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PART I.

A SKETCH OF THE HISTORICAL AND PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY

PART II.

OF THE HOLY LAND.

POLITICAL ANTIQUITIES OF THE JEWS.

Chapter 1. Historical Geography of the Holy Land.

I. Names

CHAPTER I. Different forms of Government, and

13, 14

IL Boundaries

Political State of the Hebrews, or Jews, from the

14

III

. Inhabitants before the Conquest of Canaan by the

Patriarchal Times to the Babylonian Captivity.

Israelites

15

IV. Division by Joshua --Allotments of the Twelve

I. Patriarchal Government .

Tribes

16,17

II

. Government under Moses, –a Theocracy ; its na:

V. The Kingdom under David and Solomon

17

ture and Design

VI. The Kingdoms of Judah and Israel

ib.

1. Heads, or Princes of Tribes and Families

VII. Divisions in the Time of Jesus Christ

17, 18

2. Jethronian Prefects, or Judges appointed by

YIII. Account of the City of JERUSALEM :-

Moses

1. Names

18, 19

3. The Senate, or Council of Seventy Assessors

2. Situation

19

4. Scribes

3. Fortifications and Walls

19, 20

II. Government of the Judges

4. State of the City before the fatal War of the

IV. Regal Government instituted

Jews with the Romans

20

1. Functions and Privileges of the Kings

5. Remarkable Buildings

21

2. Inauguration of the Kings

6. Notice of the successive Captures of the City ib.

3. Chief Distinctions of Majesty

7. Sketch of its present State

21, 22

4. Scriptural Allusions to the Courts of Sove.

IX. Later Divisions of Palestine :-

reigns and Princes explained

1. Under the Romans

22 V. Revenues of the Kings of Israel

2. In the Time of the Crusades

ib. VI. Magistrates under the Monarchy

3. Modern Divisions under the Turkish Govern-

VII. Officers of the Palace

ib. VIII. The Royal Harem.

IX. Promulgation of Laws

X. The Kingdoms of Judah and Israel founded

CHAPTER II. Physical Geography of the Holy Land.

Schism between the Twelve Tribes; its latent

Causes.

SECTION I. Climate, Seasons, and Physical Appear XI. Reasons why the Kingdom of Judah subsisted

ance of the Country.

longer than that of Israel .

XII. State of the Hebrews during the Babylonish Cap-

I Climate

23

tivity

II. Seasons

ib

1. Seed-time

ib.

2. Winter

23, 24

CHAPTER II. Political State of the Jews, from their

3. The Cold Season, or Winter Solstice

24 Return from the Babylonish Captivity to the Sub-

4. Harvest

ib. version of their Civil and Ecclesiastical Polity.

5. Summer

ib.

6. The Hot Season. -Heavy Dews

24, 25 Section I. Political State of the Jews under the Mac-

II. Rivers, Lakes, Wells, and Fountains.-Cisterns and

cabees, and the Sovereigns of the Herodian Family.

Pools of Solomon

25-29

IV Mountains

29-31 I. Brief Account of the Maccabees

V. Valleys

31, 32 II. Sovereigns of the Herodian Family :-

VI. Caverns

1. Herod the Great-St. Matthew's Narrative

VII. Plains

33

of his Murder of the Infants at Bethlehem

VIIL Deserts

34

confirmed

Horrors and Dangers of Travelling in the Great

2. Archelaus

Desert of Arabia

34, 35

3. Herod Antipas

4. Philip

Szetios II. On the Fertility and Productions of the

5. Herod Agrippa

Holy Land.

6. Agrippa, Junior

7. Bernice and Drusilla

I Fertility of the Holy Land

35

IL Its Productions -

Section II. Political State of the Jews under the

1. Vegetables

35-37 Roman Procurators, to the Subversion of their

2. Cattle

37

Civil and Ecclesiastical Polity.

3. Mines

ib.

III. Testimonies of Ancient and Modern Authors to its

I. Powers and Functions of the Roman Procurators .
Fertility and Populousness

37, 38 II. Political and Civil State of the Jews under their
IV. Calamities with which this Country was visited

Administration

1. The Plague.

38 III. Account of Pontius Pilate

2. Earthquakes .

ib. IV. And of the Procurators, Felix, Festus, and Gessius

3. Whirlwinds

ib.

Florus.

ib.

ib

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72, 73

73

73, 74
74, 75
75, 76
76, 77

78
ib.

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54 CHAPTER IV. On the Jewish and Roman Modes of

ib.

computing Time, mentioned in the Scriptures.

54, 55

I. Days

11. Hlours. Watches of the Nighi

55

III. Weeks

ib.

IV. Months

V. Year, Civil, Ecclesiastical, and Natural

56

Jewish Calendar

ib. VI. Parts of Time taken for ihe Whole

ib.

