be the result upon my heart and the general tenor of our conduct, life, of a reasonable operation of regarded as an evidence of our the Gospel upon them? What spiritual character and state. This manner of person should I be in probably is the hope of the mass all holy conversation and godli- of professed Christians. We speak ness, if my example were a just not against it except by lamenting, transcript of the great truths of that it should be made so genethe Gospel That religion has rally the measure of spiritual enbeen thought by some to be the joyment. What is the amount of most enlightened and reasonable, positive happiness that a hope of which has least to do with the af- this kind yields ? It is not the fections of the heart; but never assurance of hope

the living, rewas there a more manifest mistake. freshing, soul-elevating, hope of Reasonableness in religion, is ab- the first Christians. It does not sorption of mind and heart—the preclude doubt, but only despair. whole man ruled and overborne by It leaves its subjects uncertain of the transcendent importance and their state. They are not sure of glory of the objects of religion. their calling and election. The For a man to pretend to be reli- Spirit does not so witness with gious, and yet be cold and back- their spirits' but that they remain ward in the concerns of religion, halting, hesitating, trembling, in and contentedly uncertain whether respect to their final sentence; or the infinite objects which it dis- if not trembling, wondering that closes may not be adverse to his they do not, amidst their want of eternal happiness—this is not rea- satisfying evidence. Such is the son, but the supreme of inconsist- general feeling of professed Chrisency and stupidity.

tians, in respect to their character “In the second place, it is spi- and prospects for eternity-and ritual religion alone, in which the such, or worse than this, must human mind can find sensible and necessarily be the feeling of all satisfying enjoyment. True reli- who do not cultivate and exercise gious enjoyment consists in a a spiritual religion. Nothing but heartfelt complacency in God and a sensible, living, joyous interDivine things. There is indeed a course with God and Christ and feeling of quietude arising from the the things of the Spirit, can wholly regular discharge of moral duties, displace anxiety or even torment and the routine of religious ob- from the heart. Without this there servances, which is not spiritual may be self-complacency, there joy or peace; but the fruit of pre- may be delusion, there may be nedominant self-righteousness and gative hope mingled with fear; but fatal delusion. It implies a great, a soul-satisfying evidence of preabiding, spiritual apathy and sent acceptableness in the sight thoughtlessness; for if sensibility of God, and of ultimate admişsion were awake, and thought intelli- into the joys of His kingdom, there gently exercised on the person's cannot be, without the pleasurable habitual course of life, a general consciousness of the reality and worldliness of spirit would be seen excellency of heavenly things. to pollute and vitiate the services This consciousness is a witness that of religion; and then these ser- cannot be resisted: it is itself the vices, instead of yielding hope and earnest and foretaste of eternal comfort, would conspire with other life, and can no more co-exist with things to work fear and doubt and doubt, than the consciousness of misery, in the heart. There is an outward world can co-exist however, a hope of heaven different with hesitation as to the reality of from that of the self-righteous, such a world. Let a man feel hawhich springs from reflection on bitual love to God let him feel


in your

the peace of God in his heart-let

QUERY ON THE INCREASE OF him feel the Spirit of Christ living in him—let him feel pleased and

To the Editor of the Christian Observer. delighted with the truths and pro- I am anxious to inquire of your mises of the Gospel, and he will correspondents generally, if the then enjoy evidences of his state, statement of B. C.,

Nowhich will displace every doubt, vember Number, is correct, “That and yield him glory begun below.' If therefore our readers would have conscientiously attended to, and

wherever the pastoral duties are a religion full of comforts and pleasures, a religion which will duced into the parish, under the

well organized lay-agency introyield them solid satisfaction, let auspices of the clergyman, dissent them fix their minds, not on that is not only arrested in its progress, customary religion, which rests in periodical services and outward informed, that in some large towns,

but rapidly declines.” I have been strictness, but on a religion of in- which I'might name, where the timate, sensible, living communion clergy are almost all distinguished and intercourse with God."

for their piety, and the exemplary (To be continued.)

discharge of their pastoral duties, dissent is spreading. Is this a fact? And if so, what are the causes, and what the remedies ?

