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no fund incorporated Gince 1758, can payment is the only true ceconomy. lessen the finking fund, when he has If a nation gets the character of being actually bad a demonstration in his bad pay. malters, it must be with them hands, from the papers presentel to as every day's experience Mews to be the boule, that the whole amount of the A the case in private life, the tradelman new duties appropriated in 1762, fall will make his bill accordingly; and Thort of the charges of that year by he will extort 10 per cent. or 20 per above 200,000l. Out of the four cent. upon every contract ; . while ihe funds incorporated, three have lefsen ftinjey minister is amusing himfelf ed the finking fund, and the fourth with a filly tale of saving four. Why encreases it ; this last circumstance, are these things to be palliated and the Remarker is very careful to take B plaistered, and white-washed?

For notice of, and informs us that the God's lake let us speak of things as fund of 1761, adds at least, 26,000l. they are. A debt is a debt, and if the per annum, to the finking fund; but minister would but look it in the face at the same time, says not a word of like a man, it would be the way to the deficiency of the other three, to the make the lightest of the evil that can amount of 223,000l.

be. You cannot leffen, but may inHaving convicted an error of crease the mischief hy delay; and this 197,00ol. in the Remarker's eltimate of the finking fund, i thall proceed to c in precifely the prefent cale'; for the

money might have been taken up two point out another of 133,000l, which he years ago to pay off this debt upon has inade by allowing 110,00ol. only, better terms than at present by 10 per as the interest of 6.000,00ol. of out cent; but all the procraitination in ftanding debt; whereas the author of the world won't make a debt anything the Budget has allowed 4d. per cent, but a debt, nor yet make 6,000,0col. upon the whole fum, amounting to to be less than 6,000,000l ; nor 240,000l. which is 130,000l. more than 6,000,000l, to be worth less than the Remarkers allowance. I think if D 240,000l. a year. I can succeed in fhewing that the Re. See what miserable Nifts people are marker has underttated ibis article by driven to when they try to make less fo much, and consequently, that this of a thing than it reaily is. Is it not farther lum ought to be deducted, I a mighty matter to boast of, that part Mall then have fully proved, that his of the navy debt confitts of seamens eltimate is erroneous, in as much as wages which bear no interelt, nor is it differs from the estimate in the to be paid till God knows when, per: Budget.

E haps never! No matter what distress Tne argument relating to this out falls in the interim upon the poor sea. ftanding debt of 1,000,ocol. stands man, let him (ell his pay to the broker thus. In the first place it is contend. or ulurer for half price; or if he be ed, that near 1,000,ogol. of this debt killed, let the widow and orphan reco. will hardly ever be demanded, and ver it when they can. The publick, therefore is to be considered as mere. however, faves 4 per cent. all this Jy nomina). To this I reply, that the while! Now this is is a true specimen outstanding debt was Itále i last year of modern economy ; to count the by the minister himfelt at 6,000,000l. F private leaman's dittreis as the puband therefore, was taken without fur.

lie's gain! ther enquiry upon his credit, and is Tney boast of saving the first half certainly so much now.

year's intereft upon ihe navy bills, In the second place it is argued, that trough every bill that Iomes out is ifa great part of this debt copbits of non Sued at 5 per cent. ciscomt. Now I interest bills, navy bills under tix should be glad to know by what rule months, and other articles not bear. in Winrate's arithmeric they collect ing interelt: but I reply to all this ve.

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this curious piece of economy, to pay Ty thortly, that it does not fignify a five pounds down, for the sake of lave ftraw to my argunient wherber any ing 40 Millings. I think to a plain part of it stands at pre'ent out at in. man it must appear, that paying.sk tereit or no ; for my affertion is this, per cent. per half year, to save 21. in. that whatever the outstanding debt be, Erreft, is much the same thing as give it is to be estimatest at least as a pref ing at the rate of 10 per cent, per ann, fule upon the public, equivalent to

