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24.—Died at Kingston House, Knights. bridge, aged 82, the Marquis Wellesley.
27.-Foundation-stone laid of the Victoria Harbour, Dunbar.
– Inquiry into the fraud and conspiracy practised upon Mr. Woolley, a Bristol timbermerchant. Ann Morgan and Mary Ann Byers (with the latter of whom he had been entrapped into a marriage) were committed to prison.
29.-General M'Caskill storms and captures the town of Istalif, Kohistan. By General Pollock's instruction the place was set on fire, a proceeding which excited both native and European soldiers to other acts of wanton cruelty and plunder, much commented on afterwards.
31.--Feargus O'Connor arrested, on the charge of exciting to sedition, in Manchester and other towns, during the disturbances in August last.
October 1.-Lord Ellenborough issues a proclamation from Simla, announcing that the British army now in possession of Affghanistan would be withdrawn to the Sutlej." The Governor-General will leave it to the Affghans themselves to create a government amidst the anarchy which is the consequence of their crimes. To force a sovereign upon a reluctant people would be as inconsistent with the policy as it is with the principles of the British Government, tending to place the arms and resources of that people at the disposal of the first invader, and to impose the burthen of supporting a sovereign without the prospect of benefit from his alliance." The date of this despatch was afterwards disputed in Parliament, on the ground that Lord Elleaborough could not possibly know that one of the main objects of the expedition, the rescue of the prisoners, had been accomplished at this time. Mr. Macaulay alleged that the proclamation had been ante-dated, for the purpose of contrasting with the manifesto of Lord Auckland against the Affghans.
Cargoes for America are so difficult to procure at Liverpool, that the owners of the Sydney agree to take out 180 Mormon converts for 1151.; the owners of the Henry accept of tool. for conveying 140, being a little more than 15.5. per head.
10.--The Bishop of London delivers a Charge to his clergy in St. Paul's, having reference principally to Puseyite innovations, which he mildly censured.
11.-In his opening charge at the Lancashire Special Commission, Lord Abinger made reference to public meetings in a manner severely criticised. “An assembly," he said, “ consisting of such multitudes as to make all discussion and debate ridiculous and a farce, never can be assembled for the purpose of deliberate and calm discussion. If, therefore,
an assembly consists of such multitudes, or it you find that all attempts at debate are put down, and that the only object of the parties is to hear one side, the meeting ceases to be one avowedly for deliberation, and cannot protect itself under that pretension."
12.-Evacuation of Affghanistan by the British forces. The united armies of General Pollock and General Nott commence their march from Cabul back to Peshawur. А great portion of the city was left in ruins, and the Char Chouk, or principal bazaar, where the remains of Sir William Macnaghten had been exposed to insult, was blown up. The British army now spread devastation and slaughter on every side of their route. troops," writes General Pollock, “ could feel otherwise than excited at the sight of the skeletons of their late brethren in arms, which still lay covering the road from Gundamuck to Cabul; and as if the more to raise a spirit of revenge, the barricade at Jugdulluck was literally covered with skeletons. Jellalabad, so ably defended by Sale, was one among many other places levelled with the dust. General Pollock reached Peshawur on the 3d November, and on the 6th General Nott with the rear division emerged from the Khyber Pass at Jumrood. Major-Gen. England left Quetta, and marched towards British India by the Bolan Pass.
13.-Grace Darling, the heroine of the Longstone Lighthouse, dies at Bamborough, aged 25.
17.-A meeting of female politicians held in the Association Hall, Old Bailey, for the purpose of forming a female Chartist Association to co-operate with the original society.
Dr. Buckland, Mr. George Stephenson, and Dr. Lyon Playfair, while on a visit to Sir Robert Peel, at Drayton, meet the tenantry at breakfast, and discuss various questions relating to agricultural improvement.
18.-Explosion of a steam-boiler in Bolekow's iron-works, Middlesborough, by which four workmen were killed and twenty others much scalded and bruised.
19.-David Roberts, A.R.A., entertained at a public dinner in the Hopetoun Rooms, Edinburgh, as a compliment on his return from Syria.
31.-Came on for trial at the Central Criminal Court the charge of theft raised by Lord Frankfort, Baron Montmorency, against Alice Lowe, a young woman formerly resident in his house. In the course of his evidence, his lordship said, “ About 10 o'clock on the evening of the 28th of May the prisoner came to my house in a cab. I asked her what she wanted, when she said she came to see me, and intended to stop. I kept her cab waiting till nearly 1 o'clock, and then, when I saw that she was determined to stop, I sent it away.
