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his second to state that he regretted the expressions made use of at Canterbury (Oct. 31), which he felt on reflection were unjust towards her Majesty. Mr. Horsman thereupon withdrew his imputations.
5.-Edict of Emperor of China, terminating for ever all trade and intercourse with England.
6.-Inquest held on the body of Mary Davis, the wife of a farmer near Newport, who had committed suicide in consequence of threatening language used by a Chartist who called at her house for signatures to his petition. She was bewildered about the Chartists, she said, a few minutes before she died, and wanted to go out of the way. Verdict, “ Temporary insanity."
Died at Bath, in her eighty-eighth year, Madame D'Arblay (Miss Burney), a distinguished authoress of the latter part of last century.
7.-In a debate on the Address in the French Chamber of Deputies, M. de Lamartine said, “ France ought not to legitimise and make hereditary the dynasty of Mehemet Ali. To do so would be to proclaim war for a century against England in the East. That Power would never consent to recognise the existence of a Power which would hold the keys of the Arabian Gulf, and impede her intercourse with India. The system of policy with regard to the East ought to be to partition the lifeless and decaying empire of the Sultan. It was already crumbling to pieces, and every stone that fell from it would cause a shock, and struggle, and disturbance in Europe."
8.-Four lives lost on the ice in St. James's Park.
9.--Anti-Corn Law banquet at Manchester, held in a pavilion erected for the purpose in Peter-street.
10.-Commencement of Rowland Hill's system of Penny Postage. The number of letters despatcher from London was about four times the average quantity, and no less than seven-eighths were prepaid.
15.-The Chinese Commissioner Lin pub. lishes a letter to the Queen of England, " for the purpose of giving her clear and distinct information. Passing in review the various attempts of the Emperor to repress the opium trade, he concludes by an abstract of the new law about to be put in force. Any foreigner bringing opium to the Celestial Land with design to sell the same, the principals shall most assuredly be decapitated and the accessories strangled, and all property found on board the ship shall be confiscated. The space of a year and a half is granted within which if any bringing opium by mistake shall voluntarily deliver the same, he shall be absolved from all consequences of his crime."
16.--Parliament opened by the Queen in person.
Sentence of death pronounced on Frost, Williams, and Jones. (See Dec. 31.)
17.-Stockdale, the printer, committed to the custody of the Serjeant-at-Arms for contempt of the House and high breach of privilege in raising another action against Messrs. Hansard. (See 12 Nov. 1839.)
21.--Sir Fitzroy Kelly presents petitions from the Sheriffs of London, expressive of their sorrow at having incurred the displeasure of the House of Commons in Stockdale's case, and stating that they had acted in the belief that it was their duty to their sovereign and the Court of Queen's Bench, whose sworn servants they
The House resolved, by a majority of 101, that they had been guilty of a breach of privilege, and should be committed to the custody of the Serjeant-at-Arms. .
24.-The Bishop of Exeter presents a petition to the House of Lords, signed by 4,000 inhabitants of Birmingham, alleging the danger to morals from the spread of the system denominated Socialism, and praying their Lordships to take steps to check the evil.
Lord John Russell submits a proposal to the House to settle 50,000l. per annum on Prince Albert. Reduced on the 27th, in consequence of Mr. Hume's amendment, to 30,000l.
Prince Albert invested with the Order of the Garter at Gotha.
25.-The Serjeant-at-Arms, in return to a writ of Habeas Corpus, appears in the Court of Queen's Bench with the Sheriffs of London in custody. After hearing counsel on both sides, the judges were of opinion that this was a good and sufficient return to the writ, and remanded them to the custody of the Serjeant-at-Arms.
30.-Mr. Bullhead, a linendraper, commits suicide by throwing himself from the tower of Glastonbury Church, while in a state of despondency, caused by pecuniary losses.
31.-- Conclusion of debate on Sir J. Y. Buller's no-confidence motion. For Ministers, 308 ; against, 287.
