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27. Capt. Dobson, in Paradice-row, Ro John Dickenson,-capt. in 68th Reg. therhithe,

Hon. Col. Cunningham, and Capt. Fle. 27. Cha. Pickering, Esq; at Kenfington. ming,-aidde camps to the E. of Hertford, [Mr Havard, 1 be comedian, inserted in our last

Lord Lieut of Ireland. lias, is arrived at London, in good bealtb.) John Wharton,-capt. in the both R. foot. Lip of PROMOTIONS for tbe Year 1765. ECCLESIASTICAL PRITLIMENTS. (From tbe London-Gazette.) Jis majesty in council was

Rev. Mr Cockayne, professor of aftroAug. 1.

nomy at Grelham-college, Killbampton, L.

Cornwall. Hertford Lord Lieut. of Ireland.

Mr Clarke, - St Mary, V. Marlborough. Wbileball, Aug 6. Rt Hon. Earl of Cornwallis, -one of his majesty's aids-de-camp,

Mr Pinckney of St Paul's. -Edmonton, V.

Mr Geo. Sale, of New-College, Oxford, and rank as col. of foot.

fellow of Winchefter college. (Dr Barton, d.) Aug. 13. The king has been pleased to grant to the Rt Hon. Henry Lord Digby of

Dispensation to bold two Livings. Ireland, and his heirs male, the dignity of a Fred. Morcau, 2 Shillingston, R. 7 Dorset, Baron of Great Britain, by the file and title M.A. 3 Durwerton, R. 34001.p.An of Baron Digley of Sherborne in Dorsetihire, and in default of such iffue, to the heirs male

B-KTS. of Edward Digby, Esq; his father, deceased. T. Lampard of Pope's-head-alley, coffee-man.

St James's, Augu17. The Marquis of Rock. Tho. Dewing of Wisbech, dealer. ingham,-lord licut. of the West Riding of Mildred Tucker of Cov.-garden, haberdasher. Yorkshire, and of the city of York; also Sheffield Young of Honey-lane market, butcher Cuftos Rot. of the North and West-Ridings.. Henry Jenkins of Cheaphide, watch-maker.

The Earl of * Dartmouth, Soame Janynse Tho. Upfall of W Spington, Lincolníh.dealer. Edw. Elliot, * John York, Geo. Rice. * John Geo. Eaton of Gr. Yarmouth, Norf. butcher, Roberts. Jeremiah Dyfon, and * WmFitzhes.

Ste. Bell of the Devizes, woolftapler. bert, Eqrs. - commissioners for trade 200

Tho. Craven of Chefter, grocer. plantations. [Tbe gentlemen marked ibus *, are appointed in the room of tbe E. of lichester, Ed.

Bill of Mortality from July 23. to Aug. 27 Bacon, Esq; Lord Orwell, and Bamber Gas

Buried

Chriftened coigne, E39;]

Males 936

Males 2 Visc. Howe.-treasurer of the Navy.

1941

Females Sir Henry Pool, Bart -1 commissioner of

Under 2 Years old 797 the excise. [in room of H. Vernon, dic.] Between 2 and 5 166 Within the walls 114 Chr. Rigby, Eiq; -- one of the commiffio

5 and 10 - 83 Without thewalle 480 ners of the raxes. [in r. of Wm B'air, Elq;] 10 and 20 - 81 Mid, and Surry 988 Wm Blair, Geo. Whitmore, and John 20 and 30

-182 City & Sub.Weft. 359 Kenrick, Eiqrs.--comnuitioners of the famp 30 and 45-152 office.

40 and 50-149

1941 Wa Poole. Esq;-receiver-gen. to ditto.

50 and 60 -113 Hegeage Legge, Esq;- keeper of the book

60 and 70 -123 Weekly July 30. 352 of entries for thips, in the Port of London.

