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marked; he is not to be asked whether mean any thing, let them go at once to he subscribes to it; an indemnity act has this extent; but a test act, with a bill of been passed to admit him without quali- indemnity of which the most obnoxious fication; the tender of his money is all persons may avail themselves, will be that is required; and thus, after all this found to be in societies, as it was in the shew of purity, the matter rests virtually state, an anomaly which requires prompt where it was, and where, after the pre- repeal. If a Bible Society were constisent effervescence, the good sense and tuted upon the new notion, and a body of scriptural feeling of the great majority of confederate Socinians and their friends the friends of religion will keep it. So- chose to subscribe, and to outvote Captain cieties which seriously mean to keep out Gordon and his friends, there would be any class of obnoxious persons, institute nothing to prevent their causing the Sosuitable inquiries; for example, the Christ- cinian version of the Scriptures being adian Knowledge Society, and the Society mitted as the society's standard version. for the Propagation of the Gospel, require The Socinian might say that he breaks no a recommendation, stating that the appli. faith, by becoming a member, any more cant is duly qualified; and a ballot is also than a Dissenter did by availing himself added in these, and most other societies of the indemnity act as an admission to similarly constituted, to prevent improper offices for which he was disqualified. intrusion. If Captain Gordon's friends

VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.

NOTWITHSTANDING the large majority by upon several great questions, respecting which the second reading and committal which we are quite as anxious as Captain of the reform bill was carried, it goes on Gordon can be: we allude particularly to more slowly in the house of commons those connected with the moral and relithan gratifies the impatience of the coun- gious state of Ireland. Protestantism in try. After tedious debates, however, the that country needs able, judicious, and first clause for disfranchising all boroughs well-tempered religious advocates in the the population of which is under two house of commons. We should also rethousand, is carried. The remaining de- joice to see various kindred questions tails will be less important, till the clauses connected with Ireland, such as popular appointing the new constituency. There education, and the parliamentary grant to seems not a doubt of the measure being Maynooth, set in a right light, and argued carried; and we cannot therefore but think on just and scriptural grounds. Much that the long-protracted debates, night therefore could we have wished that all after night, upon every line and word, religious noblemen and others who have have somewhat the air of vexatious oppo- the power of sending members of their sition. This was especially the case in own selection to parliament, would exerone debate, in which the house was kept cise this privilege, not only with disinterdividing again and again all night long till estedness, but with discretion. Our reaseven o'clock next morning, upon the son for this observation is, that Captain same question, “ That the speaker leave Gordon, from bcing the ominee of the chair.” It was a scene, the record of Lord Roden, and from the part which which is as disgraceful to a dignified legis. he has taken in the Reformation Society, lative assembly, as a similar scene lately at and on some Irish questions, is publicly the Bible Society was to that institution ; stated to be the organ of wbat are called and both, we are sorry to say, were caused “ the evangelical party;” and the consemainly by the same individual, Captain quence is, that new hostilities are enGordon, the new Member for Dundalk. gendered against all pious and benevolent The Honourable Member, it appears, hav- efforts for the benefit of Ireland, and not ing commenced a speech, and the majority only such men as Mr. O'Connell, but many of the members shewing signs of impa- of our highest Tories and country gentletience, determined to divide the house on men denounce the efforts of the friends a motion for adjourning the debate. This of Protestantism and religion in Ireland, was fair enough ; but being negatived by in consequence of connecting them with a large majority, the matter should have the violent tempers and injudicious prodropped, each party having done its sup- ceedings of individuals, who have no claim posed duty; and the loss of Captain Gor- to be considered as the organ of what is don's intended speech being a far less evil called “ the religious public.”. We are told to the country than such a scene as fol- that this is the age of journalism : where lowed. Deeply do we regret such pro- then,among thewhole range of our religious ceedings; and in this case more especially, periodical publications, church or dissenton account of their inauspicious aspect ing, with the single exception of the Rea cord newspaper, will Mr. O'Connell find Why are we told again and again that his one that would identify itself with the speeches are not listened to with due reproceedings of the Member for Dundalk; spect, and that they are not properly one that has not lamented his conduct in the reported like other men's speeches? The Bible Society; and those harsh invectives Duke of Wellington, Lord Grey, and in his Reformation Society speeches which Lord Brougham, never complainthus. have irritated the people of Ireland, and We speak with concern because we are we fear impeded in no slight degree the most anxious that religion should find adprogress of the reformation? We speak vocates in the house of commons; and we strongly; because, however conscienti- should have spoken with equal frankness ously a man may hold his own opinions, if any other person had been pointed out and believe himself to be right, and the in the house disparagingly as the organ rest of the world wrong, he has no pre- of what are called foolishly called—the rogative to domineer over every society evangelical party. Captain Gordon may into which he enters, and either to carry be a very valuable and useful man; let his point, or to throw every thing into him beware how he throws away his confusion, and break up the institution. talent.

