316 Lit. und Phil. Intell. -- United States... Nova Scotia... India. [MAY passages.- “ What mere assertion will lishing a series of “standing works in make any man believe that in one second divinity;" the second volume of which is of time, in one beat of the pendulum of the “ Bishop of Chester's Apostolical a clock, a ray of light travels over one Preaching.” hundred and ninety-two thousand miles; The“ Episcopal Watchman," in noticing and would therefore perform the tour of what the American newspapers are pleased the world in about the same time that it to call “ the protligate extravagance of the requires to wink with our eyelids, and in English government,” among the items much less than a swift runner occupies in of which are enumerated “the enormous taking a single stride? What mortal can salaries paid to the bishops,” justly inbe made to believe, without demonstration, forms his countrymen, that our bishops that the sun is almost a million times are not “ salaried” by the state; and that, larger than the earth; and that, although where their revenues are large, they arise so remote from us that a cannon-ball shot chietly from the modern improved value directly towards it, and maintaining its of lands given to their sees in ancient full speed, would be twenty years in reach- times, when comparatively of little worth, ing it, it affects the earth by its attrac- and which cannot with any shew of justion in an inappreciable instant of time? tice be detached from them. The United Who would not ask for demonstration, States' government might as justly be when told that a gnat's wing, in its ordi- charged with “ profligate expenditure nary flight, beats many hundred times in because Trinity church, New York, hapa second ; or that there exist animated

pens to be very rich, from the rental of and regularly organised beings, many thou- sands with which it was endowed long sands of whose bodies laid close together before the Revolution, and which have bewould not extend an inch ? But what are come highly valuable by the growth of the these to the astonishing truths which city of New York. modern optical inquiries have disclosed; A bill, subjecting to a penalty any perwhich teach us that every point of a son who should instruct free Negroes in medium through which a ray of light the rudiments of learning, or even of Repasses is affected with a succession of pe- velation, has been rejected by the House riodical movements, regularly recurring of Delegates, in Virginia. But then the at equal intervals, no less than five hun- baseness of the man who moved it, and dred millions of millions of times in a the minority which supported it! single second : that it is by such move- NOVA SCOTIA AND CANADA. ments, communicated to the nerves of our The Bishop of Nova Scotia lately preeyes, that we see: nay, more, that it is sided at a meeting for forming Sunday the difference in the frequency of their and daily schools, for the education of the recurrence which affects us with the sense children of the Coloured people of Halifax, of the diversity of colour—that, for in- of which there are several hundred. A stance, in acquiring the sensation of red- recent number of the “Christian Sentinel ” ness, our eyes are affected four hundred (a new periodical that is published at and eighty-two millions of millions of Three Rivers, and the only episcopal times; of yellowness, five hundred and publication, we believe, in British Ameforty-two millions of millions of times; rica) says, that the Coloured people have and of violet, seven hundred and seven mourned over the want of education, and millions of millions of times, per second ? are most anxious to procure the means of Do not such things sound more like the obtaining it, at whatever sacrifice, for ravings of madmen than the sober con- their children. The same number of the clusions of people in their waking senses ? Sentinel, in reprinting the excellent proThey are, nevertheless, conclusions to test of the Sheffield clergy against horsewhich any one may most certainly arrive, racing, states that the evils of this scene who will only be at the trouble of examining of immorality are as visible in Canada as the chain of reasoning by which they have in England ; and that at the close of the been obtained.”

Quebec races may be seen the disgusting “ An eminent living geometer had sight of drunken persons literally carried proved by calculations, founded on strict off by the cart-load from the stands. optical principles, that in the centre of

INDIA. the shadow of a small circular plate of The Bombay“Christian Spectator," in metal, exposed in a dark room to a beam mentioning the case of a widow burnt of light emanating from a very small with the corpse of her husband at Allebrilliant point, there ought to be no dark- bagh, as late as last August, says, that a ness-in fact, no shadow, at that place- rag of the poor creature's clothes, found, but, on the contrary, a degree of illumi- or pretended to be found, among the ashes, nation precisely as bright as if the metal is treasured up as a sacred relic; the deplate were away. Strange and even im- luded votaries of idolatry and superstition possible as this conclusion may seem, it believing that a miracle has been perhas been put to the trial, and found per- formed for the confirmation of their faith. fectly correct.”

