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Bench in Ireland, and his heirs male, the dig

BKTS. nity of a Baronet of the said kingdom, by ube

Peter Barker of George-lare, cutler, title of Baron Annaly, of Teaclick in the county of Longford.

John Role of Gr. Queen-ft. wine-merchant

Fra. Coulson of Scarborough, tip-buüder. - to grant unto Eliz. Ormsby Rowley, wife of the Rt Hon. Hercules Langford Row

Wm Wright of Chadkirk, Chelhise, callico. ley, Esq; the dignities of a Baroness and Vil.

printer. countels of Ireland, by the title of Baroness

Joseph da Costa, of Brown's-buildings, merch, Summerhill in the county of Meath, and

Henry Boniface of Putney, innholder. Viscountess Langford, of Langford Lodge, in

John Finther of Whitchurch, Bucks, baker. the county of Antrim; and the digni'ies of

Tho. Trollope of Friday-freet, merchant. BaronSummerhill in the laid county of Meath,

Paul Williams of Peter Street, Weftminftcr,

Atable-keeper, and Viscount Langford of Langford Lodge in the said county of Astrim in Irelend, to her

James Paterlon of London, merchant, iffue male by the raid Hercules Langford

James Bonus of Tower-street, Nop-felles.

Fra. Currell of Gosport, victuailer. Rowley.

John Shireson of Baldwin's gardens, diAiller. From orber Papers.

John Hough of St Alban's Areet, wine mer. DARL of Kinnoul, --chancellor of the y. Robert Stanton of London, warebousemaa.

Wm Ellison of Monthosp, Yorkshire. berland, dec.)

Alex, Campbell of Bristol, mercbant. Tho. Cudden. Esg; -a matter in Chancery, Win Bonham of Allen's-court, Leadenhall. in room of Henry Montagu, Esq; resigned. ftreet, packer.

Aubur Murphy, Esq;-one of the cin John Paniling of the Old-Change, Hatter, miflioners of bankruptcy.

Lord George Sackville, -one of the vice Bill of Mortality from Oct. 22. 10 Dec, 24. treasurers of Ireland.


Cbriftened Jonathan Burwad, Elgi -one of the search

Males 2174 Males 140 2766 ers in the port of London.

Major Barry St Leger, -inspector of the Under 2 Years old 833 army under Gen Harvey.

Between 2 and 5 1431 Within the walls 353 ECCLESIASTICAL PREFERMENTS.

5 and 10-412 | Withoutthewalls 1004 Jo and 20-153

Mid, and Surry 2104
EV. Cha. Harland, -Luddesdown, R.

20 and 34-155 Cuy & Sub W st. 939 Thomas Webb, - a mediety of Linton, R.

30 and 40-399 Yorkshire.

40 and 50-499

4460 R.Wadsworth,-Wolfon-Parva, R.Bucks.

go and 60 - 460

60 and 70 - 360 Tho. Roberts, Pelton, R. Salop.

70 and 80 - 309 Weeklyo&. 29. 423 Mr Newman,-Horndon and Ingrave, R.

80 and 90-261 Ene 200l. per Ann.

goand 100 94

12. 478 Wm Barnes, -Stanton, R. Gloucestershire,

too and for 16 Mr Allinfon, -Cavendith, R. Suffolk.

19 S11 Rev.Mrdu Querve,-a prebend of Litchfield Mr John'on, Llandyshi1,R. Montgomeryshe T. Farfde, -Sturton-Magna, V Linculnm.

17. 926 Rob. Biggs, -Bawdley, V. Suffolk.

24. goo Dr Dulap,--to the united vicarages of Iford and Kinfton, Suflex.

Weldon Champness,-Kinsworth, L. Herefordshire,

Wheaten peck loaf 2s 34 Mr Stephenson,- High-Easter, L. Effex.

Abednego Pritchard, -Langynion curacy, Price of STOCKS, on Course of EXCHANGE, Monmouthshire.

Dec. 30, 1765. Dec. 30, 1765 Mr Wilder,--Margaret-Areet chapel, Hert

Bank Stock, 135 Am. 35 3 2 2 2 UI, fordihire.

