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his creditors by reporting the robbery. He was, however, liberated on 26th July.
24.-Launch, at Limehouse, of the steamship British Queen, intended to carry goods and passengers between Liverpool and New York. She was considered the largest vessel in the world, being 275 feet in length, and 40 feet in breadth between the paddle-boxes ; tonnage, 1,860 tons.
26.--Eliza Grimwood found murdered in her bedroom, Wellington-terrace, Waterloo-road. She was wounded in several places, but the immediate cause of death was a wound in the neck, extending nearly from ear to ear, and severing the windpipe. Her left thumb was also cut, as if she had struggled with the murderer. The unfortunate woman lived with a person named Hubbard, a bricklayer, separated from his wife, and had been in the habit of taking persons home with her from the theatres. On the Friday night she was said to have met with a person in the Strand, who had the look of a foreigner, and dressed like a gentleman. At the inquest, the person able to speak to Eliza Grimwood's latest movements was a companion named Catherine Edwin, who was with her in the Strand when the foreigner came up. He was an Italian, but could speak English fluently, and had been acquainted with the deceased for months. He frequented the neighbourhood of the Spread Eagle, Regent-circus, and wore a ring given him by deceased, bearing the words
Semper fidelis.” He also carried a claspknise, with which the wounds might have been inflicted. With this person she entered a cab, and drove home about midnight. He was not afterwards seen, and how or when he left the house was never ascertained. Hubbard slept in an apartment alone, and discovered the body (he said) when going out to work in the morning. He awoke a commercial traveller who slept in the house with another woman, and then alarmed the police. The deceased was about twenty-five years of age, of sober habits, and had saved' a little money. At the inquest a verdict of wilful murder was returned against some person or persons unknown. On the 11th June Hubbard was committed to Horsemonger Lane prison, in consequence of an anonymous letter purporting to come from the person who accompanied Eliza Grimwood home, but no evidence being forthcoming before the magistrate he was discharged, and afterwards went to America. On the 13th June the effects of the murdered woman were sold on the premises, and realized high prices.
28.-Riotous proceedings commenced at Boughton, Kent, under the leadership of John Thom, alias Sir William Courtenay, a character who had formerly made himself conspicuous in the neighbourhood of Canterbury. He had been for some time confined in a lunatic asylum, but since his release had been living among the peasantry of Boughton, boasting o his birth, and the great possessions unjustly
withheld from him. He also blasphemously styled himself the Saviour of the world. In the character of a political reformer, and under pretence of relieving them from the terrors of the New Poor Law, he gathered a band of nearly 100 ignorant and discontented people, and drew them up near Bossenden farm on the evening of the 30th. On the following morning he deliberately shot a constable named Mears. The country now became alarmed, and a party of military was sent from Canterbury to break up the gang. On seeing the soldiers advance, Courtenay again deliberately drew his pistol, and shot Lieut. Bennett, of the 45th regiment, who was riding in advance of his party, and sell dead upon the spot. The sol. diers then immediately fired, when Courtenay and eight others fell dead, two were mortally wounded, and a number crippled for life. Before the engagement Courtenay administered the Sacrament in a wood, and addressed his followers as their Saviour. At the close of his harangue several of the deluded victims knelt down at his feet and worshipped him. So earnest were they in their belief, that for some time after his death they actually expected him to rise from the dead as he had promised, and at the burial of the body the officiating clergyman, being apprehensive of a disturbance on this ground, omitted that portion of the service relating to the resurrectio of the dead.
31.- The General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, in the course of a discussion touching the settlement of Mr. Young in Auchterarder, resolved, by a majority of 183 to 142, that it would regard any application to a civil court by its members as a breach of ecclesiastical discipline. The case originated in the exercise of an interim act of Assembly passed in 1834, enacting “ That it shall be an instruction to Presbyteries that if, at the moderating in a call to a vacant pastoral charge, the major part of the male heads of families, members of the vacant congregation, and in full communion with the church, shall disapprove of the person in whose favour the call is proposed to be moderated in, such disapproval shall be judged sufficient ground for the Presbytery rejecting such person, and that he shall be rejected accordingly.”
