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or three other men equally fertile in I wish to conclude this paper, by thoughts and words. I have heard calling on your readers to give to his intimate friend referred to say, God the glory of all that was great that the most effectual method of and excellent in this singular indidrawing him out in his full vigour, vidual. It would be, sir, a most was to advance a very decided opi. unsuitable act for a Christian Obnion in politics, philosophy, or any server, to admit into his pages a piece other topic which left any room for of mere unprofitable homage to exdifference of opinion between men traordinary talent and excellence. of intelligence and piety. Ten to It is the creature of God receiving, one but he would in such cases take illustrating, communicating the blessthe opposite side, when he would ings of Redemption, and trained fence it with the most ingenious rea- under the guidance of Divine prosons,drawn from allquarters, and, with vidence, that we are chiefly bound a mixture of argument, grave irony, as Christians to contemplate. In and rich colouring of imagination, creation there is nothing so noble as almost“ make the worse appear the mind, the powers of reason, the combetter reason;" while all around him prehensive grasp of intellectual subwere, in the end, left in the highest jects, the rapid, and to appearance admiration of his fine talents. But almost intuitive, arrival at deducthis is a dangerous application of the tions arising from a combination of metaphysical powers, which, although delicate and nicely adjusted proofs. it did not vitiate his mind, replenish- The greater part of mankind are ed as it was with the love of truth, kept down, by necessity of condition, is certainly calculated to extinguish in a dwarfish, stunted growth of the the sensibilities of moral and reli- mental powers; and it is but here gious discrimination, to lead the and there that an individual rises up mind into the regions of intermin- from the class in which opportunities able doubt, and to inspire perma- favour the development of original nent pride and self-conceit. I see superiority, if itexist, to exhibit somean admirable passage on this head thing like the limit to which the from Dr. Whately, in your Number mind can in the present life be adfor April, p. 222*.
vanced; the manhood of the soul in
the world that now is—its infancy We would trust that our correspond- as compared with that to come. It ent is somewhat mistaken in the above is indeed to another faculty that we paragraph; as the habit which he attriz butes to Mr. Hall would not, in our idea,
are indebted for the discovery of inbe consistent with Christian truth or tellect_namely, the power of the inmoral honesty. He might indeed play- dividual to convey to others, and to fully, and with evident irony, defend a
adorn in its passage, what passes wrong position ; but to do so gravely, either from intellectual vanity, or reckless- within' him. Here we are called to ness of truth, would be a serious blemish in his character. We should rather attri- this glorious bill ?” might have led him bute the phenomenon to the circumstance, to urge such possible evils as would perthat soundness of statement usually lies haps induce the hearer to suppose that far distant from extremes; so that what he disapproved of it; while an opposite our correspondent calls “a very decided question would have elicited a precisely opinion” in politics, philosophy, or other opposite line of remark; and in both subjects, is likely enough to be a very in- cases with a real love of truth. In correct opinion, and to require much mo- warmly opposing Mr. Bulteel, he might dification to bring it to the standard of be hastily conjectured to attach himself truth. On such a question of politics, to Dr. Burton; and in zealously animadfor instance, as that which at this moment verting on Dr. Burton, to espouse the nooccupies the public attention, Mr. Hall tions of Mr. Bulteel ; while, in fact, he was might have seemed to maintain two oppo- only advocating the scriptural medium site sentiments, according as the “decisive between both. We are willing, at least, opinions” of vehement partizans drew to think that something of this kind was him out to state his views.
the real foundation of the alleged habit on question as, “Are you not enraptured with which our correspondent remarks.
