« VorigeDoorgaan »
o with the evening, made us dance." . oldest daughter Clarissa to read. • There was a great deal of company;
"That is a school of excellent, of no-s . it was a little ball well managed well
• ble morals. Her sisters are yet too • lighted. We danced with propriety, young to be improv'd by such itudies. • we talked only to the mothers ; the You may imagine what effect Gla. • daughters had the air of puppets. risa ought to produce on a heart per• In thort, I believe, that melancholy Afectly artless. My daughter read it . and weariness never assumed with alone but she told me all her « less grace the mask of gaiety. I was thoughts. I saw her entertain a
forced, however, to make the beft of • Itrong liking for Lovelace ; she could
it, and to stay till four in the morn- not blame Clarissa for loving him. • ing. I was quite exhausted ; my What comparison could there be between • fifter saw it ; I was sorry for it. Í that lover and the husband whom they « was the hero of the night, and gave B
would bave forced upon her? Wbat ty'myself up to it as much as was possible. rants were ber parents! But in the are The following is the picture which
• dour of her enthusiasm the sentie the Marquiss afterwards draws of Ma • ments of concern and compassion damoiselle de Ferval. This young
• which she felt for that fugitive alone lady deferves the respect and attach with her lover in his chariot, charm ment of all who know her worth, • ed me : What humiliation, Mama, said « She has wit 'without pretending to
This man, however tender be • it; she has graces to which she is a C may be, is not her husband. See her then • ftranger ; a most beautiful face, in dependent upon bim! What a htuation • which is displayed a most beautiful for a woman of ber education! Ab! pe • mind; in short, the has talents which would have preferred misery, death itself, • astonish mé, She fings with an a to such a disgrace, if the bad only had time
greeableness that only nature can for refle&tion. • With these noble sen.
give. She is a perfect mistress of with this dignity of soul, which is : Fufic, and plays on the barplichord D quite transported. It is the prefer• with the utmost intelligence. If you had seen her act Zara, I have so good
vative of the heart.' an opinion of your talte, that I am • It is then from Clarifa that Madi. perfuaded you conld not have refu 5 moiselle de Ferval has conceived her fed her your tears, which are the « first ideas of love ?' trueft applauses. Her goodness is Yes, replied the judge whether the rare and admirable.
• will find it formidable.' « seems to have been well cultivated. E ! But will the not take all men for She neither pretends to have know.
Lovelaces ? ledge, nor affects to conceal it. I “Oh! that danger is by no means never saw any thing more amiable. alarming. Inclination always makes
Correct, therefore, your opinion in ' us too fanguine. In order to re" regard to this lady and her fifters. 'cure á daughter from seduction, I • Their birth, education, beauty, and • depend more on her virtue, her ten
virtue entirle them to every homage.' (derness, and her confidence in me,
Speaking of romances, Mad.de Fthan in the dread of Lovelaces." Narion says to Mad. de Ferval, Do
you place all romances in the same Remarks on the GENT. Mag. for Feb. class? Are they all in general pro
1765; by a Correfpondent.
Age fome English romances. « Those of Amfierdam," should it not be “ of Richardson, without doubt > • of Geneva.?" Richardson? Can one poflibly give GP:67, col.] “Master Froth-they
that denomination to those beautiful will draw you and you will hang s histories of the world and of human them.” The sense of this passage is
'nature? It is virtue herself who very obvious I think. He plays upon there instructs you by the organs of hang and draw, alluding to punithgenius. I am highly indebted to ment for treason. “ The tapiter will that great master of education, from draw you, which they do when they
whom one readily acquires so much froth the pot; and you will bang them, * experience, and whore one cannot H for when the measure is delivered to I read (if one is not in a manner el the guests, you (frotb) will appear as
sentially vicious) without an ardent an evidence to con them of cheatdefire of becoming, nay, without
ing their being bacter. I just given my
froth, they will find the measure but father was curate and ledurer of St. three parts fuil; a common case in John's, Westminster, and he was born ale houses.
in a house near Westminster - Abbey, Whereas "they will draw you, and where his mother ftill lives. you will hang on them,” has 'no allu After having been taught to read, hion to any thing, por no meaning in A he was sent to WeAminfier Ichool, where itself.
he made a rapid progress in grammar P. 73, i col.) R. P. should seem to learning, and when he was thought be (though not completely exprefred) to be of a proper age, was carried by requiefcat in pace, so common on old his father to Oxford; but being offendmonumonts, or the name of the sculptor, ed at the trivial and superficial quefti.