VII. Remarkable Æras of the Jews

ib.

56, 57 CHAPTER V. On the Tributes and Taxes mentioned

in the Scriptures.

57

I. Annual Payments made by the Jews for the Sup-

port of their Sacred Worship

II. Tributes paid to their own Sovereigns

III. Tributes and Customs paid by them to Foreign

Powers.-Notice of the Money-changers

IV. Account of the Publicans or Tax-gatherers

57, 58

Chapter VI. On the Genealogical Tables of the He-

58, 59

brews, and Public Memorials of Events.

59

I. On the Genealogical Tables of the Hebrews

59, 60

II. Public Memorials of Events

:

60

CHAPTER VII. On the Treaties or Covenants, Con-

60, 61 tracts, and Oaths of the Jews.

61

I. Whether the Jews were prohibited from conclud-

ing Treaties with Heathen Nations

II. Treaties, how made and ratified

Covenant of Salt

III. Contracts for the Sale and Cession of alienable
61

Property, how made
62

IV. Or Oaths

ib.

ib.

ib. Chapter VIII. Laws respecting Strangers, Aged,

ib. Blind, Deaf, and Poor Persons.

62 I. Of Strangers

63 II. Of the Aged, Blind, and Deaf

III. Of the Poor

ib.
ib.

Chapter 1X. Of the Military Affairs of the Jews,

63 and other Nations mentioned in the Scriptures.

ib.

63, 64

64

Section I. On the Military Discipline of the Jews.

ib.

I. The earliest Wars, predatory Excursions

II. Character of the Wars of the Israelites .

Their Levies, how raised

Mosaic Statutes concerning the Israelitish Soldiers

III. Divisions and Officers of the Jewish Army

IV. Encampments

64

V. Military Schools and Training

VI. Defensive Arms

64, 65 VII. Offensive Arms

65, 66 VIII. Fortifications

65

IX. Mode of declaring War

ib. X. Military Tacties.—Order of Battle

Treatment of the Slain, of captured Cities, and of

65, 66

Captives

66 XI. Triumphant Reception of the Conquerors

ib. XII. Distribution of the Spoil .

ib. Military Honours conferred on eminent Warriors.-

ib

Military Order established by David

XIII. Trophies

67

ib.

ib.

Section II. Allusions in the New Testament to the

68 Military Discipline and Triumphs of the Romans.

ib.

ib. DI. Divisions of the Roman Army, and Roman Mili-

ib.

tary Officers, mentioned in ihe New Testament

ib II. Allusions to the Armour of the Romans

ib TIL Allusions to their Military Discipline. -Strict Sub-

ib.

ordination.—Rewards of the Soldiers who dis-

ib.

tinguished themselves .

69 IV. Allusions to the Roman Triumphs

92

ib

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PART III,

II. National, regular, Weekly, Monthly, and Annual

Sacrifices

119

III. UNBLOODY OFFERINGS

ib.

SACRED ANTIQUITIES OF THE JEWS, AND OF OTHER NATIONS IV. Drink-Offerings

ib

INCIDENTALLY MENTIONED IN THE SCRIPTURES.

V. Other Oblations made by the Jews.

PAGE

1. ORDINARY OBLATIONS:

Chapter I. Of Sacred Places

95

(1.) The Show-Bread .

ib.

(2.) Incense

ib.

Section I. Of the Tabernacle.

2. VOLUNTARY OBLATIONS–Korban

ib.

3. PRESCRIBED OBLATIONS :-

I. Different Tabernacles in use among the Israelites 96

(1.) First-Fruits

119, 120

120

IL. The Tabernacle so called by way of eminence, not

(2.) Tithes

of Egyptian Origin.-Its Materials

ib.

VI. Fitness and Utility of the Jewish Sacrifices 120, 121

III. Form and Construction of the Tabernacle. Its

Contents

96, 97

IV. It Migrations

Chapter IV. Sacred T'imes and Seasons, observed by

97

the Jews.

Section II. Of the Temple.

I. The SABBATH.

98

I. The Temple of Solomon .

1. How observed

121

JI. The Second Temple

2. Jewish Worship on that Day; particularly

98, 99

Its various Courts

their Manner of worshipping in the Temple 122

99, 100

II. New Moons

ib.

Reverence of the Jews for it

100, 101

III. Annual Festivals. Their important Design

III. Notice of the Temples at Heliopolis and Gerizim 101

122, 123

IV. The Passover; when celebrated, and with what

Ceremonies

123-125

Suction III. On the High Places, and Proseuchæ or

Its Mystical or Typical Reference :

125, 126

Oratories of the Jews.

V. The Day of PENTECOST

126

VI. The Feast of TABERNACLES

126, 127

I. On the High Places

101, 102

VII. Other Annual Festivals, viz.

II. On the Proseucha or Oratories

· 102, 103

1. The Feast of TRUMPETS

2. The Day of ExPIATION

ib.