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buh-money, to conceal a debt that the annual interest which would be might be provided for at four. paid for money to clear it off; and I think I have now very fairly prov. a this plain reason, that pronipt ed that the charge is not at all over

rated

sated by setting down 240,000l. for ment would not come to less than the interest of the outstanding debt, 3,500,00ol. if things were ill provided nor indeed mould I aggravate beyond for, though I think even that will be the truth, were I to affirm, that that difficult ; but I go to the real ttare of part of the outitanding debt, which things, and nor io that lamentable fyrapparently carries no intereit at all, A tem which looks no farther than the does yet behind the curtain in effect drawing up an advertisement for the press upon the public, at the rate of Gazetteer, or dispersing hand bills of io per cent.

the surprising feats performed, as it I have now reconciled the Remark. were by neight of hand, by this ingeer's estimate of the linking fund with nious and wonderful administration. that in the Budget, and I think there I think I have now fully proved can be no tairer niethod of proceed- B these two points, That the 'Remark: ing in the would. I have taken bis er has over rated the produce of the own figures, I have pointed out the hinking fund by 330,000l, and that he errors, convicted, and corrected them, has under-rated the peace-establishand the issue of the whole matter is this, ment by 600,oool. The refult of all That the Remarker's ettimate when which is, that the surplus of the fink. corrected is

1,273,000 ing fund for the payment of the out. The estimate in the Budget 1,271,000 standing debt of 10,000,000l. is only -So much for the sinking fund. C 346,000l. a year; and if the landed

The next article to be examined, is man is to have no respite, nor the the amount of the peace establish Itock holder any steady property till ment. The Remarker has stated this that be effected, they have a gloomy at 2,900,oool. and says that any one prospect before them indeed! may be convinced of this, who will The writer of this tract, which, in but examine the fupplies of 1764. In little more than three days, passed thro the Budget the avowed peace eft a.

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three editions, has with infinite la. blishment is called 3,500.00ol. Let bour and accuracy, detected and us go to the actual state of the elta. corrected the many errors in the Re. blilhment, and see what is really the marks on the Budget ; and in his truth.

way has shewn that the lo much boatt. The articles of the peace.establisha: ed of smuggling cutters, is, in fact a ment,

dead weight added to the national ex. Navy

1,643,000 pence of 150l. without any confider. Army +

1,427,000

E able increase to the revenue. Militia

80,000 One would think, says he, that mi. Ordnance

228,000 nisters consider it as a very politic Sundry services

80,000 measure, and one that will serve a

a double turn, to keep a debt of Total - 3,458,000 30 000,00ol. hovering over our heads, befides incidental expences.

to remind us, that the glories of war I did not expect to have so plain a are not without allay, and to became point called in question as the a: F hereafter a Itumbling block, in the mount of the peace establithment, ef way of any future administration, up. pecially under the eye of that very mi. on whom the odious task may fall, of nister who firit proclaimed the large laying taxes to discharge it ; and it is ness of it; or eile, I could easily have to this under-plot, between ministers specified the articles in the Budget ; that are, and minifters that may be, but hefore I leave this head, I muit that the land holder and the lockr once more repeat, that I have set the holder are to be made the victims. annual encrease of the navy debt, G To amuse their country with idle joo, oool. below the minister's own stories of improving the eftimate ; and have only charged twenty thousand here, and twenty the building and repairs of the navy thousand there, even if all their preaccording to his deficient provision tences were true, is not to the point for this article, which he has left in that pinches; security is what we call arrear 56,000l. for the last year, and for the ministry profefredly delay 108,000!, for the present year, I have giving security to the whole, even in never yet said that the peace establish. H contempt of danger ; the property

and trade of millions, is to stand or 16,000 seamen, ordinary, hospitals, re. fall according as the wind blows, or a pairs, angual increase of navy dalt.

the packet brings advice, that some + Gausda, garrisons, Cou! - hay, c. foreign court is thought to 1mile cr

revenus

frown upon ourminister ; then comes of falfe names, and at the same time an article in the Gazetteer, about will be such an intolerable grievance Imaggling cutters, and the duty upon on the clergy, because the most innote3, as if such idle tales would com cent and circumspect minister cannot pole the alarms of land, trade, and poffibly avoid it, that it requires some Fonds, whose all is at stake. A remedy to be provided against it,

while there is yet a time to do it. Let The grievances in the Clergy, which will us trace this imposition minutely,

verife from ONE alteration in the Mar. Suppose Mary Smith is a minor, and riage Ad, as already agreed to in a apparent heiress to a large fortune, certain August Asembly.

