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-namely, honestly to acknowledge insinuation as if there had been an
his mistake, if it were one, and to inconsistency in our work on the
apologize for it. But instead of this subject, just to avoid admitting that
he says, “An error, greater in appear the charge was from first to last fa-
ance than in reality, has crept into bricated and false, is another paltry
cur last Number ; ” “the utmost we artifice of which any honest man
can consent to do is to place among would be ashamed. How much more
the errata of a second edition, for manly and honourable to have said,
the Christian Observer has ever “We libelled you—it was a sheer
been, &c.” read The party of blunder-pray forgive us. ”
which the Christian Observer is the The Morning Watch would have

has ever been.” Can any thing done well to take Mr. Drummond's be more equivocating than such a advice about not alluding to persons shuffle ? If we had asserted that Mr. and opinions upon hearsay. What Drummond and the Morning Watch does the writer know, except by were active associates of Bishop gossip, as to the editorship of the and Williams in their murderous Christian Observer ? and is gossip to practices, and we were summoned be gravely introduced into print, as before a jury to answer for the libel, document? We know by town's would it be sufficient, without even talk, if not by better evidence, who an apology, or a tittle of proof that is the Editor of the Morning Watch; there was any foundation for the but in all our allusions to that work, charge, coolly to say, that the utmost we have never proceeded beyond acwe can consent to do is to substi- knowledged names and facts. Howtute the intimate friends of Mr.Drum- ever, as our Morning-Watch friend mond and the Morning Watch. Mr. is so inquisitive, we will set his mind Drummond might reply, that he was at rest, by telling him that “ the not to be libelled for other men's ac- present Editor” has been Editor for

and that, if we had no better fifteen years (more than two apprenexcuse, judgment must pass upon us. ticeships), and therefore long before We remarked that the moral honesty the London University was projected of the Morning Watch might be or thought of; so that the shuffle to fairly tried by the above charge. get out of a falsehood by an equivoIt has been tried, and let a jury of cation about “the present Editor," readers determine the verdict.

is as unfortunate as it is Jesuitical. The writer aggravates his offence But the Morning Watchman has by adding : “ The present Editor of yet another plea. He says, and the Christian Observer says, that he there we heartily agree with him, never defended the London Univer- that “Mr. Wilberforce and Mr. sity;" thus adroitly leaving the reader Macaulay are two of perhaps the to infer that there has been some brightest ornaments of Evangelichange of editorship since the Lon. calism ;” and that both these gendon University was planned; and tlemen are, or were, connected with that, though “ the present Editor” the London University. Then by was exonerated, the pages of his the aid of undocumented gossip, for work were still guilty. This is we do not find any publication of another disingenuous trick, to avoid the fact by Mr. Macaulay, the latter recanting a slander; for there is not is stated to have been many years a syllable in our pages about what Editor of the Christian Observer ; the present Editor or any other Edi- and thus the writer proves-not tor says; but a direct, plain, unequi- what he said was in our pages, but vocal denial from first to last. We what he conjectured might naturally asserted, that never have our pages have been in them. Now whatever defended either the London Uni- may be the opinion of Mr. Macaulay versity, or a system of education or any other gentleman, it has from which God was rejected. The nothing to do with the fact whether

tions ;

