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opposed also by the Government, he had re ings at Dublin on the Church of Scotland. “I solved to abandon it, and had no other mea will cheerfully go,” he said, “where my fathers sure to propose--a resolution in which he was went before, to the dark dungeon ; I will even confirmed by recent proceedings of the domi go, like James Guthrie, to the Grass-market, nant party in the Church.
and lay my head on the block; but I will sooner 3.-Commences at the Central Criminal suffer this right
hand to be cut off than lay it on Court the trial of the two Wallaces, charged
the head of an Edwards of Marnoch.” as accessories in the wilful destruction of the 22.- The Rolls Court order a commission ship Dryad, on her voyage from Liverpool to to examine certain aged witnesses at the Court Santa Cruz, in October 1839, for the purpose of Hanover, regarding the royal jewels beof defrauding certain assurance companies and queathed to the House of Hanover by Queen others. In summing up the Lord Chief Justice Charlotte. said, the jury must be satisfied that the captain 28.-Robbery of plate and various articles wilfully cast the ship away with the intention
of vertu at Windsor Castle, supposed to have of defrauding the underwriters; second, that been committed by a person in the employ of the goods insured never had been shipped; and the inspector-general of palaces. lastly, that a concerted scheme was prepared in
29.-A meeting having been called at Dept. London, to which the prisoners were consenting
ford on the subject of a repeal of the Corn-laws, parties, and by whose aid it was carried out.
a body of Chartists, as was their custom, took They were each found guilty, and sentenced to
up a prominent position in the hall, and entransportation for life.
deavoured in various ways to interrupt the pro4.-A gravedigger buried in St. Bride's ceedings. Acting upon the advice of the lecchurchyard, by the falling in of the grave in turer, Mr. Sydney Smith, the audience turned which he was working.
upon the Chartists, and after a short struggle 5.- Rev. Dr. Gordon, Edinburgh, writes to
succeeded in ejecting the whole of them. the Duke of Argyll, that the Non-intrusion Committee had no instructions from the Gene April 1.–The Paris Fortification Bill passes ral Assembly even to propose the abolition of the Chamber of Peers. patronage, as one way of settling the present 2.-Rev. J. Keble, in a letter to Justice difficulties of the Church of Scotland, far less
Coleridge, concerning Catholic subscription to to press it as the only way of putting an end to the Thirty-nine Articles, discusses the duties the present unhappy collision between the civil
and difficulties of English Catholics in the and ecclesiastical courts.
present religious crisis. 15.-Meeting of the Vice-Chancellor and
3.-Josiah Misters executed at Shrewsbury heads of houses at Oxford, to censure No. XC.
for the attempted murder of Mr. Mackreth in of “ Tracts for the Times.” It was resolved
the Angel Inn, Ludlow. He died declaring _"That modes of interpretation such as are sug. his innocence. gested in the said tract, evading rather than ex
4.-Death of General Harrison, newlyplaining the sense of the Thirty-nine Articles, and
elected President of the United States.
He reconciling subscription to them with the adop
was succeeded by Vice-President Tyler. tion of errors which they were designed to counteract, defeat the object, and are inconsis
5.—The Liverpool newspapers refer with tent with the due observance of the statutes of
serious apprehension to the non-arrival of the the University.” The following day the Rev.
