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nomy an approach to the miraculous. they are distinguished for hospitality and Yet the alternatives of life and death, kind and peaceful manners. The phenowealth and ruin, are daily and hourly menon undeniably arises from that brutal staked with perfect confidence on these traffic by which Europeans, we dare not marvellous computations. Mr. Herschel, say Christians, have barbarized and desoin Dr. Lardner's Cyclopedia, gives the lated those once comparatively peaceful following illustrative anecdote communi- abodes, causing terror, and war, and bloodcated by a naval officer (Capt. Basil Hall) shed, and perfidy on every side ; with rum distinguished for the extent and variety and gunpowder maddening the natives to of his attainments. He sailed from San every thing that is evil, and then, after Blas on the west coast of Mexico, and transporting them to our colonies to work after a voyage of 8000 miles, occupying under stripes and oppression, complaining 89 days, arrived off Rio de Janeiro, hav- that they are debased ; just as a poor ing, in this interval, passed through the brute animal is goaded tiil it is mad, and Pacific Ocean, rounded Cape Horn, and then hunted down and destroyed for being crossed the South Atlantic, without If the African character in the West making any land, or even seeing a single Indies is such as the friends of slavery sail, with the exception of an American describe it (not that we believe it is so, far Whaler off Cape Horn. Arrived within from it, but taking their own shewing), a week's sail of Rio, he set seriously how comes it that it has so degenerated about determining, by lunar observations, from the representations of Lediard, and the precise line of the ship's course and Parke, and the Lauders, by reason of inits situation in it at a determinate mo. tercourse with our enlightened and hument, and having ascertained this within mane Christian colonies ? from five to ten miles, ran the rest of the

ST. HELENA. way by those more ready and compendi- A missionary mentions the following ous methods, known to navigators, which incidental instance of the kindly effects can be safely employed for short trips produced by the intercourse of Bible and between one known point and another, missionary institutions. but which cannot be trusted in long “In 1819, two missionaries, one of voyages, where the moon is the only sure them with his wife and child, and the guide. “ We steered,” says Capt. Hall, other single, landed on the island of St. “ towards Rio de Janeiro for some days Helena. Soon after one of us had reached after taking the lunars above described; the inn, the excellent chaplain, the Rev. and having arrived within fifteen or twenty Mr. Vernon, called, and with peculiar miles of the coast, I hove to at four in kindness offered to do every thing for us the morning till the day should break, and to make our visit pleasant and beneficial. then bore up; for although it was very Several officers also came, all of them hazy, we could see before us a couple of evidently men devoted to God. We spent miles or so. About eight o'clock it be- four days on this island, and found it parcame so foggy that I did not like to stand ticularly refreshing to our enfeebled boin further, and was just bringing the ship dies and our wearied minds. On our to the wind again before sending the departure, Mr. Solomon, the innkeeper, people to breakfast, when it suddenly said to us, ' Gentlemen, you have nothing cleared off, and I had the satisfaction of to pay. The residence of Bonaparte on seeing the great Sugar-Loaf Rock, which the island made every thing exorbitantly stands on one side of the harbour's mouth, dear: thirty shillings a day was the lowest so nearly right a head that we had not to price for strangers at the inn; consealter our course above a point in order to quently my bill was 61., and my brother's hit the entrance of Rio. This was the and his family 151. ; therefore to hear first land we had seen for three months, that we had nothing to pay made us astoafter crossing so many seas and being set nished. Whence this kindness? The backwards and forwards by innumerable chaplain and officers had defrayed our currents and foul winds. The effect on expenses. The feelings produced by such all on board was electric; and it is need- unexpected liberality cannot be expressed less to remark how essentially the au- on paper; but although it is nearly eleven thority of a commanding officer over his years ago, I feel my heart heave with gracrew may be strengthened by the occur- titude at the recollection of it. We berence of such incidents, indicative of a longed to different societies, but neither degree of knowledge and consequent of us to the Church Missionary Society. power beyond their reach.”

