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derstandings against all the evidence correspondents, how far they consider of so glorious a change. With these the reasoning in it valid, as respects sentiments nothing could be more the alleged discretionary power of consistent than the remark of Mary the clergyman; for though, if such Magdalen. The vague abrupt a power exist, it would open up term of the expression indicates some other important questions, it breathless haste. The anxiety near- would at least mitigate the current est her heart (an anxiety usually objections to this sublime, affecting, very strong in the Eastern world) and, over the earthly remains of the was to be allowed to pay the last faithful, most appropriate service. honours to him whom she had “I do verily think,” says the loved and venerated in life. When bishop, “ that a minister in the questioned, therefore, by the angel Church of England is under no obli(ver. 13), instead of any expression gation to use these expressions over of fear or wonder, the same com- notorious, incorrigible, impenitent plaint as in ver. 2 rushes to her adulterers, drunkards, blasphemers, lips; and the third time (ver. 15), in murderers, or the like; nor reply to the question of our Lord, likely to suffer the least inconveshe still touches the same chord, with nience for omitting them. The a very slight variation: “Sir, if thou omission of these sentences in such have borne him hence, tell me where cases is not contrary to the original thou hast laid him,” &c. Persons in design of the Church in prescribing alarm and perplexity will naturally this form ; but more agreeable to suppose the first people they meet it than the using them. I find it acquainted with their distress, and almost unanimously affirmed, by as able to assist them. A common his- great writers as any that have aptorian (Josephus for instance) would peared in this cause, that this office have studied to introduce expressions supposes such discipline in the church the most moving and eloquent, or a that all notorious and incorrigible discussion of the evidence of the sinners should be excommunicated, resurrection; but, faithful no less to and so incapable of this office. If truth and nature than to the sug- this be so, and yet no such discipline gestions of his Divine monitor, the exercised; to what part of his charge, Evangelist simply lays before us that to what part of his vow, is he false, unfeigned and unpremeditated lan- who either denies the office to those guage which is wont to be poured of whose acceptance with God there forth from the heart to the lips, at cannot be the least hope, or omits periods when the strong affections those expressions which render this of the soul are called into action. office so improper on such occasions?
A. R. C. I desire it may be remembered, that
I am not now encouraging any persons to judge hardly of their neighbours;
but speak only of such cases where OVER THE REMAINS OF NOTORIOUSLY it is most apparent and undeniable
that there is no ground for the lowest To the Editor of the Christian Observer. fore, a man cut off in the midst of
degree of hope. Supposing, thereAs much is said about church re- such sins as adultery, blasphemy, form, and objections are raised swearing, drunkenness, without the against certain parts of the Liturgy least sign of repentance, or acceptof our Church, and especially against ance with God ; were these exsome words in the Burial Service ; pressions designed for him ? Can I send you the following passage the canon which respects this be from Bishop Hoadly, which may be supposed to command the use of new to many of the clergy. I should this form, any otherwise than as it be happy to learn, from some of your was designed by the Church? Do CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 353.
ON READING THE BURIAL SERVICE
any of our governors, or did they purposes, to the encouragement of ever, insist upon obedience to the vice, and the hardening of sinners; letter of this canon in such cases ? and that they will never change the Not that I know of: and if they did, whole of it into one continued and I should venture any penalty rather deliberate falsehood, by so scandathan obey; because my conscience lous a misapplication.” would not let me say, I hoped the
THEOGNIS. dead person rests in Christ, when there cannot be the least ground for hope; and because I cannot recon
For the Christian Observer. cile such an obedience with the obligations I am under to the church. The following lines, from the pen But, as for omitting what was never of Mrs. Sigourney, relate to an Inintended by the Church for such oc- dian church, about to be erected casions, I could do it with a very near Norwich, Connecticut, chiefly easy conscience; having by no vow, by the contributions of females. declaration, or subscription, as I ap
THE MOHEGAN INDIAN CHURCH. prehend, obliged myself to the use of any thing against the plain intent BEHOLD yon hills in distance fade,
Where erst the red-browed hunter stray'd ; of that church in which I minister.