President steamship, which sailed from New J. H. Newman addressed a letter to the Vice
York on the 11th March, with twenty-nine pas. Chancellor, acknowledging himself to be the
sengers. Insurance made with difficulty at 25 author of Tract XC., and stating that his
per cent. . opinion remained unchanged of the truth and 11.-The Earl of Cardigan causes 100 lashes honesty of the principle therein maintained, and to be administered to Private Rogers of the of the necessity of putting it forth. “I am irth Hussars, in the riding-school at Hounssincerely sorry for the trouble and anxiety I low, immediately after Divine service, and behave given to the members of the board, and fore the men could return to barracks. I beg to return my thanks to them for an act 13.-Accident at one of the furnaces in the which, even though founded on misapprehen old works at Dowlais Iron Works. At three sion, may be made as profitable to myself as o'clock an alarm was raised that the loose it is religiously and charitably intended." stones were giving way, but only one of the
The boy Jones enters Buckingham Palace for men was able to leave the hole where they were the third time, but is seized almost immediately
at work, when the whole mass, to the estimated by a constable on duty. Instead of sending
weight of 100 tons, came down on the scaffoldhim to prison again, the police magistrate, be
ing erected to carry on the repairs, and comfore whom he was brought, induced his parents
pletely buried eight of the men. to let him be placed on board one of her 15.-Settled before Baron Rolfe, at LiverMajesty's ships.
pool, the Brindle Will case. The question the 21:--The Rev. Mr. Guthrie, a prominent special jury had to decide was whether the Non-intrusion agitator, addresses various meet late Mr. Heatley, of Brindle, who devised his
landed property to the defendant, the Rev. T. emanated ; and I am sorry to think that the Sherburne, a Catholic priest, was competent to brutal conduct and many escapes from justice make a will. His competency to do so was in that country may have encouraged them to disputed by the plaintiffs in the case, who enter into this foul and deliberate conspiracy." claimed through their wives, as heirs-at-law of Lord Moncrieff passed sentence of death on the testator. An arrangement was come to all three, and fixed the place of execution as between the parties, in terms of which a verdict near as possible to the scene of the murder at was entered for the defendant.
Crosshill. 19.--Public dinner in Liverpool to welcome
26.-Lord Howick's amendment on the Commodore Sir Charles Napier, on his return
Government Registration of Voters (Ireland) from service in the Levant.
Bill carried by a majority of 21 against the
Ministry. 20.—Explanation on the Sunday flogging case made by Mr. Macaulay in the House of
27.-Mr. Walter, Conservative, elected Commons. " It was a proceeding,” he said,
M.P. at Nottingham, by a majority of 296 over “ which could not be reconciled with good
the Government candidate. sense or good taste, but it was not without 30.-St. George's Hotel, Albemarle-street, precedent in both departments of the service. destroyed by fire, owing to ignition of the curSuch steps would now, however, be taken as tains in Lady Harcourt's bedroom. There would prevent the recurrence of any similar were about fifty people in the hotel, but all case.
escaped uninjured. 21.-Wreck of the Irish emigrant vessel, Minstrel, on Red Island Reef, and loss of 147 May 6.—The Duke of Argyll introduces a lives.
bill for the better regulation of Church Patron22.-Order from the Adjutant-General ex
age in Scotland. pressing surprise that Lord Cardigan should
-Lord John Russell intimates that the prehave carried out the sentence of a court-martial liminary arrangements between the Chinese on Sunday, and prohibiting such a couise in Government and Captain Elliot had been disfuture, except in extreme necessity.
approved of by our Government, and that 23.-Doolan, Redding, and Hickie, tried at
Captain Elliot would be recalled. the Glasgow Circuit Court, for the murder of
8.-In the Arches Court, Sir II. Jenner John Green, at Crosshill, on December 17th.
Fust gives judgment against the defendant in A witness, George Cox, said : “I remem
the case of Mastin v. Escott, involving the ber, in our lodgings on the Wednesday validity of lay baptism.