E. India dillo, Thut ditto at hight 34 10 Mr Langhorne,---afli Atant preacher at Lin.

S. Sea dicto, - Rott. 353 2U coln's-inn.

Ditto Old An. 89/289 Antwerp. No Price Difpenfation to bold two Livings. Ditto New An. Hamb.34 7 2 UL Rich. Lewis, 2 Bokerel, V. Devopshire. 3 per Ct reduc. 902 89 & Paris 1 day's date 313

3 ditto consol. Thur. ditto alz U 311 M.A. ŠTiddington, R Somerset thire,

3 duto India,

Bourdeaux $t. Ellison, St Benedict, Paul's-whart, Logon $ Thorpe, V. Surry.

3: Benk 1556, 2 Usance $ 31
3 ditto 1758 Thut.

Cadiz 39%
New Members.

4 per 1762, 1042103 Madrid 395 Southwark, Henry Thrale, Alex. Hume, dec.

IndiaB. Fl. 98 pr. Rocbeter Grey Cooper, Adm. Tugun bend, d,

Exch.Bolls par.

Leghorn Sot
Taylor Lord Digby, a peer. Navy disc.

Genoa 481
city was candeled, ard Long Ansvities, Rut Venice 51%
for Mis Cala Navy 4 per cent 99.5 Lilhon sugo


Oporto 554


Noy. 5. 450


26. 500 Des. 3 513

10. 564



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CONTAINING, The Abbe Winckeman's new and curious understood than by any other writing discoveries at Herculaneum 593

that has yet appeared An authentic account of the introduction Proceedings at the late Avro de Fs in Por, of the Tea-tree of China, and of the rugal

6ος elegantly spotted Mennil-Deer of Bengal, Cape. Willigms's account of Newfoundland, into England

595 with Capt. Cole's additions 607 An answer to the Quere concerning the The Epicome of the articles in the last rife of the custom of adorning our volume of Pbilosopbical Transodions, conchurches and houses with Ever-Greens tinued

609 on Christmas-day

596 Dr Mackenzie's account of the plague ac Defence of some pal[ages in Mikon's Paradise Constantinople

630 Loft, in answer to Mons. de Voltaire 597 Dr Morris's account of fome new experi. Dr Cooke's letter on the exiftence of invifi. ments on hemlock

612 ble Forewarders of future events 599 The cause of the high price of provisions Governor Bernard's (peech to the General 'impartially considered, with some prac.

Assembly of the province of Maffarbus. tical hints for the encouragement of fue's Bay in New England, relative to the

the poor execution of the stamp-ad

601 New illustrations of Shakespeare, with re The affembly's answer, by which the len. marks

timents of the people of New England Bill of mortality for the year 1965 617
on that measure are more clearly to be
With proper Indexes to the Volume, and a large and accurate Map of the Road from

London to the Land's-End, in Cornwall; passing through Salifoury, Exeter, Piymoueb, &c.
Comprising, likewise, the Road trom Exeter to Truro. -N. B. This is a part of a new
Setc of Maps, of the Roads, which will be continued till compleated.


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oçilers and the friendship of M. Ca.

millo Paderni, the keeper of the cabinet, o the account of enabled him fully to grarily his cu.. Herculaneum in your riolity. No wonder then, that, as. Magazine for June he tells Count Brubl, the particulars lalt, taken from the “ he relates are equally new and inAbbe Winckelman's « terelting." Jetters to Count Brubl; If it were true (as has been supporgive me leave to add ed,) that at the time of the eruption

the following parti. which buried this city the theatre sulars, from the same autbor.

was filled with spectators, some re, For fome years pafts this learned mains of them would have been found Abbe bas had the pleasure of exa there. Nevertheless, it was at Stabia, mining diftinctly those inestimable only that the bodies of three women treasures of antiquity preserved in the were discovered, one of whom, who Koyal cablaet at Portici. The king's was certainly the servant of the



was carrying, most probably, a small on the walls of the houses, what mut wooden box, which was found by the have been the pictures ? Four of these fide of her, and which, as soon as it choice pi&tures were found at Stabia, was touched, crumbled into powder. leaning against the wall of an apart: The two others had gold bracelets,

ment, two and two, which were moft and ear rings, which may be seen in evidently brought from some other the king's cabinet, Befides these,

place, perhaps from Greece, in order there have been discovered only fome to be hung up in that room, if the gold medals, some engraved stones, eruption of Vesuvius had not happenand very few valuable marbles. Her ed. This important discovery was culaneum, it is certain, was a large made about the end of 1761. These city: An inscription makes it pro four pictures are thought fuperior to bable that there were goo taverns in

any thing that has been hitherto proit., Petronius calls it Herculanum, Her. B duced: The Abbe Winckelman has deculis Porticum; whence its modern seribed them in his Hilory of the Art a. name Portici.