E. S. L.


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pp. 300,

REVIEW OF MEMOIR OF vested the missionary office. He wished

all the servants of the society to go forth DR. WAUGH.

under the high and sacred feeling that they (Continued from p. 53.)

were the ministers of the Lord Jesus, paAmong the engagements which, equals. Let not," he would often say,

tronized by their attached brethren and as before stated, drew Dr. Waugh the poor lads be cowed; for who ever daily from the bosom of his beloved knew a cowed man do any good in this family, was his connexion with the world ?' Of their personal, domestic,

and ministerial equipment he was most London Missionary Society, of

tenderly careful; and in all cases he was which he was one of the founders a friend to liberal measures. and most zealous advocates. He 301. travelled much in England, Scot

" Some of the most faithful of the soland, Ireland, and France, to pro- speak with lively feeling of his parting

ciety's missionaries have been known to mote its interests; and for twenty- counsels to the close of their earthly pileight years he presided as chairman grimage; and, indeed, that must have of the committee for the examina- been an unfeeling heart upon which a lasttion of missionary candidates. His ing, impression had not been made. The

entire scene was one of the heart, and friendly offices and conciliating bore a striking resemblance to the parting manners were often of great ser- interview of Paul with the elders of the vice in this and other institutions. church at Ephesus.” pp. 302, 303. He would strongly remonstrate And indeed what missionary, or against the illiberal system of treat- friend of missions, could withstand ing missionaries very much like such appeals as the following? menials.

“ Could I this day remove the veil that " He could not endure to hear any thing covers the heavenly world; could I place said that tended to detract from that spi- you upon the summit of one of the lumiritual dignity with which Christ has in. nous hills of paradise; could I impart

p. 298.

vigour to your visual faculties, and extend contribute to her support. Scarcely had their power to the almost interminable he made this ingenuous statement, when regions of the blessed ; could I raise your a harsh voice exclaimed: If you love eges to the Lamb in the midst of the your mother more than the Lord Jesus Throne, from whose countenance beams Christ, you will not do for us.' Abashed the felicity of the redeemed; could I open and confounded, the young man was siyour ears to the songs of the conquerors, lent. Some murmurs escaped the comand the acclamations of the martyrs, which, mittee; and he was directed to retire swelling in the majesty of thunder, ascend while his proposal was taken into consi. through the expanse of heaven, and fill deration. On his being again sent for, with acceptance the ear of God; could I the venerable chairman, in tones of un. cheer your hearts with the sight of mul- affected kindness, and with a patriarchal titudes entering, in blessed succession, benignity of mien, acquainted bim that through the mediation of Jesus, from Hin- the committee did not feel themselves dostan, from Africa, and the islands of authorised to accept of his services on a the Southern Sea,—the trophies of Divine condition involving uncertainty as to the power, the purchase of the Saviour's blond, term; but immediately added: “We the gems that shall ever sparkle in the think none the worse of you, my good Mediator's crown, the first fruits of mis- lad, for your dutiful regard for your aged sionary labours; what inspiration would parent. You are but acting in conformity the glorious objects impart to your souls ! to the example of Him whose Gospel you Work, work while it is day!" p. wished to proclaim among the heathen, 307.

who, as he hung upon the cross in dying The following incident, which

agonies, beholding his mother and the

beloved disciple standing by, said to the occurred at the missionary board

one, Woman, behold thy son! and to over which he presided, will shew John, Behold thy mother! My good lad, the general spirit of the man; and we think none the worse of you.' it may also read a useful lesson to

It will readily be conceived that those members of committees who

a man of Dr. Waugh's character use their delegated authority in a was ever welcome in the chamber harsh and overbearing spirit, op- of sickness, and in scenes of beposed to the meekness of Christ.

reavement and affliction. How he We have known a tender and in- spoke and wrote on such occasions genuous mind deeply wounded at

the following detached passages a public board by some coarse un- from his letters and funeral adfeeling remark, which the speaker dresses will shew : perhaps intended to pass for plain " " We are now scattered and sepadealing and Christian faithfulness. rated; but the Apostle speaks of a gatherIt did not, however, occur to him ing day, when we shall meet with godly to change situations with the can

friends in the perfection of knowledge,

goodness, and felicity. On that day let didate, and to ask how he should

us fix our eye, and hold on in those paths have felt under the same circum- which alone will conduct us to heaven. stances. Our remark applies to Let us not be discouraged by the length boards of inquiry of all kinds, from Leaning on our Divine Guide and Guar

of the way, or the roughness of the road. the interrogation of a widowed dian, we shall gather strength every day; pauper at a parish vestry, to a and let me entreat your prayers that I may court of justice, a house-of-com- finish my course with joy, and, through mons committee, or a collegiate or

the abundant mercy of God, be admitted

to the humblest place in his heavenly episcopal examination. miner is bound to exercise scru- ". I will not sleep till I have carried tiny, but he ought never willingly the condition of my friend to the place to give pain except for moral of

where mercy dwells, and dwells in a Fa

ther's bosom." fences.

