your time, or that of your readers, is concerned. In the sermon preached I would beg permission to ask only by the Rev. Edward Burn before the two questions : Is the mode of ad- Church Missionary Society, at a period dress which your correspondent de- when that very able preacher could precates, either so ludicrous, or in not exhibit many traces of juvenility, any way so objectionable, as he I find him opening his subject in the seems to suppose ? and, Is it pecu- following words : “ Our design, in liarly chargeable on the junior clergy? selecting this passage, is not to

In regard to the former of these claim for modern missions apostoquestions, the answer must entirely lical powers, &c.... With this view depend upon the sanction of usage, we proceed to examine the purport which is the proverbial rule and ar- of the Apostle's commission, &c.... biter of language. The supposed In examining the purport of St. address of the cabinet minister would Paul's commission, we observe," &c. be completely divested of that ludi. Again: in the recently published crous character which it now as- lectures of the Rev. T. T. Biddulph, sumes, had custom rendered such a a venerable septuagenarian, I find style common. We are not dis innumerable instances of such turbed by the constant use of the phraseology the following: “ As second person plural, when we hear we shall be required to enlarge on one individual addressing himself to this awful and important subject of another : on the contrary, the more original sin, when we discuss the strictly correct mode adopted by the 5th verse of our Psalm, &c..... We Society of Friends is much more shall endeavour to point out the likely to provoke a smile. Surely meaning and connexion of the clause, no mode of address which usage &c..... We shall not make any formal has established ought to be hastily division of the words now before us, branded as ludicrous, or even objec- but shall consider, &c.....In discusstionable. Now, your correspondenting this branch of our subject, we himself allows, for he evidently re- shall review, &c..... We have vengrets, that usage actually does pre- tured to ascribe a more direct provail in reference to the point under phetic character to the intercession discussion; but his introductory sen- of our text.”—Once more : From the tence seems to imply that he con- Rev. Charles Simeon's Fifteen Unisiders it more peculiarly chargeable versity Sermons, collected into one upon the junior clergy: I am led, volume, and published about three therefore, to give a decidedly nega- years ago, quotations might be mul. tive answer to the second question tiplied directly in point; the followwhich I have proposed; in confirm- ing extract, however, will, I think, ing which answer, I shall be at the abundantly suffice : it is in the comsame time evincing that usage esta- mencement of Sermon väi.: “We blishes what your correspondent now enter upon the second part of condemns.

our subject. We proposed to inWithout referring, as I could quire into the use of the law. But, easily do, to many examples of the without entering distinctly into that pluralism in question, in the ser- point, we endeavoured to call your mons of the late Rev. Thomas Scott, attention to it by an exposition of Richard Cecil, Joseph Milner, in its vast importance. We were aware those of the Rev. D. Wilson, Dr. that we should anticipate much which Wardlaw, and others of distinguished would afterwards be broughtforward; eminence, both within the pale of and that we should assume, for the the Establishment and among the present, some things, which, though Dissenters, let the following in- partially proved, would remain to be stances, taken from unexceptionable afterwards more fully established. quarters, suffice ;—unexceptionable, Yet we would hope that nothing was most assuredly, so far as juvenility adduced without sufficient proof; and nothing asserted which those themselves, or, at least, as differing who are at all acquainted with the only in a very slight degree. subject would not readily concede. Several instances of this kind have We think it highly probable, that come under my personal observation; in our subsequent discussions there and one in particular, in which the may also be somewhat of repetition.” young Christian was summoned to

I have been induced to trouble quit this transitory scene, leaving you, Mr. Editor, with these obser- the greater part of her friends, or vations and references, from a con- rather acquaintance, unconscious of viction that the remarks of Rusticus the great change which had been are both unfair, and not to speak it wrought in her heart; and who conoffensively — somewhat dogmatical. sequently enjoyed the favour and Having been only fifteen years in countenance of many who were unthe ministry, I of course class my- aware of the wide difference in their self with the younger clergy; but, ideas. These occurrences induce me though I am in the habit of using to inquire, through the medium of that “ pluralism," against which your journal, whether, in a matter Rusticus inveighs, I must beg to of such awful importance as our own protest, in my own behalf and in salvation and the eternal welfare of that of many others similarly situ- others, the punctilios of societyated, against the charge of “affec- deference, respect, and similar notions tation ” which he has preferred. -ought to be allowed to countenance