This suit was pronight before the murder, Doolan told me he
moted by Mastin on the ground that Escott, had been 'sacked' or dismissed by Green, and
vicar of Gedney, Lincolnshire, had refused to that he intended to make him unable to sack
bury the infant children of two of his parishanother. Redding said Green was a strong supple fellow, and that he would not be able, 10.-An Anti-Corn Law Meeting compelled and offered to go with him. Doolan said he to adjourn from the large Assembly-room, required no assistance, and could do it him Edinburgh, to an ante-room, in consequence of self quite well with the poker, taking hold of the noisy opposition of a body of Chartists and the poker at the sanie time. We all slept in
monopolists. the house that night. When we left in the
11.–At a farewell dinner, given at Malta morning I saw Doolan take the poker, and to Sir R. Stopford by the officers of the fleet, put it under the sleeve of his slop. On com the Admiral claimed all the merit of the operaing to the work I saw Doolan run across the tions in Syria to himself, and said that had Sir bridge, and make a stroke at Green with the
Charles Napier not been present others would poker. Redding then struck him several blows have been found to do his duty. with a bar of iron, which Hickie brought to
12.-Fire at Stoke Canon, near Exeter, him out of the smithy." A number of witnesses were examined as to the movements of the pri- ending in the destruction of fifteen houses. soners between the murder and their appre 14.-Doolan and Redding executed at hension, and two or three spoke to the fact of Crosshill, for the murder of Green. At the Redding being for some weeks in possession of place of execution it was supposed there could a watch stolen from the body of the murdered not be less than 100,000 people, exclusive of man. The jury brought in a verdict of guilty the thousands who thronged the streets of against all three, but recommended Hickie, as Glasgow, to obtain a sight of the cavalcade and an accessory, to the merciful consideration of the two unfortunate beings who formed its the court. The Lord Justice Clerk said, “A chief attraction. They were attended by deliberate and premeditated murder, origi Bishop Murdoch. Their demeanour throughnating in revenge on the part of one man, is out was calm and collected. The scaffold was a crime, I am happy to say, rare in this part of erected in a field a short distance from the the country. It is a crime, however, by no bridge on which the murder was committed, means rare in another part of her Majesty's and the two culprits had the fatal spot full in dominions, whence these persons have lately their view when they mounted the ladder,
Dreading some attempt at rescue by the Irish labourers on the railway, the magistrates had on the ground 500 of the 58th foot and ist Royal Dragoons, besides a detachment of the 4th Dragoons from Edinburgh, and three pieces of artillery. After hanging the usual time the bodies were brought back to the city, and interred within the prison.
- The number of petitions presented up to this date in favour of the repeal of the Corn Laws was 1,607, signed by 474,448 people. The petitions against repeal amounted to 540, signed by 30,934.
18.-Conclusion of Sugar Duties' debate, on Lord Sandon's motion, after eight nights' duration. Majority against Ministers, 36.
20.—The General Assembly commences its sittings at Edinburgh, --Dr. Gordon unanimously chosen moderator. A paragraph in the Queen's letter earnestly recommended the members to inculcate upon the flocks under their charge lessons of good order and obedience to the Constitution under which they live.
21.-The British land and sea forces commence an attack on Canton, which is continued till the forts commanding the principal parts of the town are in their possession. The Chinese then sue for a short truce, during the continuance of which Plenipotentiary Elliot is induced to recommence negotiations, and offensive operations are suddenly drawn to a close. Major-General Gough writes :-"The flags of truce still appeared upon their walls at daylight on the 27th, and at a quarter past six o'clock I was on the point of sending the interpreter to explain that I could not respect such a display after my flag had been taken down, and should at once resume hostilities. At this moment an officer of the Royal Navy, who had been travelling all night, handed me a letter from her Majesty's Plenipotentiary. Whatever might be my sentiments, my duty was to acquiesce; and the attack, which was
in forty-five minutes, was countermanded.” The terms required by the Plenipotentiary were, the evacuation of the city by all troops which did not belong to the province; the payment of 6,000,000 dollars within a week to England; and British troops to remain in position till the same was paid. The British loss was 15 killed and 127 wounded.
24.-Sir Robert Peel gives notice that he will, on Thursday next, move a resolution to the effect, “ That her Majesty's Ministers do not sufficiently possess the confidence of the House of Commons to enable them to carry through the House measures which they deem of essential importance to the public welfare, and that their continuance in office under such circumstances is at variance with the spirit of the Constitution."
