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26. –The Prussian seaman, Ehlert, tried at
Mahomed Khan. “He was not accompanied Durham assizes for the murder of his captain, by any person of consequence, and his followers and sentenced to be executed. He was con- are said to have been reduced below the num. demned mainly on the testimony of an appren- ber of roo on the day of his departure.". tice, whose assistance he had secured to carry
8.–The Postage Duties Bill passes the out the crime.
House of Lords. 29.– The new Postage Duties Bill passed
Died at Rockhall, Dumfriesshire, Sir Robert the House of Commons.
Grierson, the fourth baronet of Lag, a lieutenant 30.-Trial of Bolam at the Northumberland on half-pay, in the IIth Foot. He was over assizes for the murder of Joseph Millie, at 100 years of age, and had drawn half-pay for Newcastle (Dec. 7, 1838). The jury returned seventy-six years. a verdict of manslaughter, and Baron Maule sentenced him to transportation for life.
11.-This (Sunday) afternoon, a body of
about 500 Chartists met in West Smithfield, 31.-Lord John Russell writes to the magis.
and walked in procession to St. Paul's Cathetrates of Manchester, warning them to be
dral, which they occupied for some time. At watchful of the movements of evil-disposed
Manchester, in conformity with O'Connor's people, who were seeking to obtain money
advice, they also took possession of the Cathefrom householders and shopkeepers, by threatening them with personal danger and loss of nouncing as his text, “My house is the house
dral, but left abruptly on the preacher anbusiness, or marking down their names and
of prayer, but ye have made it a den of reporting them as enemies.
12.–At Manchester, Bolton, Macclesfield, August 2.-- Vincent, Edwards, Townsend, and various other centres of industry, the and Dickenson, Chartist agitators, tried at Chartists sought to raise disturbances by comMonmouth for sedition, and sentenced to terms pelling working-men to cease from their labour. of imprisonment varying from six to twelve No excitement throughout the country gene. months.
rally. At a meeting of the Exeter Town Council, 15.--Came on at Chester Assizes the trial the City Treasurer declared that he had neither
of the Rev. J. R. Stephen, charged with mismoney nor credit, and that the city did not
demeanour, in so far as he had attended an possess sufficient funds to pay 37. for a supply unlawful meeting, and incited those present to of potatoes to the jail.
a disturbance of the public peace. He spoke In the House of Lords, Lord Brougham for five hours in defence, was found guilty, and carries his motion for an address to the Crown sentenced to eighteen months' imprisonment on the subject of the Portuguese slave-trade. in Knutsford Jail.
3.-Five of the Birmingham rioters tried at 16.-Lord Tavistock writes to the Chronicle Warwick; Howell, Roberts, and Jones sen- denying that Lady Tavistock took any part tenced to death, but afterwards reprieved. whatever against Lady Flora Hastings, or ever At the Crown Court at Bodmin, Felix Lovell,
imparted any suspicion, or made any commu. for twenty years a clerk in the Customs, was
nication, direct or indirect, to her Majesty sentenced to fourteen years' transportation for
concerning that lady. embezzling 300 sovereigns and various bills of 17.-Penny Postage Act passed. exchange.
24.-Slave-trade Suppression Act(Portugal) 6.- The Chartist National Convention re- passed. moves from Bolt Court, Fleet-street, to the 26.--Tried at Liverpool the case of Rutter Arundel Coffee-house, where they issue a V. Chapman, involving the validity of the declaration concerning the postponement of Manchester Charter. The judge directed a “the sacred month.” Though the people are verdict for the defendant, on the ground that not generally prepared to carry out the month the Privy Council could grant the charter on in its entirety, the delegates are convinced that the petition which had been presented from “most of the trades may be induced to cease Manchester ; but allowed Mr. Cresswell to working on the 12th for two or three days, in tender a bill of exceptions, on which the case order to devote the whole of that time to solemn could be argued in the court above. processions and meetings for deliberating on the 27.-Parliament prorogued. In the Speech present awful state of the country.”