70 and 80 82

Aug. 6. 357 John Hughson, Esq;- inspector of the out. 8o and co 28

13 364 port collectors accounts.

go and 100 4

20. 381 Henry Shelly, and Michael Warden, Esqrs.

27. 487 and the survivor of them, auditor of the king's revenues in the counties of Notting

1941

1941 ham, Derby, Lincoln, and Chester ; alio auditor of the accounts of the money arising by

Wheaten peck loaf 25. 6d. writs of covenant and writs of entry in the A Price of Stocks, on Course of EXCHANGE, licnation.cffice.

Aug. 31, 1765.

Aug. 26, 1765. From orber Papers,

Bank Scock, 136. Am.3510 201.ag 28 Imo:hy Brett, Esq;- pay.matter and ac

E. India ditto,

dito at fight 356 comptant at the Ticafury, in t. of J. S. Sea ditto, fhut.

Rotterd. 35 10 2! Uf. Wallace, Esq;

Ditto Old An. Antwerp. No Price, Geo. Bridges Brudenell, Esq; – one of the Ditto Now An. Hamb.34 7 2 UL. clerks of the board of green cloth.

3 perCt reduced, 887

Paris 1 day's date zit M: Wildman of Albemarle freet, -princi 3 ditto consol. 89 at dito at 2 V 315

Bourdesux pal or his majesty's wine cellar. Wallop, Esq;- one of the grooms of

36

Bank 1758, fhut. the bed-chamber.

3 dito 17:8,932afa Cadiz 394 Geo. Dempster, Esq;-secretary to the or 4 pe: Cent 1763, 101: Madrid 391 der of the Thifle.

IndiaBonds prem. Sos. Bilboa 395 Ardrew Wilkinson, Esq: member for Ald. Exch. Bills 1763, Legturn 50 borough, -Aore.keeper of the ordnance, in r. Navy disc. 20$

Genoa 49 of Sir Edw. Winnington, Bart.

Long Annuities, 27?a? Venice 52 Tbo Bland,- maj r 76 R. of dragoons, Navy 4 per Cent. 1011 Lisbon 55 58 wa Oime,-major poth R. of foot.

4 per Cl. 5763, Oporto SSS

743

100 and 101

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London Gazette
Craftsman
Daily Advertises
Old London Spy
Lopdon Evering
Gen. Evening
Whitehall Ev.
Gazetteer
Public Adveri,
London Chron.
Lloyd's Evening

Monday, Wide
nesday, Friday.
Public Ledger
Univ. Chron.
Monitor
North Briton
Scrutator

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Country News, Coventry 2 Colchester York 2 papers Dublin 3 Edingburgh Britol

For SEPTEMBER 1765.

CONTAINING, In ore in Quantitp and greater Viiritop than any Booh of the Hind and Price. I. An Epitome of a new treatise on tythes ; , XIV. The humble Address of the Lord Mayor

wiib their origin and kind; for what paid; of London on the birth of a Prince. laws relating to them, &c.

XV. Letrer to the Common Courcil relative II. New receipt for the beit ink.

ro inis address. II. Description of an illand liste koow.. XVI. An account of the quarrel hetween the jV. Characters from the besture un Heads. pitmen of Newcastle and the coal owners. V. Sandimar's doctrine of Fuch farther con. XVII. POETRY.' The Propberic Bee ; a Gidered.

Rhaplosy on leaving Berb; Tring Park VI. –The compilers of the 39 articles of the Tragedy; on a confultatiun of our phyfi

church, and the Atemblie: Colechism, or cians; Tunbridge Verses; the LazentaSandman's opinion.

tiva; Epigiais &c, c. VII. The account of the clcape of the young cicevure of Books, wirb Remarks. Prelender, concluded.

