Pray God continue and increase Mr. Congreve's amendment, though he does not deserve it like you, having been too lavish of that health which Nature gave him.

I hope my Whitehall-landlord is nearer to a place than when I left him; as the Preacher said, " the day of judgment was nearer, than ever ic 66 had been before."

Pray God send you health, det falutem, det opes; animam æquam tibi ipfe parabis. You fee Horace wished for money, as well as health ; and I would hold a crown he kept a coach; and I shall never be a friend to the Court, till you do so too.

Yours, &c.


From Dr. SWIFT.


Oétober 30, 1727 HE first letter I writ after my landing was

to Mr. Gay a but it would have been wiser to direct it to Tonfon or Lintot, to'whom I believe his lodgings are better known than to the runners of the Post-office. In that Letter you will find what a quick change I made in seven days from London to the Deanery, thro? many nations and languages unknown to the civilized world. And I have often reflected in how few hours, with a swift horse or a strong gale,' a man may come a mong a people as unknown to him as the 'Antipodes

If I did not know you more by your conversation and kindness than by your letter, I might be base enough to Lyspects that in point of friend. thip. you acted like some Philofopbers who writ

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much better upon Virtue than they practised it. In, answer, I can only swear that you have taught me to dream, which I had not done in twelve years further than by inexpreffible npnfense; but now. I can every night distinctly see Twickenham, and the Grotto, and Dawley, and many other et cetera's, and it is but three nights since I beat Mrs. Pope. I must needs confess, that the pleasure I take in thinking on you is very much lessened by the pain I am in about your health : You pay dear- . ly for the great talents God hath given you; and for the consequences of them in the esteem and diftinction you receive from mankind, unless you can provide a tolerable stock of health ; in which purfuit I cannot much commend your conduct, but rather entreat you would mend it by following the advice of my Lord Bolingbroke and your other Physicians. When

When you talk'd of Cups and Impresfions, it came into my

head to imitate


in quoting Scripture, not to your advantage ; I mean what was said to David by one of his brothers : “ I knew thy pride and the naughtiness of thy 6 heart;" I remember when it grieved your soul to fee me pay a penny more than my club-at an inn, when you had maintained me three months at bed and board; for which if I had dealt with you in the Smithfield way it would have cost me a hundred pounds, for I live worfe here upon more. Did you ever consider that I am- for life almoft: twice as rich as you, and pay no rent, and drink; French wine twice as cheap as you do Port, and have neither Coach, Chair, nor mother? As to the world, I think you ought to say to it with St. Paul, If we have fown unto you fpirituiats things, is it a great thing if we fall reap your carnal things ? This : is more proper still, if you consider the French word - Spiritual, -in which sense the world ought to påy you better than they do. If you made meia


present of a thousand pound, I would not allow myself to be in your debt; and if I made you a present of two, I would not allow myfelf to be out of it. But I have not half your pride: witness what Mr. Gay says in his letter, that I was censured for begging Presents, tho' Í limited them to ten Ihillings. I see no reason, (at least my friendship and vanity see none) why you should not give me a visit, when you shall happen to be disengaged : I will send a person to Chester to take care of you, and you shall be used by the best folks we have here, as well as civility and good-nature can contrive; I believe local motion will be no ill phyfic, and I will have your coming inscribed on my Tomb, and recorded in never-dying verse.

I thank Mrs. Pope for her prayers, but I know the mystery. A person of my acquaintance, who used to correspond with the last Great Duke of Tuscany, shewing one of the Duke's letters to a friend, and professing great sense of his Highness's friendship, read this passage out of the letters, I would give one of my fingers to procure your real good. The person to whom this was read, and who knew the Duke well, said, the meaning of real good was only that the other might turn a good Catholic. Pray ask Mrs. Pope whether this story is applicable to her and me? I pray God bless her, for I am sure the is a good Christian, and (which is almost as rare) a good Woman.


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Mr. GAY to Dr. SWIFT.


Oct. 22, 1727, THE Queen's family is at last fettled, and in

the lift I was appointed Gentleman-usher to the Princess Louisa, the youngest Princess; which, upon account that I am so far advanced in life, I have declin'd accepting; and have endeavour'd, in the best manner I could, to make my excuses by a letter to her Majesty. So now all my expectations are vanilh'd ; and I have no prospect, but in depending wholly upon myself, and my own conduct. As I am us'd to disappointments, I can bear them; but as I can have no more hopes,

I can no more be disappointed, so that I am in a blessed condition.--You remember you were advifing me to go into Newgate to finish my scenes the more correctly-I now think I shall, for I have no attendance to hinder me ; but my Opera is already finish'd. I leave the rest of this paper to Mr. Pope.

Gay is a Free-man, and I writ him a long Congratulatory Letter upon it. Do you the same : le will mend him, and make him a better man than a Court could do. Horace might keep his coach in Augustus's time, if he pleas'd; but I won't in the time of our Auguftus. My Poem (which it grieves me that I dare not send you a copy of, for fear of the Curl's and Dennis's of Ireland, and still more for fear of the worst of Traytors, our Friends and Admirers) my Poem, I say, will shew what a distinguishing age we lived in : Your name is in it, with some others, under a mark of such


ignominy as you will not much grieve to wear in
that company. Adieu, and God bless you, and
give you health and spirits,

Whether thou chuse Cervantes serious air,
Or laugh and shake in Rab’lais easy chair,
Or in the graver Gown instruct mankind,

Or, filent, let thy morals tell thy mind.
These two verses are over and above what I've said
of you in the Poem. Adieu.

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ment, and your writing to the Queen. I am perfectly confident you have a keen enemy in the Ministry. God-forgive him, but not till he puts himself in a state to be forgiven. Upon reasoning with myself, I thould hope they are gone too far to discard you quite, and that they will give you something ; which, although much less than they ought, will be (as far as it is worth) better circumftantiated : And since you already just live, a middling help will make you just tolerable. Your lateness in life (as you so soon call it) might be improper to begin the world with, but almost the eldeft men may hope to see changes in a Court. A Minister is always seventy : You are thirty years younger; and confider, Cromwell himself did not begin to appear till he was older than you. you

will be thrifty, and learn to value a shilling, which Dr. Birch said was a serious thing. Get a stronger fence about your 1000 h. and throw the F4


I beg

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