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Launched from the Pembroke dockyard, Repeal from one end of the country to the amid great rejoicing, her Majesty's steam other. yacht, Victoria and Albert.
13.-Singular accident to Mr. Brunel, en26.-The South Sea whaler Diana blown gineer. While amusing the children of a friend up at St. Helena. At the time of the explo- by seeming to pass a half-sovereign piece into sion, which was known to have been the work his mouth and out at his ear, it suddenly of an incendiary, an investigation was going on slipped and became lodged in the trachea. before the Island authorities regarding the Various efforts were made to extract it, but murder of the captain by the second mate. they proved unavailing, and surgical aid was
called in. Various consultations took place May 1.-An anonymous person writes to
among the most eminent professional men, and the Chancellor of the Exchequer, stating that
an apparatus was constructed for inverting the
body of the patient in order that the weight of while he had made a true income tax return on
the coin might assist the natural effort to expel his legitimate trade, he had been for some time
it by coughing. The first attempt in this way engaged in smuggling, and begged to hand him
failed, but to-day, on being again inverted, Mr. 14,000l., the profits of three years' transactions
Brunel felt the coin quit its place on the right in that way, as conscience money.
side the chest, and in a few seconds it dropped 2.-The number of petitions presented up from his mouth, without causing distress or to this date against the New Factory Bill inconvenience. amounted to 11,611, bearing 1,757,297 sig
15.-Given at the Court of St. James's, her natures. The petitioners were mainly Dissenters,
Majesty's Letter to the General Assembly of who objected to the educational clauses of the
the Church of Scotland, “ The faith of our bill.
Crown,” it went on, “is pledged to uphold you 5.-Sir Robert Peel introduces his scheme in the full enjoyment of every privilege which for relieving the spiritual wants of the kingdom, you can justly claim; but you will bear in mind by the endowment of additional ministers and that the rights and property of an Established the augmentation of small livings. He proposed Church are conferred by law ; it is by law that to authorize the advance of 600,oool. by the the Church of Scotland is united with the State, Bounty Board to the Ecclesiastical Com and that her endowments are secured ; and the missioners, on the security of certain revenues ministers of religion claiming the sanction of of the Ecclesiastical Fund; this advance, to law in defence of their privileges, are specially the extent of 30,oool. a year, to be used, not bound by their sacred calling to be examples of in the erection of churches, for which private obedience. The act ratifying the Confession of liberality would be sufficient, but solely for the Faith, and settling Presbyterian Church Governendowment of ministers.
ment in Scotland, was adopted at the Union, 8.-An association of noblemen and officers
and is now the Act of the British Parliament. in both branches of the service formed to sup
The settlement thus fixed cannot be annulled
by the will or declaration of any number of press duelling as sinful and irrational.
individuals. Those who are dissatisfied with 9.-Mr. Villiers introduces his annual motion the terms of this settlement may renounce it on the subject of the Corn-law, which after
for themselves, but the union of the Church of five nights' debate is negatived by a majority of Scotland with the State is indissoluble, while 381 to 125. On the last night of the discussion statutes remain unaffected which recognise the Mr. Cobden, departing from his usual style of Presbyterian Church as the Church established showing the evil effects of the system on manu by law within the kingdom of Scotland." The facturing interests, carried the war into the
document was signed by Sir James Graham. enemy's country by showing that the laws in
18.--Disruption in the Church of Scotland. jured the farmer. “The farmers,” he said,
To-day the anxiously anticipated Assembly " are now disposed utterly to distrust every
commenced its sittings in Edinburgh. Shortly body who promises them anything; and the
before 1 o'clock Divine service was commenced very reason they are ready to look on us with
in the High Church, and a sermon preached by friendly eyes is that we never promised them
Dr. Welsh, the retiring Moderator, taking for anything. We tell them distinctly that legisla
his text the words, “Let every man be fully tion can do nothing for them. It is a fraud.
persuaded in his own mind."
