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by fine in the King's Court, in which 2. By the deftruction of the thing all these parties (oncurred.

for which the modus was paid ; as, But to establish a Modus in lieu of where two fulling-mills, under the tythes, several qualifications are ne Tame roof, have been turned into a cessary.

corn milli by the addition of another ift, It must be for the Parson's he. pair of stones to a mill; by the alteneht, and therefore, the payment of ration of a water-course, and the re.

A any sum, or performing any act for edification of a mill; these are adthe henefit of another, is not a legal judged cases. Yet where a man was condition of discharging the party reized of eight acres of meadow, and from tythes.

one of pasture, for the tythes of which 2d, The Modus must not be one he had paid time out of mind five thil. tythe, paid in discharge of another : lings and four pence, and afterwards It must not be tythe of herbage, in built a corn-mill upon his ground, it lieu of tyine for dry cattle, nor lo B was adjudged that he mould pay no much for every cow and calf in lieu tyrbes for his corn mill, because the of tythe for herbage.

land was discharged by the modus. 3d, It must be different in kini,

This is the substance of the first from the thing that is due, and there. three chapter of the work, the fourth fore, a load of hay in lieu of tythe. coniains an alphabetical table of hay, or certain heaves for tythe of things tytheable and not tytheable : all corn is not good. Yet this author c But things tytheable are not ranged fays, that a prescription to pay ten under one alphabet, and things not Aleeces of woul, and two lambs, in tytheable under another, because lieu of all tythes, was held to be good, the same thing is tytheable and not but at the same time, it was denied

ty heable, under different circumto be a payment of tythe,or a payment it ances, and because there are so many for a species of tythe, because it was to

qualifications and diftinctions under be paid, whether there were theep or no. each article that the mere insertion of

4h, Every Modus must be certain ; D the name of any thing supposed to so a prescription to pay, a penny, or he tytheable, or not tyi heable, alphaChereabouts, is not good ; nor a jme. betically, would not answer the purcription to pay a modus on or about

pose. This article is long but not the 25th of April, nor to pay a modus less useful than curious, as it contains of 45. for every day's ploughing of

reports of many interesting cases, parwheat, and 2 s. for every day's plough ticularly, that of Mr Fonalban Tyers, ing of barley, because a day's plough- e master of Vaux hall Gardens, and Mr ing could not be ascertained ; fo

Walton, concerning the tythe of hops. the payment of two shillings in the

--As the whole of it cannot be abrid. pound, of the improved rent, in lieu ged this Month, and, it is thought of all tythes was held to be not good,

better to give it whole than divide it, for it is to be more or less, as the land we reserve it for our next. is let, and the Parson cannot know it.

5th, A Modus must also be ancient; Bei Merbod of making Ink, from Dr and, therefore, if it is any thing near F Lewis's Philosophical Commerce the prelent value of the tylhe, it will of Arts. be fupposed to be of late commence. TAKE One part of green vitriol, ment, and for that reason set aside.

one of powdered logwood, and 6." A molus must he something three of powdered galls. The best durable, because the tytle in kind is menftruum is vinegar, or white wine, a certain inheritance ; for this reason, Though, for common use, water will four pence to be paid yearly by two G fuffice. The quantity of menttruum persons inhabiting two certain boules, admits of great latitude: To make in conGderation of all tythes, was not

an ink of a full body of colour it allowed, because the houses might de should not exceed a quart, or at most cay, or be untenanted.

three pints, to three ounces of the 7. The prescription, or custom, must galls, and one ounce of each of the bave been uninterrupted.

other two ingredients. The proporA modus may also be destroyed le. Htion of gum may be varied at citcre. veral ways.

tion, according as the ink is wanted 1. By a conversion of the lands to

to be more or less glory or thining, other uses; So if the modus is for hay or as the nature of the paper may re: and grass, and the land is converted

quire the Auid to be well gummed to iato a hop garden, or tillage, the mo.

prevent its finking.