" • Our children are more God's than “A pious young man, who was desirous He hides the tender plants in the of devoting himself to the work of the mi- grave till the storms of this wintry life nistry among the heathen, stated that he have passed away, and, in the morning of had one difficulty: he had an aged mo- the resurrection, he will lift them up, and ther entirely dependent upon an elder convey them to a more genial soil where, brother and himself for maintenance; and through eternity, they shall blossom and in case of that brother's death he should bear fruit to the honour of their Saviour.'” wish to be at liberty to return to this p. 357. country, if his mother were still living, to « • There is better company for mourn

An exa- kingdom.'.


p. 359.

ers than the dearest earthly friends. Let man. I never met a man of genius who them read the xiith chapter of the He- had been introduced to him, even though brews, 2 Corinthians vch chapter, and the he had seen him but once, who did not, xivth chapter of John's Gospel, and sup- when his name was mentioned, recur to pose the Apostles of Christ sitting on the the interview with a glow of heartfelt dechair or couch which departed friends last light. An illustration of this, furnished occupied, and addressing to you these me at the Cape of Good Hope, suggests words in season ; nay, behold Jesus Christ itself to my mind at the moment. A genhimself standing by your side, and saying tleman of eminent talents and acquireto you as he did to mourners when be was ments, in speaking of Dr. Waugh, reon earth, • Weep not.

marked : I never saw that gentleman but “ • Happy is it for us that God is so once, and I shall never lose the impression patient that he can bear with our incon. which that interview made upon my mind. sistencies, and so gracious that be can for. On delivering an introductory letter to give them.'

him, which I had received from a mutual " • Melancholy will grow into a disease friend, his first question was, · Where do unless we check its progress. It enfeebles ye come frae, fad?' I replied, like a the mind to bear, while it adds to the bur. Scotchman, in the same interrogative style, den.'

D'ye ken Earlstoun and Leader Water ? “ • Exercise in the open air, cheerful Ken Earlstoun and Leader Water! he but holy conversation with Christian exclaimed, -Ken Earlstoun and Leader friends, a habit of dwelling on the lumi. Water! Oh! my dear laddie, the last nous spots of our life, by which our gratis time I was in Scotland, I went alone to tude to God is enlivened, and our own the top of Earlstoun hill, and looked along joy augmented, intercourse with God in the valley; and there wasna a bend o' the reading bis blessed word, and in the devo- water, nor a hillock, nor a grey stane, nor tion of the closet, all conduce to the sup- a cottage, nor a farm-onstead on Leader port and strength of the mind under suf- Water that I didna ken as weel as my fering.'” p. 360.

ain hearth-stane. And I looked down “ Let us turn to objects which will the side o' Earlstoun hill, and I saw there afford relief to our minds. We know that a bit green sward inclosed wi' a grey

they who sleep in Jesus will God bring stane dyke, and there wasna ane o' a'I with him. We look forward to that had ance ken'd o' the inhabitants of that bright morning when God will change our valley that wasna lying cauld there.'mortal bodies; we anticipate the future While the above may furnish a slight spegrandeur and dignity of our renewed na- cimen of Dr. Waugh's conversation, no tures,bodies glorified--souls ennobled. one not acquainted with him will be able The present is but the infancy of our to form an adequate idea of the impression being. We spring from the dust, but we such an address must have made upon sink that we may rise again. After a long the mind of a young stranger, when aided and moonless night we shall awake to en- by the force of circumstances, and the joy the light of a day that will be without eloquence of the speaker's eye.' a cloud and without a close. The bless.

" In general society he was distining we anticipate is stupendous. The eye guished by an urbanity and kindliness hath seen nothing like it in the treasures which drew all hearts to him : he was the of earth, or on the mountains of vision; life of every company into which he came ; the ear hath heard nothing like it from the not by forgetting the decorum due to the voice of history or the more excursive sacred office, but simply by the Christian Mights of imagination. The glory of pa- amenity of his manners, by his frank and radise is light inaccessible to mortal eyes; playful disposition, and by the condethe songs of the blessed are sounds not scending regard which he paid to the audible to mortal ears. The intercourse confort and wishes, and even supposed of heaven is in words which cannot be ut- feelings, of all around him." pp. 398, 399. tered; its joys are joys unspeakable. Our “ He had a happy talent of interposing friend has gone to share in them. They a jocular anecdote to terminate a debate are worth dying for. • It was a good re- that was kindling irritation, or to divert port,' he can say, that I heard of them into a strain more agreeable to the comin my own country, but the half was not pany the conversation that was maintold me; their blessedness far exceeds tained by two disputants, to the disgust or their fame.' pp. 365, 366.