June 17.-The Great Western steamship arrives in New York from Bristol, after a passage of fifteen days, thus completing the first steam-voyage across the Atlantic.
25.-Great storm in Lancashire, accompanied by destruction of life and property.
28.-Lord Durham calls together his first Special Council, and issues an ordinance designed to restore tranquillity to Canada.
Coronation of Queen Victoria.—The morning dawned rather untowardly, but cleared up in the forenoon, and continued favourable through
places of amusements were, by her Majesty's command, opened gratuitously for the evening: The immense concourse of people which filled London during the day conducted themselves with the greatest order, and no accident of any moment occurred.
During the Coronation-rejoicings at Liverpool the first stone of St. George's Hail was laid.
29.-Died at Fraserburgh, Aberdeenshire, Alexander Jolly, Bishop of Moray, in the eighty-third year of his age and forty-second of his episcopate. During his long life he presented a rare union of simple piety with profound learning.
30.-Musical Festival commenced in Westminster Abbey, where the Coronation decorations were still kept up. The rehearsal was on this day and the performance on July 2.
out the day. The procession left Bucking, ham Palace soon after 10 o'clock, and passed up Constitution-hill, along Piccadilly, St. James's-street, Pall Mall, Charing Cross, and Parliament-street, to Westminster Abbey, which was reached about half-past 11. Her Majesty was received with immense enthusiasm by the multitude of eager spectators who lined the route. At the door of the Abbey she was received by the great officers of state, and then proceeded to her robing chamber. At 12 o'clock the grand procession passed up the nave into the choir. As the Queen advanced slowly towards the centre of the choir to the chair of homage, the anthem, “I was glad, was sung, and the Westminster boys chanted, “Vivat Victoria Regina.” On reaching a chair placed midway between the chair of homage and the altar, the Queen knelt, and repeated her private prayers.
The “ Re'cognition " then took place by the Archbishop of Canterbury: Sirs, I here present unto you Queen Victoria, the undoubted Queen of this realm ; wherefore all you who are come this day to do your homage, are you willing to do the same?” The universal acclamation then burst forth, “God save Queen Victoria.” The prescribed prayers, Litany, and Communion Service were then said by the Archbishop; and a sermon, on 2 Chron. xxxiv. 31, preached by the Bishop of London. Then followed the administration of the oath, the Veni Creator, the anointing, and the coronation. The Dean of Westminster took the crown from the altar, and passed it to the Archbishop, who reverently placed it on the Queen's head. From every part of the crowded edifice there then arose the enthusiastic cry, “God save the Queen.' The peers and peeresses put on their coronets, the bishops their caps, and the kings of arms their crowns ; trumpets sounded, drums were beat, and the Tower and Park guns fired by signal. The presentation of the Bible, Benediction, and Homage were the next features in the ceremony, after which the Queen received the two sceptres, and an anthem, “This is the Day," was sung. The Sacrament was then administered, at the conclusion of which her Majesty was invested in her royal robes by the Lord Chamberlain, and proceeded to the west door of the Abbey, wearing her crown, and holding the sceptre with the cross in her right hand and the orb in her left. It was about a quarter to 4 o'clock when the royal procession passed through the nave in the same order in which it had entered. In their return to the Palace the Queen wore her crown, and the royal and noble personages their coronets. Amoig many foreigners of distinction present, Marshal Soult (French Ambassador) was particularly noticed and applauded. In the evening the Queen entertained a dinner-party, and witnessed from the Palace the discharge of fireworks in the Green-park. The Duke of Wellington also gave a grand ball at Apsley House. The theatres and nearly all the other
July 5.Grand Review of Artillery and Engineers at Woclwich, for the entertainment of distinguished foreigners visiting the Coronation.
