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words. The whole pamphlet is full I Neerave

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end. They were not offered up to the common cause of Liberty, and the the complaints, the cries, nor the wishes independency of Europe,because we were of the people: Neither were they vic powerful enough to itand' alone, atims to the resentment of foreign ceurts, gainst the molt formidable union we 'as sometimes has been the fate of mi ever law of our enemies. For that a nifters : for the ministers resident here, door was opened without distinction from those power's, whose averfion at home to all the enemies of the would not be a bad rule for our choice, A K-'s family, because that was the only were foolith enough at the time open. way to root out Jacobitism, and to in. dy to speak out their apprehensions of troduce into places, those who seemed a changé, declaring, in a manner as to think the administration of a Stuart, insolent as indecent, but that Mould to which their new loyalty was conindeed give us a lesson, if we had ears fined, was the next thing to a reign to hear, that their courts would con of that nane. And with all these L tider the reinstating of Mr P-as

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B-might, for ought I know, have little short of a declaration of war, yet been the Miniter bimself, if his and would prepare themselves accorda want of courage had not done more ingly."

for us than our own virtue," These facts having never been so ful. ly explained to the public before, we Reasons supposed to operate in the respite have given them in the Examiner's own

ing Lieutenant Ogilvie.

N our , . of information.

с « We know the Cv-b-t have been able cale of Lieut. Ogilvie, and Cathepoisoned with L-B-'system, and rine Nairne, tried and condemned for that this has been one of the great incelt and murder, by the court of obitacles in the way of getting back Justiciary, in Scotland : As the sento the public service those ministers tence of these two criminals have to whom the eyes of all England look, fince been respired, our readers will Indeed the system was taken up, as doubtless be curious to know the cirthe best method of expelling them, in D cumstances that have appeared in order to compass L- B-'s great ob. their favour to entitle them to his ject, of engrossing the whole power of majesty's gracious clemency, the printhis country into his own hands; and cipal of which are as follows: difficult as it might have appeared to In their care there aretwo questions, be, to fall upon a system that could which occur: The first is, whether have inverted the state of this coun the proceedings against them are fair try, in the mide of the unanimity and E and legal, according to the law of success, in which L-B- found us, Scotland? The second, What court when he first came upon the political can give them redreis upon suppofiItage, he was wonderfully fuccessful in tion, that they are entitled to a re. his attempt to get posession of the

versal of the sentence now ftanding reins of government.

against them. For ibat L-I- and Mr P- were As to the first question ; till the forced from the K-'s counsel for an reign of the great deliverer of Britair, advice, of wbich the declaration of war F the court of justiciary in Scotland alagainst Spain was a most ample vindi. ways, or at least, as often as they cation, tho'it was a laboured apology pleased, `proceeded in the criminal for opposing it. For that the D- of causes under their confideration with N after having been induced put doors : But in that happy reign to' concur in chasing away Mr P-, there was a statute made in the Scotch was himself dismissed with ignominy, G parliament, that the court of justiciary to leave in sole possesion tlie Favou should try all caules which might be rite, whom his Grace had thought fit, prosecuted in that court with opene by an act of his own, to bring into a doors“; înceit, and a few other crimes ministerial office, to counterbalance excepted : Murder is not mentioned the weight of Mr P

For that we

among the exceptions ; so that that got a “glorious peace, and bought from crime must be tried with open doors, ourselves an approbation of it, because h in conformity to the general direction we were not able to carry on a war, of the statute. But as the judges may, the successes of which had álmost made or rather ought to, proceed otherwise an end of its expence." For that we in the case of Incert, it seems natural dissolved our natural alliances abroad, to infer, that this law had former an and renounced all connections with insuperable obitacle against the com

prising these two crimes in one indict. who has seen them can pretend to fay, ment, as the procedure in Murder is No part of the skeleton has been found quite incompatible with that on the except some of the skull and jaw. trial of Inceit. The inference from bones, both which are so broken, that this observation naturally follows it is impossible to form any judgment from this maxim in the law of Scot. A of them. The teeth that are largest land, Qyod jure probibente fit, eft ipfo jure are broken off juit at their insertion sullum; 1.2. that every act in which into the jaw; their shape and dimen. the direction of law is not observed, sions are as follow, viz. the largest in is absolutely void, ani of no more a. length 3 | inches, and 4} in. round, vail than if it had never been done. grooved with deep furrows from the From whence it is concluded, that as apex to the base ; another in length the direction of law was not observed