February 1.-The State of Pennsylvania declared insolvent.
The Emperor's sub-inspector at Canton issues an edict, stating that he had received instructions to seize all the English in Macao, including Captain Elliot and the two interpreters, Gutzlaff and Morrison.
7.–Treaty for the marriage of her Majesty with Prince Albert signed at London.
10.- Marriage of the Queen and Prince Albert.-As soon as daylight broke this morning the metropolis presented all the characteristics that mark the opening of a universal and joyous holiday. Crowds were hastening from all quarters in the direction of Buckingham Palace, or the Chapel Royal, St. James's, where the ceremony was to be performed. At the Palace the Duchess of Kent
and twelve bridesmaids were in attendance on housekeeper, she knows nothing about the her Majesty at an early hour. Prince Albert under-servants. Lady Seymour explains that and his party left the Palace about a quarter she understood Stedman, in addition to her of an hour before her Majesty's departure, other talents, had some practice in cooking for 12 o'clock. Her Majesty on arriving at St. the little Shuckburghs. The housemaid is James's was conducted to her apartments behind instructed to answer this note, and say, “Stedthe Throne room, where she remained, attended man informs me that your ladyship does not by her maids of honour and train-bearers, till keep either a cook or housekeeper, and that summoned by the Lord Chamberlain to take you only require a girl who can cook a muttonher part in the procession. As the bride- chop; if so, Stedman, or any other scullion, groom's procession moved along the colonnade will be found fully equal to cook for, or manage leading to the chapel he was loudly cheered, the establishment of the Queen of Beauty." and appeared delighted with his reception. 9.-Steeplechase at Sheffield, between a The royal procession passed along the colonnade | hunting-horse and Cootes the celebrated runner ; a few minutes later, entering the chapel about won by the latter. twenty minutes to 1 o'clock. Her Majesty wore a Honiton lace robe and veil, of the most
10.-Dinner to Mr. Byng, in celebration of
his services for fifty years as Member of Parliaexquisite workmanship. The only ornament
ment for the County of Middlesex. on her head was a wreath of orange-flowers and a small diamond pin, by which the nuptial
17.–Feargus O'Connor tried at the Yorkveil was fastened to her hair. Her train was
shire Assizes for inciting the working classes, of white satin, with a deep fringe of lace.
through his speeches and writings, to rebellion. Prince Albert met her Majesty on the haut-pas,
Judgment deferred. and conducted her to her seat on the right side of Action by Lady Bulwer against the publisher the altar. The ceremony was then proceeded
of the Court Journal, for inserting a paragraph with by the Archbishop of Canterbury. At
to the effect that she had conducted herself in the conclusion the several members of the an offensive manner to Mr. Henry Bulwer, at Royal Family congratulated her Majesty and the a party in Paris. Damages awarded, 50l. Prince in an unceremonious and cordial manner. 23.- Fire at Fordington, Dorsetshire, ending The Prince then took her Majesty's hand, and in the destruction of fifty-four small houses. led her out of the chapel, the spectators all 25.–The Anti-Corn Law League assemble standing. On reaching the Throne-room, the at Brown's Hotel, Palace Yard, and pass marriage register was signed and attested by the
resolutions designed to secure the abolition of Royal Family and officers of state. The Queen the corn duties. and Prince Albert immediately afterwards returned to Buckingham Palace in one carriage,
27.–Lady Bulwer again brings an action and were welcomed most heartily by the cheers against Messrs. Lawson and Thackeray, this
time in the Tribunal of Correctional Police, of her subjects. The royal bridal party left in the afternoon for Windsor Castle. The re
Paris, but is defeated on the plea that her
husband was not a consenting party to the joicings throughout the kingdom in connexion with the event were universal and enthusiastic.
proceedings. 13.-Ministers defeated by a majority of 10
31.–Up to this date, the total number of on Mr. Herries' motion regarding finance.
petitions presented against the Corn-laws was
2,141, bearing 980,352 signatures. In favour 14.-The Court of Session delivers judg- of the Corn-laws, 2,886, bearing 138,051 sigment in the Strathbogie case, extending the
natures. interdict, originally granted for two Sundays, to a period unlimited, and sanctioning its effect throughout the entire parishes of the seven
April 6.-Mr. Temple Frere drowned at
Cambridge, when attempting to save the life of suspended ministers.
a fellow-student in the river. 26.—Her Majesty and Prince Albert visit
9.-Termination of debate on Sir James Drury Lane in state, being their first appearance in public since their marriage.