Thus does every false religion, so called, UNITED STATES.

from Popery to Hindooism, boast its The New York episcopal press is pub- lying miracles.


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UPPER CANADA INDIANS; indignant, vindietive, and apparently irreCONDUCT OF CHRISTIANS TO HEATHENS; claimable, till they rapidly sink away and NEGRO SLAVERY, &c.

disappear from their invaded forests ? The attention of Christians having of late How much will modern Christians have been much directed to the spiritual neces- to answer for, if they do not endeavour to sities of the North-American Indians, the prevent the recurrence of such atrocities, following brief view of the condition of and to send to the unenlightened tribes of those within our own territories in Upper the earth, schools, Bibles, and their best Canada may not be unacceptable to our earthly friends and protectors, Christian Teaders.

missionaries? Delawares ; population 200; a flourishing Having touched upon this topic, sugschool and some progress in Christian gested to us by the mention of the natives instruction. Chippeways; 260; the same. in our own North-American dominions Mohawks ; as follows : Grand River, (where, however, they have probably been 2000; some tribes unconverted, but an treated with far more justice and humane active and successful Church-of-England consideration than in most other European missionary among them ;-River Credit, colonies), we shall take the opportunity of 220; a Methodist missionary, two schools, noticing one or two other points, more or and a village built by government;-Lake less connected with the same subject. Simcoe, 200; petitioning for a village and Among the petitions and remonstrances religious instruction ;-Rice Lake, 300; before the United States legislature against villages are building, and the women knit the cruel injustice of expatriating the and spin ;—Grape Island has become a Indians, we rejoice to see one of just Christian community under the Metho- emotion and great strength of argument dists ;-Mohawks, 250 ; have embraced from the American Board of Missions. Christianity in connexion with the Church The directors shew most convincingly of England, and are urgent for a mission- how fearful will be the effect in de ary ;-Kingston, 100 ; they wish to join stroying the work of civilization and their brethren at Grape Ísland ;-Scat. Christianization so hopefully commenced. tered, 350 ; but might be collected and It is delightful to our minds to witness instructed. These tribes being within missionary institutions, in every part of the British territories, and their numbers the world, without departing from the not very large, plans might easily be de- line of their duties, and in full accordance vised, at no serious expense, for bringing with them, casting themselves between them all within the range of civilization the oppressor and the oppressed, and and religious instruction. The conduct teaching the nations of the earth those of European settlers in former days to lessons of justice and humanity without the unenlightened natives of newly colo- which the profession of Christianity is nized countries, has been such as to entail but a mockery. The London Missionary no small debt of compensation upon their Society, chiefly through that philanthropic posterity. We wish we could say that agent of their religious benevolence, Dr. even in the present more humanized age Philip, were the principal means of ra there were no guilt lying upon Christian storing to their full rights, as men and nations in this respect. But such is not Christians, the whole of the Coloured the fact : the aborigines in the vicinity of population in South Africa ; nor did the European colonies have been almost every good effect of their remonstrances stop where wasting away, by a mixture of force there, for the British government was and fraud most guilty and disgraceful. induced to include in the same righteous Witness the horrible system which has so enactment the whole of the Crown cololong prevailed at the Cape of Good Hope; nies. Thus a way was opened for the witness the palpable injustice and inhu- extension of the Gospel, which had himanity of Georgia at this moment towards therto been grievously impeded by fraud the Cherokees, who are being expatriated and oppression; and other missionary inand driven into the wilderness, and their stitutions have reaped the benefit_espelands appropriated, in defiance of the most cially the Moravian, whose missions had solemn treaties; witness the severe mea- been much injured by this unchristian state sures which, while we are writing, are of society, though they did not consider it being adopted towards the aborigines of their duty publicly to testify against it Van Dieman's Land, who seem to be re- to the proper authorities. The Wesleyan garded by some of their White brethren missionaries in the West Indies, much as little better than wild beasts. We to their honour, have acted, though prufear that in scarcely any European colony dently, yet honestly and boldly, as regards have justice, kindness, and religious in- the case of the slave population; and the struction been fairly brought to bear upon consequence has been, that they have the natives; and, in the absence of these, suffered much persecution for righteousand the presence of the contrary, can we ness sake; but bright will be their reward. wonder that the persecuted tribes become The Church Missionary Society has ever