On the conThey mus never allow bargaining for loaves
clusion of the services the Assembly adjourned and rent to be mixed up with politics. They
to St. Andrew's Church, which was fitted up must deal with their landlords as with their
as a temporary Hall of Assembly. The Royal wheelwrights and saddlers, with a view to
Commissioner, Lord Belhaven, and Dr. Welsh, business, and business alone."
entered the crowded assembly about the same 11.–At a meeting of the Repeal Association time, half-past 3 o'clock. After prayer Dr. in Dublin, O'Connell denounces the Duke of Welsh rose and said, “ According to the usual Wellington, Sir Robert Peel, Lord Brougham, form of procedure, this is the time for making and others, for their vindictive hatred of Ire up the roll; but in respect of certain pro. land, and promises that when her Majesty visits ceedings affecting our rights and privileges her Írish subjects she will hear of nothing but
which have been sanctioned by her Majesty's
24.- The will of Richard Arkwright, son of the inventor of the spinning-jenny, proved in the Prerogative Court. His heir came into the possession of about 8,000,000!.
25.-Daniel O'Connell removed from the commission of the peace for the county of Kerry.
29.-In the Established Assembly Dr. Simpson reads the answer to the Protest which had been drawn up by a committee appointed for the purpose. The answer generally denied the allegations in the Protest, holding that the Church Courts and not the Civil Courts had gone beyond their jurisdiction ; and that on the whole there was no valid or sufficient ground in the Protest for the secession from the Establishment, in which when they get their licence they were solemnly sworn not to follow devisive courses.
30.-Orange riots at Carlow, Tyrone. Thirty houses gutted in the presence of the police.
Government, and by the Legislature of the country, and more especially in respect that there has been an infringement on the charter of our constitution, so that we could not now constitute this court without a violation of the terms of the union between Church and State in this land, as now authoritatively declared, I must protest against our proceeding further. The reasons that have led me to come to this conclusion are fully set forth in the document which I hold in my hand, and which, with the permission of the House, I shall now proceed to read.” Immediately after the reading of the Protest, which was successively signed by ministers and elders, the retiring Moderator handed the memorable document to the clerk, and left the chair. He proceeded towards the door of the Assembly, followed by Dr. Chalmers, Dr. Gordon, Dr. Macfarlane, of Greenock, Dr. Brown of Glasgow, R. S. Candlish, of Edinburgh, and the whole body of adhering ministers and elders. A loud cheer burst from the gallery, which, however, was suddenly hushed, and the whole audience stood gazing intently on the scene below, while the members of Assembly who remained also looked on in silence, as seat after seat became vacant. Whenever the leaders of the movement made their appearance outside they were received with bursts of applause from the masses assembled in George-street, and which was continued and reiterated with enthusiasm as they marched through the streets leading to Tanfield Hall, Canon-mills. The procession consisted of about 1,000 persons, walking four abreast. At Tanfield the new Free Assembly was formally constituted, and Dr. Chalmers elected Moderator amid the most enthusiastic displays of feeling. In the old Assembly Principal Macfarlane of Glasgow was elected Moderator. The ten years' conflict thus ended in the separation of the contending parties. On the 22d the sentence of deposition formerly pronounced against the Strathbogie ministers was declared by the old Assembly to be of no effect, by a majority of 148 to 33. The minority in this case urged that though the original sentence was harsh and possibly unnecessary, yet having been pronounced by a competent court it ought to have been more observed than it was. The Free Assembly sat till 30th May, the time being mostly occupied with discussions relating to the fabric of their constitution. Up to that date the total number of ministers who signed the Protest was 444; of these 139 filled quoad sacra charges.
20.- Lady Jane Colville burnt to death in her own drawing-room, Rosslyn House, Hampstead, by her dress coming in contact with a taper placed on the floor for convenience.
21.-Dr. Pusey, in the course of a sermon in Christ Church, Oxford, avows a belief in transubstantiation and the mass. The ViceChancellor demanded a copy of the sermon for examination by a Board of Heresy.