adore Him who has constructed this the life and character of Mr. Hall. frame, so fearfully and wonderfully He had a mind of the class most apt made, and anointed mortal lips to wander into daring speculation. with sacred eloquence, as well as He possessed an unabating flow of awakened the soaring powers of thought and spirit, and he was the thought, and braced the vigorous admiration of the most intellectual pinion on which it stretches through part of his religious countrymen. the intellectual world. If, when we His popularity was that which is most give glory to God in the natural flattering to human corruption. To world, we rise to its noblest features, meet temptations so powerfully comthe sun, moon, and stars, the seas, bining to exalt him above measure, “With all their roaring multitude of waves,” the most humbling and painfuldis
he was placed under dispensations it is not unnatural or improper, in pensations calculated to abase those our view of the Divine power in the who dwell in pride, and strongly world of reason, to fix our view on adapted to curb the eruptions of an the highest standard, and to consider independent spirit. Under these sathe individual as only the highest lutary visitations his character was link in a chain where it escapes our formed, the unsanctified speculations sight, but lengthening far, and far of a venturous mind were tamed, beyond where it is lost to the eye.
and an εκβασις to his temptations 2. If intellectual man ought to be
was found. We discern the mercy contemplated with a devotional ac
and the wisdom of God in thus disknowledgment that he is the creature arming such powerful temptations of Divine Power; to view his endow. of their force. We receive the comments when under the influence of fort which arises from such an exthe Holy Spirit, and conversant with ample, in believing that the dispensathe stupendous mysteries of redemp- tions appointed to ourselves, if sintion, should no less lead us to glorify cere Christians, will be wisely and the eternal Creator and Redeemer. graciously and appropriately arranged. Under this influence even a mind of We learn contentment with humble most limited range presents a mul- gifts, with less splendid and less titude of instructive points of obser- dangerous talents, while we perceive vation : but in such a man as Mr. that they come attended with the Hall, the high effect of extraordinary necessary alternative of great counpowers, habitually directed to the terbalancing trials, or of fearful spihighest ends, and sanctified by God ritual jeopardy. to the most holy purposes, deserves
In conclusion, of a paper already particular notice. Such an indi. too extended, I will only express my vidual, under a dispensation which hope, that of the reminiscences of chiefly blesses an humble order of this great and good man every valuminds—the mercies of which are re
able fragment may be carefully prevealed to babes, while the wise, the served; and especially that every fair scribe, the disputer of this world, too outline of any of his sermons which often live and die without the light exists may be given to the public. of life-is a practical exhibition that
T. H. K. religion, if it stoops to the lowest intellect, ennobles the highest ; that it becomes well such a spirit, gives MODERN MISSIONARY SOCIETIES it its most honourable exercises, its truest uses, its richest ornaments, and still transcends its noblest powers
To the Editor of the Christian Observer. and exertions.
It is remarked in your Obituary of 3. In a particular manner I think we the Rev. Basil Woodd, that the are also called to adore the wise dis- Church Missionary Society was inpensations of Divine Providence in dispensable, as there was no other
regular missionary institution for several persons with whom I have Pagan lands in communion with the lately conversed; and both I and Church of England; the Society for they know what manner of men the Propagation of the Gospel, how the far greater part of them are. ever valuable and important its pro- They are men who have neither ceedings, being by its charter con- the power of religion nor the form ; fined to the British colonies. And men that lay no claim to piety, nor what was it doing even there ? In even to decency." India, nothing ; nothing any where, Let such facts be kept in memory, but in the dioceses of Quebec and as a beacon to warn, and an inciteNova Scotia. Nor is this said in ment to urge to augmented care disparagement; for it should be re- and vigilance. The Society for the collected, that if the members of this Propagation of the Gospel, venesociety during the last century were rable for years as well as splendid not fully awake, their neighbours in patronage, is girding herself afresh were fast asleep. Theirs, therefore, for youthful conquests; while newer is the honour, the sole honour, of all institutions are rising to share her that was effected in our Church at holy labours. They are not rivals ; that period, if we except the admi- or, if rivals, rivals only in one comrable labours of the Christian-Know- mon warfare, under one common ledge Society in India, whose mis- Captain of our salvation, and against sions were pre-eminently crowned one common foe. Let, therefore, their with success.