P. 73, 2d col.] “A description of ons that were put to him at his exami., the city of Oxford;" it should be "ci- B nation, be wrote an invective againft. ty and university;" they are diftinct the gentleman who examined him, for bodies, and the description afterwards which the university thought fit to reincludes both.
ject him. “ is fituated on the North side He therefore returned to London, and of the Thames ;"no such thing; the went again to Westminster school, where inain river at Oxford is the Ifis (famous he made farther improvements to the in poetry) which is navigable a great satisfaction of his father & his friends, way above, and comes out of Gloucef. C At 17 years of age he fell violently tershire, the town of Lechdale in that in love with a young woman, not rea county, being situated upon it. At markable, we are told, either for beauOxford it joins the Cherwell, a smaller ty or wit, but endowed with accom. river, and they running down by A plishments superior to both. She was bingdon, are joined below Dorcbefler by
sensible and agreeable in the highest the Thame, which comes out of Buck degree, had great good nature, and a -inghamshire, or its neighbourhood, and D fteady, uniform, and unaffected virtue, gives name to, or takes its name from The young couple married, after a a village called Thame, on the borders very fort courthip, and lived happily of Oxford pire. Upon this union, just together for about two years, when below Dorchefler, ihe Thame takes the Churchill's father, who intended him lead in the naine, tho'a much smaller for the church, questioned him very river, and only admits a finals from ftrictly about his inclinations; He was Vis, being called Thames, and in Latin pleased to find him not averse, and Themefis quafi Tlame-ifis.
though he had not been educated at
E This union is celebrated by many the univerfity, and consequently had of our poets under the title of the mar taken no degree, he made no doubt of riage of the Thames with the Ifis; a getting him
ordained when he was of kind of an Iris fortune hunter's match a proper age. with a rich heiress.
Accordingly when he was three and This mistake about Oxford and the twenty, he was, after proper examinaThames is also in a description of Lon tion, ordained by Dr Sherlock, the late don and its environs, in 6 vols. 8vo. pub- F Bishop of London. lished by DodAey;
The writer of the Memoirs, where P. 75, ad col.) : I find allo Doctors he gives an account of Cburchill's reCrow, Parker, and Potter to have been jection at the university, lays, it was bithops here." How came he to find caused by a satire which he wrote a. there without finding the reft? I mean gainst the gentleman that examined from 1686 to Dr Potter : There were him, having taken offence at an exTalbor, &c.
amination too flight to give his abili. on the North side of this ci. G ties play:. But from the account he ty, &c. founded by Dr Radcliffe."--He gives of his ordination, it appears that did not properly found it, but the truf the bishop at least underftood that he tees, with the savings of his money, af. was rejected for deficiency. After Mr Ler the library was finishd.
Churchill's examination by the bishop, I am, Sir, &c.' W. H. TN. says he, his lordship exclaimed, What
fort of an examiner muf this man bare Soone Account of tbe late Mr CHARLES had, when he was pronounced to be CHURCHILL; from a Pocket Volume
deficient in scholastic education ! (niled Memoirs of Mr CHARLIS Some time after he was ordained, CHURCHILL, jufl published.
