for any long period; but having it with interest to the proper owna son, Dr. Edward Fox, who had ers as soon as peace was concluded. pearly completed his academical “There may be some intricacy

jucation as a physician, and who and difficulty in finding out the was likely soon to be at liberty, he real losers, as the proprietors may communicated the circumstances have been insured. I would thereto him, proposing to him to go to fore choose that one of my own the continent, and take the neces- family should be on the spot, and sary measures for an equitable see it justly apportioned, and paid distribution of the property. To to the proper people. The sum in this end he wrote to him, in the my hands may amount to 12001. autumn of 1784, as follows :- or 13001., a little more or less."

I wish thee to go to Paris and The proposal contained in this Holland, to transact some business and subsequent letters was readily for me, which will afford thee much acceded to by Dr. E. Fox, and he pleasure, and more to others, who proceeded to Paris in the latter will cheerfully allow the expenses part of the year 1784. Delay, of thy journey. The case is this : however, that had not been antiI was concerned a quarter part in cipated, took place in procuring a vessel, for which, on the com- the bills of lading, and other nemencement of the war, the ma- cessary documents, which the majority of the owners procured naging adventurers appear to have letters of marque. I expressed been very backward in furnishing. my abhorrence of the employ, In about three months some of offered repeatedly to sell my part, them were obtained, and forwarded and wrote to them that, be the with a letter from Joseph Fox, success what it might, it would be from which the following is exno advantage to me, but a great tracted :loss, as she was getting money

“As I cannot yet procure any in a legal employ. But all my re- other account, though I have remonstrances were to no purpose : peatedly desired it, than the prothe majority of the owners had a duce of the Greyhound and her right to do as they pleased ; and, prizes, in gross; and, as the time contrary to my approbation, sent is far spent, I think it will be best her to sea. They succeeded beyond to procure the names of the people their expectation. I was offered a who were sufferers by the capture very handsome annuity for life, if of L'Aimable Françoise, Captain I would give up my right to the Clemenceau, taken by the Greyprofits; which I refused, being hound letter of marque, of St. Ives, determined to return the net pro- and carried into Falmouth ; and duce to the original proprietors, L'Assurance, taken by the Briland reserve nothing for myself. liant, and carried into Fowey. For The (other) owners threatened me, this purpose advertise immediately that, as it was wholly their trans- in the Paris papers, requesting that action, and done without my appro- the proprietors, insurers, or such bation, I had no right to the pro- as were real losers by the capture duce, and the law should determine of the said vessels, would send it. However, I examined my copies their names, and places of abode, of letters, and found that I had with an account of the loss they not given them any thing under sustained, to Dr. E. Fox, at the my hand to forfeit my claim ; and, Hotel de Yorck, &c., who will inlooking on myself in the light of form them of something to their a trustee, I positively insisted on advantage. my share. As much as they pleased “In answer to the claimants, to give me I immediately lodged in state that thy father, Joseph Fox, the funds, with the design to return of Falmouth, possessed a small

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share in the said vessels, Grey- illness was short, but severe ; and hound and Brilliant, for which the he died beloved and lamented. The other owners procured letters of evening before his death, he exmarque, contrary to his appro- ecuted a codicil to his will, in bation and religious principles; which he described this property, he being one of the people called not as his own, but as “ belonging Quakers, who think that no human to proprietors in France,” and as laws can authorise men to kill each having been committed to one of other, or take their property by his sons to “pay.” It appeared force (without acts of their own to afford him satisfaction, that the to forfeit it). But it was not in arrangements for the settlement his power to prevent them; the of the business had been thus far majority of the owners having a proceeded with in the time of his right, by the English laws, to em- health and strength, and that, alploy the vessels as they please. though he should not live to see Happily, no person was hurt; the this act of duty completed, yet that French being unarmed, and igno- he had taken the best measures in rant of the war."

his power for that purpose, as early Sufficient instructions were at as circumstances permitted. length received ; and application In consequence of the adverwas made for liberty to insert an tisement in the French Gazette, advertisement on the subject in the information was speedily cirthe “ Gazette de France," which culated in France and elsewhere, was the only newspaper of ex- and several applications were made tensive circulation then printed at by various parties, as proprietors Paris. Before permission could be and insurers. It is but just to obtained, it was found necessary state, that none of these claims to communicate with the Count proved to be ill founded, or at vade Vergennes, the minister of the riance with the bills of lading, and government who had the controul other information procured. The of the public press. He required distribution was accordingly made an explicit declaration to be made without further delay, in proporin form, before a proper officer, tion to the losses of the claimants. that the real object of the adver- Those who had been sufferers by tisement was such as it professed the capture of the ship Assurance, to be, not without a threat of severe of Havre, made a spontaneous acpunishment in case of deception. knowledgment of the amount which This declaration being made, proved had been returned to them, by a satisfactory; and the editor of the notice in the Gazette de France, Gazette, either of his own emo- in which they state their“ wish to tion, or by direction of his supe. give the publicity which it merits riors, briefly stated the case in a to this trait of generosity and few lines which were prefixed to equity, which does honour to the the advertisement.

