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Secondly, it is apparent in the Commu- Prayer, and so many of the Collects apnion[i.e. Prayer] book, that the Infant bap- pointed to be said before in the Form of tized is, by virtue of Baptism, before it be Publick Baptism, as the time and presigned with the Sign of the Cross, received sent exigence will suffer. * into the congregation of Christ's flock, [Our Father, which art in heaven, &c, as a perfect member thereof, and not by Almighty and everlasting God, who of any power ascribed unto the Sign of the thy great mercy, &c. Cross. So that for the very remembrance Almighty and immortal God, the aid of the Cross, which is very precious to all of all that need, &c. them that rightly believe in Jesus Christ, Almighty and everlasting God, heaand in the other respects mentioned, the venly Father, we give thee humble thanks, Church of England hath retained still &c. the Sign of it in Baptism: following O merciful God, grant that the old therein the Primitive and Apostolical Adam, &c. Churches, and accounting it a lawful Grant that all carnal affections may die outward ceremony and honourable badge, in him, &c. whereby the Infant is dedicated to the Grant that he may have power and service of Him that died upon the Cross, strength, &c. as by the words used in the Book of Grant that ['he, being 't] here dedicated Common Prayer it may appear.']
to thee by our office and ministry, &c. *['If any persons not baptized in their Almighty, everliving God, whose most infancy shall be brought to be baptized dearly beloved Son, Jesus Christ, &c.] before they come to years of discretion to  And then, the Child being named by answer for themselves; it may suffice to some one that is present, the Minister use the Office for Publick Baptism of shall pour Water upon it, saying these Infants, or (in case of extreme danger)
words ; the Office for Private Baptism; only N. I baptize thee In the Name of the changing the word Infant for Child or Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Person as occasion requireth.']
Then, all kneeling down, the Minister The MINISTRATION OF PRIVATE BAP
shall give thanks unto God, and say, TISM OF CHILDREN
We yield thee hearty thanks, most
merciful Father, that it hath pleased thee The Curates of every Parish shall often to [grant unto this Infant to be here deadmonish the people, that they defer not dicated to thee by our office and ministry, the Baptism of their Children longer than the first or second Sunday next
• It would be advisable to set down at length after their birth, or other Holy-day fall
all the Collects of the Office of Public Baptism. ing between, unless upon a great and reasonable cause, to be approved by the
for the Rubric evidently requires all of them to Curate.
be used if "the time and present exigence will And also they shall warn them, that
suffer," and at least one of them (besides the wii hout like great cause and necessity
Lord's Prayer) in every case.
“ And here I they procure not their Children to be humbly presume to give a hint to my brethren baptized at home in their houses. But
that the prayer appointed for the Consecration when need shall compel them so to do,
of the Water be never omitted.” (Wheatly). then Baptism shall be administered on Only the first words of each are here given, this fashion :
however, for the sake of brevity. Moreover, the I First, let the Minister of the Parish (or,
Rubric directs the Minister " with them that are
From a compain his absence, any other lawful Minister present" to "call upon God.” that can be procured) with them that are rison of these words with the declaration to be present call upon God, and say the Lord's afterwards made in the Church by the Minister
(viz. "I certify you, that .., before divers wit* This Rubric now stands at the end of the
nesses I baptized this Child") it would appear Adult Office. This situation appears more
that the Church contemplates the assembling desirable for it however, as it is more likely to
of as many of the family and friends of the be observed. It would be perhaps more con
child as “the time and present exigence will venient if the word “child ” were uniformly
suffer”-such, for instance, as those who may used throughout the Office of Infant Baptism,
afterwards become its sponsors. instead of the two words“ infant” and “child" + The Adult Office is followed in the wording which are interchanged without any apparent of the collect as more suited for use in private reason or rule.
houses, (Wheally, p. 327; and Sharp, ii. p. 20.)
and incorporated'] into thy holy Church.* will be equally applicable to the OfAnd humbly we beseech thee to grant, fice of Adult Baptism. that (he, being] made partaker of the death In the case of Private Baptism soof thy Son,... may be also of his resurrec- lemnized by the minister in person, tion; and that finally, with the residue of Adn. Sharp reminds us, in his Charge thy Saints, he may inherit thine everlast
ii., pp. 27, 28, that our present form ing kingdom; through the same thy Son
is defective in not supplying a proper Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. [A Prayer for a sick child, t (to be added transition to the Gospel. This would at the discretion of the Minister.]