She remained with me till the 22d of July." With reference to the various articles of jewellery alleged to have been stolen by her, the jury considered they had been given to her in presents, and, without retiring, returned a verdict of Not guilty.
- Opening of the Glasgow Corn Exchange.
18.-A whale, sixteen feet long, caught in the Thames off Deptford pier.
21.-Division Orders by Major-General Sir C. J. Napier, dated at Succur :-"Gentlemen as well as beggars may, if they like, ride to the devil when they get on horseback ; but neither gentlemen nor beggars have a right to send other people there, which will be the case if furious riding be allowed in camp or beyond.” The offender to be arrested, and Capt. Pope to inflict punishment.
32.-Proposal made in the Edinburgh Town Council to pass a vote of censure on the Lord Provost, Sir James Forrest, for various offensive expressions he had used regarding the majority of that body at a dinner given to Councillor Johnstone.
- The Anti-Corn-Law League hold a meeting in Manchester, at which they resolve to raise 50,000l. as a fund for sending lecturers throughout the country, and otherwise informing the public mind.
30.-The Fleet and Marshalsea Prisons closed. The prisoners were removed to the Queen's Prison, under the authority of an Act passed last session. There were seventy in the Fleet and three in the Marshalsea.
November 5.-A woman named Frances Bennett, residing at Ruardean-hill, in the Forest of Dean, confesses to having murdered each of her six children soon after birth, and buried them under the pavement of the brewhouse, with the assistance of the person who cohabited with her. On examination the skeletons were found where she described.
7.-Meeting to receive report of auditors of Times Testimonial Fund, the Lord Mayor in the chair.
8.-Capt. Douglas, of the 49th Madras Infantry, committed to prison as a deserter, preparatory to bringing against him charges of malversation and acceptance of bribes when in India,
10.-Ata stormy meeting of the Marylebone Vestry, Mr. Hume, M.P., carries his motion, approving of a grant being made from the funds of the vestry to aid in erecting a monument to the Scottish Reformers of 1793.
- Her Majesty visits the Duke of Wellington at Walmer Castle.
14.- Mr. Norton, the police-magistrate, makes inquiry concerning, a painful case of destitution in Stepney. Two young wonen, daughters of the late Major Reynolds, of the 5th West India Regiment, being left utterly unprovided for at his death, were now trying to preserve their existence by making shirts for a slop-shop at ipd. each. Public attention was now drawn to the case, and a subscription raised in their behalf.
16.-Proclamation from the Governor-General (Lord Ellenborough) to all the princes, and chiefs, and people of India :-“My brothers and my friends, our victorious army bears the gates of the Temple of Somnauth in triumph from Affghanistan, and the despoiled tomb of Sultan Mahmoud looks upon the ruins of Ghuznee. The insult of 800 years is at last avenged. The gates of the Temple of Somnauth, so long the memorial of your humiliation, are become the proudest record of your national glory, the proof of your superiority in arms over the nations beyond the Indus. To you, princes and chiefs of Sirhind, of Rajwarra, of Malwa, and Guzerat, I shalí commit this glorious trophy of successful war. You will yourselves, with all honour, transmit the gates of sandal-wood through your respective territories to the restored Temple of Somnauth. The chiefs of Sirhind shall be informed at what time our victorious army will first deliver the gates of the temple into their guardianship at the foot of the bridge of the Sutlej."
December 1.-The Queen directs letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting the dignity of Baronet to Lieut.-Gen. Sir Hugh Gough. Sir Wm. Parker, Sir Henry Pottinger, and Major-Gen. Nott were created Knights Grand Cross of the Bath, and MajorGen. Pollock Companion of the Bath.
10.-Died at Hardwicke Grange, near Shrewsbury, aged 70, Lord Hill, Commander. in-Chief.
13.-Correspondence between Peter Borthwick and Mr. Carter, regarding the statement made by the latter when undergoing his examination in the Insolvent Court.
14.–At a late hour this evening a fire broke out in a dwelling-house in the Minories. Two women were killed by throwing themselves out of a window on the second floor, and five were consumed inside.
25.-During early mass in Galway Point chapel, a false alarm was raised that the gallery was falling, and in the rush to escape thirty people were killed, and many more bruised.
30.-Bursting of the embankment of Glanderstone Dam, near Barrhead, Renfrewshire, and loss of nine lives. The print-works of Springfield and Arthurlie were almost swept off their sites by the current.
