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pressive countenance that he comprehend- has offended oppressors by his aded me as I proceeded in my statement, that the subject in its true bearings was
vocacy of the oppressed. perfectly new to him, and that I had
Dr. Waugh had a remarkable opened to him a new leaf in the history of power of making a friend where human depravity, which filled him with he did not find one. In one of his commiseration for the oppressed, and vir
to Scotland he was forced, tuous indignation against their oppressors. At length, toward the close of the recital, by a storm, to land unknown and rising from his seat, very much agitated, destitute, on the coast of Norfolk. he laid his hand on my shoulder, and re- “ When he reached the shore, he immemarked, in his familiar and impressive diately walked to the churchyard, and, style, with a tone of solemn earnestness, kneeling behind a grave-stone, poured out and with an elevation of voice I had never
his heart in gratitude to his God and his discovered in him before, (for there was deliverer. After which, finding himself generally a softness in his most solemn quite worn out with fatigue and anxiety, moments which sustained the mind under and wanting much the comfort of a Chrisan appearance of unmixed awe):- My tian friend, he wandered through the bufriend, you will never die in peace - I would rial-ground, to find an introduction to one not have the horror of your death-bed for a who served his Master. On a newly-made thousand worlds—if you do not make known tomb, it was said that the departed had these things to the public !'" pp. 305, 306. died in Jesus. This was what he wished :
Dr. Philip did make them public. he went to the house where the family reHe bore his testimony through interesting tale ; and with the aid of their
sided, introduced himself, and told his good report and evil report ; and kindness and hospitality was soon able to never did he cease till, by the bless- pureue his journey. I have often heard ing of God, he secured his object. him speak, with the tear in his eye, of the But he well knew of how little when they feared their little bark would value was even a government pro- sink, and with what pleasure he saw them clamation in a slave colony, where join him in his prayer to God for proAfricans are but beasts of burden; tection and deliverance. and he therefore returned to the
“In his yearly pocket-book, at the anni.
versary of this deliverance, he invariably scene of his labours, to see en- afterwards entered the motto-God is forced what government had grant- love.'” p. 124. ed : and the result has been that We shall add a few passages revirulence in every shape has as- lative to his views and feelings in sailed him ; and for a passage in the prospect and at the hour of his book, not his own, but willingly death. acknowledged by a friend, a pas- Though Dr. Waugh lived to the age sage containing nothing malevo- of seventy-four, he did not enjoy, for a lent, or a fiftieth part so strong as
number of years before his death, any the undisputed facts which he has thing like vigorous health. He was sub
ject to frequent ailments, which often elsewhere recorded, he has been caused exquisite pain; yet in these cirprosecuted for a libel, and con- cumstances, he was not only patient, but demned in a fine of 2001. and the even cheerful; and while he' edified his law and other expenses have been family and visitors in his affliction, by the
submission and the heavenly-mindedness 1000l. more. The Missionary So- which he manifested, he delighted them ciety to which he belongs have not by a pleasantry which stripped his sick thought it their duty to pay these chamber of its gloom, and sent them away
from his side struck with the power of charges from the funds of the in
religion and with the energy of a mind disstitution ; but they have opened a dosed to be happy." p. 495. subscription to bear him harmless, “ To his nearness to death he sometimes and we trust it will not fail of its alluded in his family,though biswish to spare object. In the mean time he has their feelings kept him from doing this so the consolation of being found he spoke of it without reserve.
often as he felt inclined. To his friends
I shall worthy to suffer for righteousness never see you again ; I am going home, as sake; for, abating the technical the pious old man said, and I have a good guilt of the not-disproved libel, there home to go to, and have had a good home
here; it has been blessed to me by the unis nothing, as we understand, to
wearied kindness of a dutiful and affectionurge against him, except that he
ate family; but my best friends are in
heaven, and I have a desire to depart, and I thought I was lying at the foot of a hill, to be with Christ, which is far better the grass was so green, and the gowans There was remarked in his prayers and were so beautiful, the birds were singing sermons also a tendency stronger than ever so sweetly, and a rivulet ran by my feet; to dwell on the topics of death and im- you were sitting by my side. It was mortality, and the consolations which re- heaven or Gordon, I know not which !**' ligion provides to prepare us for both.” p. 508. Pp. 501, 505.