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the pages of the Christian Observer We only coupled them in the points had or had not contained what was in which they agreed; the Record is charged upon them. As, however, no believer in the new and strange Mr. Macaulay's name is introduced, doctrines advocated by his contemwe take the opportunity of adding porary: he has endeavoured honestly with much pleasure, that he was to oppose them; but he has comEditor of this work for many years; mitted the specific offences with and that the readers of this work are which alone we charged him, pargreatly indebted to him for his la- ticularly by his habit of violent bours; and that when death shall personal remark, and making his unseal the silence which delicacy columns a vehicle for such slanders demands, at least the delicacy of a as sent poor Greenfield brokenmind like that of Mr. Macaulay, the hearted to his grave. We had no world will have to read a catalogue wish to aggravate his fault; and if he of benefits conferred upon it by the will restrain his pen to a courteous instrumentality of that eminently and Christian style, he may still be good and highly-gifted man, in many a blessing to the public. ways, and far more than we dare We have perhaps devoted too much offend him by specifying, should his space, and seemed to attach too much eye chance to glance on our pages. importance, to these secondary matNo man, we believe, has done more ters ; but if a tree is known by its to promote Scriptural education fruits, it is not useless to examine throughout the world than Mr. into the spirit which grows out of Zachary Macaulay; and we the new opinions which are devasta. quite sure that if he or Mr. Wilber- ting the church of Christ. If they force had any connexion with the lead their abettors to libel the great London University, it must have body of the faithful in all lands, as been for some purpose of good, es- neologues, blasphemers, infidels, and pecially the institution of a college men who give to a rabble what belongs in close connexion with it, for theo- to God; if they cause them to tear logical lectures, opening an Epis- our religious societies in pieces, to copal chapel, and supplying other sow discord among brethren, to spare desiderata. Of this at least we are nothing to gain a favourite object, sure, that not only the Scriptural and to act upon the principle avowed principles, but the sound judgment by their ally Mr. Vaughan, that “ the and practical wisdom, of both these controversialist is a wrestler" “who much-esteemed men stand so justly must not only be dexterous to put high, that it would be a very pow- in his blow forcibly, but must have a erful argument with us to recon- readiness to menace with scorn, and sider any subject on which we did to tease with derision, if haply he not find ourselves fully coinciding may by these means unnerve with their opinion. But this has unarm his competitor;" this, to our nothing to do with the point now minds, would be argument enough, before us: we are not discussing the even if there were no other, that merits or demerits of the London these things are not of God. Would University; but only exposing the that we could believe with Mr. gratuitous falsehood of the writer Boys, that the miracles so much of the Morning Watch; who does not bruited of are special manifestations mend the matter by special pleading of the Holy Ghost “to put down the about Mr. Wilberforce and Mr. bold front of infidelity;" but unhapMacaulay, instead of ingenuously pily our fear is, that they are devices acknowledging his delinquency. of Satan to increase it ; and the fur.

The writer in the Morning Watch ther we dive into the matter, the lastly complains on behalf of the more perilous it appears, particularly Record newspaper, that we have when viewed in connexion with the coupled the latter with the former. spirit by which it is too often cha


racterized. Alas, how mournful is repose; spiritual mindedness and deadit, that while souls are perishing; ness to the world will be increased; while Bibles, ministers, and mission- and, after a sharp but salutary ordeal, aries are every where wanted; while the church of Christ shall “look a world is lying in ignorance and forth as the morning, fair as the wickedness; while heaven and hell moon, clear as the sun, and terare impending; the great work of glo. rible as an army with banners." rifying God and promoting the salvation of immortal souls is to be impeded by every new theological fancy of the age. We trust that the fever is now at its height, and that, the QUEEN OF scots' HYMN. hot stage safely passed, there are hopes of a cure. The church of Tothe Editor of the Christian Observer. Christ stands on an immutable rock, My only trust, my constant stay, against which even the gates of hell My longing hope, through life's dark way,

Thou, blessed Lord, hast always been; shall not prevail. Clouds in former

For oft and oft, from bended knee, ages have passed away, and the My orisons have risen to Thee, Sun of Righteousness has once more By every eye but thine unseen. brightly shone athwart the gloom. From human wrongs, from mental sigh, And so will it be again: many things

From pangs of mortal agony,

Oh! grant this earthly frame release; that are painful will be purifying; And, hanging on my latest breath the jarrings of angry contention A Saviour's love, a Saviour's death, will impel many a wearied spirit

Oh! let my spirit part in peace.

