his works and worship in the place of the true God. That they offered worship Christ, and so widening each day the to the true God, is evident from Amos gulf between himself and 'the righteousv. 22. Though ye offer me burnt offer ness of God.' See Rom. x. 3. Or he ings and your meat offerings, I will not may have clear views of the truth accept them. They kept to the letter as it is in Jesus,' and yet be insincere, of the law in some respects, in bringing because the love of this present world' sacrifices every morning. Numbers xxviii. in some one of its many forms-money 3, 4, and 'tithes after three years,''see -pleasure-praise of men-sensual graDeut. xiv. 28. The use of leaven in the tification, constitutes a rival to the autho.. thanksgiving-sacrifice was also clearly rity of the Saviour, and such a rival He enjoined, Levit. vii. 13. The free offerings will not brook. Service to be acceptable are also recognized and regulated in the must be sincere ; to be sincere it must law. Levit. xxii. 18, 21. Deut. xii. 6. be unreserved. We have a comment on

“They did what God appointed to be the verses now under consideration, in done, but they did it at Bethel and at our Saviour's own words ; •No man can Gilgal ; they did it in the presence of serve two masters; ye cannot serve God images, and therefore their work was and mammon !' transgression, their repetition of service “How all-important therefore is true was a multiplying of transgression, and doctrine without admixture of error, and the language which was addressed to right principle without admission of unthem on different occasions, shewed how worthy motives in the service of God. utterly every such mixture was an abo The condition of those addressed in these 'mination to God. "If the Lord be God, verses was that of desperate persons, and follow Him,' was the language of Elijah yet it would seem that Jeroboam at first to the people before this, and 'if Baal, intended to keep up the remembrance of then follow him.' And at a period sub the true God, by the institutions which sequent to the time of Amos, Ezekiel he established. He dared to pass by the

provision which God had made to secure again stated, from this very fact, that, the people from error in religion, and whatever be the circumstances of the the consequences were fearful, in the rapidity, and all but universal extent, of in gaining that attention which in

case, such publications as these fail the degeneracy which followed.”

trinsically they may deserve. We would only remark, in con After depicting the aspect of the cluding, that this Exposition contains

present age, in its onward movement, mnch also to interest the classical

the ceaseless energy of men, and the scholar; and its author thus shows activity of Popery and infidelity, in his reading to have been as compre- their endeavours to subjugate the hensive, as his sentiments are scrip- minds of a population which must be tural and his tone serious and devout. occupied either by the fear of God or Such proofs lie scattered through the

the enemy of men,—the author of volume.

this pamphlet proceeds to examine We now take our leave of the Prin

the position and influence which the cipal of the Training College at High- Church of England exhibits and exbury; a position which requires, in a

erts, for the right direction of the peculiar degree, sound scriptural, pro teeming mass of human souls. testant doctrine, as well as diversified

Our “ working clergyman ” is not stores of learning; and well content content to rest in the assumption-like shall we be, if we should find that we

too many of his brethren— that the have succeeded in making these Lec

Church in its present condition is catures more extensively known; so ad- pable of making head, either against mirably suited are they to the present the irreligion and Popery of the times, solemn and eventful days, when Je or the manifold evils which threaten hovah seems to be reckoning with the existence of the Establishment itnations, Churches, and individuals; self. At page 5 he thus faithfully and summoning all to reflection and

declares repentance, to godly dealing and active duty,—to watchfulness and prayer. “But the claim upon Christian exertion

We had intended to append to these is yet stronger. The opponents of the remarks upon Mr. Ryan's work, some

Church of England are urgent.

