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and in the pulpit he used it more frequently than any other extract from any writer in prose or verse.
It had more than its poetry to recommend it. It struck within his heart a chord that vibrated to the last ; and we have heard him in one of his latest years, with a voice somewhat weaker, but with a ful. ness of sympathy as strong and fresh as that manifested before his students at St. Andrews, in sublime recitative, repeat the lines"She for her humble sphere by nature fit, Has little understanding and no wit; She knows, and knows no more, her Bible trueA truth the brilliant Frenchman never knew And in that charter reads with sparkling eyes Her title to a treasure in the skies. O happy peasant !-0 unhappy bard ! His the mere tinsel-hers the rich reward ! He praised perhaps for ages yet to come; She never heard of half a mile from home. He, lost in errors his vain heart prefers; She safe in the simplicity of hers.'"
many distinct rounds of pedestrian approbation. Even the cold and unimpassioned mathematics, I have been given to understand, are now assailed with the din and disturbance of these popular testimonies ; and on asking a professor of that science, whether it was the trapezium or isosceles triangle that called forth the loudest tempest of applause, I learned that the enamoured votaries are after all not very discriminating, but that they saluted each of these venerable abstractions with equal enthusiasm. It is a new and somewhat perplexing phenomenon in the seats of learning; and whatever diversity of taste or of opinion may obtain as to the right treatment of it, my friend and I agreed in one thing, that if any response is to come back upon the professor for the effusions poured forth by him, it is far better that it should come from the heads than from the heels of the rising generation.' We fear that the judge had scarcely pronounced the sentence when the crime condemned was recommitted ; nor, putting ourselves into their position, can we severely blame the culprits.
“ After a profound analysis, in which the moral sentiment was carefully discriminated from all the other affections of our nature, the professor proceeded in one of his lectures to mark off the distinction between it and the emotions excited by the sublime and beautiful in nature. As instances of this last class of emotions were quoted and described, he kindled into poetic fervour at the recital, till he broke forth at last into the declaration, that though still his philosophic spirit could not abandon the conviction that no moral quality attaches to that region of human feeling, yet he could scarcely repeat the verses of Beattie without joining in the sentiment of the last line: "Oh! how canst thou renounce the boundless
store Of charms which nature to her votary yields ! The warbling woodland, the resounding shore, The pomp of groves, and garniture of fields; All that the genial ray of morning gilds, And all that echoes to the song of even, All that the mountain's sheltering bosom shields, And all the dread magnificence of heaven, Oh! how canst thou renounce, and hope to be
forgiven ?' “ Towards the close of the session, and in dealing with Christian truth and the Christian evidences, he recited Cowper's celcbrated contrast between Voltaire and the Christian cottager. Never did he repeat any passage of poetry with equal delight or equal fervour. In the chair
We can only afford space this month for one more extract, promising ourselves and our readers another and a more regular notice of a volume which so abounds in attractive matter. The extract represents Dr. Chalmers as “a repentant culprit” before the General Assembly,
“ Late in the afternoon of the second day's debate, a speech on the opposite side had been closed by a quotation from an anonymous pamphlet, in which the author asserted that, from what to him was the highest of all authority, the authority of his own experience, he could assert that, after the satisfactory discharge of his parish duties, a minister may enjoy five days in the week of uninterrupted leisure for the prosecution of any science in which his taste may dispose him to engage.' As this passage was emphatically read, no doubtful hint being given as to its authorship, all eyes were turned towards Dr. Chalmers. The interposition of another speech afforded him an opportunity for reflecting on the best manner of meeting this personal attack. At the close of the debate, and amid breathless silence, he spoke as fol
“Sir, that pamphlet I now declare to have been a production of my own, published twenty years ago. I was indeed much surprised to hear it brought forward and quoted this evening: and I instantly conceived that the reverend gentleman who did so, had been working at the trade of a resurrectionist. Verily I believed that my unfortunate pamphlet
had long ere now descended into the forgotten two magnitudes I thought not tomb of merited oblivion, and that there of the littleness of time, I recklessly it was mouldering in silence, forgotten thought not of the greatness of eternity.' and disregarded. But since that gentle For a moment or two after the last man has brought it forward in the face words were spoken a death-like stillness of this House, I can assure him that I reigned throughout the House. The feel grateful to him from the bottom of power and pathos of the scene were overmy heart, for the opportunity he has now whelming, and we shall search long in afforded me of making a public recanta the lives of the most illustrious ere we tion of the sentiments it contains. find another instance in which the sentihave read a tract entitled the · Last Mo ment, the act, the utterance, each rose ments of the Earl of Rochester,' and I to the same level of sublimity, and stood was powerfully struck in reading it, with so equally embodied in the one impresthe conviction how much evil a perni- sive spectacle.” cious pamphlet may be the means of dis
How many are there of us who seminating. At the time when I wrote it, I did not conceive that my pamphlet the events and experience of after
have spoken or written that which would do much evil; but, Sir, considering the conclusions that have been de
years has proved even to our own
inmost conviction to be false and unduced from it by the reverend gentleman, I do feel obliged to him for reviving it, tenable ; and who, instead of having and for bringing me forward to make my
the moral courage like Chalmers, public renunciation of what is there publicly to make a recantation of our written, I now confess myself to have sentiments, either resolutely adhere been guilty of a heinous crime, and I to them intact, or seek to explain and now stand a repentant culprit before the excuse our false notions by falser bar of this venerable Assembly.