“ Dr. Waugh preached his last discourse Writing to his wife from Har- from these words, Heb. xii. 1: · Let us
lay aside the sin which doth so easily rowgate, whither he had gone for beset us.' This subject was admirably his health, he says:
adapted for leading him to set before his “ In my state of confinement, while our audience the pledge they had that day dear relations are out gathering health and given to run the Christian race, the obligavigour, I feel a relief to my mind and most tions to do so under which the cross of our pure delight in writing to you. This Lord had brought them, the hindrances ought to be a day of grave reflection to my to the active and happy prosecution own mind. For seventy-one harvests has of it arising from the corruptions of the God preserved my existence in this world. heart, excited by the scenes of business, What goodness hath his fatherly provi- folly, and pleasure, with which they were dence heaped on my head and poured into surrounded; and the advantages of that my cup! How few of those who began self-denial and moral discipline in which the career of life with me have reached my the heart is kept with all diligence, and age! How imperfectly have I answered the life is preserved unspotted from the the end of my creation ! What have I world. It was a discourse rich in the done in comparison with what I might counsels of experience, delivered in the have done, for God, for his church, for my tone of paternal admonition, and proceeddear family, for my own soul! What a ing from the lips of one who had so long blank does a large portion of my life now
trod the path of the just, and who, in the appear, barren of improvement or blotted near prospect of its close, evidently felt with guilt, rising up against me in sad re
the solicitude of Paul, that he might finish membrance. How precious should the with joy his course and the ministry which mediation and atoning sacrifice of my Dj. vine Redeemer now be to my soul, sup
• Dr. Waugh's love of natural scenery plying the only foundation of rational hope; sions; and it was not merely his nation
broke out, as we have seen, on all occaand the only balm to a wounded spirit! ality and warmth of reminiscence ; for we I cannot reasonably look forward to much addition to my life, but I feel its value
find him descanting in the same strain in increasing as its termination every day We adduce a specimen.
France, in England, or, above all, in Wales. draws nearer. May God, by his good
"I do not think that I ever had a more Spirit
, enable me to preach more earnestly, delightful ride than this morning, from six to live more usefully, to endure the pri- o'clock to eleven, over a part of Shropshire, vations and pains of the dark evening of Flintshire, and this county, every yard of life more submissively, than I have hitherto done! My heart hovers around you ; and
which is highly cultivated, and of which
I do not believe there is a furlong every thing within that sacred enclosure at home is important to my comfort.”
of even ground. The ever-varying pro
spect of gently-rising hills and retiring pp. 505, 506. But though thus infirm, he was
valleys; streams of pure water from the
high Welsh mountains ; fields of wheat, not actually laid aside from his barley and oats, in the most healthy state; pulpit labours for a single Sunday, gentleman's seats bursting every minute by the illness that brought him to
on your sight through clumps of trees;
little decent churches on the neighbourHe took cold the last
ing hills, with plantations of yew-trees week of November 1827; and, ap- around the habitations of the dead; the pearing alternately better and roads singularly
roads singularly good; the high mounworse, on the fourteenth day of tains of Montgomeryshire rising in the
distance to the clouds, on the left hand the next month he was taken to
the extensive valleys of Shropshire spreadhis heavenly rest. Till within the ing themselves far as the eye can reach, on last few days he was able to attend the right ;- the spires of Chester on the to many of his beloved duties. A north-west,-with the sun behind us, and few cursory extracts will exhibit by means of the ever-changing clouds
giving unceasing variety to the scenę ; the general state of his mind during all afforded to my mind the most this period.
exquisite pleasure. How gracious and “On the Saturday morning he said to
how kind is our God, who opens to our his wife, “ Mary, I have been very happy, minds so many sources of innocent gratifør I have had such a delightful' dream! fication !'” pp. 380, 381. CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 350.
he had received of the Lord Jesus. It he said was evidently directed to the remay be viewed as a testimony from Hea conciling of differences that existed beven aguinst that specious Antinomianism twixt good men who had referred their which was then attempting to delude the matters of dispute to his judgment and religious world; and it was the will of prudence.” p. 518. God that such a friend to the doctrines of “ On being asked how he was, he regrace and such a son of consolation should plied, 'I am very ill, but just where it has close his official duty with these words of pleased God to place ine; pray for me, holy admonition, and raise his voice for that I may not be impatient.' the last time in calling for the sacrifice of “ Once he said to bis children: •
• My every passion however urgent, of every journey is near its close; all the way by indulgence however dear, of every folly which God has led me has been mercy however fashionable, and of every opinion and truth; I have his light still to guide however popular, by which the sanctity of me, and that staff to support me on which the Christian name might be sullied, holy I have so long leaned ; and the blood of duties impeded, and virtuous purposes Christ is the only staff I need in my way quenched.