And mark those streanslets, sheen and blue, And did it appear that it was the Where gliding sped the slight canoe; design of this church, and of the While through the forest, swift as light,
The wild deer shuon'd the arrow's flight! governors of it, to oblige those who
Ask ye for hamlets' peopled bound, minister in it to declare in public With cane-rooi 'd cabios circled round? that they hope common swearers,
For chieftain proud ? for hoary sire?
Or warrior, terrible in ire? adulterers, drunkards, murderers,
Ye've seen the shadow quit the vale, blasphemers—that such as these, I The foam upon the waters fail,
The fleeting vapour leave no trace : say, dying without any sign of ac
Such was their pathi-that faded race. ceptance with God, rest in Christ, Hark, hark! from yonder darksome field what man, who had the least sense Methought their thund'ring war.slout peal'd
Methought I saw in flickering spire of religion, could conform as a mi.
The lightning of their council-fire: nister ?" Hoadly's Reasonableness Ah, no! the dust hath check'd their song,
And dimm'd their glorious rayof Conformity, pp. 117–120.
But hath it staunch'd their bleeding wrong; I beg also to add a short extract
Or quelled remembrance, fierce and strong ? from Dr. Bennett on the “ Common Recording angel, say! Prayer," p. 234.
Lol where a savage fortress frown'd
Amid yon blood cemented ground, “ It is plain, from the whole tenor A hallow'd dome, with peaceful claim, of this office, that it was never in
Shall bear the meek Redeemer's name;
And forms like those that lingering staid tended to be used at the burial of
Latest 'neath Calvary's awful shade, such persons as die in a state of And earliest pierced the gather'd gloom notorious impenitence, without any
To watch their Saviour's lowly tomb
Such gentle forms the Todian's ire appearance or profession of their re
llave soothed, and bade that dome aspire. turn to God. So that those clergy. And now, where rose the murderous yell, men (if such there be) who read this
The tuneful hymn to God shall swell;
Where Vengeance spread a fatal snare, form at the funeral of the most pro- Shall breathe the red man's contríte prayer. fligate and debauched sinners, do Crushed race! so long condemned to moan, not only act without authority, but Scorned, rifled, spiritless, and lone,
From heathen sites, from sorrow's maze, against the manifest design of the Turn to these temple gates with praise. Church. I hope, therefore, that none
Yes, come; and bless lli'usurping band of my brethren will ever prostitute forgive the wrong, suppress the blame,
That reut away your fathers' land: this excellent service to the worst of And view your hope, your heaven, the same!
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
WORKS BY DR. WHATELY.
himself shall descend from heaven,-and
the dead in Christ shall rise first,' &c. (Concluded from p. 234.)
Now this was, to be sure, a very consoAmong the arguments adduced by friends ; but if he had known, and had been
latory prospect respecting their departed Dr. Whately for a state of insensibi- authorized to reveal, that these very persons lity after death, one is drawn from the were, at that very time, actually admitted silence of the inspired writers on oc
to a state of happiness, one cannot but casions when, as we may think, they an additional consolation, and one more
suppose he would have mentioned this as might naturally have been expected immediately striking; instead of which, he to speak of the state of the departed;- makes no mention of any such intermediate an argument always precarious, unless state of happiness, but merely speaks of a
hope, as of somewhat future, respecting the strongly supported by collateral con- departed; (* Sorrow not as others which siderations of a positive nature; and have no hope,') the hope, namely, of a especially precarious in its applica- glorious resurrection to them that sleep.” tion to scriptural truths, since we
View, pp. 70, 71. cannot be supposed to know all the
Now, in reply to these observations reasons which may have caused the
we may remark, that, although the omission. At the same time, this Scriptures do offer to the godly an silence may, in the present case,
unspeakably glorious reward; and admit of explanation. Our author though there is nothing sordid in has indeed himself urged one reason
appealing to our hopes and fears on why this truth should not have been subjects connected with God and revealed—namely, that it could be eternity—the scriptural hope of the of no practical necessity.