31.-Miss Newell, an insane woman, attends at the Guildhall Police Court, for the purpose of urging her claim to the sovereignty of England. She had obtained, she said, a
Divine revelation to that effect. Shaking hands with the presiding magistrate, Sir Chapman Marshall, she remarked, “ Pardon me, if I take leave of you in the words of the good old song, 'Adieu, thou dreary pile !'"
January 4.-Sir James Graham replies to the Memorial and Addresses of the last General Assembly of the Church of Scotland. Majesty's ministers," he answered, understanding that nothing less than the total abrogation of the rights of the Crown and of other patrons will satisfy the Church, are bound with firmness to declare that they cannot advise her Majesty to consent to the grant of any such demand. 7.-The Velveteen Correspondence.
Sir Robert Peel having accepted from Mr. Barlow, of Ancoats Vale Works, the gift of a piece of the new fabric known as velveteen, and stamped with a free-trade design, writes, “that he was not aware till to-day that the specimen of manufacture bore any allusion to matters which are the subject of public controversy. He begged, therefore, to return that which had been accepted under an erroneous impression.”
14.- The much-talked-of gates of Somnauth carried into Delhi in state, under a canopy of crimson and gold.
15.-A force raised by the Ameers of Scinde to protect their rights on the Indus, attack and capture the British residency, Hyderabad. Next day they are defeated near Meeanee, by Sir Charles Napier, leaving above 1,000 men dead on the field.
16.–Fire in Rolls' floor-cloth manufactory, Old Kent-road. Three dwelling-houses adjoining were also burnt down, and altogether it was estimated that property was destroyed to the extent of 50,000l.
17.-- The Commissioners of Woods and Forests interfere to prevent the Marylebone Vestry erecting a monument to the Scottish political martyrs in Regent-circus, on the ground that the freehold was vested in her Majesty, and the vestry had no control there except for purposes of lighting and cleansing.
18.-The Morning Herald publishes a letter from Constantinople, of the 21st December, giving an account of the execution of Colonel Stoddart and Captain Conolly at Bokhara.
20.-Daniel McNaughten shoots Edmund Drummond, private secretary to Sir Robert Peel, when passing along Whitehall, between the Admiralty and Horse Guards. Policeconstable Silver, in describing the manner of the attack, said he saw Mr. Drummond put his hand to his left side and reel, his coat being
on fire at the time. When the assassin had fired one pistol he put it back into his breast and drew forth another, but the constable seized him at that moment, and the pistol went off in the struggle, the ball striking the pavement. It was not at first thought that the wound was fatal, but unfavourable symptoms presented themselves the day after the occurrence, and on a second examination it was found that the lowest of the ribs had been seriously injured by the pistol-ball. Mr. Drummond expired on the 25th. The ball, which was fired with the pistol close to the back, entered between the eleventh and twelfth ribs, and was found in front between the cartilages of the seventh and eighth ribs. McNaughten, as has been stated, was instantly seized, and on being taken to Gardener's-lane station, sought to defend the act on the plea that the Tories had been persecuting him for years. From other remarks he let fall it was evident that the intended victim was not the secretary, but Sir Robert Peel himself. He was committed for trial on the charge of wilful murder.
26.-Monster powder blast at Dover in connexion with the works of the South-Eastern Railway. A mine, formed of three cells, was sunk in the base of the cliff, and into this was placed the enormous quantity of 18,500 lbs. of gunpowder. The charge was fired by the voltaic battery, when not less than one million tons of chalk was dislodged by the shock, and settled gently down into the sea below.
31.-A Special Meeting of the Commissioners of the General Assembly held in Edinburgh. Resolutions carried by a majority to present petitions to Parliament, embodying their claim of right, in which two things are demanded,-an efficient measure of non-intrusion and a full recognition of an independent jurisdiction in the Church, altogether uncontrolled by the civil courts. “ The Commission,” it was resolved, “ consider it necessary to repeat explicitly what is intimated in the claim of rights, that if the Church do not obtain the redress sought, no result can be anticipated but that those of her office-bearers and members who adhere to the great doctrines and principles for which she is now contending, must renounce their present connexion with the State, and abandon the temporal benefits of an establishment which will in that case be practically and in effect clogged with conditions which they cannot in conscience fill.”
February 1.-The Rev. W. Bailey, LL.D., tried at the Central Criminal Court, and sentenced to transportation for life for forging and uttering a promissory note for 2,8751., with intent to defraud the executors of Robert Smith, the well-known miser of Seven Dials.
2.-Parliament opened by Commission. Her Majesty regretted "the diminished receipt from some of the ordinary sources of revenue. She fears that it must be in part attributed to the
reduced consumption of many articles, caused by the depression of the manufacturing industry of the country which had so long prevailed, and which her Majesty has so deeply lamented."
