hicles :" but what becomes of “ four- There can be. no doubt that the in-hand,” and “ stage-coaches," and first of April was the appointed day other recent inventions, which are of supplication for those who, though quite as unacademical as phaetons ? born in the church, were incapable I should trust the new college will of praying for themselves—namely, carefully avoid this evil of over. ideots and lunatics. If the first of minute legislation.

April could be now brought back I might add much more, but I to its original appointment, it would forbear entering further into details. evidently thereby be a reformed day. What I have written has not been

E. M.B. in a captious spirit, or to blame individually or collectively the members of our venerable academical VERGERS' FEES AT ST. PAUL's. institutions ; but only with the hope that some master spirit will before

To the Editor of the Christian Observer. long arise, some moral Bacon or I was lately much gratified in witNewton, to take a large survey of the nessing on a holiday a large number whole system of our scholastic insti- of persons, among whom I observed tutions, and, without any unnecessary a considerable number of sailors, innovation, to reduce them to that sim- walking up and down in a manner plicity which the intelligence of the most orderly and peaceable, studyage, the interests of learning, and ing the monuments in the cathedral the duties of religion require. church of St. Paul. But one thing

gave me much pain-namely, that it was during the time of Divine service that this scene was passing around me; and once or twice I

saw the attendants admonish the THE FIRST OF APRIL TO ITS ORIGINAL people, telling them that it was the

dean's order (and a very proper

order) that persons should not walk To the Editor of the Christian Observer.

about during service time. What Reading the complaint, very justly reply they made I could not hear; stated, of your correspondent the but from the manner of the parties FIRST OF APRIL, I feel desirous to it seemed to me something like a call your attention, and that of your retort, “ Then the dean should allow readers, to the origin (a very reli- us some other time without making gious one) of the first of April being us pay; I suppose, Mr. Officer, you denominated All-Fools' Day. The want your two-pence, and grudge first of November was anciently de- that we should see the images for dicated to All Saints', doubtless with nothing.” the view of contemplating them as When, in our proud city of Lonexamples of Divine grace and holi, don, will there be public spirit ness of life. The following day is enough not to make our metroposet apart in the Church of Rome for litan cathedral a two-penny show supplication in behalf of All Souls, place; at least, the area of the buildwho may be supposed capable of being thereby benefited *.

prayers.' (Greg. Nazien.) “ Not long

after, they thought fit to repeat the same • I incline to think that the original at funerals, supposing the soul still a pasappointment was meant for souls in iran. senger ; where, being once admitted, they situ : allow me to cite a passage from Ex- got forward into the trental (30th day), plicatory Annotations by L'Estrange, en- and, lastly, the anniversary. Now in titled 'The Alliance of Divine Offices. these three offices no mention was made “ Prayers for the dead first came in by of purgatory, as believing the soul in tranthe commendation of a soul departing; situ; and this is confessed by Bellarmine this being the practice of the ancient himself. The church prayeth so for the fathers, to favour it with ushering dead, as if they were then dying."




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ing; for it would be fair enough to bear upon higher matters; for charge for the trouble of attending such things make the church and spectators aloft. From what I wit

From what I wit- the clergy unpopular, destroy the nessed of the orderly demeanour of sympathy by which the people this large number of persons, I felt should be attracted to our public convinced that it is a libel on my institutions in church and state, and countrymen that they would injure eventually impede the cause of relithe works of art which they came to gion itself. The temple was not admire. Would the sailors whom I barred, to be opened only by a fee, saw have mutilated the monument when He who had expelled the money of Nelson ? No; our vergers must changers entered it, and proclaimed have invented this calumny, for a

to the assembled multitude his mespretence to shut up our churches


of mercy. and gather fees for shewing them. The mutilations which do occur are often the effect of mere spite, the populace not feeling that the property belongs to themselves as part to the Editor of the Christian Observer. of the public. At all events, what great trouble or expense would there You were so good as to find a place, be in the cathedral of St. Paul being in your Number for March, for some open all day long, under the care of lines which I sent you descriptive one or two attendants ? The fee- of The Christian in the City ; I now taking is a paltry traffic which dis- transmit a delineation of the same graces all parties concerned in it; character in the depth of devotional and it ought not to last another retirement, The Christian Recluse. month. Are we a civilized nation, I do not intend that the Christian, to make a sailor pay two-pence to under ordinary circumstances, is see the statue of the hero of Trafal- literally to bury himself in solitudes : gar? There should be no peram- but it is his happiness often to do so bulating the sacred edifice in the in spirit; to enter his closet, and time of Divine service : such a de- shut his door about him, or to hold secration ought to be as much pre