to the grave. It is a blessed journey, “ He reached home well; and when it which ends in heaven.' was proposed to him, after supper, that he “ He repeated the story of the minister should go into his easy chair by the fire, who was told that he was going to receive which was his usual custom, he refused, his reward. •Reward? No, no; I am and said, that he wished to sit and look going to receive mercy! mercy!'”p.523. at his dear family, and that he felt more “ When a slight improvement in his than commonly happy.' He sat up later appearance was mentioned to him, he rethan usual, and talked most cheerfully of plied. • I feel a little better ; but it is like the days of his youth.” pp. 510, 511. lying on a hot summer day at the foot of
“Monday evening a person called to a stay brae: we forget that we have yet request him to visit one who was dying, to climb it.'” p. 524. and who was unhappy in her mind. Mrs. “ During Thursday his strength beWaugh was unwilling that he should came quite prostrate, and he could make go out at so late an hour in his weak no effort to raise himself in bed, but was state ; but it was the wish of his heart to lifted, when it was necessary, by his four go even at the risk of his health. While sons. Being asked, “Do you know that they were talking about it, he suddenly you are dying?' 'Yes, I know,' said he, exclaimed, • I cannot go to see her, I am that I am dying, and my mind is as much very ill!' His mind was much affected composed at this moment as any man's on account of his inability to visit this in London.' One of his family inquiring dying person.” p. 512.
if he was able to tell the state of his mind, “ He was assisted to his bed. One of he said, “I will try,' After having spoken his daughters was standing near, and he in general terms of the depravity of human put out his hand to her, and said, . Let nature, he added, · But I am thankful for me talk to you, my lamb; for I am very the remedy provided--I am thankful for ill, and I shall never get up any more. the word of truth. I have endeavoured to She begged him to endeavour to sleep, live as near to the rule as I could: I canand said that he would be better, and work that I have experienced the degree very hard yet for his Master's sake. To of assurance and close communion with this he replied, “No, no, my child, my God which some have been privileged to work is done. Let me talk to you while attain ; but I have lived by faith, and I I can; I have very little time.'' He then die in the faith of the Son of God. And spoke of the necessity of being constantly this I know, that neither death, nor life, ready for death, and gave some solemn nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, coursels." p. 513.
nor things present, nor things to come, “ His spirits now rapidly sank. He nor height, nor depth, nor any other creaasked for his sons, and said, Send for ture, shall separate me from the love of them; they are good lads, and I cannot God which is in Christ Jesus our Lord :' die in peace without seeing them.' On then emphatically elevating his hand, he being assured that they were sent for, he added, with earnestness, . This is enough replied, . God bless you, my child! God for me;' and pointing to those who surbless you!' In a few minutes he com- rounded his bed, and for you, and for menced prayer, and prayed most earnestly you, and for you!” pp. 524, 525. for his dear wife and family, closing with “ Mrs. Waugh having asked him to these words : Amen, amen, So grant bless his children, he raised his feeble arm it, Lord Jesus!'"
and eye to heaven, and with great anima“ His mind soon began to wander; tion, prayed, • O that thou wouldest rend though on every topic on which he spoke, those heavens and come down, and crown his language was suitable, and the spirit of them all with thy loving-kindness!'-his conversation the same holy and kind Speaking afterwards of some Christinas one that bad so long hallowed ii. All his presents he had ordered for bis grandthoughts were bent towards works of bee children, he said, with emphasis, • I have pevolence and mercy; and much of what six-and-lwenty grandchildren, and who
1831.] Review of “ The Christian Dispensation miraculous." 99 would not love them, after the Saviour traordinary, so opposed to all that cook such in bis arms, and said, Sutler
we daily see and hear, to the feellittle children to come unto me, and forbid them not?' Then reverting to his first ings and opinions of the wisest and earthly friend, he said, . If I could see my most holy men, and, above all, to mother at this moment, it would make me the nature of the dispensation under leap for joy.'” pp. 530, 531.
which we live, since the canon of « Towards the close of Thursday, when his mental and bodily powers were draw. revelation was completed, and the ing near to dissolution, Mrs. Waugh said infant church, which had been to him, . When you are now in the deep planted by miraculous agency, beJordan, have you any doubt that Christ will be with you? He replied, "Cer- gan to be built up and fostered by tainly not! who else ? who else? All the ordinary influences of the Holy that human kindness could do had been Spirit, sanctifying and blessing the done, all that human skill could suggest means of his appointment, in a had been employed; but his Saviour was with him in unabated love and in unceas.
manner though less visible, not ing aid ; on his arm he was leaning, in his less real than in the days of extrastrength he was advancing, and to him he ordinary manifestation ;-a notion was crying, “ Save me, O God, for the so startling and extraordinary, if the above testimony all his communication propounded at all
, we might have with mortals closed. He fell into a stupor, expected would be propounded in in which he continued during the whole a spirit the most modest and ingeof the night,--his family surrounding his nuous, and in a tone of inquiry bed, and expecting his immediate depar. and humility becoming the investure. On Friday morning, at twenty minutes before seven, he opened his eyes,
tigation of so novel, yet so serious cast them round the circle of his weeping a proposition. To maintain, not children, and, bestowing one parting look merely that miracles are possible of grateful recognition on his aged partnerwith God, for no person doubts his spirit returned to his Farber and to his God." pp. 532, 533.