be corrected by adding after the words, O almighty God, and merciful Father, “I baptized this child;" the concludto whom alone belong the issues of life and ing clause of the other form just bedeath; Look down from heaven,we humbly low, “who being born in original sin," beseech thee, with the eyes of mercy upon &c., &c.; or, rather, that emendation this child now lying upon the bed of sick- which the American Prayer-book has ness : Visit him, O Lord, with thy salva- substituted in its place, and which is tion ; deliver him in thy good appointed here suggested for both places, viz., time from his bodily pain, and save his “ who is now by Baptism incorposoul for thy mercies' sake: That if it rated into the Christian Church]: for shall be thy pleasure to prolong his days here on earth, he may live to thee, and
our Lord Jesus Christ doth not deny be an instrument of thy glory, by serving but most lovingly doth call them unto
his and mercy unto such infants, thee faithfully, and doing good in his generation; or else receive him into those him, as the holy Gospel doth witness to heavenly habitations, where the souls of our comfort on this wise." The Amerithem that sleep in the Lord Jesus enjoy can book wisely
prefixes to the Gospel perpetual rest and felicity. Grant this, this rubric, “4 Then the Minister shall O Lord, for thy mercies' sake, in the say as follows :” and also this Preface, same thy Son our Lord Jesus Christ, who “ Hear the words of the Gospel, writliveth and reigneth with thee and the ten by St. Mark, in the tenth chapter, Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without
at the thirteenth verse." The Collect end. Amen.]
might conclude thus : "Give thy Holy (1 And then he shall add,
"May The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, Spirit to this Infant, that he, being and the love of God, and the fellowship [* dedicated' to Thee), and being [inof the Holy Ghost, be with us all ever
corporated into the Christian Church), more. Amen.]
may continue thy Servant, and attain And let them not doubt, but that the thy promises; through ... our Lord Child so baptized is lawfully and suffie Jesus Christ thy Son, who liveth and ciently baptized and ought not to be reigneth with thee and the Holy Spibaptized again. Yet nevertheless, if the Child, which is after this sort baptized, • This is the true meaning of our present ilo afterward live, it is expedient that it
form, "is ... received into the number of the be brought into the Church, to the intent
children of God," &c.-a phrase deliberately that, if the Minister of the same Parish
substituted in 1562 for “is ... made the child did himself baptize that Child, the Con
of God," &c. (Keeling, p. 259). See Romans gregation may be certified of the true
ix. 6; 1 John ii. 19. The learned Presbyterian, Form of Baptism, by him privately ben
Dr. J. Cumming, speaks of the baptized as fore used, fc.
“ numbered with the children of God." (BaptisWith respect to the remainder
mal Font, c. viii. p. 70), and as “entered into the Public part—of this Office, as it
federal relation to God - introduced into the closely resembles the Office of Public
outward fellowship of the saints of God, constiBaptism, it will be needless to print tuted a member of the visible Catholic Church, it here at length, but it will suffice
and separated like the Nazarite from the world, to merely draw attention to a few
and set apart for God," (c. iii. p. 28). changes in certain portions of it,
alteration in 1552 been extended to the Catewhich do not occur in the Office of chism, it would have greatly tended to promote Public Baptism. The same remarks
peace in the Church: “My [Sponsors) in my
Baptism; wherein I was [received into the • Or, “into ['the Christian'] Church.”
number of the members of Christ, children of + This Collect is in the Office for the Visita. God, and heirs (Rom. viii. 17; James ii. 5)] of tion of the Sick.
the kingdom of heaven."
rit, now and for ever. Amen.” The be given to the [Minister), .... that next rubric might stand thus : "[Then so due care may be taken for their the Minister shall say, What is the examination,” &c. In the next runame of this Child ?] ' which being by bric the word “Witnesses,” used in the [Sponsors] pronounced, the Minister the Office itself, would be preferable shall say?". The third answer would to “ Godfathers and Godmothers,' stand thus, “Will ye then see that and also in the Rubric prefixed to the this Child be taught,” &c. In the re- concluding Exhortation in this office. maining rubrics the use of the word After “Holy-day,” the words “or, if “Minister” in the American Prayer- necessity so require, other day," book, is preferable to that of “Priest.' might be inserted, and after “ Evening
The next declaration would stand Prayer,” “or such other time.” It thus, “Seeing now, dearly beloved would be well for the first question to brethren, that this Child is by Bap- stand as in the Infant Office, viz., that tism * ['dedicated to’ the 'living and the Minister “shall say, Have these true God'], and grafted,” &c., and persons been already baptized, or no?” the thanksgiving thus, “ that it hath Instead of the present Gospel, Matt. pleased Thee to (grant unto this In- xxviii. 18, 19, 20, would be better fant to be dedicated to Thee' and suited for a “Book of Common Prayer,' incorporated] into,” &c. (The word since it is more self-evident to many “most ”—“most hearty”-at the be- persons, as a proper ground for the ginning of the thanksgiving seems succeeding exhortation, than the dissuperfluous, as it does not occur in the puted passage in John iii. 5;, “BePublic Office; and the conclusion of loved, ye hear in this Gospel the exit might be worded as was before sug- press words of our Saviour Christ: gested.) The Admonition respecting whereby ye may perceive the Confirmation should be added to this great necessity of this Sacrament, Office, as in the Public Office, for where it may be had.” The second which we have precedent in the Collect might stand thus : “that they, American Prayer-book, (See also Adn. coming to thy Holy Baptism, may Sharp's Charge ii., pp. 37, 38). And [ by the merits and death of thy Son in the rubric respecting hypothetical Jesus Christ, and through faith in his Baptism, the words, " or the pouring blood '], receive remission of their of Water upon it,” should be added, sins, ["and all other benefits of His (See Sharp, ii. p. 30).