annoyance of others. Thus, in a party

some one was objecting to church estaLong as are our extracts, we blishments, that there was nothing in them must give a specimen of his powers specially to attract those spiritual influof conversation.

ences which were the objects of all Chris

cian institutions. Dr. Waugh was friendly “It was impossible,' says Dr. Philip, to establishments; but not wishing to en* to have been in the company of Dr. gage in the controversy, in the circumWaugh, and not have felt an irresistible stances in which he was then placed, he and all-subduing charm in his conversa- put an end to it by the following jocular tion, which instantly attracted you to the anecdote, which set all in good humour.

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· Weel, it may be so,' he said. “I re- and to supply it, hundreds of clermember when I returned home at the vacation of Earlstoun school, I frequently

gymen have formed collections, we went out to the muir to have some talk

fear somewhat to the infringement with my father's shepherd, a douce, talk- of ecclesiastical unity. ative, and wise man in his way; and he not that the practice is either illetold me, a wondering boy, a great many

gal or, under all the circumstances, things I never had read in my schoolbooks. For instance, about the Tower

unjustifiable; but it is at best a of Babel, that

necessary evil. Whatever may be Seven mile sank, and seven mile fell,

the requisite exceptions, the general And seven mile still stands, and evermair

rule laid down by Dr. Waugh in sall.

the following passage cannot be too And about the craws, (there were aye closely adhered to in every eccleplenty of craws about Gordon muir, and siastical community, and most of I often wondered what they got to live

all in a national establishment. on), that they aye lay the first stick of their nests on Candlemas-day; and that

• Your memorialists do not hold them. some of them that big their nests in rocks

selves warranted to make any alteration : and cliffs have siccan skill of the wind,

whatever in the doctrine, the discipline, that if it is to blaw mainly frae the east in

or the worship of the church, without the the following spring, they are sure to build

knowledge and approbation, explicit or their nests on what will be the bieldy side;

understood, of the reverend Synod ; or and mony a ane that notices it can tell

to introduce even any scriptural songs, frae that the airth the wind will blaw.

without first submitting them to the eye After expressing my admiring belief of

of that venerable court. It is their privithis, I thought, as I had begun Latin, and

lege, and they duly prize it, to enjoy a was therefore a clever chield, that I wadna

form of church order which is equally dislet the herd run away wi' a'the learning,

tant from spiritual domination and from It was at the time when the alteration of popular confusion, and which is calculated the style had not ceased to cause great

to promote the unity of the church, and grief and displeasure to many of the good

secure at the same time the sacred rights old people in Scotland; and I knew the

of individual Christians." p. 140. berd' was a zealous opponent of the The name of Dr. Philip, in one change, so I slily asked him, Do the of the last extracts, reminds us cławs count Candlemas by the new or the

of the interest which Dr. Waugh auld style? He replied, with great indignation, D'ye think the craws care for

took in the great work to which your acts of parliament ?' pp. 339–391.

that excellent man has devoted We are glad to find from this himself, in connexion with his zealast passage that Dr. Waugh, lous missionary labours, and which though a Presbyterian in London, has identified his name with the and a Seceder in Scotland, was future history and best welfare not so from any unfriendliness to of Africa. Dr. Waugh, as a man church establishments.—So sub- averse to hostile conflicts, seemed missive was he practically to the inclined, at first, to act as the Mo-, authorities of the religious com- ravian missionaries have done, by munity with which he was con passive quiescence, rather than ennected, that he would not, much danger, as it might appear, the as he wished it, introduce hymns spiritual services of the mission into Divine worship, but confined to the natives, by bearing a bold himself to the version of the public testimony against the civil Psalms, till the synod was at length oppressions under which they lainduced to supply the want of de- boured. But it was only while he votional strains adapted to New- was ignorant of the real circumTestament themes, and other sub- stances of the case that he wajects not so clearly unfolded in the vered as to his decision. Let Dr., compositions of David, by adopting Philip relate the story. the General Assembly's book of “When the éclaircissement took place, Paraphrases and Translations. In we were seated in his study. His attenour own church the want of a suit

tion was rivetted from the commencement

of my narrative, and he never once interable selection of hymns set forth

rupted me during the whole of my details ; by authority, has been long felt; but I could easily perceive from his ex-;

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