Graham's motion censuring Ministers for the
involved condition of our relations with China, March 3.-Hostile meeting on Wimbledon
Majority for Ministers, 10. Common between Louis Napoleon and Count
10.- At a meeting of the Sub-Committee of Leon, a reputed son of the Emperor Napo
the Nelson monument, the offer of Messrs. leon. The police interfered, and carried the
Grissell and Peto to erect the column in Tra. parties to Bow-street, where they were bound falgar-square for 17,8601. in two years, was over to keep the peace. 8.-The newspapers publish a correspon
Died at Edinburgh, aged 83 years, Alex. dence between Lady Seymour, the Eglinton
ander Nasmyth, founder of the Scottish school Queen of Beauty, and Lady Shuckburgh.
of landscape painting. Lady Seymour writes to know the character of 14.- Richard Gould tried at the Central a servant named Stedman, and whether she Criminal Court for the murder of John Temwas a good plain cook, or not. Lady Shuck- | plemann, at Islington, in March last, and burgh replies, that having a professed cook and acquitted. He was afterwards tried for the
burglary committed on the premises, and found guilty.
The royal assent given to a bill affording summary protection to persons employed in the publication of parliamentary papers.
15.–Five footmen in the service of noblemen in London charged at Queen-square with assaulting and threatening a servant in Earl Galloway's employment, because he would not conform to the rules of the footmen's club by paying his "footing ” for the use of the room set apart for them at the House of Lords. They were fined 10s. each.
24.-Meeting in the Freemasons' Hall, Earl Stanhope in the chair, to petition Parliament against the continuance of the opium
28.-At the meeting of the Synod of Moray, the “moderate" party carried a resolution permitting the seven suspended Strathbogie ministers to vote on making up the poll, and to act and vote on any business taken up by the Synod.
29.-Disturbance in the Italian Operahouse, caused by the non-engagement of Signor Tamburini.
It is reported regarding the wood pavement in the Metropolis that, over the portion laid down in Oxford-street during the last sixteen months, there had travelled 7,000 vehicles and 12,000 horses, with scarcely any appearance of wear or change on the surface.
A gardener, named Smith, attacks three police officers in the prison yard at Huddersfield with a pruning-knife, and inflicts such injuries on Duke, the chief of the force, that he dies in a few hours.
He went into his lordship's room, and I followed him, when on opening the shutters we found his lordship in bed murdered. We then ran into the street, and alarmed some of the neighbours. Dr. Elsegood was amongst the first who went into the room afterwards. found his lordship in bed in the front room on the second floor, lying on his back, partially towards his right side. A towel was thrown over his face, which I removed. He appeared to have been dead about four hours.
On removing the towel I found a wound extending from the left shoulder down to the trachea, four or five inches in depth, and seven inches long. The wound, which had been inflicted by some sharp instrument, must have caused almost immediate death. The deceased could not have inflicted such a wound on himself, and then placed the cloth over his face.” In a confession made in prison on the 22d June, the valet Courvoisier described the manner in which the murder was committed, thus :-“ As I was coming up stairs from the kitchen, I thought it was all up with me. [Lord William Russell had been complaining of his conduct.] My character was gone, and I thought murdering him was the only way to cover my faults. I went into the dining-room and took a knife from the sideboard. On going up stairs I opened his door and heard him snoring in his sleep. There was a rushlight burning in his room at this time.