Oh, how refreshing it is to see

Christian principles rising above all little We have noticed above, the successful selfish party feeling, and reiterating the voyage of the Landers, in Africa. Among apostolic benediction, Grace be with all their observations, is one which has been them that love our Lord Jesus Christ in often made by former travellers in the sincerity. Amen."" western regions of that continent; that

MADAGASCAR. while in the countries bordering on the “ A female rebellion took place a little sea-shore the inhabitants are generally while ago, in consequence of the followsuspicious and ferocious, in the interior ing extraordinary grievance :-It was the

true answer.

privilege of persons of that sex to dress several wooden dishes containing papoi, a the king's hair ; and in the beauty of their kind of pudding, and other delicacies. long black locks both men and women Several hundred guests had been invited, take great pride. When Prince Rataffe and it was expected that all the provisions returned to Madagascar from England, would be consumed.”Ibid. his head had been shorn of its barbarous “ Mr. Nott assured us, that three-fourths honours, and converted into a curly crop. of the children in Otaheite were wont to Radama was so pleased with this foreign be murdered, as soon as they were born, fashion that he determined to adopt it - by one or other of the unnatural parents, to rid himself, probably, of the periodical or by some person employed for that purplague of hair-dressing, which, according pose-wretches being found who might to the costume of his country, was a work be called infant-assassins by trade. He of no little labour on the part of his female mentioned having met a woman soon after barbers, and of suffering patience on his the abolition of the diabolical practice, to part. His first appearance in public, so whom he said, “How many children have distigured, threw the women, whose busi- you?' 'This one in my arms,' was her ness was thus cut up, into equal conster

• And how many did you kill?' nation and frenzy. They rose in mass, She replied, Eight!' Another woman, and their clamours threatened no little to whom the same questions were put, public commotion. But Radama was not confessed that she had destroyed sevena man to be intimidated. He surrounded teen! Nor were these solitary cases. Sin the whole insurgent mob with a body of was so effectually doing its own work in well-disciplined soldiers, and demanded these dark places of the earth, that, full the immediate surrender of four of their as they were of the habitations of cruelty ringleaders; and his guards rushed upon and wickedness, war, profligacy, and these poor creatures, and slaughtered murder were literally exterminating the them at once. Radama then command people. But the Gospel stepped in, and ed the dead bodies to be thrown into the plague was stayed. Now, the marthe midst of their companions, who were ried among this Christianized population kept three days without food in the armed are exceedingly anxious to have offspring, circle of military, while the dogs, before and those who have them nurse their intheir eyes, devoured the putrid corpses of fants with the tenderest affection.”--Ibid. their friends. Infection broke out, some

INDIA. died, and the rest fled, and returned to “Some idea of the prodigious multitude their homes.” — Bennet and Tyerman's of pilgrims that annually visit the holy Voyages.

city of Benares, may be formed from the SOUTH-SEA ISLANDS. circumstance that there are four hundred “ A marriage has just been solemnized barbers in it, who are supported, princihere. The ceremony commenced with pally, by shaving the heads of bathers in reading a portion of Scripture, from St. the sacred waters of the Jumna and the Matthew's Gospel, concerning marriage. Ganges; such purification being indisThe young couple, who had first taken pensable before venturing upon an ablutheir seats on a bench in front of the pul- tion which is supposed to reach the very pit, the woman on the left hand of her in- soul, and cleanse it from all defilement. tended husband, now stood up. The bride- A small tar is levied by the British governgroom was then directed to take the bride's ment on each of these strangers; and, at right hand in his own, and answer the festival times, the office, where it is requestion, . Wilt thou take this woman to ceived and licences to bathe are issued, be thy wife, and be faithful to her till is thronged with eager applicants, who death?' Having replied, • I will,' the con- grudge no labour, suffering, or expense, verse of the question was put to the bride; that they may obtain heaven by such means she, at the same time, taking his right as are here required for the purchase of hand into hers, and answering, • I will.' it.”-Ibid. • The missionary then told the congrega- We feel grieved and ashamed that our tion that these two persons were man and government in India should thus encouwife. A charge on their mutual duties rage, even indirectly, the superstitious, was addressed to them, and the ceremony and often cruel and licentious, rites of the was concluded with prayer.

The names Hindoos, whether at Benares, Juggerof the parties, with those of two wit- naut, or elsewhere. We earnestly wish nesses, were then registered in a book success to the zealous efforts of Mr. kept for that purpose.--In all the islands Poynder, to awaken the attention of the marriages are performed in this simple East-India Company to this subject. Inmanner, the banns having been once pre- fanticide has been abolished; the burning viously published in the congregation to of widows is at length forbidden; and which the families belong. When we slavery is dying away; and though it came out of chapel, we saw the provision might not be justifiable at once to intermade for the wedding dinner. It con- fere, by direct legislation, with those pracsisted of a large hog, baked whole ; about tices which are not immediately opposed sixty baskets of bread-fruit and cocoa- to the law written in the natural connuts; many fishes, of different kinds; and science, or the purposes for which civil CHRIST, OBSERV, No. 354.

