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THE

are the

progress of scriptural education, the for the above purposes with those union of Protestant Christendom, and the bishops whose cases do not fall within spread of the glorious Gospel of Christ the absolute order in question. The throughout the world."

Times newspaper has a passage upon this head, which, though sarcasti

cally severe, is not wholly unmerited The New ORDER IN Council FOR by that portion of the Episcopate

MANAGEMENT OF EPISCOPAL which it seems to point to. We could Revenues.

most earnestly wish that the idea We are highly gratified that the

thrown out by our friend “C. A." in Governinent has at length taken such

one of our late numbers, could be an important step as this measure

carried into effect; and that our promises to be, in the conservation of bishops, altogether unincumbered the revenues of the Church. We are with the management of Church prono advocates for a system which perty, should be placed on the same should be found to grind down the footing, as to income, as incomes of our bishops to the pinch- judges of the land. ing point of niggardliness; but we have always protested as much

DEATH OF THE REV. JAMES CRABB. against the amounts which some of our prelates have received, as against We cannot but notice with regret the mode in which they have become the removal by death of the above possessed of them. Of course, in the excellent minister of Christ. Although provision and operation of any plan not within the pale of our own comthat Government has formed, due munion, he “was a minister of the regard has been paid to the interests true sanctuary,” and was ordained by of those bishops who have for years

God himself to preach the Gospel been occupants of sees, and who have wherever he found souls that were not pledged themselves to hold them perishing for lack of its knowledge. subject to the future settlement of The Rev. J. Crabb, although well Parliament. The Order in Council, known and valued as the minister of therefore, only places under its pro- a large chapel in Southampton, was visions those bishops who have been chiefly distinguished by the interest appointed subsequently to 1st Jan., which he took in endeavouring to 1848. Its main features are,- first reach the hearts and influence the that all these bishops shall twice a year lives of the Gipsey tribe.

A morning return accurate statements of their paper, in announcing his decease at revenues to the Ecclesiastical Com- the age of 77, remarks, that “he made missioners, and that this body shall no pretensions to learning, and only make the proper adjustment, so as to professed a knowledge of the Scripsecure to the holder of the see, his tures and of the human heart.” Again, allotted income, and no more. One "he was respected by the clergy and other important point is, that provi- the ministers of all dissenting congresion, by which it is ordered that, when- gations for his piety, sincerity, and ever the fine for the renewal of bishop's usefulness.” Besides his labours leases shall exceed £100, the whole amongst the Gipsies, he assisted mamatter is to be absolutely referred to 'terially in the establishment of varithe Ecclesiastical Commissioners, for ous charitable institutions. Indeed to them to arrange as they shall think him it was given, in his humble meabest. The Commissioners are also sure, to do much for the glory of empowered to enter into arrangements God.

LONDON: J. H. JACKSON, ISLINGTON GREEN.

THE CHRISTIAN GUARDIAN,

AND

CHURCHMAN'S MAGAZINE:

OCTOBER, 1851.

CHILDREN AT CHURCH.

In a short notice of a publication by persons, but we are persuaded that the Hon. and Rev. M. Barrington, the evil arising to the religion of called “The Child's Preacher,” it was the past, the present, and the future observed that our Church system generations, from the present almost wanted alteration to enable us to gain thorough want of suitable public inthe attention and secure the interest struction for children, is not justly of children in the ministrations of estimated. God's house. The present round of Often and often has this subject services, and the style and language occurred to us as our eyes have fallen of our sermons, are very little, if at upon long rows of Sabbath school all, calculated either to arrest the children, with difficulty brought and minds of children, or to awaken in kept under the necessary restraint of them those feelings of love for the order, but who are in the mass, sitting, Sabbath and its public occupations standing, or kneeling, without the which it should be our study to im- slightest feelings of interest or proplant in their tender breasts.

fitable employment. They are there From the earliest years in which because they must be ; and with the children are brought with their pa- most part it is a great relief when the rents to church, to their attainment of service is over. With this class, too, the age of ten or twelve, they can it must be remembered that the chilreally gather but little, that prevent dren come straight from the previous the services from being a weari- confinement and occupations of the ness to them instead of a pleasant Sunday school, from a routine of lesand a profitable employment of Sab- sons and Scripture reading, and in bath hours. There may be some few their case it is more than ordinarily who, with earlier development of in- essential that their attention should tellect than others, may catch and be at once freshened and sustained by appropriate some little seeds of Di- services more adapted to their comvine knowledge, that may be wafted prehension, and of more direct appliover the heads of the many, and only cation and interest to children of such find lodgment in the hearts of older tender years. Nor with regard to the

OCTOBER_1851.