I went near the bed by the side of the window, and then I murdered him. He just moved his arm a little, and never spoke a word. I took a towel which was on the back of the chair and wiped my hand and the knife. After that I took his key and opened the Russian leather box, and put it in the state in which it was found in the morning. The towel I put over his face, and undressed and went to bed.”
Lord Stanley postpones his motion on the Irish Registration Bill, in consequence of the absence of Lord Jol Russell, caused by the death of Lord William.
8.-Workmen searching the house of Lord William Russell find two bank-notes for rol. and 51., hidden behind the skirting board adjoining the sink in the butler's pantry, and to which Courvoisier only had access. In that portion of the house they also ultimately find the missing rings, locket, and gold coins secreted in obscure corners. “The watch and seal were in my jacket pocket which I had on until the Friday morning, and then I undid the ribbon and took the seal off. Having the watch in my pocket, the glass came out ; but I did not know what to do with it, as the police were watching me. I dropt some of the pieces of glass about the dining-room, and at different times put the large pieces in my mouth, and afterwards having broken them with my teeth spat them in the fire-place. I afterwards burned the ribbon, and put the watch under the lead in the sink."--Confession. On the
May 1.-A penny postage envelope, designed by W. Mulready, R. A. issued to the public.
6.- The Gresham Committee meet to decide between the plans of Mr. Tite and Mr. Cockerell for the new Royal Exchange. The former chosen by a vote of 13 to 7.
Lord William Russell found murdered in his bedroom, No. 14, Norfolk-street, Parklane. “This morning,” said the housemaid, “I rose about half-past six, and went down stairs about a quarter before seven o'clock. I went into the back drawing-room, and there I saw his lordship's writing-desk broken open, and his keys and papers lying on the carpet. I opened the dining-room and found the drawers open, and the candlesticks and several other pieces of plate lying on the floor. I ran up stairs and told my neighbour servant the cook, with whom I slept, what had happened. I also told the valet, who slept in an adjoining room, and asked him what he had been doing with the silver, for it was lying all about. He said he had been doing nothing with it, but he got up
and went down stairs, when he declared the place had been robbed. I then said, “For God's sake go and see where his lordship is.'
evening of the roth Courvoisier was taken into appearance of a half clad lunatic, on horseback, custody, and conveyed to Bow-street.
among the crowd of nobility in their carriages, 9.-Lord Palmerston writes to Earl Gran- listening to the band of the ist Life Guards. ville at Paris : "Her Majesty's Government 30.--Intelligence reaches England of the having taken into consideration the request suffocation of 600 slaves in the “middle pasmade by the Government of France for permis- sage," and the death of 100 additional in the sion to remove from St. Helena to France the same vessel during her return to Mozambique remains of Napoleon Buonaparte, your Excel- for a new cargo. lency is instructed to assure M. Thiers that her Majesty's Government will, with great pleasure, June 1.–The first public meeting of the accede to this request.”
Society for the Extinction of the Slave Trade, 11.–Feargus O'Connor sentenced to eigh- and for the civilization of Africa, held in teen months' imprisonment in York Castle, for Exeter Hall, presided over by Prince Albert. libel.
“I sincerely trust,” he said, " that this great 12.-The Rev. G. Grantham, of Magdalen country will not relax in its efforts until it has College, Oxford, killed by falling from the finally and for ever put an end to a state of window of his room on the second story of things so repugnant to the principles of Christhe new buildings.
tianity and to the best feelings of our nature." 15.--Motion in the House of Commons, by
Mr. Fowell Buxton, Sir Robert Peel, Lord Mr. T. Duncombe, agreed to, that Stockdale Ashley, and others, addressed the meeting. and his attorney be discharged from Newgate.