3 C

a purer faith.

society is framed, yet no sanction ought the favourite one of constituting their pasto be given to them; for a taxed licence tor a life member of religious and chais a sanction ;-rather ought they to be ritable institutions. reprobated and exposed; the gain derived The late Rev. M. Tate, of Beaufort, from them accounted accursed, and every South Carolina, three days previous to effort made to put them down by persua- his death, added a long codicil to his will, sion; and above all by the inculcation of in which there is the following paragraph :

“I enjoin it upon my executors to pubUNITED STATES.

lish it in all the newspapers in Charleston, Mr. Quincy, president of the Univers that I departed this life under the full sity of Cambridge, in his address at the persuasion that if I died in possession of late centennial celebration in Boston, a slave, I should not conceive myself says:-“ Ever since the first settlement admissible into the kingdom of heaven.” of the country, arms have been required NORTH AMERICA. to be in the hands of the whole multitude Captain Beechey, in the Blossom of New England ; yet the use of them, frigate, was ordered to winter in Kotzebue in a private quarrel, if it have ever hap- Inlet, and in the summer of 1826 to enpened, is so rare, that a late writer, of deavour to find a passage eastward, round great intelligence, who passed his whole Icy Cape, so as to meet the expedition of life in New England, and possessed ex- Captain Franklin. The ship, however, tensive means of information, declares, was prevented by ice from doubling ley. • I know not a single instance of it.' She Cape ; but Mr. Elson, the master, was has proved that a people, of a character sent in the barge, to prosecute the voyage. essentially military, may subsist without On the 22d of August he arrived at a low duelling. New England has, at all times, sandy point, on which the ice had groundbeen distinguished, both on the land and ed; and, as a compact field of ice exon the ocean, for a daring, fearless, and tended northward as far as the eye could enterprising spirit; yet the same writer reach, he was obliged to relinquish all' asserts that during the whole period of thoughts of proceeding farther. This her existence, her soil has been disgraced point, which is the most northern part of but by five duels, and that only two of the continent yet known, is 120 miles bethese were fonght by her native inha- yond Icy Cape. The point from which bitants."

Captain Franklin commenced his return A New-York livery-stable-keeper ad- to the Mackenzie, on the 18th of August, vertises, that he supplies horses and car- is only 160 miles from the point reached riages, “at all times excepting the Sab- by Mr. Elson four days later. Had Cap

tain Franklin been aware that by perseThe following is a list of the Episcopal vering in his exertions for a few days he periodical publications in the United might have reached his friends, it is posStates :- The Philadelphia Recorder; the sible that a knowledge of the circumAuburn Gospel Messenger; the Epis- stance might have induced him, through copal Watchman; and the Gambier Ob- all hazards, to continue his exertions. server, all weekly: and the Charleston

Thus, with the exception of this short Gospel Messenger; the Children's Ma

space of 160 miles, a continuous line of gazine ; and the Protestant Episcopalian, coast has been explored by British hárdimonthly. The Family Visitor is an- hood and perseverance, from Behring's nounced to be discontinued “for want Straits to long. 1080."--Lardner's Cycloof encouragement; and the Christian pædia. Maritime Discovery. Journal because, though subscribers are

ITALY. plenty, they do not pay their bookseller's

Mr. Lyell, in bis Geology, notices the bills.

following particulars of the excavations of Proposals have been issued for publish- Pompeii. They furnish an affecting iling, at Washington, a weekly paper, to be lustration of what will be the condition devoted to the abolition of Negro slavery, of the world at the last day.—“ In the and the improvement of the Coloured barracks were the skeletons of two solpeople.

diers chained to the stocks; and in the The Episcopal “ Gospel Messenger” vaults of a country-house in the suburbs, adverts with much gratification to the im- were the skeletons of seventeen persons portance of female exertion in lending aid, who appear to have fled there to escape under the supervision of the clergy, to the from the shower of ashes. They were institutions and benevolent labours of the found inclosed in an indurated tuff, and in church. The journal of the New-York this matrix was preserved a perfect cast Convention mentions numerous female of a woman, perhaps the mistress of the associations now embodied within the pale house, with an infant in her arms. No. of the Episcopal communion; such as thing but the bones remained. To these “ sewing societies,” and subscription so- a chain of gold was suspended, and rings cieties for various objects; among which with jewels were on the fingers of the we find supporting a missionary, edu- skeleton. The writings scribbled by the cating a religious student, assisting Sun- soldiers on the walls of their barracks, day schools, relieving the sick poor, and and the names of the owners of eachi