colourings, as to make any acknow“The circumstances attending the ledgment altogether worthless. publication of my pamphlet were shortly These biographies of the departed as follows: As far back as twenty years great and excellent of the earth are ago, I was ambitious enough to aspire to
of immense value. If they shew us, be successor to Professor Playfair in the mathematical chair of the University of
as they are bound to do, the failings Edinburgh. During the discussion which
and frailties of the best of the saints took place relative to the person who
of God, they at the same time point might be appointed his successor, there
with startling power to the work they appeared a letter from Professor Playfair were enabled to perform, and bid us to the magistrates of Edinburgh on the
to take the more earnest heed “that subject, in which he stated it as his con we be not slothful,” but in our deviction, that no person could be found gree, to follow them who through competent to discharge the duties of the
faith and patience have inherited the mathematical chair among the clergymen promises. of the Church of Scotland. I was at that time, Sir, more devoted to mathematics than to the literature of my pro
Midnight Harmonies, or Thoughts for fession; and feeling grieved and indig the season of Solitude and Sorrow. nant at what I conceived an undue re
By Octavius Winslow, M. A. flection on the abilities and education of our clergy, I came forward with that
Third Thousand. pp. 276. London, pamphlet to rescue them from what I J. F. Shaw. deemed an unmerited reproach, by main We exceedingly like the vein of taining that a devoted and exclusive humility and spirituality which chaattention to the study of mathematics
racterizes most of Mr. Winslow's was not dissonant to the proper habits of works; a glance at the preface to the a clergyman. Alas! Sir
, so I thought little book before us, will at once main my ignorance and pride. I have now no reserve in saying that the sentiment
nifest these excellent qualities. He was wrong, and that, in the utterance of says, it, I penned what was most outrageously “ It is just possible that this little vowrong. Strangely blinded that I was! lume may fall into the hands of some who What, Sir, is the object of mathematical may not have met with a few works of a science ? Magnitude and the propor.. kindred character; copies of which the tions of magnitude. But then, Sir, I had Author would be rejoiced to see laid upon
every sick pillow, and placed within every liever be but spiritually attuned by house of mourning in the land. He par- that key-note, only to be furnished by ticularly refers to Bonar's Night of the indwelling of the Spirit, and the Weeping;' to Dr. Cumming's Voices of acceptance of the person and offices of the Night, and to _Dr. Hamilton's Jesus, - it will receive from these • Mount of Olives.' The writer is conscious that he is but following in the
chords a more delightful appreciation
of the harmonies of those songs of wake of these master “sons of consolation,' allured and guided by the radiance confiding love and holy joy, with which, like the stern-lights of a gallant which God oftentimes visits the souls ship, illumes the track along which they of His chastened children. have coursed. If, however, through the The portions are written for “ chilblessing of the Eternal Spirit, his little dren of the covenant;" for they and vessel should come freighted with the they only can enter into their meansmallest degree of soothing and hope to ing, and appropriate the real comfort a single child of sorrow tossed with to be derived from such unfoldings of tempest and not comforted,' it will in
the following subjects :-“Jesus veilpart additional sweetness to the dealings ing His dealings,” “Solitude sweetof his heavenly Father, to whom all glory ened,” “A look from Christ,” “Honey shall be ascribed, even to Him who
in the wilderness,” “ The godly wicomforteth us in all our tribulations, that we may be able to comfort them
dow confiding in the widow's God,” which are in any trouble, by the comfort
“ Looking unto Jesus," wherewith we ourselves are comforted of upon the Beloved,” « The weaned
There are multitudes of religious The work itself is divided into thir- books which promise fair and rich teen chapters, from each of which we fruit, but which yield to spiritual might extract many sweet and com- Christians little or no nourishment. forting passages for the sorrowful and Of Mr. Winslow's “ Midnight Harafflicted children of God. It were monies” we can safely say, that they enough but to name some of the do indeed help to cheer and to sustain
” which Mr. Winslow touches, those who, although in the wilderness, to shew, that if the soul of the be- are desirous to lean only on the Beloved.
