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ment of the effect of the circulation following extract, which gives the of God's word in India. His speech present Grants of the Society :must have warmed the hearts and Additional Curates for populous parishes. 270 strengthened the hands of those who Chaplains for boatmen and mariners

Incumbents, or Ministers, whose incomes heard his thrilling and most instruc- are furnished, either in whole or in part, tive eloquence. The total amount of by the Society the funds was announced as £103,330.

Lay-Assistants for parishes

Lay. Assis. ants for railway labourers or 2s. 8d., being an increase on the pre- mariners sént year of £11,695. 10s. 1d. The

Total Clergymen issues of the Society are as follow :

Total Lay-Assistants
From the Depository at Home 788,073
From the Depots Abroad

349,544

The aid of the Society is now extended

to 332 Incumbents, in charge of an aggre1,137,617

gate population which gives 7,264 souls to The total issues of the Society now each. The average income of these Incumannount to 24,247,667 copies of the bents is only £201 per annum, and 178 of word of God, in Bibles, Testaments them are without parsonage-houses. and Psalms.

The meeting was addressed by the The Great Exhibition. chairman, the Marquis of Cholmondeley; Sir R. H. Inglis, Bart.; the

We confess to having been in the Bishop of Cashel; the Rev. Dr. Duff; doubt and misgiving on the opening

number of the many who looked with the Earl of Harrowby; the Rev. Dr.

of the Crystal Palace.

The grand Murray; the Rev. Hugh Stowell; the

ceremonial of the first of May, in a Bishop of Bombay; the Rev. Thomas Jackson; the Rev. R. Bickersteth; the

most gratifying manner dissipated Hon. and Rev. B. W. Noel; and the

our fears that the work, in its design, Earl of Chichester.

accomplishment, dedication, and uses, would be of man and man alone. Unspeakably thankful are we that

such has not been the case, but that The increase of funds for this most the thousands who welcomed the important Association is urgently de- presence of their Sovereign and her manded. Unlike the two former So- Royal Consort, within the beautiful cieties we have mentioned, the Church temple, were led by our venerable Pastoral-Aid Society cannot count the Primate to the throne of grace, to increase on the past year by thou- bow down with their Queen and the sands; it can only tell its supporters princes of the earth in lowly acknowthat £735. 2s

. 5d. is the sum by which ledgment of the Lord God Almighty the funds this year exceed the pre- Indescribably solemn was the stillness vious amount. £31,595. 7s. 4d. is, of those moments consecrated to the however, a very fair income for a So. utterance

nation's prayer; ciety of comparatively recent date, scarcely less thrilling was the burst and is in itself indicative of the feel- of that sacred song of inspired praise, ing which exists towards it within the -in music, the noblest work of a bosom of the Church. No one can master's genius,-" Hallelujah! for read the report prepared for the in- the Lord God omnipotent reigneth.” formation of its subscribers, without The deep, affectionate, and joyous feeling that this Society is one which welcome which burst forth

the ought to command the prayers, the appearance of Queen Victoria, amid purse, and the cordial help, of all sin- the hundreds of thousands of her cere Churchmen. “It seeks,” in the subjects, was enough to fill the breast language of the Committee,“ to carry of every christian citizen with heartto those who live at our very doors, a felt joy. It uttered volumes, and told glorious Gospel, perfectly suited to our for guests that England's fallen man; "affording a remedy for Christianity teaches her children not all his wants and all his unholiness, only to fear, obey, and acknowledge and adapted to his utterly ruined her God, but to love and honour their state.” We have only room for the earthly Sovereign. As to the Exhi

upon

THE CHURCH PASTORAL-AID SOCIETY.

of a

one.

bition itself, we have not heard of Our first objection is to the figures, one, who having seen it, can say that which are exhibited without regard he is disappointed. The building, in to the modesty or to the sinful hearts its vast, yet beautiful and aerial im- of the visitors. Were man, in heart mensity, astonishes and delights the and the affections of the mind, what beholder, while the splendour, riches, he was before the fall, such statues, and variety of its exquisitely arranged beautiful as they are in art, and excontents, fascinate and bewilder every hibiting the exquisite symmetry of the

human form, might be gazed upon But it is useless to describe what without a thought of sin or blush of almost every reader of our pages has shame. The few, however, who are seen, or will try to see for himself. It so tutored by the love and study of is the part of the “ Christian Guar- art, as to look upon these statues dian” to look at this, as every other with unmoved feelings, and those national occurrence, in the light of whose thoughts are chastened by holy Christianity, and to endeavour to feeling, form no proportion, sufficient estimate what of good or evil may be to justify so manifest a violation of expected to result.

