It has happened, that, whilst I was writing this to you, the Dr. came to make me a visit from London, where I heard he was arrived some time ago: He was in haste to return, and is, I perceive, in great hafte to print. He left with me eight Differtations *, a small part, as I understand of his work, and defired me to peruse, consider, and observe upon them against monday next, when he will come down again. By what I have read of the two first, I find myself unable to serve him. The principles he reasons upon are begged in a disputation of this fort, and the manner of reasoning is by no means close and conclusive. The fole advice I could give him in conscience would be that which he would take ill and not follow. I will get rid of this talk as well as I can, for I esteem the man, and should be forry to disoblige him where I cannot serve him.

As to retirement, and exercise, your notions are true: The first should not be indulged so much as to render us favage, nor the last neglected so as to impair health. But I know men, who for fear of being savage, live with all who will live with them; and who, to preserve their health, faunter away half their time. Adieu : Pope calls for the paper,


P. S. I hope what goes before will be a strong motive to your coming. God knows if ever I shall fee Ireland; I shall never desire it, if you can be got hither, or kept here. Yet I think I shall be. too soon, a Free-man.--Your recommendations I constantly give to those you mention ; 'tho' fome of 'em I see but seldom, and am every day more retired. I am less fond of the world, and less curious about it: yet no way out of humour, disappointed, or angry: tho' in my way I receive as many injuries

* Revelation examined with candor.


I am.

this Age.

as my betters, but I don't feel them, therefore I ought not to vex other people, nor even to return injuries. I pass almost all my time at Dawley and at home; my Lord (of which I partly take the merit to myself) is as much estranged from politics as

Let Philosophy be ever so vain, it is less vain now than Politics, and not quite so vain at present as Divinity : I know nothing that moves strongly but Satire, and those who are ashamed of nothing else, are fo of being ridiculous. I fancy, if we three were together but for three years, some good might be done even upon

I know you'll desire fome account of my health : It is as usual, but my spirits rather worse. I write little or nothing. You know I never had either a taste or talent for politics, and the world minds nothing else. I have personal obligations which I will ever preserve, to men of different fides, and I wish nothing so much as public quiet, except it be my own quiet.

I think it a merit, if I can take off any man from grating or satirical subjects, merely on the score of Party : and it is the greatest vanity of my life that I've contributed to turn my Lord Bolingbroke to subjects moral, useful, and more worthy his

's Book is what I can't commend so much as Dean Berkley's *, tho' it has many things ingenious in it, and is not deficient in the writing part : but the whole book, tho' he meant it ad Populum, is I think, purely ad Clerum. Adieu,

• A fine original work called, The Minute Philofopher.

pen. Dr.


L E T T E R S.


Dr. SWIFT to Mr. G AY:

From the Year 1729 to 1732*.


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Dublin, March 19, 1729. Deny it. I do write to you according to the old

stipulation, for, when you kept your old company, when I writ to one I writ to all.. But I am ready to enter into a new bargain since you are got

into a new world, and will answer all your letters.

letters. You are first to present my most humble respects to the Duchess of Queensbury, and let her know that I never dine without thinking of her, although it be with some difficulty that I can obey her when I dine with forks that have but two prongs, and when the fauce is not very consistent. You must likewise tell her Grace that she is a general Toast among all honest folks here, and particularly at the Deanery, even in the face of my Whig subjects.-I will leave my money in Lord Bathurst's hands, and the management of it (for want of better) in yours: and

* Found among Mr. Gay’s Papers, and returned to Dr. Swift by the Duke of Queensbury and Mr. Pope. P.


pray keep the interest-money in a bag wrapt up and fealed by itself, for fear of your own fingers under your carelessness.

Mr. Pope talks of you as a perfect stranger; but the different pursuits and man• ners and interests of life, as fortune hath pleased to

dispose them, will never suffer those to live together, who by their inclinations ought never to part.

I hope when you are rich enough, you will have some little oeconomy of your own in town or country, and be able to give your friend a pint of Port; for the domestic feason of life will come on.

I had never much hopes of your vampt Play, although Mr. Pope seem'd to have, and although it were ever fo good : But you should have done like the Parsons, and changed your Text, I mean the Title, and the names of the persons. After all, it was an effect of idleness, for you are in the prime of life, when invention and judgment go together. I wish you had 100 l. a year more for horses—I ride and walk whenever good weather invites, and am reputed the best walker in this town and five miles round. I writ lately to Mr. Pope: I wish you had a little Villakin in his neighbourhood; but you are yet too volatile, and any Lady with a coach and fix horses would carry you to Japan.

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Dublin, Nov. 10, 1730. HEN my Lord Peterborow in the Queen's

time went abroad upon his Ambassies, the Ministry told me, that he was such a vagrant, they were forced to write at him by guess, because they knew not where to write to him. This is my case with you; sometimes in Scotland, sometimes at Ham-walks, fometimes God knows where. You

are a man of business, and not at leisure for insignia ficant correspondence. It was I got you the employment of being my Lord Duke's premier MiniAre : for his Grace having heard how good a manager you were of my revenue, thought you

fit to be entrusted with ten talents. I have had twenty times a strong inclination to spend a summer near Salisbury-downs, having rode over them more than once, and with a young

parson of Salisbury reckoned twice the Stones of Stonehenge, which are either ninetytwo or ninety-three. I desire to present my most humble acknowledgments to my Lady Duchess in return of her civility. I hear an ill thing, that she is matre pulchra filia pulchrior : I never saw her fince she was a girl, and would be angry she should excel her mother, who was long my principal Goddess. I desire you will tell her Grace, that the ill management of forks is not to be help'd when they are only bidential, which happens in all poor houses, especially those of Poets; upon which account a knife was absolutely necessary at Mr. Pope's, where it was morally impossible with a bidential fork to convey a morsel of beef, with the incumbrance of muftard and turnips, into your mouth at once.

And her Grace hath cost me 'thirty pounds to provide Tridents for fear of offending her, which sum I desire the will please to return me.--I am fick enough to go to the Bath, but have not heard it will be good for my disorder. I have a strong mind to spend my 2001. next summer in France: I am glad I have it, for there is hardly twice that sum left in this kingdom. You want no settlement (I call the family where you live, and the foot you are upon, a settlement) till you increase your fortune to what will support you with ease and plenty, a good house and a garden. The want of this I much dread for you: For I have often known a She-cousin of a good fanily and fmall fortune, paffing months among all her


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