only jealousy be to provoke each other How little the vast necessities of to love and to good works. the western world, or even of our
A FRIEND OF BOTH SOCIETIES. own colonies, were at that time considered, appears from a curious letter from Mr. Wesley to Bishop Louth, in 1780, in consequence of the Bishop's refusal to ordain a young to the Editor of the Christian Observer. man for the American colonies. The piety and competency of the candi- I have just received a pamphlet, date were stated to be unexception with an anonymous note, stating able, nor does the Bishop disallow that “the enclosed is one of twenty them; and an adequate stipend was pamphlets sent me by a friend, who secured for his support : but, says had two hundred of them given him the Bishop, another missionary is by a Churchman of street, unnecessary,
because there are who was, and perhaps still is, a conthree ministers in that country al. stant attendant at St.
-'s Church; ready!”
Three ministers in all the officiating minister of which was America, and therefore no other was in the habit of denouncing those who necessary! A fourth would have been entertain the Unitarian creed, and an infringement upon the corporate whose repeated censures induced the rights of the Society for the Pro- gentleman above alluded to to look pagation of the Gospel ! Nor was into the question. The result of his this the worst; for Mr. Wes- investigation has been his getting ley adds, -"Suppose there were a very large impression of the said three-score of those missionaries in pamphlet, and distributing one the country, could I in conscience more to each of his fellow-parishrecommend these souls to their care? ioners, as well as to many ministers Do they take any care of their own of different persuasions." souls? If they do, (I speak it with The pamphlet is entitled, “Objecconcern) I fear they are almost the tions to Unitarian Christianity cononly missionaries in America that do sidered: by W. E. Channing, D. D.” so. My lord, I do not speak rashly. . It is written in that easy and enI have been in America, and so have gaging manner, and with that well
DR. CHANNING AND THE SOCINIANS.
managed putting of the matter, for for how could I possibly avoid this, which Dr. Channing is distinguished. when my whole letter is concerned To candid and thoughtful persons, with allegations that you have made ? who have taken pains to understand the But as to exciting a spirit of hostigreat controversy between those who lity or bitterness against you as a hold the doctrines of the Reforma- man, I openly disclaim any such tion and those who reject them, intention : it would be unworthy of it can present no real difficulty. the cause which I profess to advocate: Such persons will readily perceive it would be unbecoming my place, that its representations of orthodox and the character which I would doctrines are extremely uncandid wish to bear. Is there no separation and unfair; and that those which are that can be made by our public, given as the picture of Unitarianism between calling in question allegaare dextrously modified and var- tions and charges, and personal manished. If any impartial and serious lignity towards those who make person would compare the statements them? I am not behind some of your and reasonings in this pamphlet, more sober and judicious friends in with the animadversions contained my approbation, and admiration of in different works which have been many things in your writings. I am published in reply to the writings of sure that I bear you no ill will. I Dr. Channing and the other New- am certain, too, that I am very far England Unitarians, by several di- from cherishing disrespect for your vines of their own country—but talents. My complaint is, of the especially Dr. Leonard Woods, Dr. injury which your charges are adaptBeecher, and Mr. Moses Stuart-I ed to do us.”—Prof. Stuart's Letter conceive it would be morally impos- to Dr. Channing, on Religious Liberty. sible for him to rise from the ex- Boston, 1830, p. 45. amination without being convinced My design in troubling you of the multiplied fallaciousness of with this letter is to do something, Dr. Channing's reasonings, and of the if possible, towards preventing those radically erroneous and practically deep and almost irreparable injudangerous character of the Unitarian ries to the cause of sacred truth, system. It is greatly to our detri- which are inflicted by ignorant or ment that the theological works of intemperate defenders. I have had our orthodox brethren in the United the distress of hearing most glowStates are so difficult to be obtained ing vituperations of Socinianism in Great Britain. Those, in par- and Socinians, uttered by persons ticular, which have issued from the who were at the very moment affordAndover school are signalized by ing demonstration of infantile unsoundness in Bible interpretation, acquaintedness with what Socinianextraordinary power of argument, ism really is. Such persons little and solemn fidelity in warning and think of the harm which they are expostulation; while yet, benignity doing. Their vague, absurd, and and courtesy are duly maintained. irrelevant declamations have the From one of the minor, yet not the effect of confirming in awful error least important, of those publications, those who had before embraced it, which happens to be at hand, I beg and of impelling others, who are your indulgence for one citation ; exceedingly destitute of the requithough I find difficulty in selecting sites for engaging in theological conone, out of so many equally inviting troversy, into the depths of a system paragraphs.