We should not write thus, but that, as The Archbishop of Canterbury, has before remarked, Captain Gordon is set brought in a bill for restraining pluraforth by Mr. O'Connell as the organ of lities, and another for leasing tithes for an alleged party. Mr. Wilberforce in his twenty-one years, the incumbent and twoday acquired the same title, and we must thirds in amount of the tithe-payers being say with better reason. He was the firm willing. The first bill we have not yet the uncompromising friend of every re

seen.

It will not, however, we are sure, ligious measure; and the unshaken op

be effective if it leave any thing to the poser of whatever was sinister or evil: irresponsible power of an individnal. The but then his meekness, his modesty, his

latter is excellent, so far as it goes; but amiableness; these were his arts." Let it does not accomplish all that is deCaptain Gordon pause on his doubtless sirable. The tithe demand will still occur well-intended but very ill-judged career ; every half year in the old form, and the or at least let those individuals and so- same heart-burnings will result; but it is cieties who have connected themselves a judicious step to a composition, if not, with his proceedings calmly reflect upon at some future day, a commutation of this their results. His travels in the service most unjustly reprobated species of proof the Reformation Society were only perty. But since it is reprobated, however followed by new exasperations on the part unjustly, it is surely not in the present of the priests, and fresh resolutions to state of society the best mode of supput down scriptural education; his invec- porting a ministry whose object demands tives against Socinians in the Bible So- peace and good will. ciety have magnified their numbers, and We rejoice to state, that a bill is in progiven them a name and an importance gress for lessening the number of comwhich they had not before ; his denun- mercial oaths; but, as the bishop of Lonciation of seditious and blasphemous don most justly shewed, it ought to go publications in the house of commons, much further. We are glad also to find he was told to his face, had served the that the distress in Ireland is materially authors better than a month's adver- alleviated. tisements; and even his attack upon Taylor, the infidel, is undergoing his Maynooth has been conducted with such sentence of imprisonment for his blasa want of good judgment, that it has phemous libels. only tended to excite irritations on all The new French chambers have met. sides in parliament, and perhaps to up- They were elected under the recent reguhold for a time an institution which on lations, which give to the people a much no principle of justice, or even alleged larger constituency than formerly, includexpediency, ought the legislature to pa- ing all payers of direct taxes to the amount tronize one hour; more especially now of two hundred francs. The king's speech that Roman Catholics are placed on the speaks of France as in a most hopeful same footing as other Dissenters. It may condition. We have not space to enter at be replied that Captain Gordon intends present upon its topics, several of which well, and only mistakes as to the right are very important. means of accomplishing his objects. This Prince Leopold having accepted the we do not deny; but whatever may be his crown of Belgium, has been received, it wishes, we deeply regret the actual re- is stated, by his new subjects, with much sults; and may not other men mean well favour. We trust that the evils of war too, and perhaps be right in their mean- have in this case been averted, and that ing? Our advice to Mr. Gordon, speak- a general disarming of the nations will ing of him as a public man, is to avoid immediately take place, as urged by the egotism. Why did he divide the Bible king of France. Poland is the great difSociety, twice when every other person ficulty; and we earnestly hope that rewas satisfied ? Why print and publish that newed attempts will be made to stay the an audience was packed to oppose him ? effusion of blood in that much injured land.

ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. A. H.; J. E. R; T. B.; T. ; R. C. ; A. M.; SCRUTINEER; O. B.; E. S. L.;

M. A. R.; A. B. L. ; and Edina; are under consideration. The letter inserted by G. F. B. in our Number for May, was not written by the late

Robert Hall, but by his much respected father, Robert Hall of Arnsby; and has,

we believe, been published before. In reply to D., we respectfully state, that our not reviewing a work is never in

tended as any slight to the book or the author : and with regard to volumes of ser. mons in particular, the number constantly published is so great, that our limits do not admit of our noticing one in several even of those which are sent to us for that purpose; but with respect to those of the dignified and much-respected individual alluded to, they never came to our hands. We know nothing of the book mentioned by I. S. D.