converse with his God in his evening vented as in a parish church ; which walk or nightly musing. it might easily be, if the building “ In solis Tu mihi turba locis.”—Propert. were open gratuitously at other When faction's waves are raging high, times; but the regulation cannot Tis sweet to some lone spot to fly; be enforced without much alterca

On the wild moor, or pleasant lea,

To walk in joy, a slave set free; tion and personal violence, so long as Or, dove-like, haste to some blest clime, the public look to the hour of prayer From human folly, human crime ! as the only period of free admission. Ye woods, beneath your darkest shades, · I have mentioned St. Paul's, be.

Your secret, melancholy glades,

Sated of cities and of men, cause my attention was attracted to

Hide me in your farthest glen; the circumstance when I lately at- Some glimmering dell, fit place of rest, tended there, not as a saunterer,

By foot of worldling never pressid : but a worshipper ; but the same re

There, silent, oft to hold be mine,

Like Enoch, colloquy divine, marks apply equally to Westminster Till thee, my God, I learn to know, Abbey, and many other ecclesiastical And with thine own illapses glow ; edifices. These were always open

Or wait serene, till thou dispense at proper times in the days of Po- Thy mildly-soothing influence.

Oh! come, this wayward heart controul, pery, as the churches are still in

All heaven infuse into my soul ; Roman-Catholic countries; where, Teach me to read in nature's face, though they are richly adorned with Each emblem of the world of grace, valuables, sacrilegious theft is a crime "Till hill and valley, stream and wood,

Seem, when rightly understood, unknown.

To shadow forth to faith's pure eye, - These may appear trifles, but they The things of deep eternity;

'Till o'er the landscape, soft and bright, Mary Queen of Scotland on the Religion pour her own chaste light, And every breeze be full of THEE,

morning of her execution.” I tranIn solitude a crowd to me!

scribe from my common-place book W. L. N. a tolerably fair translation of them ;

but the name of the author is un


O Lord my God, I trust in Thee;

Beloved Jesus, set me free ! To the Editor of the Christian Observer.

With fetters bound, in bitter anguish, In your Number for September, I Behold I kneel, I sigh, I languish! observe that a correspondent re

Thee I adore,

Thee I implore, quests “ a metrical version of the

Jesu, my God, deliver me." lines said to have been written by

W. L. N.


1. A Charge to the Clergy of the preached at St. Andrew's, Ply

Deanery of Sarum. By Hugh mouth, at the Visitation of the

Pearson, D.D. Dean of Salisbury. Archdean of Totnes. By the Rev. 2. A Primary Charge to the Clergy R. Cox, M.A. Perpetual Curate

of the Archdeaconry of Winchester, of Stonehouse. By C. J. Hoare, A.M. Archdea- 9. The Duties of the Present Times : con of Winchester.

a Sermon preached at Hatfield, at 3. A Charge to the Clergy of the the Visitation of the Bishop of

Archdeaconry of Salop. By E. Lincoln. By the Rev. EDWARD BATHER, M.A. Archdeacon of BICKERSTETH, Rector of Watton.

Salop. 4. The Spirit of the Ministerial Gift In nothing is the wide increase of

Illustrated : a Sermon preached at piety and sound doctrine among our Coleshill, before the Archdeacon of clergy more evident than in the imCoventry and the Clergy of Arden. proved state of Visitation Charges By the Rev. J. GARBETT, M.A. and Sermons.