XVIII. A estay on a cuurie of liberal eduVIII. Mr Ledlam's report to the Board of cauon, by Di Prief.ey

Longitude, of the principles of Mr Hur- XIX. A vindicati n'of be Whigs again at the rilor's Time-keeper.

chanou's of a Tory mrb with a queer ad. IX. Interefing Events relative to Bengal. dress to the corporation of London. X. -The Nabobthip of that country, the XX. Queries; georgical, political, phyfio

only security to the Eu India Cipany. Hogic, and polemical. XI. “Tive voit revenues of the provinces. XXI. A pair of spectac'es for thoit.fighted XII. A coin p,sa ive view of ihe ftare and politicians. faculties of Man with those of the Animal | XXII. Kemarks on the imuortance of the World, with remariks.

tudy of Oxfilical pamphlais &c. XIII. The Resurrection illustrated by ibe XXI. Remarkable Hvenis, &. &c. changes of the Silkworm.

XXIV. tjurtas (bronicle. Lifts, as usual. With a new and accura'e Map of he Roads from London through 0:f:rd and Worcefter

10 Aber ifwib, in Wales, zira the Cross Rued from Erfol to Exter; in buth which the exući D.ftance fruin Town to Tuwn is al ertained ; the Market Towns and principal Places on and scar ibc Road pointed out; and the errors in former Maps corredted.

By SILVANUS URBAN, (ent.
LONDON: Printed by D. I18NRY, at

S: JOR

420

ib.

on

406

Vour

408

ters

SOME COME account of a new treatise on lythes

399 Perversion of tythes

ib -Parson and Vicar, &c. explained ib -Tythes small and great, what 400 -Glebe and Modus explained ib Belt method of making ink

401 Description of an ibland, called AnaBona, under the Line

402 -Manners of the inhabitants ib Extract from the Lecture on Heads 403 -Lawyer's head, and lecture on law in -A law care

494 Common-council man's head -His way of settling the nation ib Mr Sandiman's doctrine of Faith fasther conquered

405 -Liable to cer.sure only in common witii the 39 articles

ib -Faith not a work Authentic account of the escape of the young Chevalier concluded

407 -Seen and pursued by the county militia

Surrounded by the King's forces 4.09 -Falls as he defcends a precipice 1b

Surprized by a foraging party ib -His companion loses their purse 410 -In danger of perishing of hunger411 -Efcapes at last on board a French pri• vateer

412 Mr Ludlam's report to the Longitude

Bard, concerning Mr Harrison's
Time keeper

ib Farther account of a book, intitled, Interesting Events relative to Bengal

413 - Our war against the Mogul and his Viceroys will certainly end in the

ruin of the East India company, 414 -A proposal for peace to the Mogul advised

ib -Immense revenues in our power, by

becoming Viceroys to the Mogul 4!5. -Revenue of the provinces separately

considered Account of " A comparative view between mankind and rutes

417 -Tbe knowledge of human nature imperfect, and why

ib -Biutes lave some advantage over man in polisted states

ib -Savages have those advantages in common with brutes

417-18 - What there advantages are, and how to secure them

418 -Prepofterous management of chiil. dren

ib -Advantages enjoyed by man above brutes, what

419 -His principles concerning reading and study examined

ib --His asertion, that the best pleacures

are most enjoyed ty the vicious,

confidered -His notion of friendship and love considered

421 Of the Audy of the fine arts

422 Imitation of the ancient matters

pernicious IHüftration of the Resurrection, by

ths changes of the filk-worm 43 - The Phænix, what

id City address on the birth of a prince

424 Letter to the common-council there.

ib -The address illiberal, unreasonable, unduritul, and absurd

425 - Contrary to the sense of the citi. zens in general

426 - The effect of disappointment in a peity candidate for ministerial fa.

ib Qualification for Common council. men proposed

427 The merits of the new adminiftra. tion Rated

428 -Recoinmended by the Duke of Cum. berland

429 Account of the difference between the pit-men at Nerucaple and their mal

430 POETRY.

The Prophetic Bee. -A Rhapsody on leaving Bath 431 -Tring Park Tragedy:-To an apo.

thecary on his birth day.-On a contuliation of four physicians.To H. Anthony on biz birth-day 432 - Tunbridge Verses; on the two Mils Mundays, on a butterfly burnt in the ball room.-Epilogue to the Tunbridge Verses. Upon all the Verses. The Lamentation.-An Epigram on Quin, by D. G. - The Britisb Epi.