SUPPLEMENT TO RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.

BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY. Having already alluded in a former page to the pending controversy, relative to the constitution of the Society, and purposing to take up the question, if necessary, at some length, we present the monthly extracts without comment. The interesting accounts furnished by the Society of the circulation of the word of God are the best practical illustration of the value of the institution.

ANTI-SLAVERY REPORTER. (Nos. 83 & 84.) The statements in these papers, taken from documents laid before parliament, strikingly display the actual condition of slavery, with all its accumulation of injus, tice, cruelty, and misery, not in times past, but at the present moment of boasted improvement. We might consent to rest the whole question of the necessity of abolition

upon

the very first two cases here mentioned, that of Mr. Wildman's estate, and that of Lord Combermere. Mr. Wildman, we presume, is the gentleman of that name whose benevolent exertions were expressly mentioned at the anniversary of the Church Missionary Society, in reply to some remarks which went to state that even the efforts of the most anxious and conscientious proprietor are thwarted on his own property by the existing system. Yet upon the estate of this very gentleman it now appears that his utmost efforts are vain to protect his slaves against the most atrocious cruelty and injustice. We implore this gentleman, therefore, by his Christianity, and his zealous and conscientious efforts to benefit and protect his slaves, to open bis eyes to the plain simple truth, and to labour for the utter extinction of so nefarious a system. We say the same of Lord Combermere, who cannot protect his poor victims against his own blood-thirsty agent, or punish the criminal, notwithstanding both himself and Lord Goderich have strained every nerve to do so, and expressed (see the papers before parliament) the deepest regret at their want of success. The efforts of Sir George Rose were also mentioned at the Church Missionary Meeting, in connexion with those of Mr. Wildman; but our readers will not have forgotten the painful facts relative to Sir George Rose's own estates in the Anti-Slavery Reporter, appended to our Numbers for last September and October (No. 66. p. 383, and 69. p. 445). We mention these cases in particular, because the efforts of such religious and benevolent proprietors as Sir George Rose and Mr. Wildman are quoted in reply to the statements of the abolitionists; with how little weight let the impartial reader decide.

PEACE SOCIETY. Though not members of the Peace Society, we are as Christians friends of peace ; and we gladly present its interesting statements for the calm consideration of our readers.

The Report of the Society for the Conversion of the Jews, and other documents promised, will be appended to future Numbers. We cannot, in mentioning the first of these, refrain expressing our deep concern at the loss it has sustained by the decease of another of its most zealous and valuable friends Mr. Hawtrey; who has survived his late brother secretary Mr. Basil Woodd, only about three months. We say nothing of the character of our departed friend, and occasional correspondent, at present, as a more fitting occasion may occur for that painfully pleasing duty. Our readers will find in our present Number a paper from his pen, and which he wished to appear with his name rather than with his usual signature, H. S. C. H., upon a subject which greatly interested him. Seeing such friends taken—it may be from the evil to come -may this society and all of us work while it is called to-day, seeing that the night cometh in which no man can work. Our deceased friend, we are sure, does not now regret his prayers and exertions for the welfare of Israel, even though they perhaps tended to shorten the days of his earthly pilgrimage,

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ORIGINAL LETTERS

OF ARCHBISHOP

SECKER TO MRS. FITZHERBERT.

same

essor

The letters, also, discover incidentally the source whence, under the

Divine blessing, she derived her To the Editor of the Christian Observer. principles. It will appear, in the

sequel, that her father not only had By the kindness of the friend

no spiritual sympathy with her, but who permitted me to communicate treated her with great virulence for the extracts from the papers of Miss her religion. Both Mrs. Meynell Hill Boothby, Miss Beresford, and and her excellent daughter Mrs. the Countess of Huntingdon, inserted Fitzherbert, it appears, were united in your Number for January, I am to husbands who, in the estimate of now able to enclose copies of three all parties, were undisguisedly men letters addressed by Bishop, after- of the world. wards Archbishop, Secker, to another

It may be recollected, in conof the ladies alluded to in those nexion with the materials of this papers namely, Dr. Johnson's 'communication, that a predecess much-respected friend Mrs. Fitz

of Secker in the see of Canterbury herbert, at that time Miss Meynell, corresponded with a lady of eminent it being before her marriage. The piety --Lady Russell—and, in this letters relate to the death of her instance also, Tillotson, Burnet, and mother, Mrs. Meynell. They are