he got a. curacy of 271. per Ann, in R.'Charles Churchill is said to Wales, whither he went to felide, with
his wife, Ancient and honourable family, His
He foon gained the esteem and af This he calls, indeed, a satirical vein ; fection of his parishioners, became a as it has fince been fufficiently displaypopular preacher, and was as mucha ed on more public occafions, the pub. followed as Whitfeld or Romaine. He lic must give it such a denomination was, besides, a jolly companion and A as it appears to merit. keen fportsman; but though the great At length, however, his father died, plenty of the country, and the conse and he succeeded him as lecturer and quent cheapness of all necessaries,made curate of St Jobn's ; this lectureship Kis feven and twenty pounds at least and curacy brought him in about one equivalent to 120 l. 'near London ; and hundred a year, and to encrease his though he sometimes received presente revenue, which was yet but scanty, he from his parishioners, yet he foon fpent undertook to teach the young ladies what money he brought with him from B of Mrs Dennis's boarding school, to England, and as an expedient to obtain write English with grammatic accuracy a freth supply, he opened a cyder cel.
and elegance. lar, and became at once parson and of this employment, after about 17 publican.
months, he became weary, and thereIt appears from the Memoirs that
fore quitted it ; but while he continue this cyder cellar was in his own dwel. ed it, he got a habit of ftrolling almost ling house, and that he performed the every night to the play-house, where, ofice of waiter and tapfter himself. C remarking what he thought right and Parson, bring me a mug of the right fort, wrong in the actors, he conceived the fays one ; this is excellent Auff, says a: design of writing his Rofciad in the nother.-Business came in a-pace, and
year 1762. lindsey woolley picked up money. Though his father had lived with
He was, by nature, very liberal, and decency and reputation upon the reveby a defeát common in the most ami nue of his curacy and lectureship, able characters, unthrifty and extra. Churchill ran in debt, notwithstanding yagant, partly, therefore, by his vir. D his additional falary for teaching En. tue, and partly by his folly, he not on glish, and notwithstanding his debts he ly diffipated the accumulated profits of gave up the employment for which he his church and his cellar, but he con received that salary, without any ra. tracted debts which he had not the tional prospect of another. Jeast hope of being able to pay.
His house was continually blocked It is strange that if this account of up by creditors and bailiffs, and he Churchill's insolvency is true, his cre. E had, besides, frequent quarrels with his ditors thould be uncommonly severe. wife, which would have rendered It is strange that a man who was not home irk fome if it had been free. only esteemed but beloved by his pa. His biographer says it is not incumrisioners, who was known to have bent upon him to align the cause of become poor, partly, at least, by feed. these quarrels between Churchill and ing ibe hungry and cloathing the naked, his wife, but he has inserted a letter should be pursued with unrelenting p from Churchill to himself, by which it malignity by those who knew they sufficiently appears: This letter the could get nothing for themselves by reader will find in the sequel to this diftresling him : We are told, howe. account, not only as it clears up a fact, wer, that when this man, « the lover but as it strongly marks the writer's and the love of human kind," propo character. fed to divide his all among his credi. His most pressing debts were paid or tors, the proposal was rejected, and he compounded by his friend Mr Lloyd, bad no expedient to keep out of prison G fince dead, about the time that he pub. but to run away;
lished a poem called the Aflor ; and He accordingly quitted the place Cburchill foon after published his Rofwith proper fecrecy and expedition, cind. . and returned once more to London, This poem was well received, and without any view of subsistence but went through several editions; he the liberality of friends.
therefore formed a design to sublit as His father exerted his utmost to pro.