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been a powerful claimant for Africa and sermon, or the general prohibition which her children; and without its valuable provides for all such cases in future, the and liberal assistance the plan for civi- Bishop, it is further stated, turned a Board lizing and Christianizing the recaptured of the Diocesan Committee of the Society Blacks at Sierra Leone could not have for promoting Christian Knowledge into been effected. The Bishop of Jamaica an ecclesiastical court; the laymen present is doing all he can to crush the operations actually withdrawing from the room, while of this society in his diocese—why should the Bishop from the chair demanded from not the truth be spoken ?-a line of con- the Rector of St. George's an account of his duct to be expected from a prelate whose conduct; requiring an apology, and reprifirst achievement was to take to his manding him for wishing to open his bosom Mr. Bridges, the libeller of Mr. church to the Church Missionary Society. Wilberforce, the Coryphæus of slavery, These, with many other circumstances, and the torturer of his poor female slave are boldly but temperately stated in the Kitty Hilton ; and who has not been even Christian Record; and well, therefore, yet suspended by his lordship from his may the Bishop of Jamaica be displeased sacred functions, notwithstanding the go- at a publication that thus tells the world vernment at home have honourably done how matters are managed in his diocese; all in their power, but in vain (such are and that a board, convened for the business West-Indian juries, where slavery is con- of a charitable society, may be converted cerned), to punish him by the civil arm, into a court of irresponsible ecclesiastical and, as the last mark of disgrace, have inquisition, for the trial of a clergyman struck out his name from the list of ma- for no greater crime than allowing a gistrates. It is known to our readers charity sermon to be preached in his that there is an Auxiliary to the Church

church; while another clergyman may Missionary Society at Kingston in Ja- come from church and sacrament, and maica ; and that its members are justly cause a woman to be barbarously and obanxious for the extension of the Gospel scenely lashed, and pass unscathed. But among the slaves. It so happens, also, these things cannot last long. Intelligence that a religious Church-of-England pe- has just reached us, that the Jamaica riodical publication has lately been set on Legislature itself has passed a law placing foot in Jamaica, entitled, “The Christian all free Coloured persons upon the same Record,” which has done much to en- level as the White class. The latent lighten the public upon the real state of object of this apparently liberal act was, the slave population, and the duties of to induce the free Coloured population, Christians, both in Great Britain and the who are numerous and wealthy, and posWest Indies, in regard to their temporal sess many slaves, to make common cause and spiritual welfare. A rumour, it with the Whites in resisting the wishes seems, has been carried to the Bishop, that of the mother country in behalf of their some of the friends of the Kingston Auxi- bondsmen. There was nothing of favour liary Church Missionary Society patro- or aflection in it; it was merely the result nize this publication ; besides which, the of fear : the Coloured people had long society, to its honour be it spoken, labours demanded their rights, and were able, if under much of the colonial unpopularity they thought fit, to seize them : they are which follows every institution honestly also loyal, and attached to England ; and and efficiently designed to promote the they had expressed, through Dr. Lushreligious instruction of the poor outcastington, their willingness to concur with slave. The consequence is, as stated in Great Britain in such measures as should the Christian Record for December, that be thought proper, relative to their brethe Rev. Mr. Bolton, rector of St. George, thren in slavery. But still higher results Kingston, having given permission to the will probably ensue: for not only are the Rev. G. Griffiths to preach a sermon on