VIII. Annual Festivals instituted by the Jews in later

Sletios IV. On the Synagogues.

times :

1. The Feast of Purim

128

I. Nature and Origin of Synagogues

103

2. The Feast of DedicaTION

ib.

The Synagogue of the Libertines explained

ib. IX. Other Festivals observed at stated intervals :

II. Form of the Synagogues .

104

1. The SABBATICAL YEAR

ib.

III. The Officers or Ministers

ib.

2. The Year of JUBILEE

: 128, 129

If. The Service performed in the Synagogues

104-106
V. Ecclesiastical Power of the Synagogues

107
VL The Shemoneh Ezreh, or Nineteen Prayers used

Chapter V. Sacred Olligations and Duties.

in the Synagogue Service

106, 107

Section 1. Of Vows.

CHAPTER II. Sacred Persons.

I. Nature of Vows

129

11. Requisites essential io the validity of a Vow

SECTIOs I. On the Jewish Church and its Members.

III. Different Sorts of Vows:-

1. The Cherem or irremissible Vow

130

1. The whole Nation accounted holy

108

2. Other Vows that might be redeemed :-

II. Members of the Jewish Church.-Hebrews of the

i. Vows of Dedication

ib

Hebrews

ib.

ii. Vows of Self-Interdiction, or Absti-

III. Proselytes

· 108, 109

nence.-Of the Nazareate

ib

IV. Jews of the Dispersion

109

V. Hellenists

110 Section II. On the Prayers and Fasts of the Jews.
VL Libertines

ib.
VII. Devout Men

ib.

Vil. Circumcision

: 110, 111

I. Various Appellations given to Prayers

131

II. Public Prayers

ik

III. Private Prayers.-Attitudes of the Jews during

Section II. On the Ministers of the Temple and

Prayer

131, 132

other Ecclesiastical or Sacred Persons.

IV. Forms of Prayer in use among the Jews

132

V. Fasts of the Jews:-

1. Or the Levites .

1. Public Fasts

ib.

111, 112

II. The Priests, their Functions, Maintenance, and

2. Private Fasts

ib.

Privileges

ib.

112, 113

3. Solemnities of the Jewish Fasts

In The High-priest, his functions, Dress, and Pri:

vileges.

113, 114 Sectiox III. On the Purifications of the Jews.

Succession to the Pontifical Dignity

114, 115

IV. Oficers of the Synagogue

115

I. Materials with which the Purifications of the Jews

V. The Nazarites; Nature of their Vows

116

133

VI. The Rechabites

were performed

ib. II. Ceremonies of Purification

ib.

VII. The Prophets

ib.

III. Of the Persons lustrated

ib.

IV. Account of the different kinds of legal impurities,

CHAPTER III. Sacred Things. On the Sacrifices and

particularly

1. The Leprosy of the Person

133, 134

other Offerings of the Jews.

2. The Leprosy of Clothes

134

3. The House-Leprosy

General Classification of Sacrifices and Offerings . 116 V. Minor legal Impurities and their Lustrations

ib.

I BLOODY OFFERINGS, and the Divine Origin of

Sacrifices

117

1. Ditterent kinds of Victims

ib.

CHAPTER VI. On the Corruptions of Religion by the

2. Selection of Victims

ib.

Jews.

3. Manner of presenting them

ib.

4. Immolation of the Sacrifice .

117, 118 Section I. On the Idolatry of the Jews.

5. The Place and Time appointed for Sacri-

ficing .

118 I. Origin and Progress of Pagan Idolatry

135

6 Different kinds of Fire Sacrifices

ib.

Sketch of its History and Progress among the

i. Burnt Offerings

ib.
Israelites and Jews

135, 131

ji Peace-Offerings

ib. II. Idols worshipped by the Israelites alone

136, 137

jii Sin-Offerings

ib. III. Idols of the Ammonites, worshipped by the Israel.

iv Trespass-Offerings

ib.

ites

13*

: 129, 130

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167, 168

ib.

168, 169
169, 170

170
171-173

173
ib

CHAPTER VII. On the Occupations, Literature, Stu-

dies, and Sciences of the Hebreus.

Sectios I. Rural and Domestic Economy of the

Jews.

I MANAGEMENT OP CATTLE by the Jews.-Various

Animals reared by them

II. Laws of Moses respecting AgriCULTURE
NI. Manures known and used by the Jews .
IV. Their Mode of Ploughing, Sowing, and Reap-
V. Different Wars of threshing out Corn
VI. Vineyards, and the Culture of the Vine and Olive-

Gardens
VII. Allusions in the Scriptures to the Rural and Domes-

tic Economy of the Jews

174-176

176
176, 177

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218

.

220-222

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