and that John Bland, her father's foot HE alieration in question is as man, has privately obtained her con

fent to marry him, in case it can be at present, Every marriage celebrated B legally performed. In order to this without either licence obtained or banns Jobn hires a lodging for himself in St publisbed, is null and void to all intents

Giles's pas ilh, while Mary Smith lives and purposes: and the minifler performing with her parents in St James's : Jobs juchirregular marriage is deemed guilty carries to the ministers of both parish of felony. But it has been lately a. es written notice to publish banns of greed to alter this clause, from a mo. marriage between John Bland of St vive charitable enough, namely, that c Giles's and Mary Cecil of St James, it is hard the issue of such irregular mentioning that the faid Mary Cecil marriages, should be bastardized. It lodges with Mrs S. in Piccadilly. The is therefore now agreed, that Every minister of St James's, in order to be fach irregular marriage fball be good and Secure that the said Mary Cecil is an valid to all intents and purposes; but that inhabitant of his parith, goes person. the minifer performing such marriage, ally to her lodging, and on enquiry fall be deemed guilty of felony. In de finds that such a person lodges there, fence of this alteration it has been D Fobn having before hand provided a orged, that there is no necessity to maid servant of his acquaintance to bakardize the 'iffue; it is sufficient to assume that name there. When the ponish the officiating minister. All banns have been published three seve. this, like many other projects, appears ral Sundays, Zobni demands from the at firit fight very specious and plaufi. minister of Si James's a certificate of ble; yet if we examine clorely the the fame, which cannot be refused, consequences, we shall find that it e there having been no objection made will prove a molt intolerable grievance thereto. With this certificate on a on the clergy, and at the same time day appointed privately, he repairs to entirely difappoint the whole intention St Giles's, where Mary Smith, his mal., of the act, which is, to prevent clandef. ter's daughter, meets him; he pre. 1 Te morriages. The only ditference sents the certificate and Mary Smith will be this, that whereas before the to the minitter of St Giles's, as being Jate act, clandestine marriages were his intended bride, and the identical, celebrated by licence, so now they F Mary Cecil mentioned in the banns. will just as easily be celebrated by The minister knowing none of the barns.

parties personally, alks the woman That clause in the act, as it stands her name? the answers. Mary Cecil. at present, That an irregular marriage He asks again, wherher she is the peris null and void, has been hitherto a son mentioned in the banns ? The an. faffi jent check upon the contracting swers, Yes. In order to have every parties from impobing upon the mi G security, he defires her to write her cites witb false names. But the cale

name; the accordingly writes on a will be quite altered as soon as an ir. piece of paper Mary Cecil

. Every regular marriage tall he declared

ibing being now legally performed coiid;. for a perset liberty will be according to act of parliament, the then given to the contracting parties minister can have no objection, and is to try every scheme which craft can even obliged by his office to marry invent to iinpole upon the minister. these two persons. In the marriage They will say, if we do but get mar. service they are called upon only by med, the marriage is valid, and what H their christian names, Jubn and Mary, is it to us whether the miniller suffers and to these alone they make answers for it or not? Ifuw inany schemes and there are the true and real names may be inventeri it is roseaty to con. of these two perfons, who are thereby ceive. but one is to ovvious, by means legally pronounced to be manand wile

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together, before two witnesses, whom some of the principal churches. He your brought along with him.