her Majesty said :-“It has been with 'satis7.–Cabool captured, and entered by Shah faction that I have given my consent to a Soojah, accompanied by the British Envoy, the reduction of the Postage Duties. I trust that commanding officer of the army, and a squadron the Act which has been passed on this subject of British cavalry. After traversing the streets will be a relief and encouragement to trade, and and reaching the palace in the Bala Hissar, a that by facilitating intercourse and correspond. royal salute was fired, and congratulations ence it will be productive of much social ad. offered to his Majesty on regaining the throne vantage and improvement.” It was with great of his ancestors. Envoy Macnaghten describes pain, it was mentioned, she “had been comthe breaking-up of the army and fight of Dost pelled to enforce the law against those who on
longer concealed their design of resisting, by The Directors of the Thames Tunnel Com. force, the lawful authorities, and of subverting pany give a dinner in the Tunnel to celebrate the institutions of the country.”
the reaching of low-water mark. 28.- Tournament at Eglinton Castle.—The tilt-yard was formed on a lawn a little south of Sept. 3.-Miss Ellen Tree makes her first the castle. A wooden paling, about five feet appearance in the Haymarket Theatre after her in height, served to keep back the crowd ; return from America, as Viola, in “ Twelfth while the grand stand, with seats for 800
Night." persons, and two smaller galleries right and left, containing 700 each, formed nearly the
The Presbytery of Aberdeen declare their whole southern side of the arena. At each end
intention of withdrawing their certificate from of the arena, and within the enclosure, the en
Professor Blackie, on the ground that he did
not sign and accept the Confession of Faith campments or positions of the various knights were pitched. The rising ground on the northern
in that unqualified manner required by the Act
of Parliament. side of the lists was completely covered with spectators, and in various places throughout 4.-In the Presbytery of Glasgow, the Rev. the park, wherever a glimpse of the lists could Mr. Fairbairn, of Bridgeton, calls attenbe obtained, vehicles crowded with visitors were tion to the extraordinary revival of religion drawn up. The weather, unfortunately, was which had manifested itself among the people most unfavourable. The rain commenced to of Kilsyth. The Rev. Mr. Burns afterwards fall heavily in the forenoon, which not only addressed the Presbytery, detailing the chief led to a curtailment in the splendour of the characteristics by which this revival was disgrand procession from the castle, but damped tinguished. the enthusiasm of many who had undertaken 7.-Fall of a house on the east side of the long journeys to be present at this revival of
Edgware-road; a maid-servant killed. ancient state. After the procession had moved round the arena, the King of the Tournament
11.--At the Surrey Sessions, John Benchey (the Marquis of Londonderry) and the Queen
and Martha Stone, indicted for stealing, with of Beauty (Lady Seymour), with their attend- great violence, from the person of Robert ants, took their places on the grand stand, and
Young, W.S., Edinburgh, a watch, pair of the knights, with their suites, withdrew to spectacles, and wig, were sentenced to ten their respective tents. Some jousting then
years' transportation. took place in the tilting-ground, the most no- A young woman named Margaret Moyes ticeable encounters being those between the committed suicide by throwing herself from the Earl of Eglinton (Lord of the Tournament) top of the Monument. At the inquest a witness, and the Marquis of Waterford (Knight of the living in Monument-yard, said he saw the de. Dragon). There was also a broadsword en- ceased in her descent. She turned round twice, counter between Louis Napoleon and Mr. and made motions with her arms. He found Lamb, Knight of the White Rose. On the her on the ground, the left arm several feet following day (Thursday), the weather put a from the body, and a good deal of blood complete stop to all outdoor display ; but on flowing. A rope was found on the railings, Friday the sports were resumed, and carried which she had used as a stirrup to mount to through with great spirit. Throughout the the top. The juiy returned a verdict of temkingdom the interest in the Tournament was porary insanity, with a recommendation to the so great, that it was calculated no less than Corporation to rail in the top of the Monument, 100,000 visitors gathered round “the Castle to prevent the recurrence of similar acts. o' Montgomery on the first day of the spec- 12.- Robbery in the United Service Clubtacle,
house, which led to an inquiry, ending in the Died at Northampton, aged seventy years, dismissal of Mr. Fenn, the steward. William Smith, LL.D., F.G.S., “the father of English Geology."