1831.] Lit. Intell.- Letter of George III.... Superstitions of Sailors. 379
house written over the doors, are still “ My good Lord Primate,–I could not
perfectly legible. The colours of fresco delay giving you the notification of the
paintings on the stuccoed walls in the in- grief and concern with which my breast
terior of buildings are almost as vivid as was affected, at receiving authentic infor-
if they were just finished. Some animal mation, that routs have made their way
and vegetable substances of perishable into your palace. At the same time, I
kinds have suffered much change and de- must signify to you my sentiments on this
cay, yet the state of conservation of these subject, which hold these levities and
is truly remarkable. Fishing-nets are vain dissipations as utterly inexpedient,
very abundant, often quite entire; and if not unlawful, to pass, in a residence,
their number at Pompeii is the more in- for many centuries devoted to Divine
teresting from the sea being now a mile studies, religious retirement, and the ex-
distant. Linen has been found at Hercula- tensive exercise of charity and benevo-
neum, with the texture well defined; and lence; I add, in a place where so many
in a fruiterer's shop in that city were dis- of your predecessors have led their lives
covered vessels full of almonds, chestnuts, in such sanctity, as has thrown lustre on
walnuts, and other fruits, distinctly re- the pure religion they professed and adorn-
cognizable from their shape.' A loaf was ed." From the dissatisfaction with which,
found in á baker's shop, with his name you must perceive, I behold these impro-
stamped upon it. On the counter of an prieties, not to speak in harsher terms,
apothecary was a box of pills ; and by the and on still more pious principles, I
side of it a small cylindrical roll, evident- trust you will suppress them immediately;
ly prepared to be cut into pills. In 1827, so that I may not have occasion to shew
moist olives were found in a square glass any further marks of my displeasure, or
case, and · cáviare,' or roe of a fish, in a to interpose in a different manner.
state of wonderful preservation. An exa- “ May God take your Grace into his
mination of these curious condiments has Almighty protection ? I remain, my Lord

been published at Naples, and they are Primate, your gracious friend,
preserved hermetically sealed in the

“ G. R.” museum there."- Mr. Lyell might have The following illustrations of the suadded, what we believe is not generally perstitions of sailors, are mentioned in a known, that there is a collection, not shewn highly interesting and entertaining work promiscuously to strangers, of works of recently published, Bennet and Tyerman's art 'excavated from these devoted cities, Missionary Voyages, compiled by Mr. which 'awfully illustrate the licentious James Montgomery. Such passages are character of the most polished nations of useful, as shewing the mistaken foundaclassical antiquity, and furnish a fearful tion on which many a tale of wonderment comment ‘on St. Paul's most painful de- 'is built; thus fortifying the youthful mind scriptions, and the necessity of a Divine against idle and superstitious terrors. revelation, were it only to purify human Few things have done more to disparage morals. Men too little think how much, the records of sacred truth in the eyes of in a professedly Christian nation, we owe shallow sceptics, than confounding faith to the indirect influence of the Gospel, with credulity, and disparaging the evieven where it is not truly received in the dences of revelation by blending them heart as the power of God unto salvation. with baseless fantasies. The answer to

this is, to distinguish things that differ ; and not, as some weak-minded Christians

do, to treat with reverence a ghost-story The Bishop of Limerick, in his “ Pas- or modern prodigy, from a weak latent toral Instructions on the Character and fear of a recoil upon what is sacred and Principles of the Church of England,” impregnable. If indeed any professed just published (a most interesting and Christian has no better reason for his valuable selection from his lordship’s hope, than the credulous for his superformer publications, and which, greatly

as stition, he may naturally feel alarmed lest we differ from him on some points; as, for the light which exposes the one should instance, respecting the Book of Homilies; endanger the other : but the well-informwe have not read without much edifica- ed believer has no such fears ; he finds no tion, and much admiration at the devout opposition between reason and faith, béspirit, the faithful and affectionate exhor- tween nature and revelation, the word of tations, and the unction and pathos which God and the ways of God; and what he pervade it), has inserted the following does believe, he believes more intensely, letter, addressed, in the year 1772, to because he has learned to discriminate beArchbishop Cornwallis, by his Majesty tween prejudice and truth. Would paKing George III. “ The spirit of this rents take more pains to ground their chilletter,” justly adds Bishop Jebb, “ should dren in the solid evidences of Christianity be deeply engraven on the hearts of all, on the one hand, and to guard them against who, in whatever station, high or low, every species of credulity and superstition rich or poor, are called to serve at the altar on the other, we should have fewer seepof a self-denying Master.” It will proba- ties to scoff at religion, and fewer wellbly be new to most, if not all of our readers. meaning fanatics to disparage it. But to