passion ']”.* And the third Collect With respect to the Adult Office, thus: “Give thy Holy Spirit to these the word “ Presbyter" might be used persons, that they, ['through thy help, throughout. If however it should be may both faithfully live, and walk acdeemed desirable to permit deacons cording to thy will, in this life present; “in the absence of the priest to bap- and also may be partakers of evertize" adults as well as infants,” the lasting glory in the life to come '];t word “Minister" might be used, as through our Lord Jesus Christ,” &c. it is in the American book.+ The first The American rubric which precedes rubric might be abridged to the Ame- the interrogations is worthy of adoprican form thus, “timely notice shall tion, viz., “ The Minister shall then
demand of the persons to be baptized as • The words “by Baptism” are here used, follows: the questions being considered as in our present Service, to show the complete
as addressed to them severally, and the ness of the baptismal ordinance without any
answers to be made accordingly.” (The public "reception into the congregation,” which the Church pronounces to be “expedient”only.
• This emendation is taken from the ComThe child is by Baptism completely “dedi- munion Office, and exactly harmonises with cated" to God without the subsequent " recep- the concluding address of this Adult Office, tion into the congregation.”
which describes the newly baptized adults as
“ made the children of God and of the light, baptism, certainly seems to appertain to the of- by faith in Jesus Christ.” fice of a presbyter, rather than of a probationary and inexperienced deacon.
+ The examination of adult candidates for
+ This emendation is taken from the Churchbe Rev. C. Bridges' “ Church Catechi m broken have reached the age of " childhood
singular person “Dost thou” would either by themselves or their friends, of course be retained, as in the as the case may be. The Infant Form American book, in the questions might be used in such cases, only themselves.) As the emendations substituting the word “Child” or proposed for the Infant Office will “Person ” for “ Infant”; and in the
many cases be equally appli- case of adults, putting the three quescable to this one also, the only re- tions to them in the form prescribed maining observation upon the Office for the Baptism of Adults, and also itself is, that the thanksgiving should the concluding Exhortations as in the be worded thus : “Give thy Holy Adult form. Spirit to these persons ; that, being With respect to the latter portion now ['dedicated to Thee by our of the Catechism,* as several emenoffice and ministry '], and [incorpo- dations have been already proposed rated into the Christian Church], they in the “Christian Guardian” for April, may continue thy servants, and attain p. 179, it is needless to add more,thy promises; through [our] Lord except that the American Liturgy sets Jesus Christ thy Son,” &c., and that us an example of substituting "spipermission should be given by means ritually taken and received," for of an “Or this ” to use another thanks- rily and indeed taken and received.” giving similar to that in the Infant The American rubric respecting the Office, except in the substitution of time of catechising seems preferable • persons” and “they,” for “ Infant” to ours, viz., “upon Sundays and and “he,"—the present thanksgiving Holydays, or on some other convenibeing almost a verbal repetition of the ent occasions, openly in the church,' third ante-baptismal Collect.