an author and immediately threw cure him a living, but without success; off his gown: His biographer says, he and his want of success is, hy the au took this Itep that he might with prothor of the Memoirs, imputed to the priety acquaint himself with scenes offence his son was perpetually giving which, as a writer, it would be neces.. by the petulant a të of those with sary to paint, but in which, as a clerwhom he thoug to be offereded. gyman, it would not be proper for him
to be seen. If this was his yiew, he The quondam parson being now a has not availed himself of any know man of wit and bumour about town, freledge which he might not have ob quented taverns and coffee-houfes, tained without a lay character, except, and places of public diversion, got ac. perhaps, in his poem called Night, quainted with bucks and bloods, and which not being adapted to the paffion persons of all characters; he also someof party, or connected with any popu- A times, in order, as it is said, to see low Jar object, was generally disregarded ; life, was a frequenter of obscure aleTo little is the celebrity of his pieces to houses, where he frequently found be attributed to great poetical abilities. porter, a liquor he was very fond of,
His biographer declares it to be in great perfection. his opinion that in throwing off his His party poems very foon made gown he acted right, and he says he him rich, and it was his turn to affitt doubts not but that every unprejudi. his friend Lloyd, which he did with a ced and intelligent reader will be of B liberality that does him honour ; for the same opinion, after reading the Lloyd being thrown into the Fleet, following letter, which was written by Churchill sent him a guinea every week Churchill, and sent by the periny poft,
for a considerable time. and which, after this introduction, it The next thing he did was to de. would be injurious to suppress.
bauch and run away with a young la. TO
dy : The particulars are not related, Dear
but, if report says true, they were such
с “ I have, in both respects, acted as as greatly aggravated the guilt, even of I told you I would the last time I was feduction and adultery. at your house. I have got rid of both But whatever was Charcbill's moral my causes of complaints ; the (wife ! character, we are told that as a fatyrift was TIRED OF, and the gown I was dir. he became of so much importance pleased with.
that he received promises of very great “ You have often heard me say I advantage if he would join the minihad no fort of chance of enjoying any D ftry, and exert his talents in their beecclefiaftical preferment, and that I half, and a promise of no less than a heartily despised being a pitiful cu pension of three hundred a year, if he rate. Why then should I breathe in would only be filent. wretchedness and a rusty gown, when These proposals, it is said, he refu. my muse can furnish me with felicity
sed, and refule chem he certainly did and a laced coat?
if they were ever made, for he conti. " Besides, why should I play the hy. nued to write, and to write in the fame
E pocrite? Why should I seem conten. strain till he died. ted with my lowly situation, when I am As his pieces were eagerly bought at ambitious to aspire at, and wish for a a high price, he got money a-pace, and much higher ? Why should I he cal it appears that his expences were equal led to account by a dull, phlegmatic
to his gains, however uncertain they ***, for wearing white thread stock must have appeared to common sente. ings, when I desire to wear white filk He took a very good honse upon Aston ones, and a sword! In short, I have F Common, which he furnished with great looked into myself, I have examined elegance ; he kept his poft-chaife, myself attentively, and I have found saddle-horses, and pointers ; he fith I am better qualified to be a gentleman ed, fowled, hinted, coursed, and took than a poor curate. It has been, every other diversion that the seasons therefore, from principle I have shook offered. off the old ruity gown, the piss burnt Nothing is related of. Churchill, exbob, and the brown beaver, which set cept his quarrel with Hogarth and to uneasy on me. I find no pricks
of G Leach, till his journey to Bologne, to vi. conscience for what have done, but fit his friend Mr Wilkes. A few days am mncti ealer in my mind. I feel after his arrival there, he was seized myself in the fituation of a man that with a malignant fever, which put a has carried a dmd heavy load for a period to his life. long way, and then sets it down. So much for my wife and gown.
A NORTH BRITON Extraordinary,
н "I shall he at the Sbakespeare to.
Publifhed at Edinburgh. morrow night, and thall be glad to see
O many it'has appeared surprising that you there. And believe me to he,
the Scotcb, never famed for long.fufdear what I really am, and thall
fering nor flow to anger, fhould of late allways continue, Your's C. Churchill.