13.–First experiment made in England
with the invention of M. Daguerre. M. St. 29.-Affray at Egham Races between a band Croix, just arrived from Paris, exhibited the of thimble-riggers and certain soldiers of the instrument and process in presence of a select 45th regiment.
party of scientific men and artists, and suc30.---Mr. Macnaghten, the British Envoy
ceeded in producing a picture of the place of at Cabool, writes, Everything is going on
meeting, No. 7, Piccadilly. well here. Two regiments of infantry, and
Daniel O'Connell issues a manifesto from one of cavalry, are to be left at Cabool, and Derrynane, pressing upon his countrymen the another at Jellalabad, where it is thought Shah necessity of registering, to prevent a flood of Soojah intends to winter."
evils from overwhelming the land; for “at no Grand entertainment at Dover to the Duke period of English history did there exist towards of Wellington, as Lord Warden of the
İreland, among the English people, a stronger Cinque Ports. The toast of the day was spoken spirit of hate and antipathy than at present. to by Lord Brougham, who bestowed bound- 14.--Dissolution of the Chartist National less praise on the noble Duke.
18.---Brigadier Dennie encounters Dost Mahomed at Bameean. The Dost defeated, with considerable loss.
20.-Feargus O'Connor arrested at Manchester on a judge's warrant for seditious conspiracy.
Died Vice-Admiral Sir Thomas Hardy, of Copenhagen and Trafalgar, aged 70.
21.--Lucy Brown, a young woman, seduced and afterwards discarded by a merchant in London, commits suicide by leaping from the bridge into the Serpentine.
23.-Colonel Pasley, R. E. succeeds in raising a portion of the wreck of the Royal George by an explosion of gunpowder. The mainmast, pieces of the hull
, capstan and tiller, and several guns were brought up by the aid of divers, who descended after the explosion. The operations were continued with interesting results for some seasons.
27.-Meeting of British Association at Birmingham : Pres. Rev. W. Vernon-Harcourt.
October 1.--Mr. Macaulay, the new War Secretary, writes to his Edinburgh constituents an address, dated “Windsor Castle,” in which he says, “ I have accepted office because I am of opinion that in office I can most effectually promote the success of those principles which recommended me to your favour. I shall quit office with far more pleasure than I accepted it, as soon as I am convinced that by quitting it I should serve the cause of temperate liberty and progressive reform.”
7.-The creditors of the late Duke of Kent waited upon the Queen to present an address of thanks for her payment of the Duke's debts. No less than 50,000l, is said to have been furnished by her Majesty's privy purse for this filial act.
9.-Robbery of a box, containing 5,000l. in gold and notes, from the boot of the coach running between Manchester and the Potteries.
Suspension of specie payments in Philadelphia and other cities of the Union.
10.- Prince Albert and his father, the hereditary Prince of Saxe Coburg, arrive at the Tower, and proceed first to Buckingham Palace, and then to Windsor, on a visit to the Queen.
13.- James Bryan, a native of Ayrshire, and a person of weak intellect, presents himself at Windsor as a suitor for the hand of her Majesty.
14.-- Fight between English and Irish navvies employed on the Chester and Birkenhead Railway. The military were called in to disperse the combatants.
15.—The British Queen arrives at Portsmouth with news of a financial crisis in New York, and the probable suspension of several
17.-Poulett Thomson arrives at Quebec as Governor of British North America.
18.–The Queen of the French struck on the cheek with a stone thrown into the royal carriage near the Tuileries by a mad woman named Giordet.
