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423

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

EXCHANGE & GIFT DIVISION
CURRENT AND PROPOSED SECURITY RELATING TO THE U.S.

CAPITOL BUILDING AND GROUNDS
MASTER PLAN FOR THE U.S. CAPITOL GROUNDS AND RELATED

AREAS
(98-52)

COPY
HEARING

4
SEP 19 1984

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON
PUBLIC BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON
PUBLIC WORKS AND TRANSPORTATION

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

NINETY-EIGHTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

NOVEMBER 15, 1983

Printed for the use of the Committee on Public Works and Transportation

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1984

36-667 O

COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC WORKS AND TRANSPORTATION

JAMES J. HOWARD, New Jersey, Chairman GLENN M. ANDERSON, California

GENE SNYDER, Kentucky ROBERT A. ROE, New Jersey

JOHN PAUL HAMMERSCHMIDT, Arkansas JOHN B. BREAUX, Louisiana

BUD SHUSTER, Pennsylvania NORMAN Y. MINETA, California

ARLAN STANGELAND, Minnesota ELLIOTT H. LEVITAS, Georgia

NEWT GINGRICH, Georgia JAMES L. OBERSTAR, Minnesota

WILLIAM F. CLINGER, JR., Pennsylvania HENRY J. NOWAK, New York

GUY MOLINARI, New York ROBERT W. EDGAR, Pennsylvania

E. CLAY SHAW, JR., Florida ROBERT A. YOUNG, Missouri

BOB MCEWEN, Ohio
NICK JOE RAHALL II, West Virginia FRANK WOLF, Virginia
DOUGLAS APPLEGATE, Ohio

THOMAS E. PETRI, Wisconsin
GERALDINE A. FERRARO, New York HAL DAUB, Nebraska
BRIAN J. DONNELLY, Massachusetts

LYNN MARTIN, Illinois
DONALD JOSEPH ALBOSTA, Michigan VIN WEBER, Minnesota
RON DE LUGO, Virgin Islands

ROBERT F. (BOB) SMITH, Oregon GUS SAVAGE, Illinois

DON SUNDQUIST, Tennessee FOFO I.F. SUNIA, American Samoa

NANCY L. JOHNSON, Connecticut
KATIE HALL, Indiana

RON PACKARD, California
DOUGLAS H. BOSCO, California
JAMES F. McNULTY, JR., Arizona
JIM MOODY, Wisconsin
ROBERT A. BORSKI, Pennsylvania
JOE KOLTER, Pennsylvania
TIM VALENTINE, North Carolina
EDOLPHUS TOWNS, New York
WILLIAM O. LIPINSKI, Illinois
MICHAEL A. ANDREWS, Texas
TOM J. VANDERGRIFF, Texas
J. ROY ROWLAND, Georgia
JAMES MCCLURE CLARKE, North Carolina
ROBERT E. WISE, JR., West Virginia

SUBCOMMITTEE ON PUBLIC BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS

ROBERT A. YOUNG, Missouri, Chairman
JAMES MCCLURE CLARKE, North Carolina E. CLAY SHAW, JR., Florida
ELLIOTT H. LEVITAS, Georgia

ARLAN STANGELAND, Minnesota
GUS SAVAGE, Illinois

GUY MOLINARI, New York KATIE HALL, Indiana

GENE SNYDER, Kentucky MICHAEL A. ANDREWS, Texas

(Ex Officio) J. ROY ROWLAND, Georgia JAMES J. HOWARD, New Jersey

(Ex Officio)

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CURRENT AND PROPOSED' SECURITY RELATING TO THE U.S. CAPITOL

BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS

1783.h

EX

WITNESSES

Russ, Hon. Jack, Sergeant at Arms, U.S. House of Representatives .....
Trollinger, James T., Acting Chief, U.S. Capitol Police
White, Hon. George M., Architect of the Capitol

[blocks in formation]

MASTER PLAN FOR THE U.S. CAPITOL

H.R. 4332: To approve the master plan for the United States Capitol Grounds

and related areas, and for other purposes...........

19

WITNESSES
Alder, Thomas P., Chairman, Task Force on the U.S. Capitol Master Plan,
Capitol Hill Restoration Society, Inc........

Prepared statement and resolutions.
Broshar, Robert, President, American Institute of Architects...

Prepared statement...
White, Hon. George M., Architect, U.S. Capitol; accompanied by Elliott Car-

roll, Executive Assistant.

59 47 43

36

24

ADDITIONS TO THE RECORD
Grinnell, David, Chairman, Committee of 100 on the Federal City, letter and

resolution
McClinton, Curtis Jr., Deputy Mayor for Economic Development, Government

of the District of Columbia, statement of John H. McCoy, Director, Office of
Planning.......

63

66

(III)

CURRENT AND PROPOSED SECURITY RELATING TO THE U.S. CAPITOL BUILDING AND GROUNDS

TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 15, 1983

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON PUBLIC BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS,
COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC WORKS AND TRANSPORTATION,

Washington, DC. The subcommittee met, pursuant to call, at 10:15 a.m., in room 2247, Rayburn House Office Building, Hon. Robert A. Young (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.

Mr. YOUNG. The Subcommittee on Public Buildings and Grounds will please come to order.

I would like to welcome the chairman of the full committee, Mr. Howard, to the meeting.

The CHAIRMAN. Thank you, Mr. Chairman.

Mr. YOUNG. The subcommittee is meeting today to review current and proposed security measures for the Capitol Building complex.

As chairman of the subcommittee I believe the challenge to all of us is clear: How do we insure the proper level of security for the Capitol Building complex without stripping our constituents and the general public of easy access to their own seat of government? Should we install a fence around the Capitol Building itself similar to the fence at the White House? Should we limit vehicular access to the east plaza? These are just a few of the measures which should be reviewed. Obviously, there is a distinct possibility that any terrorist group may plan future bombing attempts, and increased efforts from all sectors of our Government must be undertaken to correct this outrageous intrusion on a free society. We propose to look to the experts for the answers and find out what steps need to be taken to improve security before a tragedy does take place. We should not wait for lives to be lost.

The subcommittee had invited officials from the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Secret Service to appear. However, due to the ongoing investigation of the recent bombing on the Senate side of the Capitol, I decided it would be unadvisable for them to appear based on the extremely sensitive national security issues involved.

I would urge the press to be prudent in the reporting of this hearing since publicity of this nature tends to encourage threats from the sick minds of terrorists that plant the bombs which only hurt everyone.

It is my understanding the first politically motivated bomb attack occurred in 1915. We in Congress have wrestled with how to

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