« VorigeDoorgaan »
shall make the same compromise re- him an opportunity of contemplating a specting the personal allusions to a living portraiture of an able, judicious, and
zealous minister of Christ. Mr. Robinmuch venerated individual, forgiving
son was, indeed, formed to be an eminent the revival of idle Cambridge gossip parish priest by his natural talents, acquirof some balf-century since, in con- ed endowments, and a plain masculine sideration of the testimonial which eloquence which commanded the attention
of his audience. Blessed, moreover, with records the triumph over it.
good health, an equable flow of animal That the absence of any inordi. spirits, and a kind, benevolent disposition, nate ambition in Mr. Lloyd to obtain without any of those morbid or refined academical distinctions did not arise sensibilities which aggravate real trials, from inability to secure them, but the difficulties of an arduous and populous
and inflict imaginary ones; he confronted from far better feelings, appears in sphere with a strength and independence theremarkable fact, that in the course of mind which was not to be intimidated of a single day, without warning or
or seduced by the frowns or smiles of the premeditation, he, at the urgent re- almost envied this happy temperament,
world. His curate greatly admired and quest of his brother and Mr. Brown and the facilities it afforded for a vigorous (afterwards the well-known Provost discharge of the ministerial duties—but of the college at Calcutta), dictated
was occasionally tempted to draw compathe essay on “ The Literary Beauties and disturbed the tranquillity of his mind.
rative conclusions which clouded his hopes, of Scripture," which gained the Because he could not, under the debilitatNorrisian prize.
ing effects of corporeal disorder, always “ There was no leisure for revision or
rise into energy of action, or ascend upon improvement, - as it was just finished
the wings of faith and love into a more within the prescribed period; and after a
sensible enjoyment of his Christian prividue examination of the comparative merits leges, his conscience, ever fremblingly of the different essays, the prize was ad
alive to his moral obligations, charged him judged to this vivâ voce production. It of piety with piety itself. The sanguine
with negligence,-confounding the ardour lect; it flowed without
effort, from a mind, character of the ministry under which he not only enriched with classical stores, but received at Cambridge that vital sense of irradiated by the greater light of revelation. religion, to which I have already adverted, The subject was congenial to his present
countenanced a warm and impassioned incipient state of piety; the « Sun of piety, and such strong correspondent exRighteousness” had shone with the light pressions of it as were not friendly to the of life into the innermost recesses of his
health and spirits of a valetudinarian ; and soul, and kindled there such a hallowed it is no wonder that he was often led, in flame of devotion as called up his mental defiance of his sound and better judgment, powers into vigorous exercise. If his pa
to estimate his religious attainments by the ramount regard to the sacred work of the vivacity of his sensations, and to experiministry, combined with infirmity of health, of joys and sorrows, which so fluctuating
ence those alternations of hopes and fears had not diverted him from scientific pursuits, he would soon have acquired a high
a standard naturally produces.” pp. 9–11. reputation in the republic of letters. He
There is much substantial truth was endued with a sound, discriminating in the above discrimination between intellect, a strong retentive memory, and the varied habits of different Chrisa splendid imagination; he had, in the lan
tians, and the comparative ease guage of a literary friend,' abilities capable of any thing.'
with which a man, endued with Having taken his degree, he be the qualifications which the writer came curate to Mr. Robinson of ascribes to Mr. Robinson, could
the duties of a laborious “ He was reluctant, at first, to comply
ministerial sphere of action, which with this application, but Mr. Robinson
to another person of equal piety, over-ruled his scruples by his friendly im- but of different bodily and mental portunity,-offering to accommodate him in his parsonage, and assuring him, at the temperament, would present formidsame time, that he should only require able obstacles ;-of all which phesuch ministerial aid as was consistent with nomena, however, the right solution the delicate state of his constitution, and is, that God is pleased to raise up agreeable to his own wishes. He conti- and qualify different men for differpued in this situation about two years, and always spoke of the connection with gra
ent offices, and to dispose of their titude and pleasure, as having afforded powers of mind and body as he sees
pp. 8, 9.
