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culties which lie in the way of an Epis- are a sort of Castalia or Helicon to me, copal missionary are not those of priva- as this is my second poetical effusion; tion and hardships.
but the truth is, poetry is a sort of way“ No! Satan now is wiser than of yore,
ward steed which sometimes runs off with And tempts by making rich, not making me. poor.
“ SUNDAY AT SEA. “Our difficulties are, and I foresee will Bounding along the obedient surges, continue to be, in the blandishments of Cheerly on her onward way, the station, and we have no right to com
Her course the gallant vessel urges plain that it is so: buman aid, if given to Across thy stormy gulph, Biscay! our work, must be given in that shape, In the sun the bright waves glisten, and I trust we shall be protected from Rising slow with measured swell, the evil consequences which might fol- Hark! what sounds unwonted-Listen, low, so long as we look on these things Listen ! 'tis the Sabbath bell. not as privileged indulgencies, but as one Hushed the tempest's wild commotion, appointed mode of trial. I do not refuse
Winds and waves have ceased their war, to partake; and I trust I should not hesitate O'er the wide and sullen ocean, one moment, should the necessity arise, That shrill sound is heard afar. to forego them. In the mean time, the
And comes it as a note of gladness, great anxiety is, that we may become To thy tried spirit, wanderer, tell ? useful to those with whom we are for a Or rather doth thy heart's deep sadness, season joined in such closeness of inter
Wake at that simple Sabbath bell.
on the It speaks of ties which duties sever,
Of hearts so fondly knit to thee; faithfulness; or, on the other, should cause
Kind hands, kind looks, which, wanderer, the good to be evil spoken of, through lack of discretion. From temper and
Thine hand shall grasp, thine eye shall habit I know myself to be too prone to the former ; yet I may, and probably in It speaks of home, and all its pleasures, some measure shall, fall into both. I feel Of scenes where memory loves to dwell;
And bids thee count thy heart's best treadaily more and more that this is the real trial of my new station, so to order the life and conversation that the light may
Far, far away that Sabbath bell. shine before men, and lead them to glo- Listen again; thy wounded spirit rify the Father. On what are called Shall soar from earth, and seek above great occasions, as they may arise, I feel That kingdom which the blest inherit, no very appalling apprehensions; the The mansions of eternal love. promise, • As thy day, so shall thy Earth and its lowly cares forsaking, strength be,' seems framed for especial (Pursued too keenly, loved too well) application to them ; but it is in the mo- To faith, and hope—thy soul awaking, ments which make up the year, in the un- Thou hearst with joy the Sabbath bell.” restrained communications of ordinary in- We are obliged to pass over, for the tercourse, that the evil danger lies, a danger present, the remaining incidents of his which can be averted only by the grace lordship’s voyage, and the history of his of increasing watchfulness. May I in- brief, but important, episcopate in India. deed be thus enabled to set a watch on These may form an interesting subject the door of my lips, having that honest for a future statement; but our present conversation among the children of this limits allowing only of a few more columns, world, that however they may be disposed we proceed to mention a few particulars to speak against us," they may by the which have reached us respecting bis last good works which they shall behold, glo- hours. He returned home to Calcutta rify God.'-Our Sunday service was in last spring, in a state of great exhaustion, many respects very pleasing. The quar- from an extensive visitation of his vast ter deck is converted into a very hand- ecclesiastical charge. We have before us some and convenient church, capable of a variety of communications from various accommodating the whole of the ship's parts of his diocese, which abundantly company, except the few who are neces- prove his Christian zeal, unwearied actisarily engaged forward and aloft in tack- vity, his extraordinary wisdom, meekness, ing the sails. The bell tolled for a quarter and conciliating spirit, and the affection of an hour, to give notice of service. The and esteem in which he was held by all morning was bright and calm ; and as with whom he had intercourse. The the shrill note of the bell sounded afar, missionaries in particular speak of bim. amidst the measured roll of the waves as with peculiar reverence and regard, and they beat against the vessel's sides, it was state that they derived great comfort and one of those combinations which find their instruction from his presence, and his way to the heart, and stir up the inmost judicious and scriptural counsels and dia feelings. I have since endeavoured to put rections. The records also of the religious these feelings into verse. You will begin societies at home with which he corresto think that the waters of the Atlantic ponded, as well as his private letters, con