mong the Greeks, a translation of which The three ftatues which were firft (into French) is impatiently expected. found there by the Prince d'Elbeuf, in Joseph Guerra, the Venetian, who 3706, were claimed by the Auftrian counterfeited the paintings of Hercula. viceroy, and were placed at Vienna, neum, is lately dead. This impofture in the garden of prince Engine. After has deceived the best judges, and, if his death they were purchased by the C we believe our author, the Count de king of Poland. We are told that Caylus himself ; but the editor, by re. they were destroyed in the late war, ferring to his Collection of Antiquitiesg At the Villa (near the square) the 'Vol

. IV. proves that that noble con Abbe mentions (among others) a

noiffeur was the first who exclaimed fmall room detached from the house againit the cheats of Guerra. which admitted no light, where was

The leaves of the Papyrus, or Egypo found a pieture representing serpents. D tian Reed, on which the MSS are writHe conje&tures that this place was de.

ten, are single, thinner than those of signed for the Eleufinjan myfteries, and a poppy, laid one upon the other, and what serves to confirm this conjecture rolled either upon themselves, or round is, that there was found in that room a tube. It was that, no doubt, which a very beautiful tripod of copper gilt.

the ancients called umbilicam, the novel The paintings are not, properly of a book, either because this tube was speaking, in water colours, but in Dif: in the center of the roll, as the navel icmper, the firf being mixed up with E is in the middle of the belly, or be gum, whereas the other is with size cause that which appeared on the outand water, and thereby fitted for large

fide resembled it. For this reason, ad works *. As it was thought at first

imbilicum aducare, was used to signify that they were all in Fresco, they were

ą writing ready to be rolled up, and Imprudently varnished, so that it is

ad uinbilicum pervenire, the having no longer possible to distinguish the

finished the reading of a book. One manner and the methods that the of these rolls may be seen in the 20 antient artists employed in executing

plate of the 2d Vol. of the paintings of them. The finek of thefe represents

Herculaneum, where it is in the hands female dancers, and the Centaurs on a

of the mufe Clio. dark ground ; "they are," says our

Philodemus the Epicurean, fome of elegant author, "as light as thought,

whose works have been found, was ** and as beautiful as it they had been

contemporary with Cicero. ** sketched by the hand of the graces."

Some ink was discovered in an ink, He has almok as high an opinion of two G born at Herculaneum. It appeared like pther pieces, a young Satyr atteinpting

a fat oil, with which one might fill to kiss a nymph, and an old Faun e.

write. namoured of an Hermaphrodite. By his

As to unrolling the MS8, no mun account, nothing can'he conceived was ever more dexterous than Father more voluptuous, or painted with Piaggi, nor can any thing be more in inore art, As to the fruit and finwer" genious'than the macbine which he pieces, he thinks, that in that way

einploys, and of which there is a de nothing was ever mole finithed. But H scription in Mr Winckleman's letter. if such beautiful paintings were found' But his process is very tedious, and,

Jequises infinite patience. He is fuus The Cartoons of Rapbacl (so called from or five hours unrolling the hreadili or pir being on paper) arc executed in his an inch; and a month in arrivire :