25.-- Mr. T. Duncombe presents petitions said to be signed by 1,300,000 people, praying for the remission of all sentences upon political
prisoners, and the adoption by Government of the People's Charter.
27.-Debate in the General Assembly on the Strathbogie case, ending in the deposition of the seven ministers, for yielding obedience to the civil court. On a division, Dr. Chalmers's motion was carried by a majority of 97; 222 voting for it, and 125 for Dr. Cook's amendment. “The Church of Scotland (said Dr. Chalmers) cannot tolerate, and, what is more, she cannot survive, the scandal of quietly putting up with delinquencies so enormous as those into which their brethren have fallen. We must vindicate our outraged authority, though that vindication were indeed the precursor of the dissolution of the National Church.” A protest against the sentence of deposition was read by Dr. Cook. “The parties deposed (he said) had done nothing which was not sanctioned both by ecclesiastical and civil law, and we cannot, without violating what we owe to the Church and to the State, cease to regard these excellent men still as ministers, or refuse to hold communion, just as if the proceedings against them had never been instituted.” The Assembly Hall was crowded in every part during the day, and numbers even surrounded the doors outside. Contrary to his usual custom the Royal Commissioner, Lord Belhaven, was present in the evening, and sat till the discussion was over, about three o'clock in the morning. Mr. Edwards, the newly inducted minister of Marnoch, was deposed next day.
29.--Colonel Wymer attacks a company of Affghans near Khelat-i-Ghilzie, and after a smart fight compels them to retreat, leaving eighty of their men dead on the field.
-Interdict served on the General Assembly, prohibiting them from carrying into effect the sentence of deposition on the Strathbogie ministers. The Non-intrusion party object to the legality of the service, the papers having been left with their officer at the door, by a messenger
June 1.-Died at sea, off Gibraltar, Sir David Wilkie, R.A., aged 55.
2.-A public meeting held in the Assembly Rooms, Edinburgh, for the purpose of expressing sympathy with the seven ministers of Strathbogie, and strong disapprobation of the conduct of the majority in the General Assembly. Lord Dunfermline presided.
- Anti-Corn Law meeting at Manchester, Mr. Cobden in the chair. The Chartists and monopolists mustered in great force, and attempted to take possession of the place of meeting ; but after a noisy struggle they were completely overpowered and dispersed.
4.-Conclusion of debate on Sir Robert Peel's No-confidence motion. For, 312; against, 311; Ministers being thus in a minority of one. Lord John Russell undertakes to state the intentions of the Government on Monday. In the meantime he intimates the withdrawal of his motion on the subject of the Corn Laws.
5.-Public intimation given that the under the industry of the great and prevailing interests writers, being satisfied of the loss of the of the community.' President, are ready to settle with parties who have claims on them for losses.
14.-Mr.Macaulay,M.P., in his address to the
electors of Edinburgh, states that the question 7.-The British Consul at New York holds
now before the constituencies is simply whether a court of inquiry concerning the loss of the
they wish new contributions exacted from the President. Capt. Cole, of the Orpheus, left New people, or new markets opened up to them. York in company with her on the morning of the rith of March, and continued in sight until
--Admiral Stopford writes from Malta to Sir the evening of the 12th. He last saw her
Charles Napier, denying that he had ever about midway between the Nantucket Shoal
accused the Commodore of arrogating to him.
self the whole honour of the Syrian campaign. and the St. George's Bank, rising on the top of a tremendous sea, pitching and labouring
15.—The Queen and Prince Albert visit heavily. It was his belief that the President Oxford on Commemoration Day. did not survive that gale, but foundered, with --Lord Aberdeen presents a petition from the all on board, within a few hours after he saw seven suspended ministers of Strathbogie, prayher. In this opinion the most of the other ing the House to interfere to prevent the sennautical men present concurred.
