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So quick retires each flying course, you'd swear Sancho's dread Doctor, and his Wand were
there. Between each A& the trembling falvers ring, From soup to sweet-wine, and God bless the King. In plenty starving, tantaliz’d in state, And complaisantly help'd to all I hate, . Treated, carefs’d, and tir’d, I take my leave, 165 Sick of his civil Pride from Morn to Eve; I curse fuch lavish cost, and little skill, And swear no Day was ever past fo ill.
Yet hence the Poor are cloath’d, the Hungryfed ; Health to himself, and to his Infants bread 170 The Lab'rer bears: What his hard Heart denies, His charitable Vanity supplies.
Another Age shall see the golden Ear Imbrown the Slope, and nod on the Parterre,
COMMENTARY. VER. 173. Another age, &c.) But now a difficulty sticks with me (answers an objector) this load of evil still re. mains a monument of folly to future ages; an incumbrance
NOTE s. Ver. 160. Sancho's dread Deflor] See Don Quixote, chap. xlvii.
P. . Ver. 169. Yet hence the poor, &c.] The Moral of the whole, where PROVIDENCE is justified in giving Wealth to those who squander it in this manner. A bad Taste employs more hands, and diffufes Expence more than a good one. This recurs to what is laid down in Book I. Ep. ii. Ver. 230 -7, and in the Epistle preceding this, Ver. 161, &c. P.
VER. 173. Another age, &c.] Had the Poet lived but thres
Deep Harvests bury all his pride has plann'd, 175 And laughing Ceres re-assume the land.
to the plain on which it stands; and a nusance to the neighbourhood round about, filling it
" with imitating fools." ; For men are apt to take the example next at hand; and aptest of all to take a bad one. No fear of that, replies the Poet, (from Ver. 172 to 177.). Nothing absurd or wrong is exempt from the jurisdiction of Time; which is always sure to do full justice on it;
“ Another age shall see the golden Ear
“ And laughing Ceres re-assume the land," For the prerogative of
" Time fall make it grow," is only due to the designs of true. Tafle joined to use: And
“ 'Tis ufe alone that fanctifies expence;" and nothing but the fanctity of that can arrest the justice of Time: And thus the second part concludes: which, confisting of an example of false Taste in every attempt to Magnificence, is full of concealed precepts for the true: As the first part, which contains precepts for true Taste, is full of examples of the falfeo
NOT E s,
years longer, he had seen his general prophecy against all illjudged magnificence fulfilled in a very particular instance.
VER. 176. And laughing Ceres re-assume the land.] The great beauty of this line is an instance of the art peculiar to our Poet; by which he has so disposed a trite classical figure, as not only to make it do its vulgar office, of representing 2
· Who then shall grace, or who improve the Soil? Who plants like BATHURST, or who builds
like BoYLE. 'Tis Use alone that sanctifies Expence, And Splendor borrows all her rays from Senfe. 180
Ver. 177. Who then Mall grace, &c.] We come now to the third and last part (from Ver. 176 to the end) and, as in the first, the Poet had given 'examples of wrong judged Magnificence, in things of Taste, without Sense; and, in the second, an example in others, without either Sense or Taste; so the third presents two examples of Magnificence in Planting and Building; where both Sense and Tafle highly prevail : The one in him, to whom this Epistle is addresfed ; and the other, in the truly noble person whose amiable character bore so conspicuous a part in the foregoing.
" Who then shall grace, or who improve the Soil ?
" Who plants like BATHURST, or who builds like Boyle." Where, in the fine description he gives of these two species of Magnificence, he artfully insinuates, that though, when executed in a true Taste, the great end and aim of both be the fame, viz. the general good in use or ornament; yet that their progress to this end is carried on in direct contrary
NO TE S. very plentiful harvest, but also to assume the personage of Nature, re-establishing herself in her rights, and mocking the vain efforts of magnificence, which would keep her out of them. VER. 179, 180. 'Tis use alone that fanctifies Expence,
And Splendor borrows all her rays from Senfe.] Here the Poet, to make the examples of good Taste the better understood, introduces them with a summary of his Precepts, in these two sublime lines; for, the consulting. Use is
His Father's Acres who enjoys in peace, Or makes his Neighbours glad, if he encrease : Whose chearful Tenants bless their yearly toil, Yet to their Lord owe more than to the soil ; Whose ample Lawns are not asham'd to feed 185 The milky heifer, and deserving steed; Whose rising Forests, not for pride or show, But future Buildings, future Navies, grow : Let his plantations stretch from down to downi, First shade a Country, and then raise a Town. 190
You too proceed! make falling Arts your care, Erect new wonders, and the old repair ; .
COMMENT A RY. courses; that, in Planting, the private advantage of the neighbourhood is first promoted, till, by time, it rises up to å public benefit :
“ Whose ample Lawns are not afram’d to feed
On the contrary, the wonders of Architecture ought first ta be bestowed on the public :
NOT E S. beginning with Senise, and the making Splendor oř Taste bortow all its rays from thence, is going on with Sense; after she has led us up to Tafte. The art of this disposition of the thought can never be sufficiently admired. But the Expression is equal to the Thought. This janetifying of expence gives us the idea of something consecrated and set apart for facred ufes ; and indeed, it is the idea under which it may be proka VOL. ΙΙΙ.
Jones and Palladio to themselves restore,
COMMENTARY. 6 Bid Harbors open, public Ways extend, " Bid Temples, worthier of the God, ascend; “ Bid the broad Arch the dang'rous flood contain ; “ The Mole projected break the roaring main.”
And when the public hath been properly accommodated and adorned, then, and not till then, the works of private Mage nificence may take place. This was the order observed by those two great Empires, from whom we received all we have of this polite art : We do not read of any Magnificence in the private Buildings of Greece or Rome, till the generosity of their public spirit had adorned the State with Temples, Emporiums, Council-houses, Common porticos, Baths, and Theatres.
NOI E s.
perly confidered : for wealth employed according to the intention of Providence, is its true consecration; and the real uses of humanity were certainly first in its intention.
VER. 195, 197, & c. Till Kings--Bid Harb-rs open, &c.] The Poet, after having touched upon the proper objects of Magnificence and Expence, in the private works of great men, comes to those great and public works which become a prince. This Poem was published in the year 1732, when some of the new built churches, by the act of Queen of Anne,