society of the Quakers, and proves Thus was the business placed their attachment to the principles in a fair way of being soon brought of peace and unity by which they to a satisfactory termination ; an are distinguished.' event which seems to have been It may deserve to be mentioned, one of very interesting anticipation and it is probably an instance of to the conscientious mind of this frequent occurrence under such good man. He was not, however, circumstances, that one of the permitted actually to witness it, many sufferers by these comparaDivine Providence having seen fit tively trifling captures was so overto summon him to another state whelmed by the unexpected calaof existence a few days before the mity, that he died of a broken publication of this notice. His heart: the partial return proved,




however, very grateful to his audience of Louis XVIII., and sewidow, as well as to several others, veral interviews with his ministers. by whom the loss had been deeply Many difficulties, however, prefelt.

sented themselves, in consequence The total sum to be distributed, of the recent change of authorities, arising from the monies first re- and the great unsettlement in the ceived by Joseph Fox, and the in- political state of the country. The terest thereon, appears to have been inquiries which he proposed to 15901. 88. The amount returned make, as to the existing charitable

two vessels only, the institutions for the relief of indigent Aimable Françoise and the Assur- seamen, could not at that time be ance; so that, after defraying all prosecuted to his satisfaction, and the expenses attending the resti. he returned home, after a short tution, there remained a balance stay; the alarm of the ex-emperor's of about 1201. unapplied, being landing from Elba putting a speedy Mr. Fox's share of the proceeds of termination to the peaceful intersome small coasting vessels cap- course with England. tured by the same letters of marque, In the year 1818, by the opewhich it was found impracticable ration of compound interest, the to distribute satisfactorily, without amount had increased to 6001. much additional delay and expense; The tranquillity of France being the claimants being numerous, and then fully restored, Dr. E. Fox residing in various parts of France went to Paris again, and, being and Holland, at a considerable dis- furnished with a proper introductance from each other. For the tion to some of the members of appropriation of this small sum, the cabinet, he conferred with the which had arisen under such pe- minister of marine, and other pubculiar circumstances, no second lic functionaries, on the subject, object appeared more suitable, and exhibited the plan acted upon than the relief of the necessities in England for the relief of merof French merchant-seamen, for chant sailors. The result was, that whom no such distinct and ge- this little sum was finally placed neral provision appeared to be in “ the treasury of the invalid made as exists for the same class seamen of France,” for the relief in the more maritime country of of“ non-combatants” of the merBritain. It was therefore con- chant service; not without the excluded to apply it as a trifling aid pectation of its proving a nucleus, towards this purpose, as soon as to which considerable augmentacircumstances should permit, in tions might afterwards be made. the hope that it might lead to fu. The family of Lefebvre, of Rouen, ture endowments more commen- having been great losers by the surate with the claims of this nu- original captures, and having renmerous class. Theamount remained dered essential aid in making the under the care of Dr. E. Fox; but distribution, a power was reserved in consequence of his increasing to them of recommending a certain engagements, and of the war which number of objects belonging to that unhappily commenced between the port ; and, from accounts which two countries in 1793, no oppor- they have transmitted from time tunity was presented to him for to time, it appears that the design many years of finally discharging has been carried into effect. himself of the obligation.

Thus was this long-protracted On the re-establishment of peace business brought to a conclusion, in 1814, after a continuance of and the original intention of the hostilities, with but little cessa- principal agent fulfilled, as comtion, for upwards of twenty years, pletely as circumstances would he proceeded to Paris, and had an permit.

It would be superfluous to add the character of those who profess any thing to the above narrative ; them is evil, it is not unnatural except, perhaps, to say, that if that mankind should be led to some Joseph Fox would zealously doubt their correctness, or at least take up the subject of privateering, their alleged spiritual influence. and devote himself to procure its The Christian is to let his light abolition, he might live

to witness, shine before men, that they may or his children after him, an abo- glorify his Father in heaven : if he lition of this nefarious practice, do not do so, truth loses much and leave his name to be remem- of its moral power. A belief in bered among the true benefactors reference to things not practicalof the human race. He would, such as mathematical demonstrahowever, have a yet brighter re- tions—is very different to faith in ward than to stand on the ho- those unseen and eternal realities, norary rolls of philanthropy; for which cannot but strongly influhe would have the approbation of ence the heart. In this view, the conscience, and the satisfaction of character of Luther or Cranmer having promoted peace on earth, is of more importance than Antiand good-will to men. Nor, it is Euclid admits ; for though, whattrusted, would the task be long or ever it might have been, the real arduous—compared, for instance, principles of the Reformation are with the abolition of the slave- the same, yet honest men not untrade and slavery—for who is there fairly indulge a presumption for or that would venture upon principle against a proposal according to the to defend a custom so utterly op- known character of the proposer. posed to every dictate of Chris- If Luther had been what some tianity and justice?