Fitzwilliam condoled with one who faithfully transcribed from the ori

surpassed them. “ Her letters," ginal manuscripts, now lying before 'says Mrs. H. More,“ by their sound me. It might have been judged ex

and sober piety, strong sense, and pedient to omit such portions of useful information, eclipse all those these documents as are least instruc- of her learned and distinguished cortive, and indeed inconsistent with respondents *.” We have not, inthe context—of which their writer deed, any written illustration, on was partially aware—but the tran- Mrs. Fitzherbert's side, of the supescript is sent entire, and shall be riority now attributed to her ; but left to the judgment of the discrimi- the proof appears, to me at least, to nating reader. There is, however, be developed by the Archbishop little difficulty in discerning a want himself. His very endeavours to of symmetry in the religion of Mrs. correct what he regarded as errors, Fitzherbert's correspondent; as well

indirectly shew what those errors as his deep consciousness of the

were ; and they were on the safe

side. strength of that lady's intellectual The letters themselves are as follows. and devotional character; although she must, at that time, have been

* Letters towards forming the Character only in the vernal season of life. of a young Princess, ch. vii. CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 356.

3M

Cuddesden *, near Tetsworth, the improvements you have made by Oxfordshire, Sept. 3,1740.—Madam, those advantages ; and I doubt not Having heard a few days ago, with but you will find them very much great concern, of the loss it hath greater than you think. You have pleased God you should suffer, I beg learnt, by the good effects of dutiful your permission to be one of the love to a wise and kind parent upon many condolers with you; and the earth, the reasonableness and benefit rather, as I was hindered, partly in- of implicit resignation to our comdeed by my own forgetfulness, from mon Father in heaven. He knows seeing Mrs. Meynell and you, before you will be able, not only to bear you went out of town. I am sen- this affliction, but to improve by it; sible so good a daughter cannot but to raise your thoughts with warmer suffer a great deal on the death of desires to that invisible state to which so good a mother. You must needs she is gone before ; and yet to wait feel yourself very destitute in the with patience all the days of your midst of a comfortless world : nor appointed time, till your change doth religion, which requires us to shall come. Be assured, therefore, cultivate

every

virtuous affection, madam, vhatever the first appearforbid us to grieve, when so just an ance of things may be, you have object of affection is taken from us; strength sufficient in God, for whatbut, then, it mixes with our grief ever condition he hath assigned you. such other sentiments as moderate Exert it only with humble confiand compose it, first into a tolerable dence, and you will feel it increase state of mind, and by degrees even

continually. Such as you were in: into a pleasing one. A short and tended not only to practise religion, painful life, in such a world as this, but to recommend it; and I beg cannot be all which the Wisdom and you to consider how great and how Goodness that made it intended for effectual a recommendation it may such persons as she was : and there. prove, to shew all persons around fore, with respect to her, madam, you, that, at the same time that its you have cause to be thankful, as precepts encourage the tenderest unquestionably you are, for the sensibility of mind in every relation happy change she hath made. And of life, its comforts inspire the most with respect to yourself, since it can rational firmness and constancy under be hut a few years before you are every suffering. Yet, permit me to happy with her, you will support add, that perpetual attention, even yourself by that prospect, under to these best motives of consolation, whatever might else make you mi- is capable of overpowering our weak serable in the mean time. We have frame; and therefore it is as truly no right to any other blessings, from your duty not to dwell on serious the Sovereign Disposer of all things, thoughts too much, as it is the sin than such as He, who knows best, of most persons to dwell on them thinks proper to give : and when- so little. "Turn yourself, therefore, ever He thinks proper to take them a little at present, madam, from a away, it is ungrateful to murmur at view which you cannot as yet look parting with them, instead of being long upon without being overcome thankful we have had them so long. by it. Apply your thoughts as well The happiness and advantages of as you can to whatever concerns of such a mother have been greater to life are incumbent on you. Think the you, in a short time, than others are care of your health and spirits one blessed with in a much longer. concern, which you are in conscience Heaven hath now called you to shew bound to look after by the use of

proper relaxation. Try but to do Secker was then Bishop of Oxford, thus, and I take it upon myself to and Rector of St. James's, Westminster. promise you the time will come

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