tence of suspension being carried into effect; but --Lord John Russell announces the int tion Lord Melbourne, while sympathizing with their of the Ministry to advise the dissolution of the position, declines to commit the Government present Parliament, and the calling of a new to any direct course of action in their behalf. one as early as possible. Sir Robert Peel
21.-Anniversary of Battle of Trafalgar, therefore intimates his withdrawal of all ob
Launch of the Trafalgar man-of-war, at jections to the granting of supplies for six Woolwich, in the presence of the Queen, and months.
an immense gathering of people. At the 8.-Astley's Amphitheatre totally destroyed request of her Majesty, the vessel was chrisby fire, about 5.30 A.M., within thre;- suarters tened by Lady Bridport, a niece of Lord of an hour. Mr. Ducrow and his family had a Nelson, and the wine used was a portion of narrow escape, and one of the female servants that taken from the Victory after the battle of in the house was suffocated. There were about Trafalgar. There were about 500 people on fisty horses in the stable, besides two zebras board at the time of the launch, 100 of whom and a few asses. Only a small number were had taken part in the action after which the saved. The loss on the whole was estimated vessel was named. at 30,000l. The calamity so affected Mr. 22.–Parliament prorogued by the Queen in Ducrow that he lost his reason.
A Gazette Extraordinary was pub11.-At a meeting of the United Secession lished next day, announcing its dissolution. Synod in Glasgow a resolution, moved by
23.-Nomination day at Tamworth. In the Dr. Heugh, was carried, dismissing the appeal
course of his address, Sir Robert Peel said, of Mr. Morrison from a sentence of the Pres
“My object in political life was not so much to bytery of Kilmarnock, and continuing his sus
gain a position of official power, but to build pension on the ground of errors in doctrine.
up that great party, which has been gradually Dr. Brown, of Edinburgh, opposed the sentence
acquiring strength, and now presents, in firm of suspension, because he was convinced that
united ranks, a body of 300 members of Parmost of the doctrines charged against Mr.
liament. The rumours you have heard of Morrison could not be proved contrary to jealousies and differences of opinion are altoScripture.
gether without foundation. The party which 12.-One woman killed, and a large num has paid me the compliment of taking my ber injured, in the church of St. Thomas, advice and counsel is a united party, and no Ashton, in consequence of a rush to the doors, difference of principle prevails as to the course caused by a report that one of the galleries was which we ought to pursue.
So far as the giving way.
Corn Laws are concerned, I cannot consent to -Dinner and presentation of plate to the substitute a fixed duty of 8s. per quarter for the London sheriffs, in token of “high admiration of present ascending and descending scale. The the conduct of those gentlemen, who preferred proposition of buying corn in the cheapest to endure a painful and protracted imprison market is certainly tempting in theory ; but ment rather than submit to the undefined and before you determine that it is just, you arbitrary privilege assumed by the House of must ascertain the amount of the burdens to Commons."
which land in other countries is subjected, and -In his address to the electors of London,
compare them with the burdens imposed upon
land in this country. I think a prudent statesLord John Russell states that, “ in framing the measures lately announced to Parliament, it man would pause before he subverted the prin. has been the wish of the Queen's Government ciple on which protection is given to agriculture
in this country. to lighten that kind of taxation which, while it yields nothing to the Exchequer, presses heavily
Trial of Mr. Moxon for blasphemy, in pubon the people. They had also sought to unchain lishing Shelley's works, before Lord Denman
and a special jury, in the Court of Queen's recent elections :-“In the English cities and Bench. This case was originated by Henry boroughs there is a small majority in our favour. Hetherington, a bookseller in the Strand, who, In the Scotch cities and boroughs a very dein April, 1840, had been sentenced to four cided majority in the same way. In the Irish months' imprisonment for selling Haslam's boroughs and counties there is also a majority in "Letters to the Clergy,” Mr. Moxon was favour of the policy of the present Ministers. defended by his friend Mr. Serjeant Talfourd, In the Scotch counties the majority will be the who, in a speech of great power and beauty, other way, and in the English counties that pointed out the distinction between a man who majority will be overwhelming." publishes works which are infidel or impure because they are infidel or impure, and pub
26.--Her Majesty and Prince Albert leave lishes them in a form and at a price which
Windsor to visit the Duke of Bedford, at
Woburn, and Lord Melbourne, at Brocket indicate the desire that they should work
Hall. mischief, and one who publishes works in which evil of the same kind may be found, but who 28.-Eleventh Annual Meeting of British publishes them because, in spite of that im Association at Plymouth. Pres. Dr. Whewell. perfection, they are, on the whole, for the edification and delight of mankind. Lord Denman explained to the jury that they were August 4,-Messrs. William and Robert bound to take the law as it had been handed Chambers entertained at Peebles and presented down to them. The only question for their with the freedom of their native town “in consideration was whether the work in question testimony and approbation of their eminent deserved the imputations which were cast upon services in literature, education, and popular it in the indictment. The jury, after deliberri ing improvement.” for a quarter of an hour, declared the defendant
6.—Nine workmen killed, and four injured, guilty.