Y. nearer to God, where alone is true


The History of the Church of Christ, perhaps, preferred; but it is laborious

in Continuation of the Work of the solid, useful, and trust-worthy: it Rev. Joseph Milner, M.A., and the is distinguished by the main qualifiVery Rev. Isaac Milner, D.D.F.R.S. cations which become an ecclesiasBy John Scott, M.A., Vicar of tical historian. The work has now North Ferriby, and Minister of been before the public seven or eight St. Mary's, Hull, &c. &c. VOL. III. years: three volumes have appeared, London. 1831.

each surpassing the other in value ;

for the present is decidedly the best We rejoice in having another oppor- of the three. The author is contunity of marking our high estimate tinuing his researches, and acquiring of the value of Mr. Scott's labours. new habits and facilities for his work; In the midst of much confusion in and his topics, as he advances, are the church and the world, it is de- increasingly important and difficult, lightful to open a volume so grave, so and increasingly need such aids as calm, so authentic, so well reasoned, past history can furnish; and his so moderate on doubtful and inferior former experience, therefore, inpoints, so spiritual in the true sense creases our confidence in his future of the term, so calculated to heal the labours. We need scarcely say how passing disorders and follies of the earnestly we recommend the whole day, as the one before us. It may work to our readers, especially the not satisfy every taste; other excel younger class, from whom it well lencies may be imagined, other me- merits close and impartial attention. thods of composition and selection, Eight thick volumes are indeed a


5 E

formidable mass ; but those readers that he is now preparing to enter Engwhose leisure cannot compass. the land. The English Reformation has whole may profitably begin at the never yet been impartially and scripReformation in the middle of vol. iv. turally delineated. Burnet has colof Milner: this will afford a distinct lected materials, but done little to division of the history, of incom- a fair and complete record of the parable value and moderate extent. mighty transactions. We want a The continuation, long as it is, could mind in love with the Gospel in its not well be much shorter without a real purity; we want an impartial sacrifice of valuable materials : it is summary of the case ; we want the far more succinct than the history balancing and weighing of events ; which preceded it, so far as the we want the adequate and unbiassed Reformation is concerned. Dean comparison of testimonies; we want Milner comprehended only eight years the research of original documents, in his last volume, and Scott takes not only as to acts and memorials, in twice that number in his first, and rescripts and public deeds, but about twenty in his second, and very as to character, principles, inward nearly forty in the present. But piety, confidential communications of this is not the main point. A his the heart. We rejoice, therefore, tory, in which the author resorts to that Mr. Scott is now at liberty, original documents, makes his readers with his previous experience and masters of the greatest question ever habits of abstraction and compariraised in Christendom, and which is son, to give us this most instructive at the present moment more interest- portion of our ecclesiastical annals. ing than ever, cannot be short. It is We would encourage him to go on; impossible to make history, especially and we urge him to bring to it the history in which the character, princi- same diligence, the same independples, and sentiments of such men as ence of mind, the same purely evanLuther, Melancthon, Zuingle, Eco- gelical and scriptural judgmentofdocLampadius, Calvin, Cranmer, &c., are trine, the same moderation on doubtto be developed, at once brief and sa- ful questions, the same disregard of, tisfactory. What is done, ought to be and superiority to, parties in the church done well; and this involves details, and state, the same single eye to the or, in other words, length. Should glory of his Saviour, and the approthis prevent the present author com- bation of the truly competent reader, pleting the work, the objection is of which appear increasingly in each little moment. The Milners com- of his three published volumes. pleted not their undertaking ; nor We

urge this the more, because the perhaps will their successor live to misrepresentation, concealment, and do it: but what is accomplished is suppression of the truth as to the real in the best sense complete, if it be sentiments of our Reformers, on the adequately wrought out, and if the question of regeneration for example, pauses are at æras distinct and im.