Not many years Rector of St. George's, Birming- ago, they were very generally dry ham.

and spiritless, barely orthodox, con5. The New-Testament Ministry, and versant chiefly with a few points of

Source of Ability to fulfil it: a ecclesiastical law or professional deSermon preached at Ilchester, at corum; or levelled either at Atheists. the Visitation of the Archdeacon of and Infidels, or Dissenters and Fa

Wells. By the Rev. J. Benson. natics, with an occasional skirmish 6. The Christian Ministry, its Nature at Bible Societies and Catholic

and Responsibility: a Sermon emancipation. Some of these things preached at St. Peter's, Colchester, were doubtless occasionally necesbefore the Archdeacon of Colchester. sary, and are still so; yet it is very

By the Rev. S. Carr, M.A. Vicar. possible so to discuss them as to 7. The Christian Messenger : a Ser- forget that, after all, the great object

mon preached at Cheadle, at the of discourses to the clergy should Visitation of the Archdeacon of be to stir them up “ to fulfil the Stafford. By the Rev. I. TEMPLE, ministry which they have received A.M. Beneficed Curate of Lane of the Lord Jesus, to testify the End.

Gospel of the grace of God;" to 8. Scriptural Qualifications for the give themselves wholly to this

Christian Ministry : a Sermon thing; and not to account even their

lives dear to themselves for the ex- may serve to illustrate both the cellency of the knowledge of Christ doctrine and the practical tendency Jesus the Lord.

of the charge. We may the more Now of the pile of visitation charges readily adhere to our promised aband sermons before us we can truly stinence from comment, as the muchsay, that such appears to be the de- respected name and character of the cided object. We have not selected pious and judicious author are the them specially; but we take them just best guarantee for the object and as they happen to have recently ac. spirit of his address. We observe cumulated among our pamphlets, by affixed to the charge a notice of a the courtesy of the authors or their volume of sermons preached by the friends, and therefore without slight author before his late majesty. We to other charges and visitation sermons do not happen to have seen the which havenot reached us, and equally work; but from what we have heard without meaning to say that by in- of those discourses, we congratulate quiringwe might not have found others the Very Reverend author that he was of a different character. But, taking permitted and enabled, sincerely and them as a specimen, and remembering earnestly, and as in the presence of that they emanate from various parts the King of kings, to urge upon the of the kingdom, we think they may conscience of his earthly sovereign be justly considered as a proof of the things which belonged to his increased piety and soundness of eternal peace. May those who midoctrine among our clergy.

nister in the presence of our present It would be incompatible with most gracious monarch be found our plan and limits to review all equally scriptural and faithful. these discourses; and indeed it is

“ It is, obviously, of essential imporno disparagement to say, that local tance, that we form a just estimate of the addresses of this nature may be truly general character and condition of manscriptural and valuable, and deserve to standard of practical Christianity. If we

kind with respect to religion, and of the be printed, as requested by the audi- either entertain too favourable an opinion tors, chiefly for local circulation, with of the spiritual state of our flocks, or unout possessing any such peculiar fea- duly depress the demands of the Gospel,

we shall inevitably rest satisfied with the tures of general interest as would be

one, on insufficient grounds, and fail in likely to attract public attention. It urging the other, to the degree required is sufficient praise to the performance, in Scripture, for acceptance with God. and happiness to the writers, if they The knowledge of the nature and extent fill their circle, and, by the blessing to the application of a suitable and effec

of disease, is, in all cases, indispensible of God, answer their proposed end. tual remedy. A mistake, or even an inWithout, therefore, making invidious adequate judgment here, cannot but be comparisons, or offering either cen- productive of

productive of the most injurious, if not

Dean sure or approbation which might be Pearson, pp. 13,14.

of the most fatal consequences.” so construed, we shall simply extract “ The Scriptures recognise but two from some of them a few passages great classes, the just and the unjust, the which we think calculated to interest righteous and the wicked, the natural and and benefit our readers.

the spiritual, the children of God and the

children of the wicked one. The reason The Dean of Salisbury's charge of this important distinction arises from relates to the responsibility of the the leading principles of the two classes. sacred office, in connexion with which The one, with many acknowledged sins the Very Reverend author considers and imperfections, are still sincerely dethe doctrines which the ministers of able dispositions, and much general pro

voted to God; the other, with some amiChrist should cherish; their appli- priety of conduct, have no real regard to cation to the actual condition of him. The corruption of human nature, mankind; and their effect on the though visible in various forms of vice labours of the pastoral office. We in that alienation of the heart from God,

and immorality, is chiefly to be deplored quote two or three passages, which which universally prevails wherever the

principle of true piety has not, by his This is not the place for the elaborate grace, been implanted in the soul.” p. 15. refutation of the various errors which are