9.–Grand Review of Cavalry and Infantry in Hyde Park, attended by the Queen, Duke of Wellington, Marshal Soult, Princes Esterhazy and Schwartzenberg, and other foreigners of distinction.
12.-John Rickey, a soldier, tried for shooting Sergeant Hamilton of the 12th Lancers, at Hampton Court. He was found guilty, and sentenced to death, but afterwards received a pardon.
13.-- Banquet at Guildhall to Ambassadors extraordinary, and other foreign visitors. The Duke of Wellington and Marshał Soult were toasted together.
17.- The Court of Chancery decides the Leeman baronetcy case, and the immense accompanying fortune, in favour of a poor Nottingham mechanic of that name.
20.-Marshal Soult, his son, the Marquis of Dalmatia, and a party of French gentlemen, leave London for a tour in the manufacturing districts.
Died, at East Lodge, Enfield, aged 80, Admiral Sir Pulteney Malcolm, G.C.B. He commanded the Donegal from 1805 to 1811, and was engaged at Trafalgar, where he took a Spanish three-decker. Among his last important appointments was that of Commanderin-chief on the St. Helena station during the residence of Napoleon.
29.-Departure of Marshal Soult for France.
31.- The Marquis of Waterford, and others, tried at the Derby Assizes, on the charge of riotous and disorderly conduct, near Melton Mowbray, on 5th April last. Fined 1001, each.
Debate in the House of Lords regarding Lord Durham's Ordinances. Lord Melbourne intimates next day that Ministers had resolved on disallowing them.
International Copyright Act passed.
August 1.---The negro population of the crew and five steerage passengers were Jamaica enter on the full enjoyment of their taken off the wreck by the dauntless intrefreedom. The governor and the bishop of pidity of Grace Darling and her father, the the island both describe the conduct of the keeper of Longstone lighthouse. She induced people as in the highest degree praiseworthy. her father to enter the lifeboat, and with great
Great eruption of Vesuvius commenced. difficulty they reached the wreck, when Dar4.-John Drew Woods, pedlar, murdered
ling himself picked the survivors off, while his at Dundee, whilst in a state of intoxication.
heroic daughter managed to keep the boat His father and mother were afterwards tried
from being dashed to pieces. for the crime, and the former condemned to 6.-Ferdinand, Emperor of Austria, crowned death.
at Milan, 6.-A Radical meeting held at Birmingham,
17.- London and Birmingham Railway and addressed by Attwood, Scholefield, and opened throughout. Feargus O'Connor. Resolution adopted, pray- 21.-Young and Webber, two of the seconds ing the House of Commons to use their ut- in the Mirfin and Eliot duel, convicted of most endeavours to get a law passed granting murder, and sentenced to death, afterwards to every male of lawful age, sound mind, and commuted to one year's imprisonment. unconvicted of crime, the right of voting for 24.—John Larner, under pretence of being members of Parliament, and enacting voting the proper heir, makes a forcible entry into by ballot, annual parliaments, the abolition of Stanfield Hall, Norfolk, then in the possession all property qualifications by members of the
of Isaac Jermy. The house was afterwards House, and the payment of those attending surrounded by military, who conveyed Larner to its duties.
and all his disorderly followers to prison. 9.-A number of the followers of Courtenay, 25.--Lord Durham writes from Canada or Thom, tried before Lord Denman, at Maid
that he has resolved on quitting a post which stone assizes, for the murder of Constable
has been rendered untenable by those from Mears and Lieut. Bennett. They were all whom he expected every assistance in mainsentenced to death; but their punishment was taining it. commuted to various terms of imprisonment.
14.-Inquiry regarding the explosion on October 2.–The Perth and Edinburgh board the Victoria steamship, resulting in a coach, Coburg, upset into the sea over the verdict condemning the construction of the
pier at South Queensferry. Two foreigners boiler. A deodand of 1,500l. levied on the and two horses drowned. boiler and steam engine.