free Black and Coloured classes remarkbehalf of the society, the Bishop inter- ably loyal and attached to England, but fered, and forbad it; and also issued a religion also is more diffused among the circular, prohibiting any sermon “in aid respectable part of them than among the of the funds of any religious society” Whites : and, as they will now form a without his express permission, the hum- powerful body of electors, we trust that ble petition for which is “distinctly to their influence will have a considerable state,” not only“ the name of the preacher," effect upon the legislation of the island, but also the purport of his discourse !and particularly in counteracting the hosHis lordship further intimates that this tility, so conspicuous in the assembly, to permission will be very limited; for he the extension of religion among the slaves. significantly adds, that one society, the The example of Jamaica must soon be Jamaica Society for promoting Christian followed by all the other islands; and Knowledge--which does not profess to be thus all distinctions of caste and coloura missionary society to any persons, and except in the case of the slave—will be least of all to the slaves-has “ every for ever done away; and, all freemen being claim" on the support of his clergy. thus placed in the eye of the law upon Not, however, content with either the one level, nothing will remain to be efspecial countermand of the St. George's fected but that all slaves shall become free.

We have digressed from the topic with of all that is unjust and oppressive; and which we set out ; but the matter is not by a fair and prudent representation, as ·alien to it; for to the benevolent exer- occasion serves, to the legitimate authotions of missionaries, whether in India or rities at home, of those practices which Africa, in our slave colonies or in North impede the success of the Gospel, and America, are the aborigines and oppressed properly call for the faithful remonstrances classes of society greatly indebted for of a Christian missionary. With the utsome of their dearest privileges : and this most prudence and delicacy, these things not by hostile interference with the ex- must render an honest missionary obisting relations of civil society, bad as noxious, wherever there is any thing mothey may be ; not by stirring up discon- rally wrong, which the parties wish to tent and exciting divisions ; but by far conceal. Many of the people of Georgia better methods,-- by inculcating upon all, declaim against missionaries among the Christian, practical, self-denying duty; Indians, much as some of our colonists by addressing even the West Indian-slave do against those in the West Indies; and in the language of St. Paul to those who with as little reason, except what arises were somewhat similarly, though far less from that spirit which makes men love cruelly, situated; by raising the public darkness rather than light, wherever their tone of feeling; by preaching faithfully deeds are evil. the Gospel of Christ, that best subverter


There is little for us to notice, at home market, but refusing to afford any other or abroad, except the elections; the result time to the slaves in place of it. The of which has been very decidedly in favour plain course, unless the planters wished to of the bill for Parliamentary Reform. The excite discontents,in order to embarrass the new parliament will enter upon business cause of the slave in the mother country, about the twenty-first of June, and there was to appoint another day for the purpose. seems not a shadow of doubt of the bill

They could not expect that the slave being carried in the House of Commons would in a moment understand the nature by a large majority.

and value of the Christian Sabbath, which Among the notices of the month, it is they had neglected to teach him; nor, if with much grief we record that an illegiti- he did, would it be just that his respect mate son of a profligate actress has been for the laws of God and man should be made a Peer of the Realm—a proceeding made to operate to his serious worldly which revives some of the most disgrace- detriment for his master's sordid advanful recollections of English history in the tage. The abolitionists have again and corrupt days of Charles II. As En- again pointed out the hardship to the glishmen, and as Christians, we cannot slave of abolishing Surday markets withspeak too strongly upon such a subject; out affording other facilities for disposing and our lamentations are the more keen of their provisions; so that if either the from the recent remembrance of the court government or the planters had listened of George III., in which, whatever else to their premonitions, the late evils would were its faults, there was ever the most not have happened. Yet these very evils sacred regard to the national morality. the pro-slavery party affect to lay at the An example like the present is an omi- door of Bible, Missionary, and Antinous public evil. We should have re- slavery institutions ; the Saints, it is said, spected the King for whatever private having forced a Sunday upon the slaves kindness and liberal provision he might against their will. No reasonable man think proper for a family so unhappily will be long deceived by such artifices; circumstanced; but to obtrude them upon but, on the contrary, will rather expect to the nation, and to exalt them to elevated witness the recurrence of scenes of disrank, is, to say the least, an instance of content and insurrection, till the cause of misjudgment, which we most seriously them is taken away, by the gift of liberty regret. If one of Mrs. Jordan's sons is and equal rights without distinction of to be made an Earl, what is to pre- birth or colour. vent another, who is in holy orders, being Most painful tidings continue to arrive made a Dean, or a Bishop, without any of the severe distresses of the people in other claim than that which accrues from some parts of Ireland; the afflicting details his mother's profligate connexion ?