Papists describe him, men might be led to view the Reformation in religion, as we should one of Mr.

Hunt or Mr. Cobbett's schemes of IS CHARACTER THE TEST OF reform in politics. Agreeing, thereTRUTH?

fore, though I do with Anti-Euclid

in his general proposition, I demur To the Editor of the Christian Observer. to its universal application, and feel

thankful, as I am sure he must, to, I admit the general justice of those who have rescued the chaAnti-Euclid's remark, that cha- racter of Luther, Cranmer, and racter is not the test of truth; other worthies from the unjust but I think he carries his position imputations which have been cast too far: for the truths of religion

M. N. are of a moral nature; so that, if

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upon them.


Sermons, preached before the Univer- ability, are still more valuable

sity of Cambridge during the Month for their Christian spirit and of January 1830. By the Rev. advocacy of truth. Our satisR. W. Evans, M.A. Fellow and faction in perusing them is enTutor of Trinity College. Lon- hanced by the consideration of the don : 8vo.

station which the writer holds in

the principal college in Cambridge, THESE sermons, which are cha- and the influential character of the racterized by great intellectual audience before whom these discourses were preached. We have itself.” There are various ways, witnessed with much pleasure, on he remarks, in which the mind is various occasions, a truly Christian liable to become incapacitated for tone of sentiment exhibited in the the profitable study of the Scrippulpit of that university; and we ture, by the ill-directed indulare grateful to Mr. Evans for the gence of a literary taste. He parevidence which his sermons afford, ticularly specifies, an insatiable that the standard thus assumed appetite for knowledge, without has not been relinquished. any application of it to the service

The first discourse is on the of God; a limitation of mental Study of Scripture. Mr. Evans research to the exact sciences, so begins with noticing the admirable as not to distinguish between the fitness of that mode of instruction qualities of moral and abstract which the Divine wisdom has had truth; and an inordinate applicarecourse to in the Holy Scriptures, tion to literature, to the neglect of to interest the feelings and affect a healthy communication with the the hearts of men, and contrasts living world, whence arises the with it, the cold, formal, un

disease of an ill-regulated imagipractical effort of any regular sys- nation. Few, if any, persons, says tem or theory of divinity, even Mr. Evans, who have tasted the though 'derived from the Scrip- enjoyments of a liberal education, tures. This striking inferiority and have paid attention to the in the latter case he ascribes to internal operations of their own the artificial regularity of arrange- minds, can fail to have detected ments and the absence of facts. in their own bosom, at some pe

riod or other, the elements of “ In the Scriptures we are presented

these errors.

Mr. Evans laments with real beings, our Lord and his Apostles move before our eyes; the doctrines the little comparative importance come forth, as called' by circumstances which persons long engaged in from their mouths, or as illustrated in literary pursuits usually attach to facts, and thus make their impression the study of the word of God, with the solidity of substance upon the though it is that study to which heart." " “ Whereas, in the other case, our all others ought to be subordinate Lord becomes almost an abstract being; and subservient ; and he obthe goodly train of apostles, disciples, and assembled churches, vanishes at once"; all serves, that the poor heathen, facts are excluded; we have to follow with whom we most justly pity for his our understanding, the artificial arrange- scanty light and lamentable errors, ment of the compiler, and the heart has on this account may put us to comparatively little palpable presented to

shame:it.” pp. 3, 4.

From the peculiar character of the “ So impregnated is his literature with instruction which Holy Scripture bis religion, so thoroughly is his language

in gives, it follows, says Mr. Evans,

every page imbued with it, that we

cannot approach the oracles of Christian that peculiar qualities are required faith in the original tongue without a good in its readers; and these are, more acquaintance with his rites, his modes, than common sincerity (including and objects of worship : as if God, in under this name profound rever

the counsels of his providence, had pur

posed to put us to shame, and to discover ence and humility), more than to us, at the same moment with the glocommon diligence, more than com- rious light and comfort of his Gospel, the mon perseverance. The author abyss of darkness and error from which he

has delivered us. then points out the impediments feared) be a mortifying result, were we

It would (it is to be to the attainment of these quali- to enter into a comparison for ascertaining ties, particularly as those impedi- the question, which of the two, from a ments are found amongst literary perusal of the same number of similar pursuits, or, as Mr. Evans expresses have the advantage. Would the Greek

works in each the other's language, would it, “in the very field of knowledge derive as clear a notion of the Gospel

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