Half an ounce 10

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a pint is in most cases sufficient; tho' virtue may be more readily and effec. the more gum we can employ, con tually extracted, it is expedient to fittently with due freedom of writing, have the ink seperated from them, as it is probable that the ink will be the in the second of the above processes; more durable.

because otherwise the ink will often The ingredients may be all put to.

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be loaded with the finer parts of the gether at once, in any conveint vel. powder in substance, which being sel, and well taken tour or five times mixed up by thaking the vessel, rea day. In ten or twelve days, and main long suspended in the liquor ; sooner, if let in a warm place, the ink it is proper, however, in order to see will be fit for use; though both its cure against any danger of a deficien

colour and durability will be improv. cy in the aftringent materials, to add jed by standing longer on the undissolv. to the ink, separated from its fecu. ed ingredients. The ink thus pre- B lence, fome gails in coarse powder, pared, though it flows pale from the freed from the fine duit by a lieve. pen, turns to a good black in a day On the same principle, an oaken cark or two after writing.

is one of the best vesels for keeping Or the logwood and galls may be ink in, this wood having a manifeł firft boiled in the liquor for half an aftringency, and answering nearly the hour, or more, with the addition of a fame end with the additional galls. little more liqour to make up for that Besides the galls, some pieces of iron which evanorates in the boiling. Strain C may be put into the veslel. the decoction while hot, and having put it into the vellel which the ink is A Description of the Island of Ana Bona; to be kept in, adu to it ihe viiriol and in a Letter from a Gentleman, wbo the gum; as soon as these are ditlolv. touched tbere in bis Passage to St Heed, the ink may be used. By this

lena, to bis Friend in London, dated way of managing the process, we ob

St Helena, July 10, 1765;

England we met without daubing any other veflels or cept a view of the famous pike of Te. utenots than the ink vertel. The ink

neriffe, till February the 19th, when we is expedicionlly made, and writes of a made Ana Bona, a small inland lying pretiy full colour.

directly under the line, which I shall Common pale ink, prepared by cold attempt to give you some idea of, macerarion, may be improved, so as from the few observations I made to write black at once, by evapora. E while there. rion. It may he let in tuch a heat as This island is entirely mountainwill make it vihbly steam,not greater ; ous, yet produces all tlie necessaries and the heat continued until, of life in great plenty. Fowls, both Yiying the liquor now and then, it tame and wild, abound in it, with

is found to be of a sufficient blackness. plenty of tolerable goats and theep, On the same principle, when ink is and excellent pasture for them; the kept in an open ink-stand till it begins mountains being covered with verto grow somewhat thick, from the F dure to their very tops : It produces exhalation of part of the watery Auid, likewise, Indian corn, and callada in it writes as black as can be withed; abundance, with most of the tropical and when grown too thick to be con. fruits, such as oranges, limes, cocoa. veniently written with, it gives black nuts, pine-apples, &c. cotton too, and ness to a certain quantiry' of fresh ink. Sugar thrive very well there; the first Hence, when we have pale ink to be of which is excellent; and the last thus improved, it will be sufficient in .G I am apt to think would be fo too, many cases to evaporate to blackness did they know how to cultivate it only a part of it, and to dilute this

properly, or cure it when cultivated. occasionally, as it thickens in the ink. The inhabitants are entirely Stand with some of the rett, stirring blacks, and very numerous ; they are them well together after each addi under the protection of the King of tion, as the thickened and diluted inks Portugal, by whole governor of St do not very readily unite: If the e. Thomas, they have a governor ap: vaporation was suffered to continue

H

pointed from among themselves, bút till the black remained dry, it would pay no sort of tribute or duties to scarce diffolve at all in common ink, him. They profess the Roman Caor in water.

tholic religion, and have priests from 15 the galls and logwúvid õught ito among themselves, likewite educated

on

de clothes they parte concert into T head on whichis placed an enger?

at St Thomas's, to officiate. Their

THE

E LECTURE UPON HEADS, that language is a broken sort of Portuguese. bas been lately read near Ifington, Money they have none, nor do they has been juf publisbed; it is not without know the use of it; so that the only humour, as the reader will see by the folmethod of trading with them is by lowing Extraits, the whole being too much barter, in which they shew a great A for our purpose. of judgment, preferring a