2.--Serjeant Talfourd calls the attention of 20.– York Minster narrowly escapes a
the House of Commons to the unnecessarily second destruction by fire. As it was, the belfry,
harsh treatment of Vincent and O'Connor in where the flames were first seen, was totally prison. Lord John Russell stated in reply, that destroyed, and the oak roof of the nave seriously
certain prison regulations at present in force injured.
should be relaxed; but that the facts had been 21. - Opening of the General Assembly of greatly exaggerated. the Church of Scotland. The first division
3.—The fancy “properties” of the Eglinwas on the choice of a moderator, when Dr.
ton tournament sold by auction, and purchased, Makeller, supported by the non-intrusion party,
in most instances, by the metropolitan theatres. was carried (in opposition to Dr. Hill, of Dailly,
7.--Fire in Ivy-lane, Newgate-street, and nominated by the retiring moderator), by a
loss of five lives- Mrs. Price and four children. majority of 195 to 147.
9. - The Chinese attempt to burn the Eng. 22.–Public meeting held in Edinburgh in lish shipping at Canton by fire-boats. support of the Earl of Aberdeen's bill for
10.—The newspapers publish the details of removing doubts respecting the allocation and an attempt at murder said to have been made admission of ministers to benefices in Scot- by the Swiss governess in the household of land. Resolutions approving of the bill were the Duke of Argyll. About midnight she was submitted and carried.
noticed with a knife in her hand making for 23.- Public meeting held in Edinburgh to
the duchess's room, and secured mainly through express disapproval of the same bill.
the presence of mind of the youngest Lady 25.-- At a meeting of the Roman Catholic
Campbell. Institute, in Freemasons' Hall, an encyclical
Attempt to shoot the Queen and Prince letter from Pope Gregory was read, approving
Albert by Edward Oxford, potboy.--About six of the design of the institute, " for protecting
o'clock this evening the Queen and Prince the followers of our divine faith in freedom and
left Buckingham Palace by the garden gate security, and for the publication of works vin
opening from Constitution-hill. They were dicating the spouse of the immaculate Lamb
seated in a very low German droschky, drawn from the calumnies of the heterodox."
by four horses with postilions, preceded by 26.-The General Assembly mainly engaged
two outriders, and followed by two equerries. in discussing the appeal of the Strathbogie
A number of people, assembled to witness her ministers against the legality of the sentence
departure, were ranged in two lines outside the
gate. After the carriage had proceeded a of suspension. Patrick Robertson, advocate,
short distance up Constitution-hill
, so as to be was heard for the ministers, and Dr. Cook
quite clear of the crowd, a young man on the submitted a motion, declaring that the decision
Green Park side of the road presented a pistol, of the commission exceeded its powers, and
and fired it directly at her Majesty. The ought to be rescinded. A counter-motion,
Prince, hearing the whistle of the ball, turned moved by the Procurator, was carried by a
his head in the direction of the report, and majority of 227 to 143.
her Majesty at the same instant rose, but Prince 28.-Captain Otway, of the Life Guards,
Albert suddenly pulled her down by his side. killed in Hyde Park, by his horse falling back “The report of the pistol” (says Perks, a witand crushing him.
ness) "attracted my attention, and I heard a 29.-Confusion and many narrow escapes
distinct whizzing or buzzing before my eyes, in Kensington Gardens, caused by the sudden between my face and the carriage. The
moment he fired the pistol he turned himself round as if to see if any one was behind him. He then set himself back again, drew a second pistol with his left hand from his right breast, presented it across the one he had already fired, which he had in his right hand, and fired again, taking very deliberate aim." Several persons at once rushed upon him. He was then calm and collected, admitted firing the pistols, and went away quietly with two of the police to Queen-square station. He there gave his name as Edward Oxford, 17 years
The Queen, as might be supposed, appeared extremely pale from the aların, but rising to show that she was unhurt, ordered the postilions to drive to Ingestre House, the residence of the Duchess of Kent, where her Majesty and the Prince remained a short time. On returning by Hyde Park the royal pair were received by a large gathering of ladies and gentlemen, and escorted to Buckingham Palace, which they reached about twenty minutes past seven o'clock. In the evening large numbers of the nobility called at the Palace to offer their congratulations.