or that of predestination to life, and portant. These our author has duly even of justification, have been workregarded. The death of Luther in ing, and are working, much mischief. 1546 formed a natural conclusion What a perversion of the above points, of his first volume. The death of and various others, have we had in Calvin forms the termination of his some of the publications of the Society third. The Peace of Religion closed for promoting Christian Knowledge. the intermediate era in Germany. He What dangerous errors did Bishop has now completed the history of Mant promulgate (we refer more the Reformation, in the German especially to his lordship’s tract as it branch of it, to the Peace of Reli- first stood) on the subject of baptisgion in 1555. He has also begun mal regeneration. What crude and and accomplished that of the Swiss false divinity did the Eighty-seven branch to 1564; and we understand Questions of Bishop Marsh attempt to 1831.]

obtrude upon us; and, to quote no more great part of Switzerland, composed instances, how can the semi-Socinian massy volumes of incomparable divicreed of Bishop Maltby stand the test nity, delivered discourses as a most of our Reformed doctrines ?

powerful preacher, sustained a labuSome of our readers may be able rious correspondence with the leadto assist Mr. Scott in his difficult ers of the same cause in other parts of work, by the loan of scarce works, his native land and of Germany; and or by indications of catalogues or exhibited in his spirit and conduct collections where books may be the undoubted marks of a deep, ensearched for. Our universities and lightened, and consistent piety. public libraries are rich in these Two circumstances interest us works. The collections of Archbishop peculiarly in the present volume, so Parker, for instance, in Corpus Christi far as Zuingle is concerned. He is College, Cambridge, are of great vindicated, by our author, from a value. But the rapid sale of a book little misrepresentation which Dean is also a great encouragement to Milner, in his warmth of admiration an author, and a great relief to his for Luther, cast upon him ; and the finances; and we therefore recom- circumstances of his death are cleared mend our readers promptly to add from the popular charge of his exto their library this valuable acquisi- piring as a military chieftain, and tion, which would not cost more than, in a military spirit. Milner incauand would infinitely surpass in worth, tiously states that Zuingle was never the annuals, as they are termed- supposed to be completely orthodox the voyages

and travels—the lives— on the subject of original sin. Mr. and many of the theological publica- Scott proves, that, though this Retions for which so much is expended. former had used some incautious

The present volume may be di- expressions, and attempted some revided into two parts. The first com- finements which are to be deplored, prehends the ecclesiastical history of yet he afterwards abandoned all Switzerland, in connexion with the these, and spoke unequivocally and lives of Zuingle, Ecolampadius, and unexceptionably on the important Farel, from the year 1528 to the year articles. The Dean again says, that 1531. The second brings us to “ certain peculiar sentiments afterGeneva, and presents us with a re- wards maintained by Calvin conview of the life, writings, and cha- cerning the absolute decrees of God, racter of Calvin, from 1526 to the made no part of the theology of the death of that great Reformer in Swiss Reformer.” Mosheim asserted 1564.

the same.

Mr. Scott demonstrates Though the second division is the that Zuingle spoke yet more strongly most new and important, yet the on these points than Calvin himself. first must not be passed over, and can Dean Milner lastly insinuates, that, only be considered as of secondary “though Zuingle seems always to moment, from the surpassing inter- have admitted distinctly in theory est attached to the name of the Re- the doctrine of justification, yet he former of Geneva. Our remarks and by no means made that practical use extracts from the first division, to of it which Luther did.” The conwhich we have referred, will natu- trary is manifestly shewn by our turally relate to the three distin- laborious and impartial author. guished leaders above cited, of whom On the circumstances of his death, Zuingle is the greatest, Ecolampa- it is impossible to peruse with care dius the most amiable, and Farel Mr. Scott's lucid narrative, without the most romantic and affecting. seeing that Zuingle aimed at peace,

Zuingle is a great name. In the pleaded for peace, protested against brief period of eleven or twelve years the violent spirit of many of the he was the principal means of effect- friends of the Reformation in Zurich, ing the Reformation throughout a and only attended the army when.

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