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Our learned Abbe, therefore, has · Goff's (of the Eaft·ludia company) gac · good reason for wishing that he would

den at Enfield. select some of the MSS, and that, In the year 1742 I visited this gar. when he has begun to open one whose den on purpose to see the tea-tres, subject seems unioteresting, he would and there I law two fine trees in great lay it by for a time, and proceed to prosperity ; the largest between three the discovery of something better. and four feet high, the other lets. What pleasure, for instance, would The great one blotromed annually, it be, to find, amidit so many Mss. A bearing a lingle white flower, like that

those books that are loft of Diodorus, of the wild briar rose that bears the ditering the history of Theopompus, and of Eporus, hipps. The gardener told me they

or, rather, the judgment of Aripotle on were fo hardy as to require no more dramatic poetry, the tragedies that care than an orange tree, it is a beauare wanting of Sophocles or Euripides ; tiful ever-grean, and, no doubt, will the comedies of Menander and Alexis ; thrive well ils Wef Florida, wbeu fome the treatises on arcbitecture, the rules B public spirits shall arise that are zea- ! of fymmetry, of Pamphylus, a work lous to improve their country*. composed for painters? In there with , At Capt. Gof's, besides the tea trees, es, no doubt, all the literary world there were some fiarlet-gold china fjb, will molt ardently join ; and it is evi. Jarger than any I have seen fince; and dent, that, in spite of F. Piaggi's dex four most beautifully spotted Bengal terity and assiduity, his work must be

deer. There were both great rarities attended with many inconveniences. c at that sime, but are now grown comBesides the trouble of unrolling, he mon. In about the year 1715, China must copy the Greek, which he does gold and blver filh were for the first not understand, and afterwards must time thewn me at that great virtuofo's write it over fair.

Sir Hans Slour's, who had kept them The Abbe concludes 'with an ac. some years in a great china jar. count of the disposition of the cabinet I well remember when there were' of Portiei, where he lays they have be no fpotted deer in any of our parks, gun to make models in plaiiter of the D the herds in all the parks that I saw finest fatnes, in order to send them to being only our native fallow deer, a Spain. He subjoins to this account few whité deer, and the very dark: some criticisms, whicle certainly will brown, or black deer.

This Jait, pot be much relithed by the academi. it is said, K. James the First brought Jians at Naples. Foreigners will have over to Scotland from some of the ier. a better opinion of them, and, above ritories of Denmark, or Noravay, where all, they will not forget the promise E he frequently indulged bis favourite which she author has made the public diverfion of hunting, and thinking in these remarkable words : "I am in them a hardier kind,

and likely to live “ hopes that this letter, written in with less care than our fallow.deer, " the country, at Castel Gandolfo, one he, soon after he was King of England,

“ of the nort magnificent houses of conveyed some of them hither, and ob si my malter, and, I may fay, my lettled them in his two chaces of Ep. is friend his eininence Cardinal Al ping and Endheld; in the first he alto }" bani, and, consequently, witboat ibe F placed a colony of itags, or red deer.

belp of any book, will one day become heing natives of the North of Scotland, * a more rarional treatise ; for I pro. and some of the Western islands. ** mile myself the pleasure of review.. The white deer, it is said, came frein: “ ing these treasures from time to France, there mixing with the fallow

time, and perhaps I may begin it, and black deer, produced some little by auruman,

B variety. But the elegantly (potted' I am, Sir, &c. D. D.

mennil deer,now the great ornameals

of our parks, came froin Bengal in the 7, 1746. East Indies. They were firit broughs of the autt

by Mr Hamfon, governor of Fort si

Georgs, to his park at Balls near Hers. toto, ford, ahout the year 1720, and they

bave been fince brought by others, for I saw fome in penns, on hoard an Eaff

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There has been allo a ica tree in Mr


India (tip, in the year 1742. As these mgbreousness, who will reign for buer, én have increased, the parks of the nobi. in the above-mentioned clear and eminent lity and gentry have, by degrees, been prophecies, of his first appearance in the stocked with them; and, at this time, itesh, upon earth, are, in a most lively few are without those beautiful crea- A manner, brought to our memories, and

strongly alluded to by those brancbes and tures. I am, Sir, your's DAMANIANUS,

bougbs of ever greens, &c. with which our

churches and houses are adorned, whore Mr URBAN, Har-bb, Dec. 12, 1765.

gay appearance and perpetual verdure in N the Palladiun for 1765, was propoun

that dead seafon of the year, when all ha.

ture looks comfortless, dark and dreary) ded by Mr J. Lyon of Margate, this

and when the rest of the vegetable world quere, “ From whence is derived the coro tom of putting up laurel, box, holly, or B charm the unwearied beholder, and make

have lof their honours, does agreeably “ ivy, in churches at Cbriftmas ; and what " is the fignification thereoff And in

a very suitahle appendage to the universal

joy which always attends the annual comthe Palladium for 1766, we are cold, that it

memoration of that holy festival. was answered by Nobody,

It is not at all unlikely, but that this cur. Having employed fome thoughts on that

tom was farther intended as an allufion, subject, I mould be glad (by means of your

to those passages of the Prophet Ijaiab, Magazine) to offer to the confideration of

which foretell the felicities aitending the the curious the following conjecture.