I conclude by observing, that I this reserve? Ought the young Chrisam no more disposed to find fault tian to express, to all with whom the with the use of the singular number, intercourse of society may bring than Rusticus is to vindicate that of him in contact, in season or out of the plural. Whichever is the more season, that his views and principles correct, it is indisputable that the do not coincide with theirs, and that practice of our best and most able he thinks them in a state of danger brethren in the ministry abundantly and error? or is he to appear, by his sanctions both. J. K.- S. silence on this subject, and by his

obliging and cheerful deportment to all with whom he may converse, as if he had no sense of their irreligious line of life? It will be observed, that I speak only of casual acquaint

ance, and miscellaneous intercourse; To the Editor of the Christian Observer. for, in the case of relatives and inThe religious world (I use for dis- timate friends and connexions, no tinction's sake this conventional but one can doubt that secrecy in such not desirable phrase) are not, per- a matter would be plainly criminal : haps, in general aware of the ex- a young person could not truly live tensive progress which religion is · in the world as not of the world” making among young persons, and without those of the same household of the serious difficulties which they being, more or less, acquainted with often meet with, when placed, not the matter. by choice, but by the providence In the habits of worldly society, of God, among worldly society. In opportunities for private converse such cases, deterred by the fear of rarely or never occur: the interviews presumption, or want of opportunity, between ordinary acquaintance, or or supposed unseasonableness, from what are commonly called friends, mentioning their opinions beyond are generally short and public, and, the sphere of their own relatives and with the young Christian, almost intimate friends, they are frequently always in the presence of those who regarded by the large circle of mis- are his superiors in age, experience, cellaneous acquaintance as one of orauthority. Is he, therefore(I take Christ. OBSERV. No. 354.

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the case of a young man; but the could kindly lay down a few rules question applies with even greater on this very important subject; and, force to the case of young women, with every feeling of esteem and from the unobtrusiveness which befits

respect, I remain, &c. D. E. their character),—to disguise his sense of the peril which menaces those who surround him, until some special opportunity presents itself for the For the Christian Observer. full declaration of his sentimentsan opportunity which rarely occurs ? --and is he to be restrained from addressing a word of exhortation to Many causes have been assigned for others on the subject of their souls, the defective state of our congregafrom the fear of appearing presump- tional singing,or rather for its not being tuous, of doing discredit to the cause in general congregational : for, notof religion by introducing it out of withstanding the much-improved asseason, or because it is unbefitting pect of our public services, especially for a young person openly to differ in our towns and cities for which in opinion from those who are older we cannot be too thankful to God than himself? Permit me to ask, congregational singing is not prac. When is the subject of religion out of tised in one half, or one fourth part, season, so that its introduction might of our parish churches and chapels. be justly called casting pearls before The English, it is said, are not a swine? And since in mixed company musical people : which would be a no other means are likely to offer, is good reason if it were found to apply he justified in remaining silent be- to the drawing-room as well as the cause these means appear to him pew, and the Methodist meeting as unseasonable ?

well as the Church; but this not We cannot tell how far it

may being the case, there must be other please God to bless our words, though reasons to account for the defect. the circumstances under which they The length of our church service are uttered may seem unpropitious; is, perhaps, one of those reasons; and the Christian will esteem it à for neither the minister nor the flock, cause for thankfulness if, by the in general, think it desirable to problessing of God, his speech have tract it by much singing ; and two excited one serious thought in any or three hasty verses scarcely allow individual. At the same time, know- space, or create a taste, for this deing that he must not “ do evil that lightful employment. Many of the good may come,” he will be solicitous Dissenters and Methodists devote far to discover when the introduction of more time to this part of Divine his sentiments to others is improper worship than is compatible with our -50 manifestly improper as to clear ordinary service. himself from the charge of neglect Another well-known reason is the or false shame. A conscientious limitation of our church singing to person must feel deeply, when it Sternhold and Hopkins, and Tate pleases God to remove an immortal and Brady. Whether a clergyman being in the midst of a course of may of his own accord introduce levity and thoughtlessness, if he hymns, is one of those ecclesiastical think that he might, by advice or questions which does not to this representations, though in common moment appear to be authoritatively acceptance unseasonable, have been settled. The courts have decided made an instrument in turning that that the right of directing the service soul from its perilous career. is in the minister—that is, as against

I should be glad, for the sake of the churchwardens and parishioners-many youthful Christians, if some but the jurisdiction of the Ordinary of your experienced correspondents stands on different grounds. The

matter is argued judicially in the purchasers ; purchasers ought to impamphlet on Mr. Cotterill's case ply performers; and performance before the Chancellor of York; but is almost necessarily followed by the exact point is not authoritatively improvement. Yet experience does settled, nor, probably, would our not shew that psalmody has made courts be very anxious to settle it. any progress worth mentioning in Till it is settled the law is conjectural: our Established places of worship. opinions have been often procured Congregations, among whom are from Doctors Commons, but they are generally great numbers capable of wholly vague and unsatisfactory; taking a part in the sacred harmony, and, indeed, such is the uncertainty rarely, if ever, join voices in it....... of our ecclesiastical law, that to get treat it as a matter only worthy of a a decided opinion upon any point passage through the throats of chanot ruled by the courts is almost rity children, or the noses of parish impossible. It seems very doubtful clerks; and, except where profeswhether a bishop could interfere with sional persons are engaged for the effect to prevent the introduction of purpose, the psalm tune is now too. hymns, unless he could prove that commonly sung much in the manner the hymns themselves were contrary in which it was performed half a to the doctrine or discipline of the century ago, when it was stated to Church : yet, on the other hand, if be greatly on the decline; and with he were hostile to the attempt, and little of that feeling and effect dethe parties were bent upon an appeal scribed by writers at the conclusion to law, the clergyman might very of the seventeenth, and beginning of probably find he could not maintain the eighteenth centuries, and extolhis ground against his diocesan. led as so inspiring and admirable. Much to the honour of our prelates “ This fact, if it be as we suppose, and clergy, such a collision has never can only be accounted for by refer. yet taken place : for, as often as the ring to the present state of society, point has been agitated, one party which has produced a sort of nonor the other has usually relaxed, so intercourse amongits classes. Though as to prevent the disgraceful spectacle all frequent the same church, or. of a bishop and his clergy conflicting chapel, yet they are divided, in so in a court of law. It might not, far as galleries can separate from however, be amiss to get the ques- pews, and pews from benches. The tion decided by a friendly action. higher orders in one division will