Abuses brief notice of the deeply interesting have been proved, and more, it is assumed, memoir of one at whose feet our au

yet lurk in concealment; and professed thor loved to sit, viz., the Rev. Mr.

enemies of the Church parade these abuses,

and urge a full and an immediate reform. Brock, Commissary of Guernsey, but

The premises are undeniable, the charges this must be reserved, if the Lord will,

are indisputable, the abuses complained of for a future opportunity.

are patent, gross, and to the last degree

injurious to the efficiency of the establishEngland's Wants: An urgent Appeal ment and the spiritual welfare of the peo

ple. But reforms pressed and carried out to the Evangelical Members of the by the opposers of the National Church Church of England. By one of the will issue in her overthrow; the cleansing Working Clergy. 8vo, pp. 31. Lon

will be by fire, a purgatory not for purifi

cation, but destruction. This consideradon. Simpkin, Marshall, & Co.

tion, then, yet more urgently forces upon We are always unwilling to take members of the Church the danger of prenotice of anonymous publications, sent apathy to her condition, and the newhere there does not appear to be cessity of applying themselves to the task some cogent reason for the conceal of cleansing their sanctuary from all abuses, ment of authorship. In a working and thus making their position secure. clergyman, who styles himself as “one

“Still more strongly are the cries of dying from the ranks,” we can imagine some

thousands urgent, calling to the servant

of Christ, Come and help us.' Multitudes proper feeling of humility and diffidence, which restrains him from put- mand our care ;-multitudes who never

yet spiritually dead in our own land deting his name to an appeal which his

yet heard that only Name whereby man conscience tells him that it is his indi

can be saved, or were cheered by the glad vidual duty fearlessly to make. We tidings of God's love, which alone can fear however, as we have again and make wise to salvation; and those who,

under the enlarged efforts of the last few the lay and nonconforming aid they can years, have been roused from the spiritual enlist to co-operate in the service of their lethargy, are reviving from the cold indif- common Master, they will find their ferentism, and are shaking off the heart- hands always full.” less formalism of bye-gone days, become hourly more urgently clamorous for in

We are happy to see that, while creased consideration and a larger mea

this author very properly asserts the sure of spiritual assistance.”

responsibility of the Church to provide With regard to the most important he is far from being a thankless reci

for the religious wants of the people, feature, the present provision for the pient of all the aid that the dissenting spiritual wants of the people, the case is thus strongly stated, and ample

ministry affords. facts are given in its support:

“One remark appears necessary, lest

it should seem the exertions and existence “ The spiritual condition of England is but too well understood by those to whom

of the nonconformists are ignored. But these remarks are addressed. Statistics

for their efforts, the spiritual condition of have been constantly brought before them

the country had been far worse than it is on the subject during the last ten or fifteen

at present, and the burden laid upon the years. The Bishop of London's appeal working evangelical clergy far greater than

even now." for Bethnal Green, the reports of the Education Commissioners on the State of the We have not room to extract the Manufacturing Districts, the Bishop of various sources of weakness which the Winchester's appeal for Southwark, the author rightly judges prevent the reports of the London City Mission, the

Church from acting with efficiency; Church Pastoral Aid Society, and the Scripture Readers' Association, have put

but the following is certainly a painful the Evangelical body in possession of the feature, though, we fear, far from exleading features of the case. The statistics aggerated :of crime confirm the truth of the impres- “ A third source of weakness arises sion these documents are calculated to from the great ignorance of the very first leave upon the mind. And what are some principles of revealed truth prevalent of the more distinct portions of that im- among even the educated classes of sopression? There are districts of vast ex. ciety, and, it may be added, among many tent or dense population with no adequate who are truly pious and desirous of provision for pastoral superintendance. strengthening Christ's cause among the Masses are unprovided and uncared for; people. Numbers who offer themselves they grow up in ignorance of God, and, as candidates for the office, not only of consequently, have no sufficient motive Scripture reader or schoolmaster, but even to induce the right observance of their of the Christian minister, discover a most duty to man: they live without God, they lamentable deficiency of an acquaintance, die without hope, and the cause of this, not only with the niceties of Biblical even where the clergy are resident and are criticism or the subtleties of difficult all that could be desired, is plain. Yet controversies, but the distinguishing doclarge individual efforts are daily presented trines of the Church of England, and the to notice. A noble band of devoted Chris- fundamental verities of the word of God. tians is ready to every good work. Funds An indistinctness of apprehension of from private sources, for enterprises wor- truth characterises a large majority of thy of the nation's greatness, are forth- Christian professors of the present day. coming whenever solicited; and therefore, It were well if this charge were one which while appalled by the presence of great could not be said to affect the evangelical evils, we are not hopelessly discouraged clergy of our Church. But it is greatly for lack of tokens for good. But large to be feared this fault is to be traced to and systematic, and, if possible, national the mild, lukewarm, indecisive, undogefforts are required. Union is strength.” matic tone adopted by very many of