433 List of Books, with Remarks. Ellay on education, by Dr Priesley 434 Vindication of the Whigs 435 Queries georgical, political, philolo. gical and polemical

ib A pair of Spectacles for thort-fighted

politicians Reinarks on the importance of the

Study of political pamphlets, &c. Revarkable Events

438-9 Hjorical Chronicle. Arrival of the Pr. and Princess of Brunswick

440 -Resolution of the board of longi.

tude.-Dukes of York and Gloucefler visit Tunbridge.—Royal christening

441 -Duel on Kennington Common. - Re

markable in crease of oats Americar news

cure

416

436

437 8

442

Τ Η Ε

Gentleman's Magazine;

For SEPTEMBER 1765.

Some Account of a New Treatise on the

seldom perfornit the duties for which Laws concerning Tythes.

tythes are paid: The church duties By a Gen.

in this kingdom are probably persleman of the Middle Temple,

formed by persons whose wages, put HIS Treatise con.

all together, would not amount to one tains all the Ita- A thousandth part of what the public

tutes, adjudged car: pays for performing them. If such T

es, resolutions, and wages is sufficient, why is the pubjudgments, relative lic taxed for more? If not sufficient, to tythes, under the why is not some measure taken to following heads. unite the revenue and the duty.?.

1. A definition PARSON is a corrupt abbreviation of tythes, parfonage, vicarage, im

of the words Persona Ecclefia, and figpropriation, and appropriation; and B nifies the rector of a parish church, of the origin, nature, and several who perfonates, or represents the kinds of tytlies.

church, and can sue for and defend 2. Out of what things tythes shall

her rights. be paid ; what lands are subject to

VICAR signifies one who acts in an tythes; what lands are discharged ecclefiaftical capacity for another, from tythes by the several statutes for having a living under the parson, or diffolving, religious houses, and veit. c lon's inheritance, and for whose main

under such layman as holds the paring their lands in the king. 3. Of exemptions from payment of

tenance part of the parson's revenue tythes ; and of modus, cuitom, and

is allowed. prescription.

This allowance is sometimes a sum 4. An alphabetical table of things of inoney, but generally it is the small tytheable, and not tytheable.

tythes. 5. Of setting out, and taking and A Vicar's living is called a vicar'carrying away tythes.

Dage; a parson's, a rectory. 6.' of the legal remedies to recover When the parson is a layman, the them, when they are refused.

living of which he receives the reve7. Of the manner of paying tythes, nue, and to perforin the duties of and the sums payable by the parishes

which, a spiritual Vicar is appointed, in London.

is called an IMPROPRIATION. Tythes are a tenth part of the Neither tythes nor ecclefiaitical be':encrease of the earth, of bealls, and of 'neficies were ever heard of, till about

the labour of man, which the law has E the beginning of the seventh cen. appropriated to the ministers of the tury, but churches and churchmen gospel, in recompence for their fưl. were maintained hy gifts and obla.' filling the duties of their office.

tions. It is to be lamented that all men Tythes were not paid in England are still mulated this tenth part of

till the latter end of the eighth cen. their posfeffions and labour, though tury, and then only as offerings. But ministers of the gospel do not receive about the year 194, Offa king, of it; the right of receiving tythes being F Mercia, a district of this kingdom now vested in lay men, with respect to

when it was divided into seven parts, a very great proportion of the tythes under seven sovereignties, calied the paid in this kindom; it is also to be Saxon Heptarchy, as an expiation for lamented, that those ministers of the a murder, made a law, by which he gospel who do receive tythes, very gave to the church, the tythes of all

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his kingdom. This law firft enabled parish is not certainly known, fhall be the clergy to claim and recover tythes paid to the parlon of the parisis where as a legal due by the coercion of the the owner of the cattk lives. civil power. It extended, however, As common sight tyibes are to be only to Mercia; but about fixty years paid for such things only, as do yield afterwards Erbelweld extended it to an yearly encreate, by the act of God; the whole kingdom thea under his by tythes here the author muft mean dominion.