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children of the higher classes in our “We know how to sympathise with churches, is there any exception to the children in their sanctuary privations. bad effects of this want of public min- The pulpit seldom gives them evidence isterial adaptation to the minds of the that it cares for their souls, or that the young. They may or may not possess gospel was meant for them. greater home privileges, in the shape

“ To children the gospel ought to be of a religious education, than their preached. They should indeed be repoorer brethren, although sometimes quired to attend the ordinary ministrations

of God's house with their parents, for the religious knowledge of a Sundayschool child might put some child of though they may glean from them little

positive instruction, they will get good higher birth to the blush; yet the eye impressions, and they will gain a valuable of the clergyman cannot range along discipline from regularly attending public his pews and not be pained by the worship, from feeling the awe of a solemn listless and thoroughly uninterested religious assembly, and from hearing manner too commonly exhibited by truths which they cannot understand, yet the young members of his flock. We

which they perceive the adult hearers cannot but feel that there is a cause understand. But children need instrucfor all this, and that had the juvenile tion as well as good impressions; they occupants of those benches and pews need to know that the messages and invithe sense and the courage to speak, tations of the gospel are designed for they would reply to many a complaint them as well as for their fathers. Accordof inattentive and improper conduct, ingly the gospel should occasionally be that those services were wearisome

preached to them.

“Preaching to children is supposed to be and profitless which had so little in

a difficult undertaking. Still it is an imthem that they could understand, and

perative duty; and what ought to be done, which were in length and language can be. It differs from ordinary preachso unfitted for their age. The zealous ing chiefly in being more simple, in preminister may have his occasional, per- senting the truths of the gospel in conhaps, annual, sermon to the young, crete forms and in their elementary aspects. and his monthly Bible classes for the It is sometimes said that preachers ought young, and juvenile Bible classes for to be understood by their juvenile hearers, the still more youthful members of since, if they are intelligible to them they his charge; but these engagements certainly will be to adults. A distinguished will be comparatively of little value, preacher used to read his discourses before if he neglect, systematically, Sabbath delivering them, to an illiterate but pious after Sabbath, to feed with fitting food female domestic, and what she could not the tender lambs of his flock. A

very well take in, he struck out of his recent number of a valuable Scottish

Here is a high sanction of the periodical* has encouraged us again this endorsement, we cannot admit the

principle just stated; but notwithstanding to bring forward this important ques

soundness of the principle. It applies to tion, as it proves that we are not sin

some classes of sermons, but not to all, gular in thus remarking upon a great

Adult hearers, whether and most injurious deficiency in the

converted or not, demand a range of disgeneral exercise of the christian min

course beyond the wants and above the istry. In its pages we find the fol- capacities of children. Intelligibleness lowing valuable remarks :

is not the only requisite in preaching. The Christian Treasury. October, 1851. There is an error and an evil in reducing

sermons.

not to most.

pulpit ministrations to the lowest grade of makes children mechanical where they comprehension. The tendency is to render ought most to be moral and rational, them feeble and barren ; and the effect slavish where they ought to be most free. must be to restrict both the subjects and They form the habit of attendance at style of discourse within too narrow limits. church, but not the better habit of attenPreaching should always be evangelical, tion. They become sitters, starers, sleepbut it should be unfettered in its range ers, but not hearers and worshippers. from the level of the common understand. Pastors well know how defective are the ing, it should rise to heights of argument, habits of hearers generally; may they not and plunge into deeps of truth, often themselves be chargeable in a great meapressing on the boundaries of men's sure with this evil ? Can they reasonably vision, that it may enlarge the field of expect adults to be good hearers so long their knowledge. Even in preaching to as they neglect to train them in childhood, children there may be an extreme of sim- and early lay the foundations of good plification, but they require much more hearing habits ? than adults of average intelligence. It is “ Furthermore, preaching is an indisin this sense that the gospel ought to be pensable instrumentality for conveying preached to them—the same gospel, but religious instruction to children. Neither in its simple elements, conveyed in a parental nor Sabbath school instruction natural easy style, and with a genial spirit. is sufficient ordinarily. Few parents or