After pretty accurately detailing them; and the absence of a large, comwhat duties should be embraced in

prehensive, and commanding view of the the daily life of a real working clergy- preaching, such as would show the man

Bible, and a vigorous, manly tone of man, the author of this pamphlet very

to be himself thoroughly persuaded of properly concludes that

the certainty of the doctrines he proposes “Two clergymen, at least, should be for the acceptance of his flock. There is assigned to every 3000 souls, and with all a dwarfish littleness about the divinity

a

now current, which is ill calculated to “3. The applications being now made establish believers in the faith, or enable for the erection of Popish schools far outthem to give to every one that asks them, number those urged in behalf of schools a reason of the hope that is in them, with under Protestant management.

This meekness and fear. And how can it be must not continue. Let every one in his otherwise, with men whose daily routine own neighbourhood endeavour to procure of duties, half secular, half religious, are the erection and due working of schools, such as have been now described ?in which pure religion shall form the solid We cannot afford space to extract

basis of education. Let every one promote at any length the remedies which our

the employment of an evangelical lay

agency wherever the want or the opporauthor suggests for the evils from

tunity for such an instrumentality occurs. which the Church is suffering, but

“ 4. Such a modification of the rubrics they are set forth somewhat as fol

as would supply a third service in those lows:

churches where three services are solemn. 1. The exercise of vigilance on the

ized on the saine day, would adapt the part of all, “ to keep out of the minis

existing morning and evening services to try, all unconverted men, of whatever the wants of the people, and tend greatly age, station, character, education, to popularize the Church. ability or party.”

5. As to patronage, the variety al2. “In the case of worldly and lowed in our Church appears to afford the unsound clergy,” not to hesitate to strongest security for the maintainance of seek the fullest and most authoritative

sound and faithful pastors. But at present redress.

an increase of trustee patronage appears 3. The care to obtain

“due supply

most desirable. of godly and well qualified men to

“6. For a suppression of superstitious

practices lately introduced by the Romanserve God in the ministry of His

izing Tractarians, we may look to the Church.”

exercise of the Royal Supremacy; or, 4. The withdrawal of all “ pecuni should that fail, we must have recourse to ary support” “from all societies which

Parliament; while we individually endeaare not in principle and practice vour to counteract their influence and thoroughly evangelical, and the discourage their adoption by the dissemistrengthening the “position of those nation of Gospel truth, the exposure of institutions which are based upon the

the danger of the whole system, and the strong foundation of God's written publication of information of an authentic Word.”

kind respecting the sayings and doings of In Church Reform the following

the party.” points are briefly touched on:

The author has thus concluded :“1. The application of cathedrals to the “Epficiency and falTHPULNESS are support of a body of learned clergy, the the present just demands of the lay peoeducation of schoolmasters, lay agents, ple of England; and unless conceded by and clergy, and the repose of aged and Church authorities and Church legislaexhausted ministers of the Gospel. tors, Church spoliation will become the

“ 2. The Commissioners for the Sub order of the day, and a national desertion division of Parishes have stated, in their of that righteousness which exalteth a Second Report, that about 600 nation will speedily be followed by a fearchurches, with separate parishes, are at ful development of that sin which is a this time requisite, in order to reduce the curse and reproach to any people. It is over-grown parishes within manageable not a radical change in the Church's dimensions. They recommend the sale constitution, but a more efficient workof the greater part of the Chancellors' ing of the present system that is neceslivings, in order to raise a fund for the sary to satisfy the cravings of earnest better endowment of small benefices and Churchmen. It is not a revision of the the erection of the 600 churches above. Liturgy so much as more earnest faith, mentioned, Now, it will be the duty of and more of the spirit of prayer in the Evangelical Churchmen to make an effort use of it, that men really require. It for the purchase of these benefices, and is not the invention of a new, or the take such precautions as are possible for revival of an obsolete order of ecclesecuring in future the appointment of siastics that will meet the case. It faithful, laborious, and Evangelical minis is not simply an extension of the episters to these incumbencies.