8.- Destructive earthquake experienced in the West India Islands. At Antigua, St. Thomas, and St. Christopher, the property thrown down was considerable. Pointe.à-Pitre, Guadaloupe, was entirely destroyed, and many hundreds of persons buried in the ruins.
9.-Mr. Vernon Smith moves for the production of papers connected with Lord Ellenborough's proclamation regarding the gates of Somnath : a proclamation, he said, which was an outrage upon the feelings of the people of India, and a source of ridicule to those of England.
10.-Captain Dalrymple, M.P. for Wigtonshire, and Mr. Horsman, M.P. for Cockermouth, engage in a ploughing contest at Cleland House, Lanarkshire. They both made good work, but the judge, after some hesitation, pronounced in favour of Captain Dalrymple. The ground was afterwards named “The Members' Acre."
14.-The Duke of Wellington, in the Lords, and Lord Stanley, in the Commons, move the thanks of the respective Houses to the Fleet and Army engaged in the China service. On the 20th a similar honour was paid to the Indian Army.
16.-Conclusion of the debate on Lord Howick's motion for a committee of the whole House to consider the reference in the Queen's speech to the long-continued depression of manufacturing industry. For the motion 191, against it 306. Towards the close of the debate a disagreeable feeling was created in the House through a phrase used by Mr. Cobden, to the effect that he held Sir Robert Peel personally responsible for the present lamentable and dangerous state of affairs, words which Sir Robert (who instantly replied under great excitement) interpreted as an incentive to attacks upon his life. Amid much confusion Mr. Cobden was permitted to explain that what he meant was that the right hon. baronet was responsible by virtue of his office. Immediately before the division, about 4 A.M. another personal altercation took place between Mr. Cobden and Mr. Roebuck, regarding the approval said to have been manifested by the latter at Lord Brougham's bitter attack upon some of the League agitators in the House of Lords.
21.-Robert Elliot, the Gretna Green priest, and successor of the famous blacksmith, writes to the Times, stating that he had married 7,744 persons from 1811 to 1839, the largest number in any one year being 198, and the smallest 42.
24.-The police force an entrance into the gaming-house, 34, St. James's-street, when the
son of the proprietor, attempting to escape by the roof, fell into a back court, and received injuries from which he died next morning.
26.-At the funeral of the notorious Richard Carlisle in Kensal-green Cemetery, a disturbance is created by the objection of the relatives to have the funeral service read at the grave.
March 1.-Commenced at Lancaster, the trial of Feargus O'Connor and fifty-eight others, charged with being concerned in the late disturbances in the manufacturing districts. O'Connor and fourteen others were found guilty on the fifth count, charging them with exciting dissatisfaction and persuading workmen to leave their labours, but as there was some doubt whether this was an offence or not, Baron Rolfe reserved the point for consideration by the Court of Queen's Bench. Sixteen were found guilty on the fourth count, for employing threats to compel men to leave their work. Judgment deferred till next term. The rest were acquitted.
- The first instalment of the Chinese indemnity, amounting to 1,000,000l., arrives at the Mint in five wagons, each drawn by four horses, and escorted by a detachment of the 6oth Regiment.
3.-Commenced at the Old Bailey the trial of Daniel McNaughten for the murder of Mr. Drummond. The Solicitor-General, Sir William Follett, having stated the main facts of the case, and adduced witnesses in support thereof, a large array of medical evidence was adduced in defence to show that the crime had been committed under the influence of an irresistible impulse, over which the prisoner had no control. The jury returned a verdict of Not guilty, on the ground of insanity, and the prisoner, who did not appear in the least affected by his trial, was removed from the bar to be kept in confinement during her Majesty's pleasure.
6.-Joshua Jones Ashley, formerly a banker and army-agent in Regent-street, tried at the Central Criminal Court for stealing knives, forks, and spoons from various clubs with which he was connected. Found guilty, and sentenced to seven years' transportation. At the close no less than sixteen pawnbrokers were called, each of whom produced from four to two and a half dozen of silver tablespoons and forks, which were identified by the secretaries of the respective clubs, and handed over to them.
7.-Mr. Goulburn, Chancellor of the Exchequer, applies at Bow-street Police-office for a warrant to arrest John Dillon, late an officer in the navy, who had threatened to shoot him.
8.-Mr. Fox Maule's motion for a committee to take into consideration the petition of the Commission of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, negatived by a majority of 211 to 76 votes.