Another suicide from the top of the Monument. Several spectators saw a lad deliberately climb over the iron breastwork of the gallery, stand upon the edge of the coping outside, turn round, so as to have his back to the railing over which he had clambered, and then, after a moment's pause, leap to the earth. The body was shockingly mangled, and death instantaneous. A Bible which he had carried up was found on the floor of the gallery. The lad was named Hawes, and not over fifteen years of age.
19.-Sir John Colborne, who had rendered great services in the settlement of Canadian affairs, leaves Montreal for England.
22.- A false account published by London papers of the death of Lord Brougham, by the overturning of his carriage near Penrith, with comments on his character.
24.--Banquet at Edinburgh to Sir John Campbell, one of the city members, and Attorney-General. In reply to the toast of the evening, the learned gentleman passed in review the work of the session, and the measures taken to obstruct it by the Opposition.
26.-"Much has been said in some quarters of the payment out of her Majesty's privy purse of the debts of the late Duke of York. We have no desire to withhold from her Majesty the credit justly due to such an act of grace. But it should not be lost sight of that the Duke's executors had succeeded in Chancery in establishing their claim against the Crown to the mines of Cape Breton, as comprised in a grant of the mines of the province of Nova Scotia, which the Crown had made to the Duke for sixty years from 1826. The Crown must either have paid the Duke's debts, or suffered the mines to be worked for the benefit of the creditors.”— Morning Post.
31.-At a meeting of the Canterbury Conservative Registration Society, Mr. Bradshaw, M.P. for Canterbury, made a violent attack on the Queen, Court, and Ministers. Her Majesty (he said) was the Queen only of a faction, and as much a partisan as the Lord Chancellor himself; and as for the Minister, nothing was too low or too foul for his purpose, and he could only crawl on by casting behind him every feeling of honour and high principle.
November 4.-Serious Chartist riots at Newport, Monmouthshire. According to a preconcerted arrangement numerous disaffected * hill men,” chiefly under the leadership of John Frost and Zephaniah Williams, commenced their march on Saturday night (20), armed with guns, pistols, swords, crowbars, and pickaxes. Sacking the villages through
The Queen Dowager leaves Bushy Park for a “a progress” through Warwickshire and Devonshire.
which they passed, and compelling the adult bourne, in returning thanks for “Her Majesty's male population to join them, they reached Ministers,” was received with noisy signs of Tredegar Park about four o'clock this morning, disapprobation. The tumult latterly became 20,000 strong; there they waited two hours so outrageous and undignified, that the Lord for another division from Pontypool and its Mayor was compelled to interfere, by declaring neighbourhood, under the leadership of Wil- that the company were not paying that respect liam Jones. This junction being effected, they to himself and the Sheriffs which they had a formed into two divisions, and entered New- right to expect. port, one marching down Snow-hill, the other
12.–Stockdale raises a new action against through Charles-street, and both joining in
Messrs. Hansard, printers to the House of the centre of the principal street. The magis- Commons, contending for 50,000l. damages. trates, having private information as to the Messrs. Hansard are instructed not to respond, intention of the rioters, were at the time as- and the case is heard by the Under-Sheriff and sembled in the Westgate Arms Inn, supported a jury in Red Lion-square, who award 600!. by a party of the 45th Foot, under the com- damages. mand of Lieut. Gray. Led by John Frost, the
Fire in Widegate-alley, Bishopsgate, in mob directed its course to the Westgate Inn,
which eight lives were lost. and at once proceeded to demolish the house
15.—Colonel Pasley, R.E. reports the disand fire upon the soldiers within. Before a soldier was allowed to act the magistrates at
continuance, for the present, of efforts to raise