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proceed to our extract : “ Our chief and was identified by each to be · Old mate said, that on board a ship, where he Davy, sure enough.' The mate, in a rage, had served, the mate on duty ordered at length mounted himself; when, resosome of the youths to reef the main-top- lutely, as in the former case, searching sail. When the first got up, he heard a for the bugbear, he soon ascertained the strange voice saying, “ It blows hard.' innocent cause of so much terror to be a The lad waited for no more; he was down large horned owl, so lodged as to be out in a trice, and telling his adventure ;—a of sight to those who ascended on the second immediately ascended, laughing at other side of the vessel, but which, when the folly of his companion, but returned any one approached the cross-trees, popeven more quickly, declaring that he was ped up his portentous visage to see what quite sure that a voice, not of this world, was coming. The mate brought him had cried in his ear, · It blows hard.' down in triumph, and Old Davy,' the Another went, and another, but each owl, became a very peaceable ship-mate came back with the same tale. At length among the crew, who were no longer the mate, having sent up the whole watch, scared by his borns and eyes; for sailors ran up the shrouds himself; and when he turn their backs on nothing when they reached the haunted spot, heard the dread. know what it is. Had the birds, in these ful words distinctly uttered in his ears ; two instances, departed as they came, of • It blows hard. Looking round, he spied course they would have been deemed sua fine parrot perched on one of the clues, pernatural visitants to the respective ships, the thoughtless author of all the false by all who had heard the one or seen the alarms—which had probably escaped from other.” some other vessel, but had not previously A patent has been taken out for obtainbeen discovered to have taken refuge on ing alcohol from dough. A tube comthis. - Another of our officers mentioned municates with the oven in such a manthat, on one of his voyages, he remem- ner as to collect the vapour which rises bered a boy having been sent up to clear from the bread during the process of baka rope which had got foul above the mizen- ing. This is then conveyed to another top. Presently, however, he came back, apartment, and made to pass through a trembling, and almost tumbling to the worm surrounded by water, where it is bottom, declaring that he had seen • Old condensed. The product is redistilled, Davy,' aft the cross-trees; moreover, that and yields, it is stated, about three-fourths the evil one had a huge head and face, with of an ounce of spirit from cach quarterni prick-ears, and eyes as bright as fire. Two loaf. The loaf, it is added, may be sold or three others were sent up in succession; considerably under the usual price, by deto all of whom the apparition glared forth, ducting the profit obtained on the spirit.


NEWFOUNDLAND-SCHOOL tion in the Highland districts of the SOCIETY.

country, by the establishment of Gaelic We have often noticed the claims of schools, and the support of Gaelic stuthis society, and we more especially feel dents for the ministry, and of catechists, their importance since it has resolved to or Scripture readers, and for other genetake the whole range of British North- ral purposes.

The resources of the America within its sphere of operations. Episcopal communion in those dictricts We rejoice to learn that the society's are not sufficient to maintain the church heavy debt has been much reduced, and upon a scale adequate to the proper inthat nothing is wanting but the pecuniary struction of the people, and to the raising liberality of those who appreciate its ob- up a succession of Gaelic ministers; and ject, to enable it to fill those many posts it has been thought desirable, on the reof spiritual benefit which in the providence commendation and with the direct sancof God are opening before it. Our read- tion of the bishops of the Gaelic dioceses, ers will see by the society's advertisement to form a society for these purposes. on the cover of our last Number, the po- Among the important objects which would sition which it at present occupies, and come under the immediate attention of we feel much satisfaction in seconding the society, is the more extensive circuits appeal.

lation of the Gaelic Prayer-book ; the

poverty of the Gaelic districts being such, GAELIC EPISCOPAL SOCIETY. that the people cannot supply themselves

A society has been established in Edin- at even a very low rate; and at the same burgh, under highly respectable patronage, time, the demand for the Prayer-book is to assist the Gaelic Episcopal congrega- increasing. On these grounds, the com

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