June 2.-Dr. Pusey writes to the ViceChancellor, protesting against his suspension of two years as an act unstatutable as well as unjust. “I have ground to think,” he says, " that as no propositions out of my sermon have been exhibited to me as at variance with the doctrines of the Church, so neither can they, but that I have been condemned either on a mistaken construction of my words, founded on the doctrinal opinion of my judges, or on grounds distinct from the formularies of the Church."
- Lord Dudley Stuart assaulted by a Polish refugee of bad character, when entering the rooms of the Polish Literary Institution.
3.-B. T. Nyman, from America, delivers a lecture on mesmerism at the London Me. chanics' Institution, and produces numerous practical illustrations.
6.- The Duke of Sutherland writes to the Rt. Hon. Fox Maule :-“ I dislike religious persecution, and I trust that I shall always be an opposer of measures tending to it or intolerance. I cannot but think, however, that such are at present directed against the Establishment, and that if, as a proprietor, I were to grant sites for building for the purpose of opposing the ministration, to do which a desperate spirit has been evinced, I should not only acquiesce in, but even sanction and encourage it, and this I should consider very wrong.
8.- Monster Repeal Meeting at Kilkenny. Almost the entire male population of that county, with considerable portions of Tipperary, Carlow, Wexford, 'Waterford, and Queen's County, are said to have been present: 300,000 was the estimated number, 12,000 of whom were horsemen, The Agitator made a long address. “ The Irish Parliament,” he concluded, is not dead, it is only sleeping,
and here am I sounding the trumpet of her resurrection."
9.-Samuel Moyer examined at the Home Office for the offence of sending a letter to Sir James Graham, volunteering "to risk his life against Mr. O'Connell's, as he might be ordered.” He now disavowed all evil intention towards the Agitator, and stated that the letter was the result of a drunken freak. He was bound over to appear at the Central Criminal Court when called upon.
10.-Disturbance at Carmarthen by “Rebecca and her Daughters." They marched through the town about 1,000 strong, took possession of the workhouse, and remained till the afternoon, when they were broken up by troop of dragoons sent from Ca iff, and eighty of them taken prisoners. Their list of grievances embraced the removal of all the turnpike-gates in the county, the abolition of tithes, and rent-charge in lieu of tithe, the total abolition of the present Poor-law and of church-rates. The following evening another mob assembled at Mydrim, Rebecca being on horseback in full attire. They called at the public-houses of the place, cleared the cellars of all the ale, and about 10 o'clock set out for St. Clears'; there they demolished the turnpike-gate, and obtained through intimidation sums of money at different houses. This destruction of turnpike-gates by bands of disguised Rebeccaites continued for months to be an almost nightly occurrence in different parts of South Wales. At the time of the outbreak there were between 100 and 150 gates, including side-bars and chains, in the county of Carmarthen; nearly the half of these were destroyed, and in places where they were renewed the toll-house was generally destroyed along with the gate. Two or three sharp encounters took place with the authorities, but their familiarity with the district generally enabled the rioters to elude their pursuers. Their name was presumed to be derived from a preposterous application of a passage in the Book of Genesis, " And they blessed Rebekah, and said unto her, Let thy seed possess the gate of those which hate them.
15.—Sir James Graham announces that it is not the intention of Government to proceed with the educational clauses of the Factory Bill. The success of the measure, he said, depended upon its being received as a measure of concord and conciliation, and it had been framed with that view ; but soon after its introduction he found that the great body of Dissenters had insuperable objections to it. Extensive modifications had been made to meet these objections, but in that he had been wholly disappointed. The petitions against the clauses in their original form were 13,369, bearing 2,068,059 signatures; and in their amended form, 11,228, with 1,745,686 signatures.
17.-The Free Church of Scotland issues a Pastoral Address, explanatory of their position, appealing to the people as the true Church of their fathers, -- the Church which holds the principles that they held, which bears the testimony that they bore, and which is now suffering in the cause of that great truth for which they suffered.