have born tamcly and unanswered the
greatest torrent of impertinent abuse that Rates Mone while enriched by trade, when ever malice and stupidity poured out against princes were their merchants, and their superior merit; but to those who conlider merchants princes. Venice and Florence how flattering it is to become the object of then became the admiration of the universe envy, the wonder will cease, and they will for the wisdom of their policy, the granagree that the filent contempt with which deur of their public works, and the elevu paceive all this fcurrility, is also its pro gance of their private luxury. In vain do peren answer.--- Let then our southern A we look out for the same refinements in brethren rail, at us for the lead we take in London, that has now for more than a cenwar and in commerce, in the arts and in tury been esteemed the richest city in E«. the reiences ; their jealousy is the strong rope. In private life we find tafeless riot eft and most sincere acknowledgement of and indelicate gluttony mistaken for luxour superiority, and justifies, in fome de: ury, and instead of wisdom and order in gree, that conscious pride which leads us to their police, we find the most abfurd and draw comparisons between them and our ineffectual regulations, filih, danger, aad feltes, perhaps too much to their disadvan- B inconveniency in every streci, tlie peace of tage. The Englifb, in general, are unquer the city trusted with an old feeble and untionably less instructed than the Scorch, and disciplined watch, and the safety of the their principles more debauched, yet there public roads with thief cakers and villains. are many among them who, by their lear The public buildings speak for themselves. ning and virtue, are worthy of our highest They have been long noted for poorners of esteem and imitation ; and even among design, and ciumfiness of execution, and if their nobility there are some poffeffed of an c any thing of tafe appears among them of elevation of soul, and delicacy of sentiment late, we may boldly ascribe it to a foreignthat would do honour to our most illuftri. er, or to a Scotchman. The works of a Gibbs ous Scorcb families, who trace their origin diftinguish themselves, and we all know to beyond the name of the English nation it whom the Londoners owe the elegant defelf. Let us then allow them in particular fign of a work now carrying on, which what we deny them in general, and ac they, however, have disgraced with an inkgowledge the loperior merit of an English scription of their own, that the meanest mar wherever it exifts, while they, by ca• D schoolmaster in the meanest parith in Scorvilling at every private character from land, would have been alhamed of. While North of Tweed, only serve to fix more in.
Blackfriars bridge Thall laft, it will be a disputably the reputation of the whole.
monument of Scotch architecture, and of There is, however, one general superiority, Englife Larin, And here by the way it is of which they are fully sensible, and which
pleasant to observe, that the same people no Scotchman is hardy enough to deny. In
who charge poverty on the Scotcb as their all humility I confess their riches ; bat if greatest crime, and rail at the ministry for I may be allowed, like the fox in the fable, E bestowing a trifling sum towards building to find fault with che grapes I cannot reach, a bridge that rests only one abutment in I will affert that the richest part of their Scotland, have not been ashamed to receive nation is the most contemptible, and that of the public thousands and ten thousands, their fuperiority in this, is the true cause of
for repairing the old crazy and ill contrived their inferiority in every thing else. When
bridge of London ; and that at this moment ever in a nation riches are fought after as
the poorest peasant in Scotland is actually the summum bonum, when they supply the taxed bis proportion for the great and na. place of birth and education, virtue and Fional objects of paving the streets of that tafte, the morals of that people will soon
opulent metropolis, in imitation of Edina be corrupted, their manners will degene. burgb, and of bringing mackrels and sprats rate, and they will justly acquire the dir.
a halfpenny a pound cheaper to the tables tinguishing appellation of “ Les Sauvages of the wealthy Londoners. d'Europe." How far this is already the If such be the effects of wealth on the cale in England, I leave every man to judge morals taste and manners of the English, from bis own observation. This is, how. we have no reason to envy them so dangeever, certain, thai riches, even with us Grous a fuperiority ; and yet even this cuwhere they are so rare, do not bestow the
perioty they owe to accident, and not to fame importance as with them where they
any extraordinary merit which they may are so common. Here an illiterate stock
arrogate to themselves; for whoever conjobber, who can juft ret his mark to his fiders the fatal concurrence of circumstanquarter's discharge, would hardly be as
ces that checked the progress of industry much revered as a master of a college, nor in Scotland, will rather be surprised, that a cheese-monger who can buy a borough, H any spark of that fpirit Mould
have remainas much respected as a peer of the realm.
ed among us. While the English were imBut to leave declaiming againnt their vices, let us endeavour to trace the proper effects • The parliament has granted for paving of riches in their taste and manners.
.hu freete te.cool and for the file scheme