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2 4 inches, and round 4 4 inches, a in this criminal process, all the third 2 inches in length, and 4* in. proceedings in it are of no avail. The round. They are all axle teeth, of indictment is void, because two crimes the same texture, and were joined which cannot be prosecuted in one close to one another, inserted into one and the fame manner, are conjoined fide of the jaw, Allowing there to be in one prosecution. All the proceed all the axle-teeth on one side of the ings relative to the crime of Murder mouth, and to take up 4 1 half inches are void, because these proceedings C in extent, the fore-teeth and grinders were had with fout doors in contempt on the other side must consequently of the law; and the proceedings re. take up twice as mych room; which lative to the crimes of incelt ale fo makes the capacity of the mouth at wrapt in this case with these relative least 13 inches and a half. What a proto the murder, that they cannot be digious fize! The remains of the feparated, and, consequently, mult teeth are very fresh; and a more perpartake of the same fate.

fect guess of what sort of animal it has The next question, is, What court D been may probably be made, as there can adjudge these proceedings to be are some persons intending to search void, and give the desired relief? In for the skeleton.It has, without order properly to answer this ques. doubt, been of the granivorous tion, it must be observed, that the kind, as the hard plates of bone in Scotch parliament, if it now fubfifted, the teeth are disposed at certain dilwould be the proper court to take tances, in a perpendicular direction, cognizance of proceedings, which are from the top to the bottom of the

E an open contempt of their anthority. teeth. I am, Sir, Yours, &c. That court, like all other sovereign Randall Holme, Chr. Richardson. courts, might certainly defend their near Aidfone, GAI. 25, 1765. own fuperiority over the court of justiciary; and there can be as little Extracts from two Letters to the late doubt but that any subject who is in. Profeffor Colfon, of Cambridge Unijured by a contempt of a supreme versity, when Master of an Academy at court, has an unquestionable right to F Rochetter, containing Anecdotes of the fly to that court for protection; so first setting out of two very remarkable that there can be no doubt but that Persons now living. if the Scotch parliament was now in To the Rev. Mr Collon, &c. being, there miserable convicts would

Lichfield, Feb. 5, 1736. be weil entitled to their protection.

My dear old Friend, This being the fact, 'ris realonable Aving not been in town fince, tbe to believe that the House of Peers, by Gleis wonder at feeing a letter from me

year thirty-one, you will the the genius of our constitution, inhe rits all the judicial authcrity which But I have the pleasure of hearing of formerly belonged to that parliament, you sometimes in the prints, and am and consequently is the proper court glad to see you are daily throwing in to be applied to in this case, -To give your valuable contributions to the retime for the decision of this point publick of letters. of law, seems to be the occasion of But the present occasion of my writ. his frequent respitings (See Hift. Cbron.) H ing is a favour I have to ask of you.

My neighbour Captain Garrick, (who Mr URBAN,

is an honest valuable man,) has a son, COME days ago, near South Tyne fide, who is a very fenfible young fellow,

about three miles above this place, and a good scholar, and whom the re found some surprisingly large Captain hopes in fumma tiro or this

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years, he shall be able to send to the thefe will be the sole objects of my conduc.