“Preaching to children is calculated to teachers are qualified to lead youthful make the impression upon their minds minds into the knowledge of the Scripthat they are among the subjects of the tures, and to unfold to them their relations gospel's claims. This may be told them and duties, with that precision, clearness, by their parents at home, and it may be force, and unction, which are so desirable reiterated in the Sabbath school, but it in a spiritual guide. will not have its full effect unless it is “ Indeed, pastors generally feel inadeenforced from the pulpit. Christ's minis. quate to this task, and hence in part the tering servants, commissioned to declare infrequency of sermons to children. It is his word to sinners, must preach to chil- thought that peculiar talents are required dren as perishing sinners, and press the

to interest and instruct juvenile hearers. gospel claims home upon their hearts, This is so undoubtedly ; but it is no more aided by the solemn associations and

true that the minister needs peculiar sanctions of the house of God.

talents, than that other teachers of chil. “Again, preaching to children is an in- dren do; still there is no lack of other dispensable part of training, by which teachers.” right habits of hearing the gospel are It may now be asked, is it enough formed. While children go to church, then to meet this evil, if our pulpit not as hearers, they must form habits un

addresses should be so composed as favourable to their ever becoming good to bring a great and always importhearers. When not asleep, their minds

ant portion within the comprehension are vacant, or their thoughts are wander

and attraction of the minds of the ing over the world without, or they are

young? We think not. That which is gazing about them, or they smile, or

wanted to train up these young imwhisper ; then they feel the checking hand of the parent, or meet the reproving look mortals in Divine knowledge, in acof the preacher, and then they try to sit

tive christian duties, and in valiant stock still, but they do not hear any more soldiership for Christ on earth, and than before they were called to their pro- preparedness for their heavenly inprieties. This process operating for years, heritance,-is, for the first years of youth at all events, a weekly separate ligious acquirements of those who system of public ministerial instruc- come up in after years as candidates tion, in which the devotional services for Confirmation. employed shall be more suitable in We could greatly enlarge this paper length and character, and the form by going at length into the various of address so varied as to combine the foundations for catechetical instruccatechetical with the ordinary style of tion, which it might be well to adopt. sermons from the pulpit. Here the chil- We may however instance not only dren of all classes should weekly meet our own Catechism, but also that of as one fold of Christ's lambs, gathered Dean Nowell, the Shorter Catechism together to receive spiritual food from of Scotland, the Heidelberg Catethe hands of His under shepherds. chism, the various Protestant CaIn most of our evangelical parishes techisms of the present day, and, in surely thus much might be managed many respects, the admirable series in winter the Sabbath afternoon, and written by Dr. Burgess, late Bishop in summer the evening, might be of Salisbury. In most of these the given up to this more immediate ser- minister, who is deeply concerned vice and instruction for the young ; that his young charge should be fully and were the subject to be brought informed of true christian and protesbefore our ecclesiastical rulers, they tant faith, will find ample material might without much difficulty be for sound scriptural instruction, while brought to consent to such an adap- from the volume of God's own Word tation of the liturgy, and such a selec- he can draw at all times abundant tion of lessons as might be most pro- matter for precept and example at fitable for such interesting congre- once the most striking and attractive. gations of Christ's little ones. Both Let us see to it that we do not suffer the bishops and their clergy might be the young to perish in our Sabbath thoroughly assured that such a sys- ministration, while we are feeding, tematic course of pastoral juvenile according to the ability given to us of instruction would be found to alter God, their older fellow worshippers. most materially the character and re

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In our previous article on this subject shewed, that if the Scriptures are the we examined one leading reason why inspired Word of God, then it is the we assemble to hear instruction from duty of the creature to seek instructhe Scripture.

We stated that reason tion from them, and to obey their into be a belief that the Scripture is the junctions, by waiting upon God in the Word of God; and we endeavoured house of prayer, both to hear His to give a summary view of the evi- Word preached and to call upon His dence in favour of that position, and name. Now this alone should be a

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