Intelligence. THE ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY AND
densed as follows :--A papist, with EPISCOPAL ORDERS.
more of crafty mischief, than of sense
or honesty, writes to the Archbishop During the early part of the past under an absolutely false character, month, the newspapers have given us and the suppression of that important a curious correspondence between a distinction to a man, his surname; Mr. Gawthorne and the Archbishophe professes great indignation at the of Canterbury; with supplementary Bishop of London's exclusiveness, in letters from Mr. Cyril Page, and Mr. preventing the admission of foreign Hope, the late employer of Mr. Gaw- non-episcopal ministers to the pulpits thorne. Still later, we have been of the Established Church. He then furnished with the contents of two appeals to the Archbishop to give him letters which have passed between his views upon the character in which the Rev. William Palmer, of Whit- he and the Church of England regard church Canonicorum, and the Pri- the position of those who have not remate. Many of our readers will have ceived the imposition of Episcopal seen the whole of these documents, hands. and judged for themselves as to the To this letter the Archbishop reimportance of the whole business. turns a courteous answer, in which,
The entire matter may be con- after mildly rebuking his correspondent for the undue severity of his tions, intended to ascertain the Pristrictures against the Bishop of Lon- mate's real meaning. The following don's bigotry, he declares that he is the document: imagines there are not more than two
“ Whitchurch Canonicorum, Bishops on the Bench who so hold
Sept. 17, 1851. the vital efficacy of Episcopal ordination, as to exclude from the ministry in the public journals a letter addressed
"My Lord Archbishop, -Having seen of the Universal Church those who by your Grace to Mr. Gawthorne, and have not received such orders. The being under the impression that the purcontents of this note are forthwith pose and meaning of that communication transmitted to Mr. Cyril Page, who have been, in some degree, misunderindignant to the last degree at the stood, I venture most respectfully to infalsehood and treachery exhibited by quire of your Grace, first, whether the his correspondent, lectures him se
letter in question is to be considered as an verely for his share in the transaction,
authoritative and official document, or as and assures him that an opinion so
an informal expression of private opinion; obtained, and given in such a non
and, secondly, whether it was your Grace's
intention in that letter to state that the official manner, cannot be considered
bishops and clergy of the Church of Engas any authority whatever.
land generally are of opinion that EpisMr. Gawthorne is then wormed
copal ordination is simply non-essential out, under the threefold aliases of his
to the validity of orders, in which case it (christian) names; and he then un- might be dispensed with among ourselves; blushingly admits his being a Ca- or whether your Grace meant to include tholic,” and that he used his pious in the majority, of which you spoke, those fraud, to extract from the amiable who would be reluctant to pronounce poPrimate an opinion which he could sitively on the invalidity of all ordinations quote, to facilitate his work of per
to the ministry performed in foreign parts verting wavering Protestants. It is
where Episcopal ordinations could not be
obtained, though they would not consent said to be an old doctrine with Ro
that such ordinations should be intromanists, that the end sanctifies the
duced into the Church of England, or remeans; but then, in a matter of the cognized as conveying power to officiate above perfidious nature, the means in that Church ? should have been more carefully con- “I have the honour to be, cealed, to secure so coveted an end.
My Lord Archbishop, As it is, Mr. Gawthorne stands so “Your very humble servant in Christ, pilloried before Protestants, and Trac
“W. PALMER. tarians, and Romanists, in his proper “ His Grace the Lord Archbishop character, that, while we imagine both
of Canterbury." of the two latter parties will disclaim him, the occurrence will only make To these questions the Archbishop us doubly vigilant in being prepared sends the following explicit answer, — for such treacherous acts.
a reply so satisfactory as not to reMr. Hope's part in the
quire an additional word from us :pondence simply goes still further to
Addington, Sept. 19, 1851. exhibit the character of Mr. Gaw- “Rev. Sir, -A letter addressed to me thorne, by entering into the particu- in a spirit of christian candour, would be Jars of his connexion with that per- entitled to attention, independently of the son, as the paid examiner of Mr.Hope's advantage which it derives when concharitable correspondence.