copate, or the creation of any given

new

66

sence

number of stereotype deacons that will lates the doctrine he had taught at answer the demands of the age. But East Farleigh as

necessary for the more working clergy,--bishops, priests, happiness and salvation" of his paand deacons, -men of spiritual minds, rishioners, and to the summary he and devoted and consistent lives, having there gives of what he so taught, we an unction from the Holy One,-are wanted to render the agency of England's only compare the contents of its suc

not only have no objection, but can Church adequate to England's Wants, ceeding pages to the famous creed of mensurate with the spiritual exigencies Pope Pius the Fourth, in which the of the population. These means, how

first half is nullified by the other. ever, must be regarded as only ancillary this letter the stream of delusion be

In the middle of the tenth

page

of to the supplications of God's servants. Then let Evangelical Churchmen lift up gins to manifest itself, taking its rise the prayer for the remnant that is left, in that false view of those two ordithat He who reigneth in righteousness, nances of our Lord which man has mighty to save, will stretch forth the exalted into a sacramental scheme,” right hand of His power, and pour down and by which exaggerated view is the rich abundance of His Spirit upon virtually overthrown the whole esthe people of His choice, that they con

the Gospel. Mr. Wilberforce fessing, with shame and confusion of face, that their works are not perfect of which he was once a minister, and

turns from the simplicity of the faith before God, may strengthen the things that remain, and are ready to die, that so

says God the Holy Ghost is himself iniquity shall not be our ruin.”

dwelling and working only in and

through sacraments and rites of the This is a pamphlet which deserves

Church, and “he who would be to be read and pondered over as well saved must see that he is a member by the clergy as by all sincere mem

of the one true Church. He must bers of the Church of England. We seek by the sacraments of that one trust, that when this "working cler true Church the presence and the gyman"again publishes, he will not only mercy of God, the forgiveness of sins, go deeper and more in detail into the power to live a new life and die a Church's wants, but that he will give good death.” his brethren the benefit arising from This sacramental scheme'is at the the influence of his name and sphere

very root of all the mischief under of duty.

which the Church has suffered since

the Tractarian party began their work REASONS FOR SUBMITTING TO of discord; it is that system by which CATHOLIC Church. A FAREWELL

these “hollow Church Papists,”LETTER to his Parishioners from a

Lord Bacon called the High Church

men of his day,—seek to propagate Clergyman of the Established Church. opinions which must lead every man By HENRY WILLIAM WILBERFORCE, who embraces them either to remain M.A., late Vicar of Eust Farleigh, a dishonest member of the Church of Kent. Fifth Thousand. pp.48. Burns

England, or to abandon its commu

nion for that in which they can be & Lambert.

carried out to the fullest and most In a former number we noticed a consistent extent. pamphlet put forth by the present Mr. Watson, in his reply to this Vicar of East Farleigh, the Rev. T. letter, dealt sufficiently with the marks Watson, as a reply to, and safe-guard with which Mr. Wilberforce has satisfor his parishioners against, the "fare- fied himself, and which he seeks to well letter” of his predecessor. We persuade his late parishioners are indisnow have the fifth thousand of the putable evidences that the Roman latter document before us, and, from Church is the only true Church of its perusal, can only wonder at the Christ. He begins by giving as his temperate and forbearing manner in flrst reason for leaving the Church of which Mr. Watson has dealt with its England, the discovery which stole writer. In the first nine or ten pages upon him, " little by little, that the of his letter, Mr. Wilberforce recapitu- Church of England is not the true

THE

-as

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