this; but that they are a regu
lar part of the present dispenSuch was Dr. Waugh ; to whose sation ; that they are actually in excellent biographers we are much operation ; that nothing but want indebted for their interesting and of faith prevents their more freinstructive narrative. We shall quent occurrence ; that miraculous only add, in the words of Dr. John- healing, miraculous opening the son on Dr. Watts, “ Happy will be eyes of the blind and giving feet that reader whose mind is disposed to the lame, miraculous gifts of to imitate him in all but his non- tongues, miraculous casting out conformity; to copy his benevo- of devils, miraculous handling of lence to man and his reverence to deadly things unharmed, and, by God."
inference, and not denied, though not yet openly asserted, miracu
lous raising of the dead, are inseThe Jewish Expositor for Feb. 1831, parable parts of the dispensation
—“ The Christian Dispensation under which we now live, things to miraculous."
be believed, expected, and prayed
for as confidently in the nineteenth The Jewish Expositor has followed century as in the days of Christ
Mr. Irving, Mr. Erskine, and Mr. and his Apostles ;—to maintain v M'Neile, with the Morning Watch all this, is--to say the least—to
and the Port-Glasgow pretenders hazard an hypothesis so singular to the gift of tongues, in the notion and novel ; an hypothesis so startthat miraculous powers are still ling in a Protestant church, and vouchsafed, that “ the church of “an enlightened age,” that we Christ has never abandoned her might naturally look in its advoclaim to them ;” and that nothing cates for much proof and little but want of faith prevents their dogmatism, overwhelming argufrequent exercise, A notion so ex- ments and modest words, scrip: tural appeals and no invectives ; reply or hesitate, we are said to in short, such a spirit as becomes fight against God; we are not à man, who, separating from the merely guilty of an error of judgvast mass of his brethren, thinks ment, but we wilfully impugn he can instruct them in the way of Scripture, we are “ Neologists," God more perfectly, claiming to “Materialists," or disguised “ Inhimself no superiority in under- fidels ;' and our motives are as bad standing or piety, no special vision as our principles. To doubt of an or manifestation, but only as an alleged miracle at Hoxton or Portinquirer among inquirers, arguing Glasgow, is to attack the mission with meekness and deference what of Jesus Christ and his Apostles; appears to him to be the mind of to refuse to receive Mr. Macdothe Spirit in the word of God. If nald's gibberish of“ disco capite” better motives did not prompt to as Divine inspiration, is to deny this, good sense might, from the the miraculous manifestations of common observation that when a the day of Pentecost; and this, disputant is unusually positive moreover, with a base cowardice that he is right, and all the rest of equal to its wickedness, as if we mankind wrong, the probabilities only wanted the boldness to speak are strongly against his hypothesis, out, in order to apply to the Old and this in the very proportion in or New Testament, what we might which he is overbearing and dog- say of the Jewish Expositor or matical in maintaining it. With Morning Watch. solid argument on his side, a man Now we can reason with reasoncan always afford to offer battle on able men; but we cannot reason equal terms: he does not lay down with sneers or insinuations, and as the first preliminary of the ne- much less with denunciations. gociation, that he has all the truth, And we will add further, that we and his opponent none; for this is cannot consent to reason with the very point to be proved, not to those who will not meet us on equal be assumed : he condescends to terms ; and on this ground “the leave the professor's chair; he does religious world," so much repronot claim to be the umpire as well bated by Jewish Expositors and as one of the litigants; and above Morning-Watch men, may feel itall, as a Christian, he is inclined to self fairly exonerated from replydistrust his own infallibility and to ing to much that has been adbelieve, with unaffected humility, dressed to it by the abettors of the that he may have something to new doctrines. To go no further learn as well as to teach, and that than the article on miracles in the his brethren may possibly be some- Jewish Expositor now before us, times right as well as himself. how does the writer of it accost
Now, with all sincerity, we can his brethren? Does he invite not affirm that this is the spirit in them with the meekness of wiswhich the propounders of the new dom, and the gentleness of Christ, notions which have gone abroad or even with the usual courtesies among us, have offered their spe- of literary and gentlemanly warculations to their fellow-Christians. fare, to consider the serious quesHowever meekly or modestly we tion under discussion? No, he may express our doubts of the
summons them as culprits to his soundness of their opinions, we bar : he does not condescend meet with no reciprocity. We are to argue the matter on equal expected to listen as to oracles ; terms; he takes it for granted that the inspired word and the human they are wrong, and he is right; comment are virtually placed upon they are covert Neologians, if not a level : if we humbly bow to the Infidels; men who “sweat down interpreter, all is well; but if we faith to nothing;" and for whom