19.-Inauguration of the Memorial erected “ in reverence of the memory” of John Hampden, on Chalgrove Field.
- Testimonial of silver plate subscribed for by lovers of the national drama, presented to Mr. Macready by his Royal Highness the Duke of Cambridge.
- The Judges assemble in the House of Lords to deliver their opinions on the questions submitted to them with reference to criminals insane or reputed insane. On the fourth question, If a person under an insane delusion as to existing facts commits an offence in consequence thereof, is he thereby excused? the judges were unanimously of opinion that the party accused was equally liable with a person of sane mind. If the accused killed another in self-defence, he would be entitled to an acquittal ; but if committed for any supposed injury, he would then be liable to the punishment awarded by the law to his crime.
20.-Audabon, writing from 110 miles above Fort Union,” informs Dr. Bachman of his discovery there of a new quadruped of the kangaroo species.
25.-Died at his residence in Albemarlestreet, aged 65 years, John Murray, publisher.
26.-The Governor-General of India writes to the Secret Committee from Allahabad :“ The battle of Meeanee entirely changed the position in which the British Government stood with respect to the Ameers of Scinde. To have placed confidence in them thereafter would have been impossible. To have only exacted from them large cessions of territory would have been to give them what remained as the means of levying war for the purpose of regaining what was ceded. Foreigners in Scinde, they had only held their power by the sword, and by the sword they have lost it.. Their removal from the country with which they were no longer to be connected as sovereigns was a measure of obvious expediency, and has apparently had the beneficial effect I intended from it."
28.-Riotous scene at the Oxford Commemoration, on occasion of conferring the degree of D.C.L. on Mr. Everett, the American Ambassador, and formerly, it was alleged, a Unitarian preacher. The effect of the uproar was entirely to put a stop, to the usual proceedings of the day, and the Vice-Chancellor was obliged to dissolve the Convocation with out either of the prize essays being recited.
July 1.-Lieut.-Col. Fawcett, of the 55th, shot in a duel near Camden Town by his
brother-in-law, Lieut. Munro, of the Royal Horse Guards. The latter made his escape from the ground with a friend. The quarrel related to family affairs. At the inquest the jury returned a verdict of Wilful Murder.
The Newcastle Journal writes : -- “ It is stated that Bright, the Anti-Corn-Law agitator, is expected to visit the wool fair, which will be held at Alnwick shortly, in order to scatter the seeds of disaffection in that quarter. Should he make his appearance, which is not improbable, it is to be hoped there may be found some stalwart yeoman ready to treat the disaffected vagabond as he deserves."
3.-Opened in Westminster Abbey the Exhibition of Cartoons, the result of the prizes offered by the Royal Commission for the encouragement of the Fine Arts, with a view to the decoration of the interior of the new Houses of Parliament. There were 140 subjects, varying in size from ten to fifteen feet. Three prizes of 300l. each, three of 2001, and three of 100l. were awarded to the most successful competitors.
7.-Came on for hearing in the Court of Exchequer, the case of Westmacot v. Clark, being an action to recover from the defendant, Mary Ann Clark, one of the sisters and next of kin of the late Baroness de Feucheres, a sum of money for the services of the plaintiff in recovering for her, as one of the next of kin, her share of the property left by the late baroness. Mr. Thesiger having explained the extraordinary difficulties surmounted by the plaintiff in securing for the next of kin against many other claimants the very large properties left to the baroness by the Duc de Bourbon, under whose protection she lived, it was arranged, on the suggestion of the Court, to settle the matter by arbitration,
The sum ultimately awarded was 15,5481., of which 5,4531. was for actual disbursements ; 6,3441. for personal services, and 3,7511, for the plaintiff's costs of the reference.
11.--Celebration in Edinburgh of the Bicentenary of the Westminster Assembly.