draws in a grand masterly manner, As soon as the service is ended, the and at the same time with a great deal minifter delues them to sign the regir of truth; a thing uncommon enough ter. When the woman's turn of with the generality of the French pala. figning comes, the writes Mary Smitb. A ters, who delight inore in reprelentOn which the minister, surprized, re. ing the flowery images of their own remonftrates to her, that in the banns fancy, than in a jutt imitation of nafe is called by the name of Mary Cecil, ture. Nis academy figures aie exand fhe even jult now afferted that to tremely well drawn, and he has a very be her name.' Her answer is, my real soft manner of colouring: name is Mary Smith, and by that only Nothing inferior to him in merit, I have or will lign the register. The but in many respects superior, is minister says, It is then an irregular e Monsieur Greuse. As I suppose you marriage ; for no banns of marriage have seen prints after his works, to have been actually published between them Ilhall refer you for the nature John Bland and Mary Smitb; and I will of his works and compofition. All not fign the regitter myself, nor Mall his brethren admit that his colouring the witnefles sign it either. To which is nothing inferior either to Rubens, or Fobn Bland, the husband, answers, I Vandyke, and his peculiar excellency don't care two.pence whether you lies in the justness of form and natural bgn the register or not; I have been expression.' High prices are given for legally married to this woman before c his pictures, and they deserve it. these two witnesses, and by the late There is also one Monsieur La Tour, act, the marriage is valid notwith a portrait painter of great merit; as tanding it is irregular; as to figning allo Mons. Mefie, who was, in his your regitter, that is merely an after. younger days, the most celebrated act of prudence, in order to perpetu. miniature painter in Europe : It was ate the teftimony of a fact already he also who made the drawings after done, and done legally and compleat. Le Brun's paintings of the gallery at ly: figning the register is therefore D Versailles, which drawings are nowex. no way necessary to the validity of the posed to public view in one of the gade marriage; and as long as these two series of Luxembourg, and are deserved. witnesses live, I have sufficient jproof ly admired by all who see them. He of my marriage for any court of juf is a very communicative gentleman, tice in the kingdom; and that I may and keeps a genteel equipage. He never be deprived of the benefit of does not paint now, being upwards of their testimony, fince you will not £ 80 years of age, but takes

particular permit them to sign the register, I pleasure in giving advice to young will, to-morrow hle a bill ip chançery

practitioners."
in order to perpetuate their teftimony
upon record. But, replies the mini-
Iter, I am liable to be prosecuted for

To discover Poison in Muscles.
felony on account of this marriage ;
fince there has neither been licence

Puhe ,

a filling into the vessel with obtained, nor banns publited, and F therein while they are over the fire; you have imposed upon me with falle and when they are removed, take out names. True, says Jobn, but I have the pilling, and if it continues of a got an heiress by it: as for you, they bright colour, there is no poisou; but may transport, hang, or drown you, if it is tinged of a black or dark kue, for any thing that I care; fo, your it is a demonstration that Copperas is humble servant, Doctor.

the cause thereof, and of the muscles

G being bred on a Copperas-bed; and Part of a Letter from PARIS.

therefore, such anscles are poisoned,

and unfit for use. OU ask me after the most.ce. By this easy experiment, the dir

lebrated painters here? I mal effects of eating poisoned muscles shall begin with Monheur Vanloe, may be prevented; (welled head and (See Vol. xxxiv, p. $33) whom you Geyes, and death itself.

eyes, death's heads, miserable specta. have no doubt heard of. He is really great in the historical way; I have N. B. The rows of these muscles are frequent opportunities of seeing his most poisonous. works both in the academy, and in

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Extras froer tbe Letters lately published with a

the person next the chair was not equal to Ficwo to be ensuing Eleétion of East-India

the Station of governor; yet Mr Vanfiliart, a Directors for the Tear ensuing ; eben tbe

young gentleman from another settlement, Frienss of Mr Sullivan are determined to fup.

was put over the heads of Mr Sumner and the pors ibe Interest of bar Gentlemar, and af ebole

reft of tbe council at Bengall with privileges Diretturs wbife Return obry desired lafi resr.

of independency which no governor ever had (See Vol. xxxiv. p. 287.)