3.–A parachute descent successfully per16.--Parliament prorogued by the Queen formed at Cheltenham, by an aeronaut named in person. During this session the House sat
Hampden. At an altitude of 9,000 feet he 173 days, and spent not less than 1, 134 hours freed his parachute from the balloon, and dein public business.
scended gently to the earth in the space of Various meetings held throughout Lan- thirteen minutes. cashire to discuss national grievances, and a 5.-Fire in warehouses, Robert-street, Liverdocument known as the “ People's Charter" pool, destroying cotton, indigo, oil, turpentine, circulated among the people.
and spices to the value of 200,oool. 18.--Meeting of British Association at New- 9.-Lord Durham proclaims the Act of castle : Pres. Rev. Prof. Whewell.
Indemnity in Canada, and announces her 22.–Duel on Wimbledon Common, between Majesty's disallowance of his Ordinances. John Flower Mirfin and Francis L. Eliot, the
12.-Upsetting of the Oxford coach at Ted former of whom died from his wounds.
dington, with death of Mr. G. Broderick, o: 24.-Birth of the Count of Paris.
15.—Died at Cape Coast Castle, South September 4.-The King and Queen of the
Africa, Letitia Elizabeth, wife of Governor Belgians visit England as the guest of her
Maclean, famous in the literature of her time Majesty.,
as L.E.L. Wreck of the steamer Forfarshire, trading
24.—Died at New York, aged sixty-eight from Hull Dundee, on the Fern Islands. years, in consequence of being run over by a Her machinery becoming disabled, the vessel
wagon, Joseph Lancaster, originator of the drifted southward for about five hours, when
Lancastrian system of education. she struck at 3 o'clock A. M. on the outer rock.
26.-John Teulon, printer, sentenced to fifThe hull almost instantly parted, and, with
teen months' imprisonment for attempting to one exception, the whole of the cabin pas
extort money from the Duke of Devonshire, sengers, twenty-five in number, were drowned. by the publication of a pamphlet entitled “The The captain was washed overboard with his Secret History," relating to the late Lady Mary wife in his arms. Of a crew of twenty-two,
Hill. ten were drowned; eight were preserved in
Lord Palmerston instructs Lord Clanricarde an open boat and taken to Shields. Four of to obtain from Count Nesselrode an explanation
of the conduct of the Russian officials at the Persian Court.
dresses from various public bodies on his return.
27.-Count Lobau, Marshal of French army, died at Paris, aged sixty-eight.
30.-Queen Pomaré and the chiefs of Tahiti send a letter to Queen Victoria, praying for the assistance and protection of England against the encroachments of French residents on the islands under her sway.
November 3.-Lord Durham's Secretary, Mr. Ellice, carried off by the Canadian rebels. They muster in strong force at Canghuawagu, and are dispersed by a band of loyal Indians.
7.--Twenty-five men employed on the Plymouth Breakwater drowned in a squall when attempting to pass in an open boat to the Catwater.
8.-Fire at an hotel in Tamworth, and six servants of the house suffocated.
9.–The rebel army in Canada quit their strongholds at Napiersville, and Sir John Colborne concentrates his troops there.
16.-Raphoe Palace, then unoccupied, destroyed by fire.
Died at Paris, in his seventieth year, the Rt. Hon. Robert Cutlar Ferguson, Judge Advocategeneral and M.P. for the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright. Mr. Ferguson won a foremost place at the bar, both in England and Calcutta, and was one of the most prominent members of the Reform party in the beginning of the century. He was tried along with the Earl of Thanet for aiding O'Connor in his attempted escape from Maidstone Court-house, and sentenced to twelve months' imprisonment in the King's Bench.
20.- Count Nesselrode acquaints Lord Clanricarde that Count Simovich had acted at the court of the Shah in a manner entitling Great Britain to complain, and that the ambassador had been in consequence recalled.