At the weekly meeting of the National Repeal Association in Dublin, the rent collected for the week was announced as amounting to 1,690l. Intimation was also given that several magistrates had been dismissed for joining the Repeal Association,
12.--Concluded the debate on Mr. Smith O'Brien's motion for a Committee of inquiry into the condition of Ireland, when Ministers found themselves having a majority of only 79 in a House of 407.
18.-A small steamboat scuttled and sunk in her berth at the east end of Loch Katrine, presumed to have been the work of some of the boatmen who formerly carried on the trade of the lake.
19.-Wreck of the Pegasus, Hull and Leith steamer, and loss of upwards of forty lives.
She left Leith harbour this afternoon at halfpast 5 o'clock, and about midnight struck, in calm weather, upon a reef off the inner Fern, known as the Goldstone Island. The captain attempted to run the vessel ashore, but the damage received was so serious that she foundered within 300 yards of the spot where she struck. An attempt was made to launch the boats, but the delay in getting them into the water was considerable, and the rush of passengers and crew to take possession caused them to be swamped with the sinking ship. About 5 A. M. the steamer Martello came upon the wreck, and picked up six of the survivors, four of whom had contrived to float about with hatches and benches, and two who had clung to the topmast, still a few feet above water. One of them, named Bailie, a servant in attendance on Mr. Torry, had carefully stripped himself to swim during the few minutes allowed for preparation. When the shipi was fast settling by the head, he saw the Rev, Mr. Mackenzie praying on the quarter-deck, surrounded by most of the male and female pas. sengers with their children.
24.-Mr. Cobden insulted and hustled in the Corn Exchange, Mark-lane.
Mr. Ruding, one of the proprietors, writes :“Sir, I beg to express my deep regret, as one of the proprietors of the Corn Exchange, at the scandalous treatment which you experienced this morning during your visit here, in which regret I believe every respectable party connected with the Corn Exchange sincerely joins, whatever political opinions they may entertain."
27.-Mr. Bright returned as Member of Parliament for Durham City, by a majority of 78 over his Tory opponent, Mr. Purvis.
29.—The Queen and Prince Albert proceed down the Thames in the royal barge to inspect the Tunnel,
31.—Commission of Lunacy opened regarding Mr. Dyce Sombre, the son of Gen. Sombre and the Begum or Princess of Schind. The most prominent evidence of insanity was jealousy of his wife. He had addressed a letter to the Archbishop of Canterbury, calling upon him to produce another lady of rank, and let her have a duel with Mrs. Dyce Sombre of three fires. It also desired Lord St. Vincent, her father, to bring a roan horse, well broken, adding, that when the ground had been consecrated by a duel, he would reconsecrate it by bringing her home on the horse. The jury found that he had been of unsound mind from October 1842.
August 1.-In most of the metropolitan theatres the performances were for the benefit of the family of Mr. Elton, who had perished in the wreck of the Pegasus.
2.-Collision between the peasantry and the police at Turloughman fair, near Galway. The police discharge their muskets to protect themselves. Two men (one a magistrate) killed, and eight or ten wounded.
3.-Mr. Ancona, brother of the well-known more you won't be without hearing an hurrah architect, commits suicide by throwing himself for the Parliament on College Green. Old off Waterloo-bridge.
Ireland is a lovely land, blessed with the boun- Lord Panmure writes to the seceding
teous gifts of nature, and where was the coward elders of Edyell parish —“You foolish men,
who would not die for her ? (Cheers.) These return to your good old kirk, where there is cheers will penetrate to the extremity of plenty of room, and when more is necessary you
civilization, for your movement is the admiwill be provided with it. ... Let peace, and
ration of the world.” comfort, and harmony surround your firesides, 19.-Calamitous series of fires in the Metroand you will always find in me, as principal polis. The most destructive broke out in an heritor, a friend ready to promote your welfare oil and colour warehouse in Tooley-street, and and happiness.”
extended to the church of St. Olave, which 4.-Joseph Atkinson, "the priest of Lam
fell a prey to the flames during the performance berton toll-bar,” tried at Newcastle assizes,
of the marriage service, the hands of two before Mr. Justice Cresswell, and sentenced to
couple being united by the vicar under the seven years' transportation, for celebrating an
cupola of the chancel while streams of water irregular marriage at Berwick.
and burning timber were falling about them.
