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“ If these giddy goers be forced to give a reason for their wheeling up and down the streets, their answer is, they know not else how to pass their time.

And how tedious it is, for a man that accounts his hours, to be subject to these vacancies, and apply himself to lose a day with such time-passers; who neither come for business, nor out of true friendship, but only to spend the day; as if one had nothing else to do, but to supply their idle time!

“ After they have asked you how you do, and told some old or fabulous news, laughed twice or thrice in your face, and censured those they know you love not (when, peradventure, the next place they go to, is to them — where they will be as courteous to you); spoke a few words of fashions and alterations - made legs and postures of the last edition ; with three or four diminutive oaths and protestations of their service and observance; they then retire.”

The diminutive oaths, mentioned at the close of this quotation, were, unfortunately, considered as ornaments of conversation, and adopted by both sexes, in order to give spirit and vivacity to their language; a shocking practice, which seems to have been rendered fashionable by the very reprehensible habit of the Queen, whose oaths were neither diminutive nor rare; for it is said, that she never spared an oath in public speech or private conversation when she thought it added energy to either. After this example in the highest classes, we need not be surprised when Stubbes tells us, speaking of the great body of the people, that, “ if they speake but three or four words, yet they must be interlaced with a bloudie oath or two.”

These abominable expletives appear to have formed no small share of the language of compliment, à species of simulation which was carried to an extraordinary height in the days of our poet : thus Marston, describing the finished gallant, says, —

“ Marke nothing but his clothes, His new stampt complement, his cannon oathes ; Marke those.” *

Scourge of Villanie, 1599. book ii. sat. 7.

Decker, apostrophising the courtiers of his day, and playing upon a term of Guido's musical scale, exclaims, – 6 66 You courtiers, that do nothing but sing the gamut A-Re of complimental courtesy * ;” and Shakspeare, painting this

“ sweet, sweet poison for the age's tooth.”

represents the Bastard in his King John, thus addressing a travelled fop :

My dear sir,
(Thus leaning on mine elbow, I begin,)
I shall beseech you — That is question now;
And then comes answer like an A B C book :
Osir, says answer, at your best command ;
At your employment; at your service, sir :
No, sir, says question, I, sweet sir, at yours :
And so, ere answer knows what question would,
(Saving in dialogue of compliment;
And talking of the Alps, and Appennines,
The Pyrenean, and the river Po,)
It draws toward supper." +

“ What a deal of synamon and ginger is sacrificed to dissimulation," observes Sir William Cornwallis in 1601, 0, how blessed do I take mine eyes for presenting me with this sight! 0 Signior, the star that governs my life is contentment, give me leave to interre myself in your arms ! Not so, sir, it is too unworthy an inclosure to contain such preciousness, fc. This, and a cup of drink, makes the time as fit for a departure as can be." I

A peculiar species of compliment existed among the scientific and literary characters of our author's times, in permitting those who looked up to them with reverence and esteem, to address them by the endearing appellation of Father; adopting them, in fact, as their literary offspring, and designating them, in their works, by the title of

* Gull's Horn-book, p. 15.
+ Reed's Shakspeare, vol. x. pp. 860—362.

# Essayes by Sir William Cornwallyes, the younger. Essay. 28. VOL. II.

Y

idill; and of the marchaunts adventurers, or of the

“ If these giddy goers be forced to give a

adopted not less up and down the streets, their answer is, t

ng whom were, pass their time. And how tedious it is,

continued to be hours, to be subject to these vacancies

; for in 1676, day with such time-passers ; who neit!

* most worthy of true friendship, but only to spend

·s in the body else to do, but to supply their idle t

wuld I hope is “ After they have asked you h fabulous news, laughed twice or

introduced in his those they know you love not

-Tor, says,

66 Shall I they go to, is to them — whe

ecian replies, “ Ay, my spoke a few words of fash; postures of the last edition

i add a brief account of some protestations of their servi The diminutive oaths,

w to the province of Police, com

unies attendant on the Lord Mayor's were, unfortunately, co adopted by both sexes

LiceThe pageantry and magnificence language; a shocking

- periodical assumption of power, may be fashionable by the

description, taken from a manuscript, oaths were neither spared an oath i

*** and Jude he (the Mayor) entrethe into his thought it added je next daie following he goeth by.water to classes, we nee

His barge beinge gar

ryumplyke maner. the great body

che citie: and nere the sayd barge goeth a words, yet t

ctrle's Matie, beinge trymed upp, and rigged lyke These ab

in dyvers peces of ordinance, standards, penons, of the lan:

srper armes of the sayd Mayor, the armes of the carried to Marston

of the newe trades; next before hym goeth Livery of his owne company, decked with their owne