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though the gentlemen thus injuriously dealt

with were confessedly equal in point of capa. HE great interest that is now making city for any government that in the same

for the direction of the East India com irregular manner Mr Worfon was made Company, is, perhaps, of more importance to the modore of the company's hips of war at proprietors of Itock than they ihemselves are Bombay over the heads of all the captains on apprized of, or than the contending parties on that sesvice, on which many of the old offi. either fide care to avow. If a bve-ftander cers resigned their commißions ; that Mr may be permitted to offer his conjectures, the B Pack from being a chaplain only, and in no defence of certain late measures is meditating Aation in the company's service, was made on the one side, while the other fide is yet in governornor of fort si George, a mealure edoube whether those measures are' im qually ridiculous, with making a bifhop genee peachable or not; this in all probability the rallifono of all his majesty's forces in Great transaction of next year will bring to light. Britain, in contempt of the regular and mili. It has been said by an anonymous writer on tary officers in the army ;-that Mr Spencer this occafion, Fbac jo rural and sudden a fuelu. of Bombay wae ordered to take the govern. etion of council muft neceffarily iake place should ment of Bengal over the heads of the council the preferrt attempis in favour of Mr Sullivan C there will the general court reversed that order, fucceed, as mud counter att and deffroy ebe mea and did justice to Mr Sumner's right and me. Fares enter'd into and app, pved last year by e rit ;-That Mr Vanlitare on being made gogreer mojuriig, at tbe very sime Ibey are carrying vernor, was made independant of the council into execution. In answer to which Mr Suili there;-had a grant made him of 2 on goods van has thought it of consequence to him to imported, the same on goods exported; and declare, Ibai no part of bis conduet, since obose 24 for money employed in buying goods with meafures were resolved on by a general court, bas cath sent from Calcátra ; perquitites amounthad any sucb tendency, notwithstanding which Ding to 40,000l. a year ; a luspicious sum not it has been alledged, that be did oppose the likely to be given to one man alone that was measures neceilary for carrying into execution to have no sharer in it;-that M: Carnac was the resolution of the general court respecting ordered to be dismified in the very beat of the dispatch of his tord'hip; that he refuled the war, though confectedly the best officer in to lign the general letter for that purpose ; the company's service, because he presumed and inat he has not hgned one general letter to blame the resolution of dethroning Jaffier, to Bengal fince Lord Clive's departure: And and setting Coffim in his ftead;-hat this refor the truth of this allertion, the writer ap volution was the effect of an enormous sum, peals to all the gentlemen in the present and the question is, who got it? That the directioo. The merits alledged in favour E reduction of the company's capital was made of Mr Sulivan are ability and honesty, more under the same direction at a time when it particularly necessary at this time to prevent is owned the company's revenu-s in land a. the property of the company from being mounted to 700,cool. a-year, independant of at the mercy of a set of fictitious and their trade ; and when the troops in the combominal proprietors ; ambitious and co. pany's service might have been maintained for petous fervanis; and blundering partial direc 400,0col. fofthat 300,000i. would have af. fors ;--to reftore the company to iis ancient torded a dividend of 10 per cent, in ead of icgainful commercial principles ;-- to check the f ducing it tulix. ilicgal and exorbitant power of the company's These are stated as qucrics to which no servants abroad;- and to prevent another answer has yet appeared. remth of their whole capital from being gianted away to the next officer, who, enriched by

Of ske P LATE. plunder, and fupporied by power, thall demand

'HE place inserted in this month con. 300,0col, payable in England for a frivolous

tains an accurate and correct map of claim extortci by violence in India ; --add to

the roads from London to Briftot, being 114 this, that to the ability of this gentleman the company owe their exiflence ; particularly by G miles measured from the Royal Exchange

also two roads ro Baib, (being 107 miles, he an amendment of the parliamentary articles

first commencing at Bekingson (column tour) of peace, without which the Frencb power

82 miles from London, and so on through the would have remained fuperior to ours in that

Devizes ; the other commencing at Clippenremote country.

bam (column s) 94 miles from London. --T's The charges against Mrs are, that

this map there is also added a map of the road though it had always been confidered as the right of the fervanis of the company in India Hannther map of the road from Brifted throurb

from Bristol 10 Borb, (13 measured miles) also to rise by degrees froin inferior to fuperior

Gloucester to Worcefier, being upwards of 61 ftations ; That is, from wriiets to factors, from

miles, that to lenios mercban's, from that to be of The cruncil, and from that to be governors ac. N. B. These fel of Mars muill be continud psing to their senioriiy, except on extraor alternately, till be principal Roads ibro' Eng

ir occasions, where the directo:s thought land are exbibited,

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