Temple, and breed to the bar : But at I reft alsured that this fefion of parliament present his pocket will not hold out will be eminently diftinguished by our laudafor sending him to the university. I

ble emulation how best to be informed of the have proposed your taking him, if you A into execution. This will prove the most

means, and most effectually to carry them think well of it, and your boarding

acceptable service to his majesty, and unanihim, and instructing him in mathe

mity in your proceedings best express your maticks, and philosophy, and humane sease of the happiness enjoyed under the go. learning : He is now nineteen, of fo. vernment you are supporting, and your gratiber and good difpofitions; and is as tude for his majesty's paternal care and proingenious and promising a young man,

tection of his people, as ever I knew in my life. Few in In this light his majefty has most graciously Atructions on your side will do, and in B conduct, and, by your perseverance in these

accepted and highly approved of your palt the intervals of ftudy, he will be an

principles, the future felicity of these kingagreeable companion for you. His

doms will be establi Ged. "father will be glad to pay you what. loterefted as we are in the domeAic happiever you fall require within his reach;

ness of our most glorious fovereign, and the and I mall think myself very much o ftability of his moft illustrious house, you will bliged to you into the bargain.

receive with pleasure information of the inGILB, WALMESLEY. crease of his royal family, by the auspicious

birth of another prince descended from him, To the Rev. Mr Collon,

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Gentlemen of ibe House of Commons,
Dear Sir,
Lichfield, Mar. z.

I have ordered the proper officers to preI had the favour of yours, and am pare the several accounts and estimates to be extremely obliged to you: But can laid before you, and doubt sot but you will not say I have

a greater affection for find that your supplies have been properly apyou upon it than I had before, being plied to the publick services : His majesty is long tince so much endeared to you,

well pleased that those services have been an.

fwered without making use of the confidenas well? by an early friendship, as by

tial credit, which his majefty con Gidered as your many excellent and valuable D

your wise precaution againit cases of necesity. qualifications. And had I a son of my

As I have nothing in command to ask, but own, it would be my ambition, in.

the usual supplies, I am confident you will co ftead of sending him to the University, fteem it your duty and interest shat his mato dispose of him as this young gen. jelty's establishments be supported with hotleman is.

He and another neighbour of mine, My Lords and Gentlemer, one Mr S. Fobnfon, set out this morn. E

Times of peace are the seasons to delibem

rate on the means to render the natural ad. ing for London together : Davy Gar

vantages of this country most beneficial to the rick to be with you early the next

inhabitants, and to increase the national week, and Mr Johnson to try his fate

wealth, by the employment of the people, with a tragedy, and to see to get him

Policy directs, where the country admits of self employed in fome trandation, ei, it, the choice of some prioripal object of inther from the Latin or the French, duftry, as the ftaple of commerce. The lisens. Fobnfon is a very good fcholar and manufacture, in its several branches, je evipoet, and I have great hopes will turn dently that object in Ireland. The produce "out a fine tragedy writer. If it frould mews its consequence : Your care will be to

afliit the progress, and by prudent laws to any ways lay in your way, doubt not

guard against private frauds, which preventa but you would be ready to recom

the consumption, and will destroy the credic mend and affitt your countryman.

of this commodity at toreiga markets. Jc. G. WALMESLEY. would be highly pleasing to me, were my ada

miniftration marked by any useful services to Specb of bis Excellency tbe Earl of Hertford. this most valuable trade.

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, to borb Houfes of When our thoughts are turned to promote Parliament, on bis opening ibe Sejions Oct.22. G indufry in the people, we should remember Aty Lords and Gentlemen,

how neceifary religious principles, and virtuAm honoured with his majefty's commands ous education are to promote that end. The

to meet you in parliament, and em. charter-schools were fort inftituted for thote brace, with fingular fatisfaction, this oppor purpoles. You bave repeatedly given them tunity of concurring with you in promoting parliamentary asistance, your experience, his majesty's most gracious and cordial inten iherefore, of their utility, will induce y tions for the prosperity of this his kingdom of continue them under your protection ; other Ireland

H particulars must be left to your wisdom, wird Long and personal experience have raised in this assurance, that duty and the warmest:cal my mind the most honourable sentiments of will ever empipe m igilant attention to pre. your zeal and affection for his majesty's fer vent what m

Cr, 20 to vice, and of your serious Utention to the wel

fondo fare of your courtry ard conscious itu

pour.