11.-On examination before the Privy Council Oxford made the following declaration :-“A great many witnesses against me. Some say I shot with my left, others with my right. They vary as to the distance. After I fired the first pistol Prince Albert got up as if he would jump out of the coach, and sat down again as if he thought better of it. Then I fired the second pistol. This is all I shall say at present.” On searching his lodg. ings a quantity of powder and shot was found, and the rules of a secret society, styled “Young England,” prescribing among other things that every member should, when ordered to meet, be armed with a brace of loaded pistols and a sword, and a black crape cap to cover his face. The prisoner was this day committed for trial on the charge of high treason in its most aggravated form-a direct attempt on the life of the Queen. The surmises as to the attempt being part of a wide-spread conspiracy, were not established by the careful inquiries to which the outrage led.
12.--At a Court held this afternoon at Buckingham Palace, a joint address from both Houses of Parliament was presented to her Majesty, expressive of indignation at the late attempt against her life, and heartfelt congratulations on her preservation. Her Majesty replied, "I am deeply sensible of the mercy of Divine Providence, to whose continued protection I humbly commend myself, and I trust that under all trials I shall find the same consolation and support which I now derive from the loyal and affectionate attachment of my Parliament and my people." Addresses were also presented by many public bodies throughout the kingdom. Indeed, for some weeks the excitement produced by the outrage absorbed all other topics of public interest. 16.-- In the debate on the second reading
of the Church of Scotland Benefices Bill, Lord Aberdeen reprobated the conduct of the As. sembly, characterised their objection to his bill as monstrous and unheard of, and repelled the charge that it was the prelude to a tyranny designed to unchristianize the parishes of Scotland, and trample on the rights of conscience.
17.-The Lord William Bentinck and the Lord Castlereagh, troop-ships, wrecked off Bombay harbour.
18.–Commenced in the Central Criminal Court, before Chief Justice Tindal and Baron Parke, the trial of François Benjamin Courvoisier, for the murder of Lord William Russell. Counsel for the prosecution, Messrs. Adolphus, Bodkin, and Chambers ; for the prisoner, Mr. Charles Phillips and Mr. Clarkson. The first witness examined was the housemaid, Sarah Mancel, who spoke to the appearance of the house on the morning of the murder, and the conduct of the prisoner when they found their master murdered. On the second day an important witness turned up, viz. Charlotte Piolaine, of the Hôtel Dieppe, Leicester-square, who spoke to the fact of the prisoner (formerly a servant there) having left a portion of the missing plate with her, some days before the murder was committed. He had a paper parcel in his hand, and asked me if I would take care of it until the Tuesday fol. lowing, when he would call for it. I said, 'Certainly, I would ;' and he left it with me and went away. I put the parcel in a closet, locked
and never saw the prisoner till this day. I took the parcel out of the closet yesterday for the first time in consequence of a statement read by my cousin out of a French newspaper, to the effect that it was likely, seeing that the prisoner was a foreigner, he might have disposed of the missing plate at some of the foreign hotels in London. "On the following morning the prisoner made a confession of guilt to his counsel, Mr. Phillips ; but after consultation with the judges it was considered proper to carry on the original line of defence, particularly as the prisoner himself wished this done. Mr. Phillips continued to discharge his irksome task to the close of the trial, on the third day, when the jury returned a verdict of guilty. " The age of your victim," said Chief Justice Tindal, “his situation of master, had no effect on you. To atone to society, which has received a shock by your crime, and to prevent the recurrence of it, you must suffer an ignominious death. What may have been your precise or actual motive it is impossible to state. I fear it has been the lust of filthy lucre. It has been demonstrated in this instance by the providence of God, in no ordinary manner, that the crime committed in darkness should be brought to light.” The prisoner was sentenced to be executed on the 6th of July.
20.-Severe strictures passed on the Tory press for affecting to believe that the attempt of Oxford was a mere Whig trick to secure the ministry in office.