“ But whatever may be the season at at present prevalent on these important which the Divine principle (in the heart) is subjects. I shall content myself with implanted or developed; and whatever may observing in general, that there is scarcely be the means by which that inestimable any point of view in which the value of blessing is attained, its practical evidences sound theological learning, and particularly and results are in every case substantially of a thorough acquaintance with the Holy the same. Wherever it exists, God is Scriptures, such as I have before described known and revered, as a reconciled Father and recommended, is more apparent and and Friend; our Lord Jesus Christ is convincing than in the promptitude and acknowledged and trusted in, as the only the decision with which novelties and and all-sufficient Saviour; the Holy Spirit errors in religion of every kind are peris invoked, and received as the Source of ceived and resisted by one who possesses wisdom, strength, and consolation; the that fundamental qualification of word of God is esteemed the richest trea- • steward of the mysteries of God.'In sure; prayer and communion with the

Christianity,' said the profoundly learned Father of spirits are prized as the most expositor of the Apostles' Creed, there invaluable privilege, and his service' can be no concerning truth which is not deemed “perfect freedom ;' the present ancient; and whatsoever is truly new, is world is regarded as a state of pilgrimage certainly false.' and preparation for another, and the hope “ With respect to the obligation of the of heaven cherished as the sweetest solace, Sabbath co-eval as it plainly was in its and the highest joy. This is the predo- original institution, notwithstanding every minant character of the enlightened and attempt to disprove it, with the creation sincere Christian; and it is one which of the world ; incorporated as we find it can only be produced by the peculiar prin- with the other precepts of the Decaciples of the Gospel—by that conviction logue ; recognised as it was by our Divine of sin and unworthiness, which brings Lawgiver, while rescuing it from pharithe penitent to God with deep humility and saic strictness, as ordained for the benefit brokenness of heart, to implore pardon of man; and solemnly enjoined as it is and acceptance, through the atoning sa- upon her ministers and members in the crifice once offered upon the cross; by communion service of the Church, it is that faith in the Redeemer, which gives deeply to be regretted that, at a period peace to the conscience, and supplies a more especially like the present, any enpowerful and affecting motive to grateful deavours should be made to weaken the obedience to the precepts and example force and obligation of a law, on the of Christ; by that participation in the devout observance of which the evangift of the Holy Spirit, which, at whatever gelical prophet, manifestly looking far period received, realizes the inward grace beyond his own peculiar dispensation of baptism,' a death unto sin, and a new (Isaiah lvi. 27; lviii. 13, 14), probirth unto righteousness;' transforms the nounced an emphatic blessing, and which Christian by a spiritual renovation of all the testimony and experience of the faithhis powers and affections; produces in ful in all ages have proved to be at once his prevailing dispositions and conduct, an unequivocal test of personal piety, the fruits of holiness; preserves him from and the surest preservation of national the corruptions of the world, and forms religion. Persuaded as I am of your the earnest and the pledge of his future cordial acquiescence in these sentiments, and everlasting inheritance.” pp. 17–19. you will, I am sure, not only steadily

“ We live in a period of great activity discourage any relaxation of the sacred and excitement with respect to religion. obligation of the Christian Sabbath, but Many are running to and fro, and use your utmost endeavours to promote knowledge is' undoubtedly increasing.' the scriptural and reasonable observation But while some important subjects are of that hallowed day. thus receiving fresh examination and at- • As to the latter point, to which I tention, there is considerable danger of have adverted, let me not be understood new and unscriptural opinions, or, what as denying that any new light can be is more common, of old and exploded thrown on scriptural topics by modern errors, periodically revived, obtaining a writers, more particularly on the developdegree of currency and consideration to ment of unfulfilled prophecy, which must which their real weight by no means en- from its very nature be gradual, and titles them. I allude particularly to certain growing more and more unto the perfect bold and unauthorized interpretations of day;' or as in the least wishing to disa unfulfilled prophecy, and to some crude courage the study and investigation of and dangerous, though refined and plau- that interesting subject. What I am sible, assertions as to the supposed want anxious to suggest, is an earnest caution of obligation under the Christian dispen- against a precipitate and dogmatical assation, of the law of the Sabbath, or the sertion of speculative views respecting religious observance of the Lord's-day. any approaching or even ultimate dispen

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