fit for the tasks which he allots them. upon earth; and that we may learn But, amidst this substantial truth, to see, or fancy, so many difficulties there is something in the tone of in every proffered scheme of good, the biographer's second allusion to that, while trimming the balance, we Cambridge which, in connexion with may waste our energies and our lives some other passages in the book, in doing nothing. We can easily seems to us to convey more than conceive that some persons, in their meets the ear. We could almost “ warm and impassioned piety," fancy that the Reverend biographer may have overlooked some continentertains certain dissatisfactions in gent evils which might arise out of reference to a portion of his brethren, their projects; but we are quite sure with whom he still agrees, in the that many more have stified much main, in points of doctrine, and certain and attainable good by their whom he respects for their personal abstruse calculations of remote conpiety and devotion to their duties. tingencies. There are men, and But we are not anxious to penetrate good men too, who, when any plan into the mystery; and therefore, of religious utility is proposed, so having, as became honest reviewers, feel and feel about with their microjust noticed it, as was necessary, from scopic antennæ, lest a mote should its possible bearing upon some par. chance to be in the way, that the time ticulars of the narrative, we drop for action, and the vigour of action, the topic, and shall not revert to it. are lost, and the world might perish The cause or nature of the estrange- while they are quadrating equations. ment, which the biographer alludes This minute scrupulosity is often to as having unhappily glided in truly honest and conscientious ; but between his beloved and esteemed even then it may be a mental disrelative and some of his early reli- ease, which it were better to overgious friends, seems to hinge on the come by plain sense and determined same mystery. Perhaps the solu. energy, than to allow to degenerate tion, in plain English, may be, that into a sickly and cowardly inertness. the biographer wishes, in a tacit and But, to return from this digression peaceable, but intelligible manner, --for a digression it is, as respects to shew that neither his brother nor any personal application which we himself desired to be identified with should either wish or be warranted some of the institutions and proceed- in making to the memoir before usings of what are currently called, in we shall introduce our readers to reproach, “the Evangelical Clergy." what is
what is to us the most interesting We only suggest this hint in pass- part of Mr. Lloyd's history : we ing, as it may explicate some pas- allude to his feelings and conduct as sages in the volume; but shall ground a college tutor. His health proving upon it no comment, except this, that unequal to the curacy at Leicester, in a world of imperfection we must be quitted it with much pain to himoften make a choice between evils; self, to Mr. Robinson, and his pathat there is the extreme of being rishioners, and accepted (in 1790) a too cold, as well as that of being too college tutorship. The spirit by “ warm and impassioned;" that, in which he was actuated in engaging avoiding the ill-assorted fellowships upon this new sphere of arduous of a Bible Society, we may refine duty is exhibited by his brother in upon the matter till we lose some- bis narrative, but still more in the what of the communion of saints ; extracts from his own private papers. that, in our just veneration for our His humility and hesitation in acown ecclesiastical community, we cepting an office for which, health may verge towards a spirit of ex- excepted, he was admirably qualiclusion, which would introduce un- fied, and which was specially conseemly discord into the ranks of the genial to his taste, shews his great universal church of Christ militant ienderness of conscience, and wish to be divinely guided in the path of lege honours, if they were always duty. His brother remarks: accompanied with such a frame of
«'He was always in his watch-tower,' mind as is exhibited in the secret observing the dispensations of Heaven, and conflicts which passed in the bosom tracing out the wisdom and goodness of God in his dealings with him. In inter of this devout and humble-minded preting the intimations of his Providence, servant of God. We will not tanhe took a comprehensive and accurate talize our readers with a scanty exsurvey of every circumstance illustrative tract. of the Divine will, - balancing conflicting arguments with a sound discrimination of exhibit (what is the primary object of this
“ The following passages will serve to judgment, and regulating his resolutions short narrative to exhibit) the complexion and conduct according to the preponder- of the inner man, the holy simplicity of ance of evidence. But whilst he thus his character, his paramount regard to contemplated the pending proposition the will of God in all his determinations under its various aspects and probable
and movements. consequences, he exercised, at the same
“ I think it, however, expedient to pretime, a vigilant jealousy over the subtle mise, that his frequent complaints about operations of his heart, retiring into the
his sloth originated in his extreme sensiinmost recesses of his soul, and severely bility of conscience, --his realizing views pride, vanity, sloth, an inordinate regard and the temptations of that subtle adverto the honours and riches of this world, sary who derives abundant materials from or any sinister view or obliquity of prin- the disorders of the body for the purpose ciple, should cloud and pervert his under- of assailing the faith of humble Christians standing, and imperceptibly betray him and of bringing their minds into a state of into wrong
conclusions. In short, he acted bondage and disquietude. He was, at this under the influence of that best of all casuists, a' single eye,'—referring his designs his valuable life, under a medical interdict
period, and during the remaining part of and undertakings to the sacred standard of relative to his studies, as his health would Scripture, and imploring, at the same time the illnmination of the Holy Spirit that he truly say, from my own personal know
not admit of intense application. I can might have a right discernment in the ex. ledge, that his intellectual and executive position of its meaning. How often has
powers were circumscribed in the range his constant and fervent communion with
of their exercise by no other cause than heaven dispelled the clouds of doubt, tran
what arose from the morbid and debili. quillized the disquietudes of a tender con
tated state of his constitution. Having science, and subdued the gloomy antici, thrown out this preliminary remark, that pation of difficulties by a well-founded assurance that his strength should be equal my reader may put a just construction to his day. It is no wonder that the Sun upon this part of his private confessions,
I proceed to subjoin these short docu. of Righteousness shone upon the path of
ments, which may serve as an avenue to so eminent a Christian, and made his way the recesses of his spiritual mind. plain before him.” pp. 13, 14.