9.-Mr. Vernon Smith's motion, that the Somnauth proclamation of Lord Ellenborough
was unwise, indecorous, and reprehensible, Tierney in the chapel, in the morning of the negatived by a majority of 242 to 157.
day on which the attack was made. 10.-James Stevenson, a Cameronian en 27.-A bill introduced into the House of thusiast, who had travelled from Lochwinnoch, Commons for the purpose of enabling a new Renfrewshire, was examined at the Mansion
company to carry out the Aërial Transit patents house, on the charge of using threatening lan originally granted to Mr. Henson. guage regarding the Queen and Sir Robert Peel. From the conversation which took place throughout Scotland on this day, when the
29.-Numerous Presbyterian meetings held between the prisoner and the Lord Mayor, the
Non-intrusion withdrew from the Moderates, unfortunate man appeared to have gone crazy
and send up separate lists of ministers and elders on the subject of the Kirk.
for the ensuing Assembly. At an early hour this morning earthquake shocks are reported to have been felt through
April 1.-Augustus Sintyemick attempts to out the north of England and the south of
shoot the Rev. Mr. Haydon, in St. Paul's Scotland.
Cathedral, during the afternoon service. The 16.-The Town Council of Glasgow pass a pistol missed fire, and was almost instantly vote of censure on the Lord Provost (Sir James taken possession of, when it was found to Campbell) for inciting the Government to contain a charge of powder and five shots. bring in a general police bill for the city, Sintyemick was at once seized. instead of supporting the three local bills
5.-The police make a sudden descent upon prepared under the sanction of the Council.
the Dublin gaming-houses, and lodge most of 21.-Died at his residence, Keswick, aged the proprietors and frequenters in prison. 69, Robert Southey, LL.D., Poet-laureate. Fines of different amounts were afterwards
- A special meeting of the Commission of the inflicted, General Assembly held in Edinburgh, when a 6.-William Wordsworth gazetted Poetminute is agreed to, stating that in the circum laureate to her Majesty. stances the Commission “deem it incumbent upon them to announce to the Church and to
7.-Explosion at Stormont Main Colliery, the country, as they now do with the utinost near Newcastle, and loss of twenty-seven lives. pain and sorrow, that the decisive rejection of 12.-William Sharman charged with attemptthe Church's claims by the Government and by ing to bribe Lord Monteagle, by enclosing 51. Parliament appears to them conclusive of the in a letter to him, requesting an appointment in present struggle, and that, in the judgment of the Custom-house or Post-office. As the apthe Commission, nothing remains but to make pointment was not made, Sharman raised an immediate preparations for the new state of action to recover the amount; but the Comthings, which the Church must, so far as they mission now intimated that instead of inflicting can see, contemplate as inevitable."
any further punishment they would simply - Lord Palmerston draws the attention of the order the 51. to be paid over to the Exchequer House to the terms of the Ashburton treaty,
Fund, as conscience money. or capitulation, as he called it. Sir Robert 13.-Explosion in Waltham powder-mill, Peel explains that the papers moved for could when nearly the whole of the works were not be produced at the present time without destroyed, there being over 2,000 lbs. in each detriment to the public interest. The motion of the two departments blown up. Seven was therefore withdrawn on the 23d.
liyes were lost. 24.—Major-General Napier writes from 16.-Wreck of the Solway, one of the Dubba to Lord Ellenborough :-“The forces West India mail-steamers, on a rock twenty under my command marched from Hyderabad miles west of Corunna. Captain Duncan, the this morning at daybreak. About half-past 8 surgeon, and a midshipman, were the only o'clock we discovered and attacked the army officers saved. Sixty of the passengers and under the personal command of Meer Shere crew perished in the ship. Mahomed, consisting of about 20,000 men of
19.-The defeated Ameers of Scinde arrive all arms, strongly posted behind one of the large nullahs by which this country is inter
as captives in Bombay, on board H. M. sloop
Nimrod. sected in all directions. After a combat of about three hours the enemy was wholly de
21. -Died at Kensington Palace, aged 70 feated with considerable slaughter, and the loss years, Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex, of all his standards and cannon.
and uncle to the Queen. 25.-Ceremonial opening of the Thames 24.-At Sunderland, a sailor named Ferry, Tunnel.
who a few days before had escaped from the At the Nenah assizes the Rev.John Mahon,
lunatic asylum at Gateshead Fell, murders his priest of Tornavera, was examined as a witness
wife and two children, by attacking them with in the trial of two men named Larkin and
a fire-shovel. Gleeson, charged with shooting at Patrick 25.—This morning, at five minutes past 4, Tierney, when he admitted having denounced the Queen was safely delivered of a princess.