21.-Riots at Todmorden, caused by the refusal of Overseer Ingham to collect a rate imposed by the guardians under the New Poor Law. The constables who attempted to execute a distress warrant on Ingham were forced to promise to execute no more warrants, and were then stripped and beaten.
28.—In the Court of Queen's Bench Mr.. Disraeli, M.P. appeared to receive sentence for a libel on Mr. Austin, a barrister, judgment having gone against him by default. Mr. Disraeli said that as to his offence against the law he threw himself entirely on the mercy of the judge. He thought his apology was such as a gentleman should cheerfully make, and with which the offended party should be content. As to his offence against the bar he appealed to the Bench to shield him from the vengeance of an irritated and powerful profession. Apology accepted, and prayer for judgment withdrawn.
24.-Rev. M. A. Gathercole sentenced to three months' imprisonment for ltbels published in the Watchman newspaper concerning nunneries in Stockton and Darlington.
Court-martial assembled at Kingston for trial of Canadian rebels. Nine sentenced to death, and a number to various periods of banishment.
26.-Lord Durham arrived at Plymouth from Quebec, and received congratulatory ad
December 4.–Fracas in the Tuileries garden between Mr. Somers, M.P. and Mr. Wentworth Beaumont. Mr. Beaumont's counsel stated in the Court of Correctional Police that Mr. Somers had made a demand for money to suppress a letter, and, on receiving a refusal, struck his client with a whip.
5.-A woman performed penance at the door of Walton Church, by order of the Ecclesiastical Court, for defaming the character of her neighbour.
7.- John Millie, clerk in the Newcastle Savings Bank, found murdered in his office, and Archibald Bolam, actuary of the bank, discovered in the same room, apparently insensible and slightly injured. Bolam, on recovering, sought to fix the crime upon a rough-spoken man who attacked them both, intending to rob the bank; but at the inquest the jury returned a verdict of wilful murder against himself.
12.- Proclamation issued, declaring Chartist meetings illegal.
19.-The Times' publisher (J. J. Lawson) tried for libel on Sir John Conroy, in an article printed on the 19th March, imputing to him fraud and mismanagement of the affairs of the Duchess of Kent. Sentenced to one month's imprisonment, and payment of a fine of 2001.
20.--Meeting in King-street, Manchester, for considering measures to be adopted to secure the total and immediate repeal of the Corn Laws. This was the beginning of the Anti-Corn Law League.
27.-Apprehension, near Manchester, of Stephens, a Wesleyan preacher, and one of the most violent agitators against the New Poor Law. At the examination it was shown that he had repeatedly denounced people by name, and sought to incite the crowds who followed him to acts of destruction, He was liberated on bail, and soon afterwards addressed a meeting of 5,000 at Ashton-under-Lyne, declaring that with the aid of a rural police the Poor Law Commissioners intended to destroy all children above the number of three born of poor people.
January 1.-The Earl of Norbury shot when walking in the shrubbery near his own house, Kilbeggan, county of Meath.
The assassin was seen to escape, but in the confusion managed to elude his pursuers.
7.-Violent hurricane experienced over the pregnancy does exist, or ever did exist." Lady island generally, but most destructive on the Flora Hastings thereafter continued her duties west coast and in Ireland. The Pennsylvania, at the Palace, and received many marks of St. Andrews, Lockwood, and many other vessels sympathy both from the Queen and the Duchess wrecked, with great loss of life. The Edin- of Kent. burgh and Carlisle mail coach blown off the 4.—The Baptist missionaries of Jamaica road near Selkirk. In Liverpool and neigh- address the Governor on the willingness of the bourhood, about 100 lives were lost; and blacks to work, if reasonable wages are given, throughout the south of Scotland most of the and describe their own sect as distinguished in towns presented the appearance of having suf- the island by “the misrepresentations and fered a severe cannonading. The anemometer calumnies of unreasonable and wicked men." of the Birmingham Philosophical Institution
6.--Parliament opened by the Queen in showed that the pressure had risen from 2 lbs.