A only predial ty thes. Tythes, 8 they are of three kinds, of Yet the rule admits of exception, the fruits of the earth, of the encrea'e for rafron is tytheable, though gaof beafts, and of the labout of man, thered but once in three years, so is are diftinguished by three names, pre: folva ceara, or wood of twenty years dial, mixt, and ferfonal.

growth. A piece of ground being in Latin, Generally of things en creating year. called predium, the produce of it was B ly, rythes kali be paid only once a called predial, and the tythe of it a year. predial tythe. Tythes of animals Yet to this rule there are also ex. nourished by the ground are called ceprions, for tythes are done for the mixed tythes. And personal tythes are after math, if not exempted by pre: the tenth part of such profits as arise fcription ; and if seeds are fown which by the labour and induftry of man, renew oftener than once a year, tythes employiog himself in some personal fhall be paid of thein as often as they work, artifice, or negociation, after all C renew. 'It may, however, be quel. expences are deducted.

tioned whether feeds renewed oftener In the account given by this auther than once a year, can justly be brought of personal tythes, there is the same under the denomination of tbings eticonfusion that is always found in mere creafing yearly ; if not it is no excep. complications from law books, so that tion to the rule. it is impossible for the reader to deter No tythes are due for wild crea. mine from what he finds here, wheo ptores, called fera natura, as fish taken ther personal tythes are, or are not out of the fea, or a river, except by pow paid į as appears by the follow custom as in Wales, Ireland, Yarmouth, ing quotations :

and some other places. Neither is No personal tytbes pall be paid out tythe due for deer, or rabbets, though of the clear gain of the

party : Mich. breeding in enclosures, except by cus. 14. Ja. 13. R. fer Curiam, 1 Rol. tom.

GLEBE is a portion of land belong • It was decreed in the House of e ing to the parion or vicar, over and • Peers, that the tythes of a mill are above his tythes. ' perfonal lythes, and therefore, that not If in the hands of a parfon it • 'the tenih toll or din of the grain pays no tyihe to the Vicar, and if in

ground but the tenth part of the clear the hands of the Vicar it pays no profits shall be paid.

tythe to the Parforma Yet if the Vicar • It was determined by the house of be specially endowed with the small · Peers, with the affitance of eight

F

tythes of the Glebe he call bave them. juds.es, of which the Lord Chief If a Parlon lease his Glebe, and do Jullice Holt, was one, on a bill not expressly grant the tythes, the te. brought for tythes of a malt-bill, nant thall pay him tythes of the Glebe. that the same was a personal tythe, And if a Parlon lets his sectory,

aod ro ought to be paid out of the clear reserving the Glebe, he thall pay gain.'

tythes to his Leslee. The reader must reconcile there as There are five ways by which Abhe can.

bey.lands are discharged of tythes. Tythes are also divided into great 1. Compofirion. 2. Bull or Canon, and small.

3. Order. 4. Prescription, 5. Unity of Great tythes, are corn, hay, and poffeffion, of parlonage, and land, mocd; frall tythes are predial tythes time out of mind. of any o her kind, together with those A MODUS, or Composition, is fome. tythes called perfinal and mixed. H thing given to the Parfon in lieu of

Tythes that ari e in any, place not tythes, and is fuppeled to have been included in some parish, belong to the originally establified by deed, under king. Such places are called extra the bands and seals of the incumbent parochial. But tythe of cattle feed of the church for the time being his ing in a waste or common, where the patron and the ordinary, or bichopo

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Abr. 636.

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