tain most valuable communications re- in vainly trying, after eighteen months, specting the religious state of India ; its to take up the tangled web, bas found the necessities; its capabilities; the openings whole work to be gone over anew. Nor in Divine Providence for the extension is India the only place where English of the Gospel; the duty and facilities for bishops are wanted. Why not have a so doing; and not least the indispensable bishop for the Cape of Good Hope? why need of at least two new bishops for India not another for Malta, who might occato discharge a portion of that important sionally visit those places in the surroundwork under which he felt himself rapidly ing countries, where considerable numsinking, without being able to discharge bers of English Episcopalians reside, one half of its demands. We trust that without the means of obtaining for their his statements will be powerfully urged children the primitive right of Confirmaupon the proper authorities at home, and tion? The benefit of such appointments particularly in regard to the approaching would be incalculable, particularly in rerenewal of the East-India Company's gard to ordaining and superintending naCharter. The Society for promoting tive missionaries; and the expense to the Christian Knowledge has held a special mother country needs not be great, as the meeting on the subject—one of the most senior chaplain might, if qualified, be apcrowred as well as the most interesting pointed to the oftice, which would not meetings ever assembled within its walls require the same temporal rank and ex--and has issued a series of appropriate penditure which attach to it at home and resolutions, which the Archbishop of in India. We would respectfully submit Canterbury has undertaken to present the suggestion to our church societies, and advocate with his Majesty's Govern- and especially to the Most Reverend and ment. Mr. Poynder, we are glad to see, Right Reverend prelates who preside has also brought the subject before the over the province of Canterbury and the Court of East-India Proprietors. The see of London. friends of the Society for the Propa- But to return to the last hours of gation of the Gospel, the Church Mis- Bishop Turner : The following passages siorary Society, and other religious in- from a letter written from Calcutta, July stitutions connected with the Church of 11, to one of his lordship's relatives in England, are exerting themselves to bring England, convey the chief facts which the question, with its proper weight, be- have bitherto reached us. fore the legislative and executive autho- “ Ere this reaches you, you will I trust rities; and we trust that suitable petitions have received a letter I did myself the will flow in from all parts of the country, pleasure to write you on the 24th May representing the magnitude and import- last. In that, I informed you that our ance of the duty. It is not to be dis- venerated Bishop had not returned to us guised, that the obstacles are consider- in such good bealth as when he left this able ; chiefly, however, in regard to the to visit the other presidencies : it did not expense; though a very few prejudiced indi. strike us, however, that his illness was at viduals may perhaps oppose it, as they did all serious; and we fondly hoped, that rest the first election of an ecclesiastical es- and freedom from exposure would entirely tablishment for India, on general grounds restore him ; but it has pleased our Heaof mistaken and unchristian policy. We venly Father to dispose otherwise, and it have not space to go into the subject at is now my sad and painful duty to let you present; but we shall not lose sight of it. know he is no more." No country has done so little in propor- “ We sympathise most sincerely with tion to its ability for promoting religion you, for even we feel eft: such a friend in its colonies as England, more espe- we can hardly hope to meet with again : cially in the vast peninsula of India; his image is enshrined in our hearts, and where, as appears in a letter from Bishop his sayings imprinted on our memory so Turner to the Archbishop of Canterbury, long as that shall last. May we bave there is an ample sphere not only for new grace to abide by the benefit they were bishops, but for a large accession of clergy- calculated to convey." men, and an indispensable need of them, “ You will be anxious to know parti. not only to break up new ground, but to culars: I shall therefore just observe, that keep from relapse that which is already the medical men advised his taking a voyage partially under cultivation. The extreme to Penang, which it was thought would inconvenience of having but one bishop for restore him. This being part of his dioIndia_and this, moreover, under a sys- cese, he the more readily assented to the tem which, on account of the delay, for. measure, as duty was always bis parabids sending for clergymen already accli. mount object; and he had actually engaged mated—is shewn in the fact, that during for his voyage, when he became so sudthe last twelve years the diocese has denly and rapidly worse that even he been without a bishop one half of the himself relinquished all hope of recovery. time; and scarcely has a bishop begun to He was not totally confined to his room know any thing of his charge, and to com- until within three days of his death." mence his plans, before his death has “ On Sunday, the 3d instant, Mr. thrown all into confusion,and his successor, [Archdeacon) ('orrie administered the sa
crament to him, and we partook with name given under heaven among men, by him; after which he spoke very comfort, which they can be saved; other foundaably to Mr. Corrie: but for your more tion can no man lay.' On his ceasing I accurate information, I will transcribe added, “ And this is a tried foundation, a some memoranda Mr. Corrie wrote down sure foundation,' at which his feelings were as conversations transpired.