without insisting upon any particular In the concluding rubric, the words time; and in substituting “ Minister" “that so he may be admitted to the for “Curate" in this and a subseholy communion” might be omitted, quent Rubric. Perhaps it would be as seemingly making confirmation in- better to state merely that “it is exdispensably necessary; whereas the pedient” for a sponsor to attend as rubric at the end of the Confirmation witness at confirmation. Service, (which, as a general rule, must apply to Adults no less than to
• An emendation of the second answer of the Infants), renders these words super
Catechism has been suggested in a previous fluous, and permits the holy commu
note. To harmonise the third answer with the nion to those who are “ready and desirous to be confirmed,” The following if altered as was suggested in a foot-note upon
questions and answers of the Baptismal Service, rubric from the American Prayer them, it would be needful to word it thus : book would be a desirable addition :
“ They did promise and vow, [that I should be “ Whereas necessity may require the taught three things]: first, [to) renounce, &c.; baptizing of Adults in private houses, secondly, (to] believe, &c.; and thirdly, (to] in consideration of extreme sickness; keep, &c.” The remainder of the Catechis i: is the same is hereby allowed in that case. evidently framed on the hypothesis that the And a convenient number of persons Catechumen is, what he ought and what he shall be assembled in the house where professes to be, and it is the Catechist's duty to the Sacrament is to be performed. And
ur-e him to self-examination on this point. in the exhortation, Well beloved, &c.,
Before speaking of being called unto a "state of instead of these words, come hither salvation,” (see Matt. xxii. 14), he declares that
he is “bound to believe and to do" what was desiring, shall be inserted this word, desirous.”
promised for him; and then, that he “heartily It would also be well to provide for
prays,” which none but a real Christian can do.
In the Decalogue it would be well to fo'low the the “reception into the congregation,”
authorized version of the Bible. One of the of persons who have been privately
best Expositions of the Catechism, seems to baptized in their "infancy,” but who
into Short and Easy Questions,” (Sexleys). See or the adult age, without being so
also Rev.J. Baylee's Questions on the Church "received," and for whose “
recep- Catechism, in the Prophetic Herald, vols. i. tion” a desire may be expressed and ii.
In the Office for Confirmation * very (or give). thee humble thanks, that few changes would be needed. The thou hast vouchsafed to call us to the word “Sponsors” would be preferable knowledge of thy grace, and faith in to “Godfathers and Godmothers;" thee; increase this knowledge, and and the American Liturgy well pro- confirm this faith in us evermore. vides in the bishop's question for the Give thy Holy Spirit to these persons); case of those who have been baptized strengthen them, we beseech we, O as adults, as follows:
Lord, with the Holy Ghost the Com“Renew the solemn promise and forter,” &c. And it would be well to vow that ye MADE, or that was made allow the bishop to use the prayer, in your namne, at your baptism ;' and “Defend, O Lord," over several canagain, “ acknowledging yourselves didates together. This might be done bound to believe and to do all those without altering the rubric, if the things which [ye THEN UNDERTOOK, OR prayer were worded thus :your (sponsorst] then undertook for " Defend, O Lord, this thy servant*
[or these thy servants] with thy heaThe first Collect (after the answer venly grace, that he (or they] may “I do ") might commence thus : "Al. continue thine for ever; and daily inmighty and everliving God, [we yield crease in thy Holy Spirit more and
more, until he [or they] come unto • On the subject of Confirmation, the Bishop thy everlasting kingdom. Amen." of Lincoln's(Dr. Kaye) Address, (No. 253 on the
* Our present form allows "child" Christian Knowledge list) and Rev. C. Bridges'
vant;" the latter seems more suitable for those Addresses before and after Confirmation (Sce
who " being now come to years of discretion" leys) are very useful.
are openly professing to "serve the Lord Christ." + It is “Sponsors” in the American form. (Col. iii. 24).
ARGUMENT WITH A ROMANIST.
It is a very difficult thing to hold Church on its infallible contents. any thing like a satisfactory argument With the mass of Romanists it is an with a Romanist. Faith, in the real unknown book; faith in its statescriptural sense, they reject, and ar- ments is consequently unknown, and guments, founded upon sound reason in the absence of real scriptural faith, and good common sense, they equally credulity in man becomes the prevailfly from.
A man born a Romanisting principle of thought and action. must not, if he would, examine for To prove this, it is enough to assert himself into the grounds of his mem- what cannot be contradicted, that in bership with Rome; he may read the strictly Roman Catholic countries, books, and search into the arguments Bibles in the tongues of those counadduced by his own Church in sup- tries are rarely if ever to be met with, port of its claims, but into the argu- and even in their original languages ments and standard authorities of are exceedingly scarce commodities; Protestant Churches he may not look, whilst in all cases their prices are abunder pain of mortal sin. He gives solutely prohibitory to their purchase up to the priests the very “key of by the people. Even with the notes knowledge,
that Bible which even and comments authorized by the Rome still professes to hold as a sa- Church, the Bible is virtually a forcred trust, but which she keeps so bidden book; and to prove this, Prosacredly that few hands are permitted testants have but to attempt to circuto unlock by its use the rich treasures late the genuine version of the Church of the Gospel. Hence it is that those of Rome in the respective languages born and educated Romanists, know- of various countries, and they will ing comparatively nothing of the word find, as it has been again and again of God, do and cannot argue for their found, that with Roman Catholic