Inic the bachelers barge, and so all the companies in Sunti every one havinge their owne proper barge gar

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1 mats we i Complete Angler, Bagster's edit. 1808, pp. 369. 380.
Hivi Shakspeare, vol. xv. pp. 328, 329.

nished with the armes of their company. And so passinge alonge the Thamise, landeth at Westmynster, where he taketh his othe in Thexcheker, beffore the judge there, (whiche is one of the chiefe judges of England,) whiche done, he returneth by water as afforsayd, and landeth at powles wharfe, where he and the reste of the Aldermen take their horses, and in great pompe passe through the greate streete of the citie, called Cheapside. And fyrste of all cometh ij great estandarts, one havinge the armes' of the citie, and the other the armes of the Mayor's company; next them ij drommes and a Aute, then an ensigne of the citie, and then about Ixx or Ixxx poore men marchinge ij and two togeather in blewe gownes, with redd sleeves and capps, every one bearinge a pyke and a target, wheron is paynted the armes of all them that have byn Mayor of the same company that this newe mayor is of. Then ij banners one of the kynges armes, the other of the Mayor's owne proper armes.

Then a sett of hautboits playinge, and after them certayne wyfflers, in velvett cotes, and chaynes of golde, with white staves in their handes, then the pageant of tryumphe rychly decked, whereuppon by certayne fygures and wrytinges, some matter touchinge justice, and the office of a maiestrate is represented. Then xvj trompeters viij and viij in a company, havinge banners of the Mayor's company. Then certayne wyfflers in velvet cotes and chaynes, with white staves as aforesayde. Then the bachelers ij, and two together, in longe gownen, with crymson hoodes on their shoulders of sattyn ; which bachelers are chosen every yeare of the same company that the Mayor is of, (but not of the lyvery,) and serve as gentlemen on that and other festivall daies, to wayte on the Mayor, beinge in nomber accordinge to the quantetie of the company, sometimes sixty or one hundred. After them xij trompeters more, with banners of the Mayor's company, then the dromme and fute of the citie, and an ensigne of the Mayor's company, and after, the waytes of the citie in blewe

gownes, redd sleeves and cappes, every one havinge his silver coller about his neck. Then they of the liverey in their longe gownes, every one havinge his hood on his lefte shoulder, halfe black and

bude read, the bomber of them is accordinge to the greatnes of the wuparse whereof they are After them followe Sheriffes officers, and risen the Mayor's officers, with other officers of the citie, as the

skryent, and the chamberlayne ; next before the Mayore po the sword-bearer, having on his headd, the cappe of honor, and the seade of the citie in his right hande, in a riche skabarde, 1, vark, and on his left hand goeth the comon cryer of the cristo be great mace on his shoulder, all gilt. The Mayor hathe 99. 12. Zahe of skarlet, and on his lefte shoulder, a hood of black VE16, Edd a riche coller of gold of SS. about his neck, and with him

La túa ode Mayor also, in his skarlet gowne, hood of velvet, and 2-4.4)**d golde about his neck. Then all the Aldermen ij and ij urus: A1, lanongat whom is the Recorder), all in skarlet gownes ; his win that have byn Mayors, have chaynes of gold, the other have bisk vennt tippetts. The ij Shereffes come last of all, in their tout scarlat, gownes and chaynes of golde.

- In thix order they passe alonge through the citie, to the Guyldhal, where they dyne that daie, to the number of 1000 persons, all minst the charge of the Mayor and the ij Shereffes. This feast costeth 401)1., whereof the Mayor payeth 2001., and eche of the Shereffes 1, Imediately after dyner, they go the churche of St. Paule, every one of the aforesaid poore men, bearrynge staffe torches and 1a1 yell, whiche torches are lighted when it is late, before they come from evenynge prayer." *

Sladd the police of the city been as strictly regulated, as were the ceremonies attending the inauguration of its chief magistrate, the inhabitants of London, in Queen Elizabeth's days, would have had little cause of complaint, with regard to personal protection ; but,

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• " A breffe description of the Royall Citie of London, capitall citie of this realme of England. (City Arms.) Wrytten by me William Smythe citezen and baberdasher of London, 1575." MS.

“ This compilation,” says Mr. Haslewood, “ forms a quarto volume of moderate thickness, and was intended for publication.” – Vide British Bibliographer, vol. i. pp. 539-512.

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