But there are other causes also; not condescend to join in the ‘song one of which is glanced at in the of praise and thanksgiving' with the following passage, which I have middle ranks in another; and these, copied from a late number of one imitating their superiors, disdain any of our musical periodical publications thing like a voluntary union of voices (the Harmonicon). Coming from such with those below them, who occupy a quarter, the testimony may per- the humbler seats in the aisles. haps be considered of more weight “We see no other way in which than if proffered in a religious jour- the disinclination to take a part in nal.

the psalm, so openly manifested by “ The many collections of psalm most congregations, can be explained. tunes annually published, and occa- The increased cultivation of music, sionally printed at considerable ex- and the improved state of our organpense, would naturally lead to an playing, should have led to a very inference that this primitive and tru- different result; but that pride, which ly devotional music is getting more makes the English, who ought to be and more into general use, and there- the most happy, the least so of any fore improving in practice in pro- people in civilized Europe, shews portion to its diffusion; for the itself even in our holy places, where regular issue of such works implies humility, contrition, and gratitude,

are, we are taught, the great recom- empire, next reveals to him the desmendation to that favour which is tinies of the Eastern; and the images the sole object of our meetings and used are distinctively adapted to the supplications.

change of scene; the locust being That it is not from any want of unknown in Europe, but indigenous assiduity in those who have the care to Asia, and particularly to Arabia, of our psalmody entrusted to them, which is universally understood to that it is not supported as it might be the scene of the next vision. The be, is clear from the many valuable transition is marked by a pause, and works which during the last few years by the introduction of another divine have appeared; and numerous others herald denouncing the woes that shew at least zeal in the cause, and should be inflicted on the earth on a laudable desire to improve that the sounding of the three remaincongregational singing, which it is ing trumpets. " And I beheld, and the duty of our clergy to promote heard an angel flying through the and the interest of all who attend midst of heaven, saying, with a loud places of worship to uphold, by means voice, Woe, woe, woe, to the inhaof an accomplishment which is now biters of the earth, by reason of the become so general, and might be ren- other voices of the trumpet of the dered so especially useful in mixing three angels which are yet to sound!” together the various classes of so- (Rev. viii. 13.) The flight of the ciety in one common act of pleasing angel through the midst of heaven, devotion.”

may be considered either as simply I fear there is too much truth in intimating that the woes foretold the above averment. There is a

were parts of God's providence, and cold stateliness in too many of our designed by him as judgments upon churches and chapels, as if it were the earth ; or as having a particular degrading to worship God in unison, relation to the state of religion, and and" in bad taste ” to be heard sing- of the Christian Church, of which ing his praises, especially in public. the heavens appear to be sometimes Ladies would often be willing to used as the type, as the earth is made join ; but gentlemen too frequently to denote the temporal and political stand, or sit, in statue-like apathy, condition of the empire : and it will disdaining to open their lips, and be seen, that the woe of the fifth with an air as if the whole service trumpet was a heavy judgment, not were only a solemn farce.

only in a political, but also in a reliOh that He who tuned the harp gious, point of view. In perusing of the sweet singer of Israel to in the history of the Eastern empire, spired lays, would warm the hearts the invasion of the Saracens is the and unseal the frozen lips of all first event which arrests the attenour professed worshippers, that they tion, as a fit epoch to be marked out may truly sing to his praise and by prophecy. The dominion and maglory, and unite upon earth in those jesty of that empire were, indeed, reanthems of adoration to God and duced to the lowest state of degrathe Lamb in which they hope to dation by the eruptions and insults hymn for ever in the celestial of the Avars on the west, and the world!

T. Persians on the east ; and the union

of these powers in the time of

Chosroes II. threatened the empire ON THE APOCALYPTIC TRUMPETS. with utter extinction; but the genius

and intrepidity of Heraclius restored To the Editor of the Christian Observer.

the empire to her former limits, and (Continued from vol. xxx. p. 736.)

no permanent consequences ensued The Spirit of prophecy having, under from this awful struggle of twenty the fourth trumpet, disclosed to the years' duration (A.D. 607—627), Apostle the downfal of the Western excepting the exhaustion of both

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