propriety. The Romish altars, bishops, Upon this view of the question, crosses, and other superstitious mateven religious men are much divided. ters, have no business in a building Some hail the gathering of the nations erected in Protestant England; it is to exhibit and view the almost end- a shame and a sin thus openly to less store of the world's wealth and exhibit the cast-off fripperies of our industry, as a promise of peace bye-gone ages of darkness. We want amongst brethren of every land. Some neither the gaudy effigy of an Archhail the collection and public shew bishop of Paris, or of our own rebel, of everything rare, rich, beautiful, falsely called Saint Thomas á Becket, curious, and useful, as tending still any more than we do the grim reality further, and in a wider range, to rouse of the Cardinal Bishop of Melipotathe energies and sharpen the already inventive faculties of men. Some Of the effect the Exhibition has too, in a hopeful spirit, trust that a upon the trade of London, we wish to work consecrated by a nation's prayer speak but little; we regret to hear and praise, may receive so gracious on all sides that it has almost paraan answer, that men may not only be lyzed the usual business of this busy led to recognize the Creator, and His season; the sums of money it has wisdom, power, and goodness, in His withdrawn from the usual channels of own gifts, and in the work of His circulation have been very great, and creatures, but that by the example there is much of doubt whether Lonand the privileges which this chris- don will not have commercially to tian nation affords, many foreigners regret an almost blank Spring and may be led to turn from infidelity or Summer. Whether after-benefits may superstition, to the reality and sim- more than compensate for a year's plicity of Christ's Gospel.

loss, is a speculation we profess our Much of all this may, and we trust incompetency to solve. will, be the result. But in the midst Of one thing we are certain, that of this grand exhibition, there are this gathering of the nations, and articles displayed which cause the their union in exhibiting their varied Christian's heart to mourn; much of stores, is no guarantee of the world's most objectionable statuary, popish peace. Elements are at work at home figures, crosses, crucifixes, and arch- and abroad, and events are hastening bishops of the Romish communion, be- on,-in which Bible readers and dizened in all the splendid trappings those who bring all things to the of their Church; medieval church test of its truths, have too much furniture, so captivating to those cause to know, are bringing about amongst us who are quitting the what may be the last great consubstance for the shadow; all this is flict between God and the powers bad, and must produce bad results. of darkness. While we rejoice in well

mus.

men.

meant endeavours on the part of our of such laws and constitutions, and altonoble and excellent Prince Albert, to gether unprecedented in the history of promote the welfare and harmony of the Church. his fellow-men, let us not be beguiled

2. Because the primary and avowed into the idea that any other means

object for which such assembly is to be than the spread and acceptance of convened is to issue a synodical declara

tion of adherence to the article of the the Gospel of the Redeemer, can bring glory to God in the Highest, or

Creed, — I acknowledge one baptism

for the remission of sins,' which, it is permanent peace and good-will to

alleged, has been' virtually denied' by a judgment delivered by Her Majesty the

Queen, as 'under God, the only supreme THE EXETER SYNOD.

governor of this realm, as well in all

spiritual or ecclesiastical things or causes We are heartily glad that some of as temporal,' on the recommendation of the Bishop of Exeter's clergy are the Judicial Committee of Privy Council, protesting against the fresh agitation with the concurrence of the two Archwhich their Diocesan is originating.

bishops ;- such a declaration being, as The Protest, which we gladly transfer

we believe, altogether uncalled for, inas. to our columns, is worthy of the men

much as the decision of Her Majesty was who have subscribed it, and does but

not intended to impugn, neither does it, aim at the preservation of that chris

in our judgment, in any degree whatever tian liberty which it must be our in

impugn, such article of the Creed-an

article which we constantly and solemnly creasing endeavour to preserve in all

repeat before God and in the face of the its scriptural integrity. In one thing

congregation, with the full .assent and we congratulate the protesters and consent' of our minds. the Church generally, and that is, “3. Because, although it is declared that the former have absolutely de- by the Bishop that in the proceedings of clined to take any part in proceedings such assembly it is ‘his desire that there which are schismatical and intolerant shall be as great consideration as posin their objects; and which, as to

sible for the judgment of all,' and that effective legal results, are null and

'the representatives shall speak and vote void ab initio.