, a a cap, or any little use, to the

mous tye wig) is a compendium of gaudieft baubles you can offer them : law-Special pleadings in the fore-top, Though if they were at half the pains pleas, rejoinders, replications, and der in railing cotton and manufacturing muis in each turn of the head,-the it, the art of which they seem to understand very well, as they are atin B knetty points of practice in the twi of

the tail,--the depth of the full bottom jearing stock, &c. which they give in denotes the length of a chancery fuit i exchange for old cloaths, they might while the black coif ať the top, like a be supplied with more than sufficient bliser plaifler, seenis to tell us that the for their own confumption, without law is a great irritater, and ought never depending on such an uncertain me. to be uted but in very desperate cases. thod of being supplied, as from the In law there are four parts ;-the few ships that call there.

C quidlibate ;--the quodlibate ;---the quidIf by avarice is understood the

proco ;-and the finequanon. bare luft of hoarding up money, they Imprimis: The quidlibate ;-or, who muft be free from it, as ihey have none; began firs? becaule, in all actions of but in the more general sense of the attauli, che law is clear, that primis jokis word they may juttly be accused of it, is absolutis malis, fine jokis : which, bediscovering the greedieft disposition ing elegantly and classically rendered in all their dealings. Nor have they into English, is, that, whosoever he be any principle of honesty, but boast in D that gave the first stroke, it was absobeing able to over-reach one another lute ill, and without a joke. as well as foreigners. Jealousy they Secondly, the quodlibat?, or the daare intire strangers to, and will chear mages : but that the law has nothing to fully lend their wives and daughters do with, only to state them ; for whatto the highest bidder.

ever damages enľue, they are all the The town before which we an. client's perquifites, according to that chored (which, to the belt of my in. ancient Norman motto,

E formation, is the largest in the island) If he is cast, or cafandum ; was compoled of an immense nuro He is semper idem, ruinandum. ber of small huts, with a pretty large Thirdly ; the quidproro ; feeing counone that they honoured with the name cil.-Giving words for money, or hav.. of church, and one something less, ing money for words: according to in which the governor lives, who, that ancient Norman motto,

"Si curat knowing us to be English, for whom lex,"—We live to perplex. they have the greateit venerati. F Fourthly; the finequanon ; or, with on, and imagining us to be a man out something, what would any thing of war, from our size and guns, as be good for ?-without this wig, what soon as ever we anchored, came on would be the outlines of the law ! board in his baige (which, by the bye I shall illustrate this by a case in was nothing but a hollowed trem) to point (Peere Williams, p. 96.) Daniel apay his respects to the captain, who gainst Disnclout.-Plcintif Daniel was treated him very courteously, and, in return for a few trifling things he had a grom in the same family where defen

dant Disclout was cook :-Plaintiff Dabrought by way of present, gave him niel had been drinking, or, as Dr Bib. a compleat English suit, and equipped bibus says in his differtation on bumhis attendants ; but infilted upon the pers, he was duplicans, that is, he was a fame privilege as a man of war, of double man ; he was not as he hould be paying no duties for the liberty of ipse be," but as he should not be, trading:

tipfe he.-Plantiff Daniel made a During the time we staid here, H forcible entry on the cook's premilles which was very hort, we were plen. the kitchen. -Now, the kitchen, actifully supplied with every thing the cording to Serjeant Ploodling, as he has island produces, and the cheapest rates it in his 149 tolio vol. of the abridg. imaginable, inti! ely owing to their ment of the statutes, page 1796, there ignorance of the real value of their he says, that the kitchen is, car: sommodities.