by an explosion in Thornley Pit, near Sunder25.- Public dinner to Mr. Chas. Dickens in
land. About a dozen others were got out the Waterloo Rooms, Edinburgh, Professor unharmed. Wilson in the clair. “I feel (he said, in replying to the toast of his health,) as if I
9.-Burning of the steamship Erie, trading stood among old friends whom I had intimately
between Buffalo and Chicago, and loss of 170
lives. known and highly valued. I feel as if the death of the fictitious creatures, in which you
Sir Henry Pottinger and Admiral Parker have been kind enough to express an interest,
arrive at Macao to supersede Captain Elliott had endeared us to each other, as real afilictions and Sir J. Bremner. deepen friendship in actual life.”
11,—The Commission of the General As27.-Election riot at Carlisle, in which two sembly, on the motion of Mr. Candlish, agree constables lose their lives.
by a large majority to institute proceedings 29.-Polling day in the City of London, against certain ministers and elders who had ending in the return of two Conservatives and assisted at the communion in the parishes of the two Liberals, the former being Masterman and suspended ministers, Strathbogie. A protest Lyle, and the latter Sir M. Wood and Lord was made by Dr. Cook and others, expressive John Russell. His lordship was lowest on the
of their intention to appeal without delay to a poll of those elected.
competent tribunal for a decision as to which 30, Great Western Railway opened
of the contending parties in the struggle was throughout from London to Bristol.
to be considered the Established Church of the
country. July 1.--Mr. Russell, the famous Jerry
14.-Accident to the royal hunting party Sneak” of Foote's “ Mayor of Garratt," takes
near Virginia Water, caused by the dogs starta farewell benefit at the Haymarket, after
ling the horses in some of the carriages drawn having been in the profession for 64 years.
up there to see the hunt. One of the postil. 5.-Sixty-four persons drowned at Ro
lions was much injured, and several narrow theram, Yorkshire, by the capsizing of a vessel
escapes were made from being thrown into the at launching, owing to the fact that, as the ves
water. •sel was leaving the stays, the persons on board
Wheat quoted at 86s. per quarter. rushed to the leeward side, to see the effect of the dash into the water, thus causing the
15.- Inauguration of the Napoleon column vessel to overbalance and overturn before she
at Boulogne. “On this spot (so it was rereached the water, which was about three
corded), I6th of August, 1804, Napoleon in feet from the ways.
presence of the Grand Army distributed the
decoration of the Legion of Honour to the sol10. — The Free-Trade candidates, Lord diers and citizens who had deserved well of Howick and Lord Morpeth, defeated in North Northumberland and the West Riding.
their country,--the four corps commanded by
Marshal Soult, and the flotilla under the com19.-In thanking the electors of London, mand of Admiral Bruer. Wishing to perpetuate Lord John Russell thus refers to the results of the the remembrance of this day, Louis Phillippe I.,