The building known as the Shot Tower, but - Correspondence between the Vice-Chancellor of Oxford (P. Wynter) and Mr. Badeley,
more recently used as a telegraph for the com
munication of messages from the Downs and regarding the acceptance of a memorial depre
other parts of the coast, also caught fire, and cating the sentence passed on Dr. Pusey. The
almost instantly the flames burst forth at every Vice-Chancellor thinks the memorial deserving
window from the basement to the summit. The of the strongest censure, and refuses to re
tower itself fell in a shower of fire shortly ceive it.
before 4 o'clock. At Topping's Wharf, adjoin11.–Tried at Appleby assizes the case of ing the seat of the fire, the vessels moored Robinson v. Bird and others, involving the alongside sustained considerable damage. While possession of the Brougham Hall estates. Bird, the fire was raging here in most alarming in support of his claim, had trespassed upon strength, an explosion took place in the firethe estate, and taken from the stable a horse works manufactory of Mr. Newberry, in Fetterbelonging to the plaintiff. It appeared that in lane, which scattered the shop front and all its 1726 James Bird, an attorney, was the owner contents into the street, and set the adjoining of Brougham Hall. He left two grand- | properties on fire on every side. While the daughters, and they sold the interest of the engines were being brought up a large quantity Birds to Lord Brougham's ancestor-his great of gunpowder exploded, and blew the back great-uncle--for 5,0001., and by this trans part of the premises on to the houses in Bartaction the estate was brought back to the lett’s-passage, occasioning great destruction of family to whom it had for generations belonged. property in that quarter, and throwing the The attempt of the defendant to make Lord occupants into a state of the wildest confusion, Brougham now prove his title failed on the When the excitement was at its height, Mr. ground that he had no standing whatever to Newberry threw himself from the second-floor interfere with the property. Verdict for the window of his premises, and sustained such plaintiff, damages 4os.
severe injuries that he died in a few minutes. 12.–Lieut. Mackay, Adjutant of the 5th
Four other occupants of the upper storey, after Fusileers, shot on parade at Parsonstown Bar
making the most frantic appeals for help, were racks by one of the soldiers he was drilling.
surrounded by the flames, and perished almost
within sight of the horrified spectators. Minor 15.-Great Repeal demonstration on Tara explosions of powder and bursting of pyrohill. “At 2 o'clock,” writes ‘One who has
technic displays were taking place so frequent whistled at the Plough,' who was present,
as to render any attempts at aid out of the “ when, as I may say, the tide was at its
power of firemen or constables. Besides these, height, when thousands yet arriving were about other five fires were raging at nearly the same to be driven back by tens of thousands leaving, time : one at Stratford ; one at Houndsditch ; at that hour on and around Tara there were
one at High-street, Borough ; one at Snowsabove one million of people, probably 1, 200,000. fields; and one at Pudding-lane.' Taking into account the throngs that filled the roads, and never got within miles of Tara,
20.--The divers engaged at the wreck of there were certainly one million and a half
the Pegasus recover large quantities of luggage drawn from their homes by the business of the
from the hold, including most of the theatrical
wardrobe of Mr. Elton. Many of the bodies day.” O'Connell addressed the multitude :“When you get your Parliament,” he said,
were also recovered floating in the neighbour
hood of the wreck. "all your grievances will be put an end to. Your trade will be restored, the landlord will
22.–Father Mathew administers the pledge be placed on a fair footing, and the tenants who at various meetings in London. On the 23d are now so sadly oppressed will be placed in
he visited Greenwich, and was received by their proper position. I believe I am now about 20,000 people on Blackheath. The pubin a position to announce that in twelve months' licans attempted an opposition display.