cefaro, in ufu cookeraro, where she has teous (as he called it) and he would the overlooking, the condut, the ma: be for setting the world to rights in nagement, the supervising, the foeing 10, ar hurry. Ay! Ay! neighbour Cothe fuperintendance, and the speculation, tive; all for their own ends now. of all the fauspannis, Rewpannis, frien. a duys; all for their own eids; no. pannis, et fiovis, smoke jacko, and where A body do you see now.d-iays, loves our cook was at this tine employed their own country since quoen Sema. in all the duties of her office; where ramus, and Me invented folamon fundy, she was roasiandum, boilandum. fryandum, and that's the bed eating in all the frigafeyandum, et plumb pudaineandum, werlal worid. If I was at the head of mixandum : at this time, plantiit Da. affairs, things should not be, as they niel made a forcible entry, &c. and de are now; that's all ; they thould' not, manded a lop in the pan ;

;-defendant indeed. I would the winem another Dishclout infilted on a right of refusal: В way of a manner of going to work; (a fop in the pan, gemmen, is a very le. now I'll thew you my plan of operajious thing !) and without perquidites, tions; do you mind me now, mark what are all honours and places goud what I lay i fuppole then there iwo for nothing more than an embroid. or three bits of tobacco alhes, to be ered button hole; and if we consider the main land continent. -Very well! a minister of Atate as the nation's cook, Very well! And luppose now neigh. then the perquisites are the sop in the bour Spriggins, this little drop of milk pan to the minister of state, with which C punch (well come, here's the king i omnium gatherum, choose to grease their Godbless him) suppose this little drop fingers. Well, Plantiff Daniel de of milk punch, to be the main fea manded a sop in the pan; defendant ocean ; very well! very well! And Disbclout insisted on a right of relulal : Suppole there three or four bits of Daniel seized Dishclout by the left hand,

cork to be all our great men of war, there was the quidlibate, or the alault; very well! But what thall, I do now Disclout took Daniel by the right band for your fortified places! Oh! here I and pulled him into the dripping pan : D have ithe-re I have it! Here's

there was the damages-she dripping your Havannah's, and your Pondicber. pan_Now, if the dripping pan bad ries, and your Tilbury Ports, and your not heen there, he could not have Touer Ditches; and all your damnd fallen into the dripping-pan; and if strong places ! there's a plan of ope. he had not been there, the drioping rations for ye now :

A-h? Well, pan could not have received him. and then our army all should wear a And this is law; and the loquacioul. E new uniform; all our horse infantry, ness of the law, is mulli loquacious : Mould wear air jackets ; and all our forasmuch, - nevertheless, -moreover, jost cavalry, fhould wear cork waift. likewise and also

coats; and then ye know, why they'd The liberty of the law, is the hap be all over the sea before you could piness of the English : And it is very say Jack Robinson! Well, and where happy for us Englishmen, that we have do you think I'd land them now? you the liberty to go to law..

F

don't know ; nor you can't know i Another Head exbibited.

how the devil fhould you know. You This is, Sir Full Fed Domine Double don't understand geometry. Why I'll Chin ; citizen, tur:le, and venizon eater. tell you where I'd land them; I wou'd He was one of the common council of land then under the line, close by the Farringdon within : he was a very South Pole; there, I'd land them; and good fort o! a man; he was half bro. then l'a ambustade all the Spaniarde ther to an alderman, and had been de. back settlements ; and take troin them puty of his own ward; his time was g all their (Phan You know taken up in the attairs of the siate, and what I mean well enough; all their the affairs of the kitchen. He loved all them dama'd hard names mention. politics, and he loved venison. He ed in the news papers) all their Mexithought a cook was the grea'eft ge cos, and their Perus, and their Limont nus in all the world, except a news Ifunds ! and then I'd come with a cir. writer; he constantly read everv po. cumvendibus on the Dutch, in Alat-hotlitical pampb.et that was puslithed, toor'u hoats; (because ye know that on both lides of the quellion, and H is a fiar-bottom'd country) open the always framed bis opinion accor. Juices-let in the water drown all the ding to the writer he read laft; and poor Durch, and then we should bave according to the humour be happen. the turtles, and the Spice Islands, for no. el to be in; he would take liia cap, thing i and there'd be living in Oud and his pipe, and a glase of the righi. England.

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