therein according to their own judgment,'

yet it is expressly provided in the pasto“ The Lord Bishop of Exeter having ral letter calling the assembly, that the announced to his clergy his intention of Bishop shall himself decide what matters holding'a synod of the diocese' on the shall actually be brought under the con25th of June next, to be composed of sideration of the synod,' and 'that no resocertain official persons mentioned in his lution can be deemed an act of the synod Lordship's pastoral letter, dated 'London, which has not his concurrence.' April 9th, 1851,' and of representatives “ 4. Because, whatever be the object to be elected by the clergy of the different of holding such assembly, it is manifestly deaneries,

powerless in law, not having authority to We, the undersigned presbyters of pass any canons or constitutions which the diocese, deem it to be our duty to can settle any matter whatever, or be put forth and publish our reasons for de- binding even upon those who pass them, clining to attend any ruridecanal meet- whilst it is calculated to produce great ings for electing such representatives, or evil and mischief, even to the disruption otherwise to take any part whatever re- of the Church, being designedly intended lating to such assembly of the clergy, to exhibit this diocese as independent in called 'a synod,' or the proceedings and itself, standing out in unbecoming and acts thereof.

injurious, if not schismatical, opposition “ We have come to this determination, to the Archbishop of the province, and

“1. Because, if such assembly, sum- the constituted authorities, by which the moned and holden according to the di- whole body of the Church of England is rections, and for the purposes, men. governed. tioned in the Bishop's pastoral letter, do “ for these reasons we feel compelled not contravene the strict letters of the to abstain from taking any part whatever laws and constitutions at present in force in the proposed assembly; and in putting for regulating the action of the Church them forth, we desire to testify our unof England, it is, in our judgment and feigned respect and honour for the chabelief, opposed to the spirit and intention racter of the present Archbishop of the province, as well as for the office which Samuel Davis, B.A., Curate of Burrington. he holds, and at the same time to ex

E. H. Head, M.A., Rector of Feniton.

Thomas Cave Childs, M.A., Incumbent of St. press our deliberate opinion that his

Mary, Devonport. Grace has not forfeited his right to Thomas William Herbert, Chaplain to the Catholic Communion,'

Devonport Prison, and Curate of St. Mi

chael's, Stoke.” “May, 1851. “ John Hatchard, M A., Vicar of St. Andrew's,

The PAPAL AGGRESSION. Plymouth. Henry Addington Greaves, M.A., Vicar of The Irish Roman faction still im

Charles, Plymouth. Hinton C. Smith, M.A., Incumbent of Trinity pedes and tries to defeat the action of Church, Plymouth.

the legislature. We are at the end George Fred. Arthur, M.A., Vicar of Tamer- of May, and the Bill for resisting the

ton Foliott. Richard Malone, M.A., Incumbent of Christ

insult of Rome is still before the Church, Plymouth.

House of Commons, where shameless James Walrond Burrough, M. A., Vicar of partizans of Rome, false liberals, and B. W. 5. Vallack, B. A., Incumbent of St.

hollow-hearted politicians, are doing Budeaux.

their best to wear out the patience of George Hadow, M, A., Incumbent of St. Andrew's Chapel, Plymouth.

the House, and disgust the country. Orlando Manley, M.A., Vicar of St.Stephen's, The treatment the Bill has received

by Saltash. John Tagert, Curate of St. Mary's, Devonport.

does not surprise us. We allowed the J. Adams, M.A., Incumbent of St. Paul's,

Romanists to sit, to speak, and vote, Devonport.

and we are now reaping the legitiR. Gardner, M.A., Minister of St. Michael's Church, Stoke Damarel.

mate and justly-retributive fruit of George Bellamy, M.A., Minister of Charles our folly. We admitted the servants, Chapel, Plymouth.

the very bond-slaves of an ambitiR. W. Needham, Incumbent of St. Paul's, Stonehouse.

ous, intolerant, and crafty foe; and T. G. Postlewaite, M.A., Assistant Curate of

we must not wonder that they are Stonehouse. William Hocker, B.A., Chaplain, Borough doing the bidding of their master. Prisons, Plymouth.