enjoyment of the beatific vision and
everlasting blessedness in heaven “ If, as is quite clear, a man's final condition depends on his conduct in this life, being not a base selfishness, but a and cannot be altered by any thing that sublime and spiritual elevation of takes place after death, there can be no soul—yet, connected with this, and advantage in his knowing, during his life, inseparable from it, there is the love or his surviving friends, afterwards, what the intermediate state is.” View, p. 80.
of God, and a desire to behold him, But, besides this, if we look to the and to witness his glory; and these passage in the First Epistle to the appeal to the warmest sympathies of Thessalonians, to which in particular the renewed mind, even independently Dr. Whately refers, obvious reasons
of the direct anticipation of personal. occur to us why no notice should be enjoyment. The disciples of Christ taken there of the intermediate state, have, indeed, a treasure in heaven : even if such a state of conscious their heart is there; they seek the blessedness exists. Dr. Whately
ob- kingdom which is to be inherited by serves, that
the faithful : but it is neither their “ The apostle Paul, in comforting the character as pourtrayed in the Bible, Thessalonians concerning their deceased nor the state of mind and desire enbrethren, does not make any mention of couraged in the Bible, to attain pertheir being at that time actually in a state of enjoyment; but alludes only to the
sonal happiness, and then, were it joyful resurrection which awaited them: possible, to secure that happiness
I would not have you to be ignorant, without anyfurther consequence. No; brethren, concerning them which are their hearts are set on promoting the asleep, that ye rrow not, even as others which have no hope. For if we believe glory of God and performing his will. that Jesus died and rose again, even so They are taught to pray first, and them also which sleep in Jesus will God before any supplication for personal bring with Him; for this we say unto blessings, that the name of their you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive, and remain unto the
Father may be hallowed, that his coming of the Lord, shall not prevent kingdom may come and his will be them which are asleep; for the Lord done: and their notion of heaven,
therefore, is not that of a place where This establishment of filial confidence they may enjoy a merely selfish, or supersedes personalapprehension, and even a social happiness; but of a state imparts a purer and more liberal in which they may enjoy the peculiar spirit; it is that perfect love which happiness of being and doing what casts out fear. their Heavenly Father would have Accordingly, the Thessalonian them to be and to do, and thence of Christians are not represented by promoting his designs with unre- the Apostle as alarmed respecting strained affection and delight; and the safety of their departed friends. lastly, as our Saviour himself de- To that alarm it would, indeed, have scribes the privilege of his people, been a direct reply, as Dr. Whately of being where he is, and seeing his remarks, that they were actually adglory. And this consideration, by mitted to a state of happiness. But the way, directly meets and obviates their apprehension was, lest those a difficulty which our author else who were called away before the where starts, that
coming of Christ should miss the “ It seems to be supposed and implied, glory of his advent, and be deprived in the expressions and thoughts of most of the satisfaction of welcoming their persons on this subject, that the heavenly life will be one of inactivity, and perfectly glorified Lord when he should come; stationary ;-that there will be nothing to as they expected him to come speedily, be done,-nothing to be learnt,—no ad- to be admired in all them that believe. vances to be made; -nothing to be hoped They were apprehensive that one great continuance in the very state in which the object of Christian hope—that of blest will be placed at once.” View, p 217. witnessing the Saviour's glory in its
They will have much to look for- chief and highest display—was lost ward to, much to advance in, much to them: and to this apprehension to engage their affections and desires, it would have been no answer to say if the infinite designs of the Eternal that they are now happy; whereas it Mind be the object which they most was a most complete and satisfactory desire to understand and to promote. reply, that those who departed before The first object of the religion of the his return would return with him, Saviour is to set the heart and the and that their resurrection from the affections of his disciples right; to dead would actually precede the asgive them a filial confidence in the sumption of the living. Indeed, love and faithfulness of their Father though the intermediate state be a in heaven, through the merit and condition of peace and comfortand joy virtue of his effectual atonement to the Christian, it is not the joy, the This purpose effectuallyaccomplished, blessedness, the glory, to which he there is an end to personalanxiety and ultimately looks forward. The conuneasiness about their own happiness. summation of the Divine purposes, A good son never doubts whether in the final destruction of sin and his interests are secure in the hands triumph of truth and holiness, is reof an affectionate father: his concern served for the last day: and to that is rather how he may do the will of day, therefore, all his hopes are dihis father, and forward whatever he rected; for till its arrival he does knows to be dear to him. He is not attain his crown, though even aware, indeed, that his father can here he possesses a joy unspeakable disinherit him if he will, but he and full of glory; and hereafter, never suspects him of such a design; before the soul and body are reand, being at ease upon that subject, united, he may enjoy, besides the though he may be sensible that he actual blessedness to the former, has too often merited his displeasure, whatever it may be, of the interhe is solicitous only to shew his mediate state, the anticipation of that respect and gratitude and love still greater blessedness which shall hereafter to one whose affection is ensue at the resurrection, when this too well known to him to be doubted. mortal body shall be made like unto Christ's glorious body, and body and dered to be brought up for judgment soul, joined together no more to part, at a distant day: and yet in the enter upon the full fruition of hea- interval he will feel many of the venly felicity. In the mean time effects of his conviction, and even the anticipation of this blessedness anticipate the nature of his sentence: by the disembodied spirit will itself which is strictly analogous to all be blessedness.