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Some Account of Windor-Castle. (See is built' on the higheft part of the the annexed View.

mount, and there is an arcent to it by HIS Rately and venerable Cara a large fight of ftone steps: these a

tle is divided into two courts or partments are spacious and noble, and wards, with a large round tower be. among the relt is a guard room, or tween them, called the middle ward, magazine of arms. King Charles II. it being formcıly separated from the A began to face this mount with brick, Jower ward by a ftrong wall and draw but only compleated that part next bridge. The whole contains above the court. It was here that Marsbal twelve acres of land, and has many Beleise was confined when prisoner in towers and batteries for its defence ; England. but length of time has abated their The lower court is larger than the ftrength, and the happy union that others, and is in a manner divided into sublilts between the prince and peo two parts by St George's chapel, which ple, has made it unnecessary to keep B stands in the centre. On the north, these fortifications in perfect repair. or inner fide are the several houses

The cafte is situated upon a high and apartments of the Dean and ca. hill, which rises by a gentle ascent, nons of St George's chapel, with those and enjoys a most delightful prospect of the minor canons, clerks and other around it ; in the front is a wide and officers; and on the South and West extensive vale, adorned with corn sides of the outer part, are the hou. fields and meadows, with groves on ses of the poor knights of Windsor. either side, and the calm smooth wa. C In this court are also several towers ters of the Thames running through it; belonging to the officers of the crown, and behind it are every where bills when the court is at Windsor, and to covered with woods, as if dedicated the officers of the order of the gar. by nature, for game and hunting. ter.

On the declivity of the hill is a fine The royal apartments are on the terrace faced with a rampart of free North side of the upper court, and ttone, 1870 feet in length.

are usually termed the star building, From tlis terrace you enter a beau- D from a flar and garter in gold in the tiful park, which surrounds the pa. middle of the structure, on the outJace, and is called the lietie or house fide next, the terrace: park, to diitinguish it from another St George's chapel is fituated in the adjoining, which is of a much larger middle of the lower court. It is now extent. This little park is four miles in the purest itule of Gothic architecin circumference, and surrounded by ture, was firlt erected by King Eda brick wall. The turf is of the moit ward III. in the year 1357, soon af.. beautiful green, and it is adorned & ter the foundation of the college, far with many shady walks ; especially the honour of the order of the garter, that called Queen Elizabeth's, 'which, and dedicated to St George, the pa. on the summer evenings is frequent tron of England; but however noble ed by the belt company. A fine plain the first design might be, King Edon the top of ihe hill w?s made level ward IV. not finding it entirely comfor bowling, in the reign of King pleted, enlarged the tructure and de. Charles II. and from lience is an ex: Fligned the present building, together tensive prospect over the Thames, and with the houses of the dean and cathe adjacent country: The park is nons, Gruated on the North and Welt well tocked wish deer, and other lides of the chapel; the work was afgame, and the keeper's lodge at the terwards carried on by Henry VII. farther end is a delightful babitation. who finished the body of the chapel,

In the upper court of the castle is and Sir Resinald Bray, knight of the a spacious and regular square, con- G garter, and the favourite of that King, taining on the north fide the royal a fifted in ornamenting the chapel and partments, and St Ceorge's chapel and cornpleating the roof. hall, on the South and East rides are The architecture of the inside has the royal apartments, those of the always been elteemed for its neatness prince of Wales, and the great offi - and great beauty, and in particular, cers of llare, and in the centre of the the store roof is reckoned an excelarea is an equestrian flatue in copper, lent piece of workmanship. It is an of King Charles II.

ellipsis supported by Goibiç pillara, The round tower, which forms the while ribs and groins Sustain the weit fice of this upper court, con whole ceiling, every part of which tains the governor's apartments.

It has some different device well finished.

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