It seems very probable that the origin or C coming of Cbrisl, viz, first hint of the ancient custom of dressing

6. The glory of Lebanon (hall come unto

“ thee, the FIR-TRezi, the Pinz-Trzi, our churches and houses at Corifmas with

" and the Box together, to beautify tbe place greeps, was owing to, or taken from cer. tain expreffions in the following prophecies

" of my fanctuary, (Ifaiab Ix. 13.) Inttead

of the thorn, thall come up the Fire of the coming of our Saviour :

" Trzr, and instead of the brier shall " Behold, the days come, faith the Lord, " that I will raise unto David a RIGHTI

“ come up the MYRTLE-TRII; & it shall

“ be to the Lord for a name, for an ever. " DUS BRANCH (1): For behold, I will D « Jafting fign that shall not be cut off." “ bring forth my servant the BRANCH (2

I am, Sir, &c. GOTHIC " Thus fpeaketh the Lord of Hofts, lay

P.S. I have met with another opinion “ing, Behold the man whose name is the “ BRANCH, and he thall grow up out of

concerning the origin of this ancient cur“ his place (3). At that time will I cause

.com, which you have below, in the anony.

mous author's own words : " the BRANEX of RIGHTEOUSNESS to

William of Malmsbury, in his book of “grow up unto David (4). Thus faith " the Lord God, I will atto take of the E" Antiquities of Glaftonbury, allures us, that

Frecupbus affirms, in the fourth chapter "higheft BRANCA of the high cedar, and

“ of his second book, that Pbihp the A“ will let it ; I will crop off from the top

"pottle, preaching the word of God ia " of his young Twigs, a tender one, and

Gaul, which is now called France, chose ** will plant it upon an high mountain,

“ out twelve of his disciples, whom he " and eminent. In the mountain of the

it fent to Britain, to preach the word of " height of Irael will I plant it, and it

“ life. He appointed over thele, as chief, " mall bring forth Bougns, and bear

Fofepb of Arimathed, his dear friend, “ fruit, and it thall be a goodly cedar (5).


“ who buried our Lord, In that day thall the BRANCH of the

“ These, according to Jobs Capgrace “ Lord be beautiful and glorious (8). For

" who brings Milkin and Merlin for vouche " hie Ihall grow up before him as a tender

“ ers, came into this land in the year of “ PLANT, and as a root out of a dry

Cbriß's incarnation 36, in the time of “ ground (7) ; and the Lord shall reign o. " ver them in mount Zion from henceforth

Arviragas, who gave to them the ide of

Avalon, where they built an oratory of “ even for EVER (8). There shall come

“ wrythen wands, or boughs, which was " forth a rod out of the item of Jelle, and

so the farat Chriftian church, if one may fo " à BRANCH shall grow out of his G « call it, which was erected in Britain. " roots (9), which shall stand for an enfiga " We find this custom was followed in of the people (10); and my servant " the first times, in building the Christian • David Thall be their Prince for ..

“ churches in Britain, of boughs; and I VER (1)."

« ara apt to think that the custom of a. For it must be allowed, that those pasa.

“ dorning our churches at Cbrifimus, as well ges and expressions in which our Saviour is

" as our houses with ever-greens; proceedi represented under the type of a branch, a “ from what has been related." righieous brancb, a bough, the branch of

(5) Ezekiel xvii. 33, 23

(6) Isaiab ır. feremiab xxiii. 5. (2) Zecbariab ii. 2. (7) I.icb liii. 2. (8) Micab it. : 3) Zecbarieb vi, 12 (4) Jeremias (9) lluiab'xi. 1. 106) Vaiabi xi, 10, 15.

Ecektek ezrii, $5:

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