of which our readers will have seen in the There have been, it seems, some tu- newspapers. Considerable sums have been multuary proceedings of the slaves in collected for relieving the most pressing Antigua, owing to the injustice of the cases, but much more is required to meet masters, in carrying into effect the Go- the exigency; and most earnestly do we vernment order, which forbids the Sunday pray that it will please God to open the hearts of all who have it in their power to that he will not find his usurped throne come forward promptly and liberally to much longer tenable. assist the sufferers, many of whom are There is not any decisive intelligence stated to be actually perishing by famine. from the theatre of war in Poland. The

The conduct of Don Miguel towards our balance still hangs doubtfully suspended; countrymen, in common with persons of but it is no slight circumstance in favour all other nations, having become a subject of the Poles, that the invader has been so of just and loud complaint, our govern- long kept in check; while, in the mean ment has sent out some ships to the Tagus, time, the cholera morbus is seriously and demanded an explanation ; in conse- distressing the enemy, and the insurgent quence of which he has made abject apo- districts draw off a considerable portion logies, and promised reparation to the of his force. The horrors of the war are aggrieved parties. France and the United described as most appalling ; and, unless States are also urging their remonstrances; the other nations of Europe should be and it seems not unlikely, unless he ma- enabled successfully to mediate, we see terially changes his line of proceeding, no speedy prospect of their termination.

ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. D. B. B.; T. B.; E. S. A.; M. A.; J. S.; B.C.; W. L. N.; T. H. K.; J.; S.;

An OBSERVER; J. K. S; D. E.; A SECRETARY; S. B.; T. R. B.; W. L. N.;

and ALPHA; are under consideration. N.'s Letter referring to facts, the writer should have favoured us with an authentic

signature. Judging, however, by the published writings of M. Gaussen and Dr. Malan, we see nothing to retract in our statement, that the former has avoided some peculiarities into which the latter has fallen; and that his continuance within the pale of the national communion is likely to be more for the furtherance of the Gospel than if he had quitted it.


BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY. Our readers will find annexed to our Number a faithful report of the proceedings at the late Anniversary of this Society. With extreme affliction we witnessed that painful scene, and with equal distress we peruse the narrative of the proceedings. A strong effort was made to impose on the Society a test of faith ; which was rejected, and we think most wisely and scripturally, by a large majority of the members present. Some other societies have, however, determined to make the experiment; but we must say we think under a total misconception of the plain Christian bearings of the case. Besides, if any test is requisite, the particular tests insisted upon are far from being strict enough; yet every attempt to refine upon them will only prove more clearly the injudiciousness of adopting any. What passed at this unhappy meeting is quite enough to shew what will be the issue, if once we begin introducing tests of faith in societies like this; we might say, into almost any of our religious and charitable societies. Tract and Missionary Societies might seem most to require them; yet even some of these have never adopted them, nor found them necessary. Ina society for distributing the Word of God without note or comment, they are utterly superfluous; and we feel persuaded, that, after the present effervescence is over, wise and well-judging persons, anxious for the glory of God and the salvation of the souls of men, will come to a calm and settled resolution to reject them, whether propounded by the High-Church school of Mr. Norris and Bishop Marsh, or in any other quarter. We most feelingly, heartily, and in the sight of God, concur in the general views of the Bible-Society Committee, and in the extract from their Report in the appended paper; and our earnest prayer to Him is, that he will be pleased to continue to shed abroad his favour abundantly upon the proceedings of this institution, devoted to his honour, and the gift of his blessed word of salvation to a sinful and guilty world.

ANTI-SLAVERY SOCIETY. We need not add one word, to urge upon the attention of our readers the important and painfully interesting statements in the appended speeches.

BRITISH AND FOREIGN SCHOOL SOCIETY. Every friend and every enemy of popular education, should particularly weigh the facts in the first page of this document.

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