that is supposed of the intermediate This consideration, moreover, si- blessedness or misery of the departed. lences, if it does not remove, another As Dr. Whately himself elsewhere difficulty alleged by our author, justly observes, “ the whole of our where he says,
life is the period of trial allotted to “ It is indeed very conceivable that the
When death arrives the trial souls of men, in a separate state, should is past : there remaineth then a till the end of the world, and should then, looking-forof judgment (Heb.x. 27); at the resurrection, be re-united to bodies, and, accordingly, the business of the and enter on a different kind of enjoy- great day is described to be a revement or of suffering; this, I say, is, in lation—perhaps to all the universeitself, very conceivable ; but it is hard to conceive how, supposing that to be the
of the righteous judgment of God case, the day of judgment, at the time of (Rom. ii. 5), discovered previously the resurrection, should be spoken of as it may be) to the conscience of it is in Scripture; since each man would each individual, but then to be made (in the case just supposed) not only know his tinal condition, but actually enter upon known, by an authentic publication his reward or punishment before the re- and a simultaneous execution of the surrection, immediately on his death; so sentence, to all the hosts of creation that the judgment of the last day would be assembled to witness the award. Nor in fact forestalled.” View, p. 73. This last clause betrays what we
do we see any thing absurd in “ the humbly conceive to be a confusion judgment of the last day being thus
-a term, by the way, in the mind of the learned author. forestalled,”He explains his meaning, however, conveying, though perhaps uninmore distinctly by adding
tentionally, somewhat of levity not “ It seems strange that a man should becoming such a subject. Dr. Whately first undergo his sentence, and afterwards might be more guarded in his epithets. be brought to trial ;-should first enter What must the “ unlearned ” Aock, upon his reward or punishment, and then (perhaps many centuries after) be tried, have thought of his calling our
as he styles them, at Halesworth, and then judged, and acquitted or condemned.” pp. 73, 74.
blessed Lord's parable of the Rich The absurdity, here suggested, Man and Lazarus fictitious tale?” arises from confounding the two There are still one or two other ideas of trial and judgment. They points, connected with the state of commonly, indeed, form but one pro- things after death, in which Dr. cess upon earth; and there would be Whately's sensitiveness to the misthe greatest absurdity in rewarding a takes of others occasionally seduces man first, and trying him afterwards, him into an error not altogether because the trial supposes that the unlike that which he opposes. He cause has been unheard, that witnesses is much disconcerted at a notion, are yet to be called and facts to be esta- entertained by some persons,
“ that blished before it can be determined the saints, or faithful Christians, &c., whether the accused person deserves are to take a share in the general to be rewarded or punished, praised judgment.” This doctrine, he reor blamed. But it is not always marks, is, he believes, “ derived held to be so absurd that a man chiefly, if not entirely, from a passage should know, and even feel, something in the First Epistle to the Corinthians, of his sentence before judgment. À chap. vi.” But whatever may be man, for instance, who has been tried the merit of this particular opinion, for a libel, or even for a capital of- it does not rest exclusively upon the fence, and convicted, may be or- passage referred to. There is at