Are the eyes of our legislators and James Lane, Sub Chaplain, St. Nicolas Chapel,

statesmen ever to be opened to the Saltash. William Henry Nantes, B.A., Incumbent of sheer necessity under which we labour, East Stonehouse.

to retrace our steps, and drive out Daniel Nantes, M.A., Rector of Powderham. William Henry Howard, M. A., Vicar of St.

the men whose business it is to mar Thomas's, Exeter.

the policy and destroy the distinctive Edward Beauchamp St.John, M.A., Rector of Protestantism of England? We may

Ideford. Samuel J. Trist, M.A. Vicar of Veryan, be called visionary enthusiasts, but, William Hawks, LL.B., Chaplain of St. Nico- until the Act of 1829 has been erased

las, Saltash. Francis Mules, Rector of Bittadon.

from our statute book, the English John Blackmore, M.A., Curate of Ashford. Parliament will but have to plunge Bourchier Wray Savile, M.A., Incumbent of deeper and deeper into these strug

Newport, and Chaplain to the Lord
Lieutenant of Devon.

gles against the insidious and arrogant Frederick A. Savile, B. A., Rector of King's plots of Rome. True, we are satisfied

Nympton. Harvey Marriott, Vicar of Loddiswell. that these aggressions are but the death James Rawlings, M.A., Rector of St.Pinnock. struggles of a monster whose end is James F. Todd, M.A., Vicar of Liskeard. William Farwell, Rector of St. Martin's.

approaching ;-but woe unto those Charles Hocker, Vicar of Talland.

who give their strength to that mysJ. H. Hawksley, B.A., Rector of Redruth.

tery of iniquity, soon to be destroyed Fitz Henry Hele, Rector of Little Hempton. H.H.Cole, B.A.,Curate of Charles, Plymouth.

by the brightness of Christ's coming, William Rawlings, B.A., Rector of Lansallos, or to those who stand neutral upon Peter D. Foulkes, Vicar of Shebbear.

questions where the honour of God John Haynes Townsend, M.A., Rector of East Down.

and the welfare of His Church demand John Smart, B.A., Incumbent of Kingswear. the active service of all Christ's faithJames Buckingham, LL.B., Vicar of Burrington.

ful soldiers.

LONDON: J. W. JACKSON, ISLINGTON GREEN.

AND

CHURCHMAN'S MAGAZINE.

JUNE, 1851.

THE MASSES—WHAT CAN BE DONE ?

A SUNDAY MORNING walk through The banker, the lawyer, the merRegent-street, Fleet-street, Cheapside, chant, and the large trader, with their or any other large commercial tho- respective connexions, may enjoy roughfare, would give any foreign their sabbath rest, and spend the passer-by a very favourable idea of hours, if their hearts are so affected, England's observance of the fourth in the ordinances of public and pricommandment. Here and there, an vate worship open public-house, cigar shop, or But there are streets and thoroughnewsvender's; may break the unifor- fares where sabbath mornings are mity of the still and solemn aspect of unknown, except by the unusual a busy world at rest upon the seventh crowds of unwashed labourers, and day; but after all, these instances their wives, who almost stop up the only serve to make the happy custom passages, in their eagerness to purof our favoured land more strikingly chase the day's provisions. In a apparent, and to allow the exceptions string of such streets, in one of our to stand out in stronger contrast, as

suburban parishes, that we lately samples of God-despising tradesmen. passed through, we were amazed to In the case of the publican, it is a find ourselves suddenly plunged from happy circumstance that the law has the comparative quietude of an Engstepped in to limit the amount of lish sabbath into almost the bustle and sabbath-breaking he may with impu- business of a market or a fair. With nity commit. From one to three, and scarcely six exceptions, every shop was from five to twelve, are far better open in two considerable streets, limitations than the law which al- whether butcher, baker, grocer, greenlowed him to open as early on the grocer, and even draper, shoemaker, sabbath morning as he pleased, so

and the dealer in low and poisonous that he turned out his reeking cus- newspapers, and other trashy books, tomers when the church bells ceased all were open, and most of them in with the last stroke of eleven. We constant activity. It was a saddening hail the slightest improvement in the spectacle, to see four or five policenational observance of the sabbath, men, as the hour of eleven was strikas earnestly as we deprecate its grow- ing, driving away the costermongers' ing desecration in other ways, such carts, stall keepers, and basket caras the railway, steam-boat, and other riers. The hour of Divine service temptations to sabbath-breaking. had arrived; and the busy traffic must

JUNE-1851.

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