trasted with other notices which have been The question raised by this private taken of the communication fraudulently expression of the Archbishop's senti- obtained from me by Mr. Gawthorne. ments, has caused great commotion
"In regard to that communication,
I take the opportunity of mentioning, amongst the Tractarian party, and
that it is not unusual for me to receive the Archbishop has been severely inquiries from persons unknown to me, handled for his heretical tendencies. respecting matters connected with the Mr. Palmer, of Whitchurch, steps in Church, to which I consider myself bound as a kind of mediator, and, in a most to reply, when there appears no ground respectful letter, puts certain ques- for suspecting the motives of the writer.
Mr. Gawthorne's letter came to me as one subjected, I am glad to find so proper an of these ; and, whether concocted by him- opportunity of correcting them as your self, or with the assistance of others, I letter affords, and cannot think that it was otherwise than
“I remain, Rev. Sir, cleverly composed, or contained anything
“ Your faithful servant, to excite suspicion.
"J. B. CANTAUR. “My answer was expressed in a man- “Rev. William Palmer.” ner which I certainly should not have adopted in an authoritative or official document,' or if I had believed that I was PLYMOUTH CHURCH REFORM writing any other than a private letter.
AssocIATION. “ Still, inferences have been drawn from it, for which it furnishes no ground have inserted an article bearing upon
In another part of this number, we whatever. Otherwise, you could not ask me whether it was my intention to state,
the Dean of Bristol's letter to an acthat I myself, or the majority of our cler
tive member of the above Association, gy, look upon Episcopal ordination as or we should have noticed at some non-essential to the validity of orders, so length their wise and faithful exerthat it might be dispensed with among tions in the cause of the Protestant ourselves,' or so that others than those Church. It is not astonishing to find Episcopally ordained could have power that such an Association has sprung to officiate in our Church. This was no
up in Plymouth; and, while we trust part of Mr. Gawthorne's inquiry. His that it will itself daily wax stronger inquiry was, whether, 'in my opinion, or that of the majority of my brethren, these
every way, we can but hope that it foreign clergymen were not truly pastors
will very speedily be but one among of the Church of Christ, but were to be many important branches of a meconsidered as laymen.' This I thought tropolitan Society.
tropolitan Society. In this, as in equivalent to the question, whether we everything else, we desire to wait and held that no person in any country, or
to watch for God's opportunity; not, under any circumstances, could be enti- however, with slothful inactivity, but tled to minister in the Church of Christ, so using the means He has placed except through the imposition of Episco- within our reach and may still furpal hands.
ther develop, that we may be prepared “I replied, that I imagined this to be
for action when His time arrives. The as far as possible from the general opi- following quotation from a late Occanion, either among our bishops or clergy. sional Paper of this Association, conI knew that neither our Articles nor our Formularies justified such an opinion. vinces us that it is formed of men I knew that many of our eminent divines
who are not rashly bent on needless had disclaimed such an opinion; and I change, but who are real and attached knew that such an opinion would amount
Churchmen, first, jealous for the to declaring that no valid sacrament, or truth of Christ's Gospel, and then other ministerial act, had ever been per- anxious for the stability and extenformed, except under an Episcopal form sion of our branch of His Church :of government; and therefore I could not believe, and I still do not believe, that “ The members of this Association many of our clergy would venture seri- avow their honest attachment to the Esously to maintain such an opinion. tablished Church, and to the Episcopal
“To be convinced that Episcopal go- form of government; but they will strive, vernment, and therefore that Episcopal in dependence on God's blessing on their ordination, is most agreeable to Scripture, labours, (and they earnestly invite the comost in accordance with primitive prac- operation of their fellow Christians of the tice, and is in itself 'the more excellent Church of England,) to do what lies in way,' is perfectly consistent with the judg- their power to put away those things in ment of Hooker, that the lineal descent of her formularies and laws which are held power by apostolical succession, is not in to justify the attachment of so many of her certain cases to be urged absolutely, and members to Romish error and superstiwithout any possible exceptions *
tion, and repelling from her communion “ Unable as I am to account for the a vast array of British Christians, whose misrepresentations to which I have been doctrines are essentially her own, prevent
her enlargement to the dimensions of the • Book 7, chap. xiv. See also Book 3, chap. xi.
Church of the nation, and retard the