the wreck of the Royal George at Spithead. tempted to restore peace by remonstrating with the deluded men. Finding this ineffectual,
During the recent experiments, 12,940 lbs. of
powder had been spent in blasting, and they however, the Mayor (Mr. T. Phillips) gave the soldiers an order to load. “ While the men
had succeeded in raising about 100 tons of
wreck. were loading I heard several shots fired in the passage of the house, and the windows of the 16.--Service of plate, valued at 1,250 room containing the soldiers were beaten against guineas, presented to Mr. Robert Stephenson, on the outside. I was wounded in the arm the engineer, by the contractors of the London and hip in the act of opening the window
and Birmingham Railway, at a public dinner shutter before the soldiers fired.” Lieut. Gray
in the Albion Tavern. said, “I directed the men to spare their ammu- Died John Lander, the African traveller, nition. We began with twenty-two rounds,
aged 32. and fired about three upon the average. I 18.-Sudden illness of the Duke of Welbelieve the mob fired deliberately upon us after
lington, at Walmer Castle. we had unmasked ourselves by opening the window. I stood before them in my uniform,
20.–The Commander-in-chief, Lord Hill, and the soldiers in a line behind me. We
censures Colonel Thomas and other officers for found nine dead bodies.” The rioters broke
being present at a political dinner at Ashtonup under the steady fire of the soldiers, and
under-Lyne, where abusive language was used retired to the outskirts of the town, carrying
concerning the Queen. their wounded, and some of their dead, with
Murder of Rev. John Williams, missionary, them. Frost was apprehended next day, and
in South Sea Islands. on his person were found a brace and a half of 23.-At a special meeting of the Privy pistols, a flask of powder, and a large quantity Council, her Majesty announces her resolution of balls and caps.
to ally herself in marria with Prince Albert 6.-H.M. frigates Volage and Hyacinth at- of Saxe Coburg and Gotha. tacked by a squadron of twenty-eight Chinese 24.-Marshal Valer writes to the French junks at Hong Kong. “The effects of our shots Minister of War, that Abd-el-Kader had forwere soon visible, one junk having blown up, mally intimated his intention of waging war three sunk, several shattered and deserted by against the French colonists. their crews, and the remainder retiring in great 29.–Lieut. Basil Gray, who commanded the confusion to the anchorage above the battery." military at Newport, gazetted to an unattached - Captain Smith to Admiral Maitland.
captaincy without purchase. 8.--Twelve lives sacrificed at Radstock Wells-way Pit, Somersetshire, by some malig- December 2.-Died at her residence in nant person cutting the rope which let the Picardy-place, Edinburgh, Miss Innes of men down to the workings. The cage fell a Stow, sister to the late Gilbert Innes, banker, distance of 756 feet.
whom she succeeded in a fortune estimated at 9.-The Queen commands Lord Normanby not less than one million sterling. to express to Mr. T. Phillips, the Mayor of In his address to Congress, President Van Newport, her high approval of the conduct of Buren discusses at some length the unsettled himself and other magistrates, on the occasion question of the north-eastern boundary beof the recent outbreak there, in token of which tween the United States and the British posshe afterwards conferred upon him the honour sessions. of knighthood.
Father Mathew, a Dominican friar, admiAt the Lord Mayor's dinner, Lord Mel. nisters the temperance pledge in Limerick to a
vast assembly. Thousands of poor people were on their knees, bareheaded, in Mallow-street, while the rev. father, and two other clergymen, were administering the pledges.
Died Frederick VI. King of Denmark, in the 720 year of his age, and 33d of his reign; succeeded by his son, Christian VIII.
3.- Inquest on the bodies of the ten men killed in the attack on the Westgate Arms Inn, Newport. Verdict, “That deceased came to their deaths through an act of justifiable homicide, by some persons
unknown.' 5.-A uniform postage-rate of fourpence per half-ounce on extra-metropolitan letters introduced, as preparatory to a penny rate,
6.-Edict of Emperor of China, putting an end to British trade. Last servant of East India Company leaves.