person. The Speech contained the following per foot on Saturday night to 30 lbs. per foot
allusion to the Chartist agitation :-“I have on Monday morning.
observed with pain the persevering efforts The Académie Française reports on the in. which have been made in some parts of the vention of M. Daguerre.
country to excite my subjects to disobedience 10.-Meeting of magistrates of Meath to and resistance to the law, and to recomconsider steps necessary to restore order to mend dangerous and illegal practices. For that district. Suspicious of aid from the Irish the counteraction of all such designs I depend Executive, they resolve to appeal to the people upon the efficacy of the law, which it will be and Legislature of England.
my duty to enforce, upon the good sense and 15.-A Special Commission opened at Clon- right disposition of my people, upon their mel for the trial of various persons charged
attachment to the principles of justice, and with murder, and other Whiteboy offences.
their abhorrence of violence and disorder." 18.--Three lives lost on the ice at Dud
In the debate on the Address in the Lords, dingstone Loch, Edinburgh.
Lord Brougham made a bitter attack on
O'Connell, for insinuating, at a public meeting 19.--Correspondence between Lord John
in Dublin, that Lord Norbury had been assasRussell and Mr. Frost, a magistrate of New
sinated by his own son. port, South Wales, on his complicity in the proceedings of the body calling itself “The
8.-Lord Glenelg resigns the office of CoNational Convention."
lonial Secretary, and is succeeded by Lord 21.-In the Arches Court Sir H. Jenner
Normanby. Fust gives judgment in the case promoted by
9.-Discovery of the Balleny Islands, a Capt. Grant against his wife, for adultery with
group of five, in lat. 66° 22' of the Antartic
circle. Capt. Vincent. Separation granted. Great Anti-Corn Law meeting held in Edin
11.--Lord Durham's Report and other burgh, presided over by the Lord Provost, Sir
papers respecting Canada laid on the table of James Forrest.
the House of Lords by Lord Melbourne. 22.–The Queen goes in state to Drury Lane
15.–Five of the Canadian rebels executed Theatre
at Montreal. 28.—Died, Sir William Beechey, R.A.
18.---Lord Brougham proposes that the
petitions in favour of the abolition of the Corn February 1.-Case of Lady Flora Hastings.
Laws be referred to a committee of the whole -Lord Melbourne informs Sir James Clark, House, and that evidence be heard at the bar. M.D. that a communication has been made by The motion was negatived without a division. Lady Tavistock respecting Lady Flora Hastings Explosion of fire-damp in the William (in the Duchess of Kent's household), whose mining pit, Cumberland, and loss of twentyappearance had given rise to a suspicion in the three lives. Palace that she might have been privately mar. 19.-Mr. Villiers's annual motion on the ried. Sir James stated, that while deprecating Corn Laws was this year defeated by a masuch suspicions he was bound to admit that jority of 371 against 172. Lady Flora's appearance in some degree countenanced them, but would not venture to give an opinion without more ample means of ob
March 5.-Three prisoners tried at Cavan servation than she had permitted. On the 16th
for attempting to assassinate the Rev. M. P. Sir James acquaints Lady Flora with the ex
Beresford, when proceeding to church on the isting suspicions, when she stated that for these
22d of July last. The principal of the gang. suspicions there was not the slightest ground.
was sentenced to transportation for life. Next day Sir James Clark and Sir Charles An attempt made to injure Madame Vestris, Clarke signed the following certificate :-“We
by sending her a box filled with explosive have examined with great care the state of
matter. The design frustrated by a carpenter Lady Flora Hastings.... and it is our opinion,
at the theatre forcing the lid in instead of out. although there is an enlargement of the stomach, 7.--During a debate in the House of Comthat there are no grounds for suspicion that mons on the condition of Ireland, O'Connell