much moved.' So far Mr. Corrie. • In the night of the 5th, being restless, “ From this time our dear and much the doctor asked him if he would like to lamented bishop never spoke more. He see me (Mr. Corrie), and on his assenting expired the following morning about ten I was called. On going to his bed-side o'clock, seated in an arm chair with Mr. he shook me kindly by the hand, and said Corrie's hand supporting his head. The he feared he interrupted me, expressed commendatory prayer was read shortly how happy he should be, could he speak before the Spirit took its flight. to the natives in their own tongue, and “ Throughout the whole of his illness referred to his Sirdar. On my propo- the exhibition of Christian graces was sing to speak to him, he said, "No, not most exemplary-entire submission to the now, he is fearfully untutored.' He spoke Divine Will—increasing patience under a good deal on subjects of religion con- intense sufferings-freedom from all earthnected with his own state; asked me to ly anxieties—calmness in viewing the valpray with him, and then said he would ley he was to pass through-and full assutry to compose himself to rest. July 6th, rance of those glories that were shortly to about 4 P.M., on going into the Bishop's open upon him. What have we not lost room, I observed that I feared he had had in such a guide, such a director! What a trying day: he with emphasis, said “very.' has not India lost! Where shall an Elisha On saying, that when he felt able to at- be found to take up the fallen mantle? tend, if he would just express his wishes, But our loss is his unspeakable gain, and I should be glad to wait upon him, he this will, I doubt not, operate to soothe assented; and after some time observed, the wound, which He who has inflicted in broken sentences, his articulation being it can alone bind up! The very best meindistinct, . That we do not arrange mat- dical advice that could be had was obtained, ters in religion sufficiently for ourselves besides the constant, assiduous attentions with '-more I could not understand. In of a domestic physician, who had been order to keep up the train of thought, I appointed by Government to attend the remarked when he ceased, that our mercy Bishop on his visitation : this young man consists in that the covenant is ordered in remained night and day with him for the all things and sure ; on which he said, “ To last few days. The medical opinion resthose who live orderly, there might more pecting him was, that he died of disorof joy and peace in believing.' I replied, ders contracted in England, but excited • In great bodily distress it seemed to me, into activity by the heat and fatigue to there could be little beside a child-like re- which he had been exposed during his liance upon a Father's care and love.' He journeyings on the late visitation.” said he had an assured hope,' and added, We have not space to add even a single that we wanted God to do some great paragraph descriptive of his lordship's thing for us that should prevent the ne- character, or his peculiar qualifications for cessity of humiliation and closing with the Indian episcopate; or to notice his Christ. After this I read a hymn, "Jesus publications, which were chiefly, we bethe way, the truth, the life,' &c. ; he said, lieve, a work on the Sabbath and a few
That one feeling is universal, pervades tracts, suggested by the circumstances of all (Christian) hearts.' In confirmation of his parish of Wilmslow, in reference to this I read the hymn, 'This God is the infidelity, popular ignorance, and the disGod we adore.' After which I read contents arising out of the extreme dissome of the prayers out of the Visitation tress of the manufacturers, which he so of the Sick, ending with the Lord's Prayer, well illustrated in his evidence before the and · The grace of our Lord,' &c. to house-of-commons emigration-committee which he added a fervent ‘Amen. After in 1827, as noticed in the popular work a short pause he broke out in prayer, ren- on the results of machinery. The great dered more affecting by his pausing at the question is, where will be found a suitable close of each sentence from the difficulty successor ? May the hearts of our readers of respiration, . () thou God of all grace, be directed in earnest prayer to the Lord stablish, strengthen, settle us : have mercy of the harvest, that he would raise up and upon all, that they may come to the know- send out labourers into this his harvest. ledge of the truth: there is none other
It occurs to us, that some of our readers might think this notice of Bishop Turner useful for circulation among their friends, with a view to invite attention to the need of more bishops for India : we have, therefore, directed our publisher to have some copies printed separately, which may be had of any bookseller, price 3d. ; or a hundred for One Pound.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
(Continued from December Number). We fear that SURRIEN818 has not been more succesful than his predecessors in unra