10.-Opened at Monmouth, the special commission for the trial of the rioters in South Wales. Three hundred and fifteen special jurors were summoned, and twenty-four gentlemen of station were sworn on the grand jury; thirty-eight prisoners awaited trial. The jury found a true bill for high treason against John Frost and thirteen others. The court adjourned to the 31st instant.
11.-Promotion of Indian officers: Lord Auckland to be earl, Sir John Keane baron, and W. H. Macnaghten and Henry Pottinger to be baronets.
22.--Strathbogie case. The Court of Session having granted an interdict on the application of the Rev. J. Cruickshank, and six other ministers, members of the Strathbogie Presbytery, suspended by the Commission of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, the ministers who were appointed in conformity with the Assembly's order were thereby formally prohibited from entering the churches, churchyards, or school-houses, or in any manner interfering with the legal rights of the suspended ministers. In deñance, however, of this injunction, an attempt was made this day (Sunday) to execute the sentence of suspension pronounced by the Commission of the General Assembly against two members of the Strathbogie presbytery, the ministers of Mortlach and Keith.
24.-Public meeting in Edinburgh, for taking steps to erect there a national memorial to the Duke of Wellington.
24-27.-Extensive landslip on the Dor. setshire coast, between Lyme-Regis and Seaton, accompanied by earthquake shocks.
Died Dr. Davies Gilbert, F.R.S. &c. aged 72.
26.-Mutiny on board the Indiaman Mermaid, suppressed without loss of life, by the calmness and decision of the ship's officers.
30.-Died at sea, on board his flag-ship, the Wellesley, Rear-Admiral Sir Frederick Maitland, K.C.B. After Napoleon's flight from Waterloo, when resolved to deliver himself up to “the most powerful, the most constant,
and the most generous of his enemies," he surrendered unconditionally to Captain Mait. land, then commanding the Bellerophon off Rochfort.
Died William Hilton, R. A. aged 53.
31.- Trial of John Frost, for high treason, at Monmouth, before Chief Justice Tindal, Baron Parke, and Mr. Justice Williams. The Attorney-General prosecuted, and Sir Frederick Pollock and Mr. Kelly defended Frost. At the commencement of the proceedings, an objection was taken that the list of witnesses had not been delivered to the prisoner in conformity with the statute. The Chief Justice reserved this objection for consideration by the judges at Westminster. Evidence was then led, showing the prisoner's complicity in various arrangements made for the outbreak, as well as his active participation in the excesses of the rising at Newport. James Hodge, one of the men whom Frost had compelled to march into Newport with him, said, "When we arrived at the Welsh Oak, the prisoner said the guns should take the front, the bludgeons next, and then the people without arms. On his giving these orders, I went up to him, to ask in the name of God what he was going to do. He said he was going to attack Newport, and take it, and blow up the bridge to prevent the Welsh mail from proceeding to Birmingham. There would be three delegates, he said, to wait for the coach there, an hour and a half after the time ; and if the mail did not arrive, the attack was to commence at Birmingham, and from thence to the north of England; and that was to be a signal for the whole nation.” The trial lasted till the 8th of January, when the jury brought in a verdict of guilty, with a recommendation to mercy. Williams was tried on the 9th, and Jones on the 13th January, when similar verdicts were returned Upon this, five of the ringleaders withdrew their former pleas and pleaded guilty, on the understanding that their sentence should be commuted to transportation for life. On the 16th, Chief Justice Tindal passed sentence of death on Frost, Williams, and Jones. On the 28th Jan. the judges informed the Secretary of State for the Home Department, that a majority of their body, in the proportion of nine to six, were of opinion that the delivery of the list of witnesses was not a good delivery in point of law. In consequence of this difference of opinion, the sentence of death was remitted: the three prisoners were transported for life.
January 4.--A hostile meeting at Wormwood Scrubs between Mr. Horsman, M.P. and Mr. Bradshaw, M.P. in consequence of the former having stated at Cockermouth that the latter “ has the tongue of a traitor, but lacks the courage to become a rebel." Shots were interchanged, after which Mr. Bradshaw caused