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GARPY W. GIBRS
Garry W. Gibbs designated Acting Assistant Secretary for Environment, Safety and Health, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in January 1988.
In this position, Mr. Gibbs manages the Department's environmental and safety guidance, compliance and oversight functions. His responsibilities include oversight of over 260 nuclear facilities and 160 non-nuclear facilities. Me also develops the DOF's environmental and safety policies and standards and assists the Department's field operations and programs in the areas of new project review, liaison with states and federal agencies, technical expertise and compliance.
Previously, Mr. Gibbs served Principal
Deputy Assistant Secretary for Environment, Safety and Health. Before that, he served for 2 1/2 years as Special Assistant for Defense Programs to the Under Secretary of Energy. He joined the Department in 1980 and held increasingly senior positions of technical management and technology development, notably as Laser Program Manager for the Defense Programs Inertial Fusion Program.
In 1967, Mr. Gibbs joined the Department of the Navy and spent 10 years at a Navy field test and evaluation center in Point Mugu, California, where he was responsible for the technical direction and management of missile and laser test and evaluation activities. In 1977 he came to the Naval Sea Systems Command in Washington, D.C., where he directed the analyses of weapons applications for High Energy Lasers. Mr. Gibbs received his B.S. and M.S. degrees in physics from the University of North Dakota and an M.S. degree in systems management from the University of Southern California. He is also a graduate "With Highest Distinction" from the U.S. Naval
War College. Mr. Gibbs has numerous technical publications on laser technology and applications. He received an invention disclosure award for an explosive driven gas dynamic laser. He is listed in Who's Who in Technology Today, 1984. He has also been a member of numerous technical and scientific groups.
STATEMENT OF J. ALLEN WAMPLER, ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR FOSSIL ENERGY
Mr. Chairman and Members of the Subcommittee:
As part of its fiscal year 1989 budget proposal for Fossil Energy
related programs, the Department of Energy is requesting $0.766 million
for the Liquefied Gaseous Fuels Spill Test Facility program.
facility serves as a "test bed" for both industry and government in
developing safety and environmental control information on the potential
hazards of liquefied gaseous fuels and other toxic liquids should they
be accidentally released during commercial transport, manufacturing, or
Construction of the $7.9 million facility began in June 1984.
on an isolated section of the Frenchman Flat Basin in the southeast
corner of the Nevada Test Site, the facility was completed in December
1985 and underwent a series of rigorous check-out tests to ensure that
all equipment and instrumentation functioned properly. The test
"window"..a time when actual spills can be conducted as dictated by
local weather patterns--opens in April and extends through September of
This allows for the conduct of two to three series of tests,
each series consisting of four to six spill tests.
The facility was
utilized by the private sector during calendar years 1986 and 1987.
Commercial user fees cover actual costs of the tests plus any clean up
necessary to prepare the facility for the next user.
The facility consists of a control building housing data acquisition and
recording instruments, a command and control computer, and a tank farm
and spill area.
The tank farm includes the following: (1) a spherical.
shaped, 8,000-gallon tank to house liquid nitrogen, (2) a nitrogen
vaporizer to convert liquid nitrogen to a drive and control gas, (3)
pressure vessels to store the nitrogen gas, (4) a 24,000-gallon tank to
store noncryogenic fluids for spill tests, (5) two 26,000-gallon dewars
for storage of cryogenic test fluids, and (6) two 12-inch diameter
insulated lines and one 6-inch diameter insulated line, all extending
500 feet from the tank farm to a point where fluids will be spilled for
The facility has been designed to satisfy the requirement for
information for risk assessment, emergency response, regulation, plant
design, plant siting, and hazard mitigation.
It is capable of spilling
up to 53,000 gallons of cryogenic fluids, such as refrigerated ammonia,
in two minutes. In addition, up to 24,000 gallons of ambient temperature
materials such as chlorine can be released in five minutes.
and data acquisition system is available to acquire data
characteristics such as rate, volume, temperature, and pressure;
downwind gas concentration and aerosol characteristics; meteorological
parameters; and blast or fire effects.
When spill tests are conducted, gaseous nitrogen (obtained by vaporizing
the liquid) forces the test fluids from their storage tanks through the
Spill rate and duration, as well as test condition
parameter checks, occur under computer control from the control
building. Also, 700 channels of data originating from remotely located
sensors can be recorded.
USERS AND POTENTIAL USERS:
The ultimate objective of the Liquefied Gaseous Fuels Spill Test
Facility is to give both private and public sector users the technical
data they need to better protect the public from the potential health
and safety hazards posed by a spill of liquefied gaseous fuels or other
An aggressive effort, therefore, has been undertaken to
apprise relevant sectors of the availability of this one-of-a-kind test
This effort has extended both to domestic and international
organizations that have an interest in and need for safety-related data
on liquefied gaseous fuels or toxic chemicals.
During calendar year 1986, tests funded by Amoco Oil Corporation were
released in a horizontal jet and the mitigation effects of various
water-spray systems for controlling downwind dispersion. They value of
these tests to industry is indicated by their interest in follow-on work
in 1988, as discussed below.
In the 1987 test season, experiments were conducted for the Gas Research
Institute and the Department of Transportation. These tests evaluated
the effectiveness of "vapor fences" in mitigating the accidental release
of liquefied natural gas at peak shaving plants.
The test scenario was
comprised of six large-scale releases of liquefied natural gas; the
acquired data is being used in an attempt to validate wind tunnel
simulations of vapor fence effects on heavy gas dispersion.
validated, the wind tunnel models will be used to determine the vapor
fence performance for several different accident scenarios,
Currently, test plans, agreements, and operational procedures are being
negotiated between the Energy Department and a consortium of industry
sponsors represented by Mobil Research and Development Corporation.
Mobil is a participant in the Joint Industry Hydrogen Fluoride
Mitigation Program which is addressing the impact assessment of
accidental releases of hyrdogen fluoride.
On behalf of the participants
(Amoco, Exxon, Marathon and Allied Signal, Inc.), Mobil is planning to
conduct, during calendar year 1988, a series of releases which will test
the effect of major variables on the mitigation efficiency of
Also being negotiated for the 1988 test season are efforts to be
sponsored by National Foam System, Inc., which will evaluate the
efficacy of various foams in suppressing vapor releases from a variety
of hazardous materials.
These tests involving materials such as sulfur
dioxide, bromine, phosgene and chlorine will be conducted in cooperation
with their respective manufacturers.
During 1987 in response to the requirements of Section 118(n) of the
Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 and the legislative
guidance contained in House Report 99-670, accompanying the Continuing
Appropriations, Fiscal Year 1987, the Department entered into a
Memorandum of Understanding with the Environmental Protection Agency and
the Department of Transportation in support of a collaborative research
and development program involving
hazardous substance spills to be conducted at the Spill Test Facility.
The agreement allows the agencies, in collaboration with the private
sector and other government organizations, to develop, structure and
prioritize the establishment of a generic national research and
development program germane to heavier-than-air gas dispersion,
hazardous substance releases and related mitigating technologies.
action plan is in its final stages of formulation and is planned for
implementation during calendar year 1988.
As the program unfolds, it is