velling the real difficulties of the question of Necessity and Predestination. He adopts after Bishop Copleston, in his treatise on that subject, the three “axioms * of Mr. Dawson; none of which are really axioms, and the first of which is not only not an axiom, but is not even fit to be a postulate, since it is actually untrue; and so palpably untrue that it could ouly have been by mere inadvertence that so correct and acute a logician as that powerfully-minded prelate placed it in the very front of his pages. The so-called axiom is, that, “ If we make a false proposition and reason justly from it, a contradiction or absurdity will be contained in the conclusion.* Now try this by an example : take for instance the false proposition, that men are angels; then reason justly from it: men are angels; angels ought to obey God; therefore men ought to obey God. There is neither contradiction nor absurdity in this conclusion, which follows justly from a false proposition, and would also have followed from a true one. The axiom goes to the extent of saying, that nothing that is really true was ever attempted to be proved by a false argument; whereas propositions innumerable, neither contradictory nor absurd, but irrefragably true, are attempted to be proved from false premises, as we constantly observe in sermons, books of controversy, debates in parliament, and daily conversation; so much so that we often hear it remarked, “ I agree with you in your conclusion, but I cannot reach it by your line of argument." It would not follow that we should reject, as absựrd or contradictory, whatever a Papist should attempt to prove by the infallibility of his church ; since the same point might happen to be tenable on distinct grounds either of reason or Scripture. Twenty people might come to the same
conclusion in a matter of politics who set out upon premises the most contrary. R. L. asks, “ Is it, do you think, a good thing to have Arians in the Bible Society ?"
We reply, Is it a good thing to have drunkards ? Or is it a good thing to have pretended prophets and miracle workers? This is not the real question: the real question is, “ Is it a good thing to have a test in the Bible Society ?" If R. L.
says Yes, then let him fix what the test ought to be. Will the rejection of Arians be
sufficient to make a society Christian and spiritual ? W. has mistaken the facts. It is not a fact that the meetings of the Bible Society,
or its committee, would have commenced with oral prayer if it had not been for the Socinians; nor is it true that they would of necessity thus commence, if Socinians were ejected. There has never, we understand, been a Socinian in the committee; how then could the presence of Socinians be the cause ? Are there no other causes? Are there no churchmen who would not approve of dissenting ministers praying in their presence? Have not the society of Friends their own peculiar views also ? Would some men listen to an extempore prayer? Would others approve of a form ? May not prayers be too Calvinistic for one, too Arminian for another ? May not prayers take their colours from varying views of doctrine ? Would W. approve of all Mr. Irving's prayers, or some part of the Sackville-street committee of W.'s ?
SUPPLEMENT TO RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE. BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY (Abstract of Report). Such facts as these are the society's best voucher. May the blessing of the Most High continue to shine upon its labours.
HIBERNIAN SOCIETY REPORT. The peculiar circumstances of Ireland at this moment render the facts in this Report peculiarly important; and the objects of the society more than ever demand the enlarged patronage of the
friends of Scriptural education. PRAYER-BOOK AND HOMILY SOCIETY (Report and Speeches).
We regret to find that this truly family society, if we may so speak, is so inadequately supported by many members of the household, who are exerting themselves diligently for objects of general Christian benevolence. To every churchman, above all in days like these, the writings of our revered Reformers, especially our authorised church formularies, are of inestimable value; and the interesting facts and statements contained in the annexed speeches will, we trust, incline the hearts of many of our readers to support a society
whose sole object is to promote the glory of God and the salvation of men by their diffusion.
We thus close our appended documents for the year, and have much satisfaction in knowing that they have been of great service in promoting the cause of various societies, making them known in new channels, and keeping up a constant interest in their proceedings. The great multiplication of societies prevents our noticing them so often, or so much at length, as we could wish in our columns; but we have much pleasure in opening to them this channel of communication with the public.
ESSAYS, SUBJECTS, INTELLIGENCE, OCCURRENCES,
Building Bill.. 125, 191, 218, 246,
509, 579, 704,774
Suciety, Questions discussed
615, 713, 777
Concealing religious Sentiments.. 337
Psalmody, neglect of.. 78.5
63, 244, 382 Creation, Mosaic Account of........ 76
Dissent, Causes of..92, 151, 275, 276, 347,
29 Dying Persons, whether to be told their
...263, 268, 348
635 Edinburgh Review .610, 633, 723
..385, 703, 712,741 Election
• 402, 721 Emolumenis, Clerical, Defence of.... 319
.... 54 England, Descriprion of.........
17 Episcopacy, extraordinary Argument for 118
-581 Erie Canal
Clergy..39, 88, 127, 246, 25%,