-fair and attractive indeed, but “ And now, my dear sir, can which I am compelled by strong you believe me when I declare, that conviction to regard as-fatally dein all which I have said above I have luding and soul-destroying. This no personal aim at you? It is true class of persons, like the parishioner that I have called on you personally; of St. above alluded to (a po
USE OF THE PLURAL NUMBER IN PULPIT
pulous metropolitan parish), are usu- consequences of Socinianism, or any ally captivated when they read such other dangerous delusion, the more a production as this of Dr. Chan- will he be pained at the exhibition ning's; and there are many such: of the spirit which has called forth they feel honourably indignant at this sorrowful remonstrance. the violent, undistinguishing, un
S. proved, and often untrue, representations which they have heard, perhaps from the platform of some religious society's annual meeting ; and, having in themselves no fund of correct knowledge, and acquaintance
To the Editor of the Christian Observer. with solid evidence, and charmed Your correspondent Rusticus, in with the apparently candid and your Number for April, objects to reasonable pleadings of what they what he calls “ the affectation of naturally consider the injured party, speaking in the plural number in they imagine that no further inves- pulpit addresses,” and seems to tigation is necessary, and they be- suppose that “your younger clerical come irreclaimable Unitarians. In- readers ” stand in need of an admodeed, it would be quite consistent nition on the subject. He represents with the principles of our fallen and the mode of address which he repreperverted human nature, and with hends as “superlatively egotistic, not a few observed facts, if some of besides being pompous and unnathe most vehement leaders in the tural ;” and after stating a variety unwise and unholy crusade of words of cases, in which it will, I
presume, against misunderstood Socinianism, be generally acknowledged that the or any other heresy, should them- plural number may properly be used, selves become examples of the revul- though an individual is the speaker, sion from the one extreme to the he endeavours to shew the improother. The ignorance, the self-con- priety of what he afterwards calls fidence, and the destitution of the “the pluralism of the pulpit, where Spirit of Christ, would in either case the speaker is alluding to what is be the same.
strictly personal—as, his own dis. Permit me to add, that another course, his division of his subject, most dangerous effect of this evil his plans, his wishes, his intentions, practice is, the countenancing the Now this he does by first adverting inward feeling, if not the definitely to the ludicrous effect which would formed notion, that religion has its be produced by the address of a caseat somewhere else than in the binet minister, speaking in his prihumble, penitent, and believing vate capacity, who should express heart; that the “just, pure, and himself in such words as the followlovely ” (Phil. iv. 8) characters of ing: While on our legs we shall Evangelical piety, may be dispensed reply to the honourable member who with, if there be only an orthodox animadverted on our speech ;”—by creed in the head, or, more correctly next alleging how “ pompous and speaking, upon the flippant tongue: unmeaning it were for a private corfor how is the heart of the truly respondent, addressing the conducChristian looker-on wounded by tors of a periodical publication, to observing the exaggerations, the assume the chair, and talk of 'we;'” disproportions, and the rash dealing —and, finally, by recording “ the with the word of God, which are the mock solemnity with which he has usual accompaniments of ignorant heard an ill-instructed apothecary zealotry! " The wrath of man work- ejaculate " language which, indeed, eth not the righteousness of God;" every one will ackowledge to be sufand the more deeply any person feels · ficiently ludicrous. the unscriptural character and fatal
Now, Mr. Editor, not to occupy