“Nov. 1,1790, King's College.- If I should The fraternal biographer pro- be appointed to the tutorship (as seems at ceeds to quote, from “ an immense present probable) I would enter upon it
with these views :-Instead of being overmass of small detached papers,
joyed, which pride would prompt me to, rapidly written, and some scarcely I would mix humiliation and fear, a prolegible, a few passages which occur per fear, with my thankfulness, as being relative to his feelings on this occa
degraded from my bigher and more hosion, and his general state of mind ing for what ends God may have put me
nourable office at Leicester; as not knowat that period of his life. It is to into it, and whether it will indeed be a these passages that we chiefly re- mark of his favour, instead of his tempo. ferred at the commencement of our
rary displeasure towards me; and lastly,
as being aware that such a place will exremarks, and we strongly recom
pose me to great snares and trials. It will mend them to the perusal of stu- prove what manner of spirit I am of. Yet dents, academical and clerical, that ihere are many other views which should
make me rejoice in such an appointment, they may see the spirit in which a
as it will open to me so many sources of Christian should addict himself to a usefulness, which I may justly hope will known duty, even though attended not be in vain, if my God so place me; with some apparent disadvantages, and He knoweth, that I would rather die nay, even some spiritual difficulties. than take the office on any other condi
tion. Should He bring me into it, may There would be little to fear from
not one end which he has in view be to the effect of college studies, or col. mortify my sloth, by thus placing me in
circumstances where close study will be the duties of the closet, I must now lay necessary, and where both my natural and out in the literary services, to which my spiritual principles would lead to it. It place (if I have it) will call me.
This is is with shame, I confess, that all the means an important point. Devotional duties, he has hitherto used to break its strength, collectively considered, are of the utmost have effected but little ; these new means consequeuce in religion,--that is, where then may have been requisite for my de- the mind is come into the frame or habit liverance from this sin,—at least, for such of waiting upon God, and seeking the a deliverance from it as may enable me to blessings of the Gospel. Now I am apt be useful in my generation, and to adorn to lay too much stress on each, singly conthe Gospel. Besides, may he not have sidered, and so to go to every fresh daty another end in it, viz. to teach me a as if all depended on it. This, perhaps, lesson which I have been too perverse to in part, is the cause of my being longer learn hitherto, at least as I ought, and than I ought to be in the performance of this is, that I can serve him as much in them. O, my God! enable me to correct literary as religious things-mediately as this error! Yesterday, Mr. immediately--as much, in short, when I elected V. Provost, and I Dean of Divi. am studying the classics, &c. as when I am nity. The hand of the Lord bath the prereading the Bible, &c. &c. and when I am eminence, the hand of the Lord bringeth endeavouring to draw people gently to- mighty things to pass. Give us courage, wards him, as when I would compel them and yet prudence, O, our God! for the to come in. It will, doubtless, cost me right and effectual discharge of our offices : much self-denial and many struggles to - I feel on my conscience the weight of attain these ends, and I should prepare my appointment. Lord, strengthen me to for some very painful exercise of mind. bear it, and suffer me not to sink under it! But will they not be most salutary, and May I set myself faithfully to the very arhave the happiest effects upon me? Then duous work of reforming the college, and let me welcome my Lord's discipline, how- not be afraid of reproaches ! Amen.' ever serere. These very important views, “ • Nov. 18.-1'had intended, both on if they be of thee, and if thou shouldst make last Sunday and to-day, to have devoted me tutor, O, my God! write them deep myself to God, at his table, by a written in my memory: they will tend to shew
surrender. Yet, alas, the good, which I me something of the wisdom which thou would, I do not :--a spirit of indolence manifestest in thy dealings with me. Next and other corruptions stood in the way; Sunday is Sacrament Sunday--l purpose, I desire to be humbled in the dust, and at this important crisis of my life, to de- have been crying to-day for grace to aid vole myself to God in the bonds of his me in my purpose. By next Sacramentcovenant by a (written and) solemn sur- day I hope to effect it.' To.morrow conrender of myself and my all into his hands, cludes my seventh year in the ways of that he may henceforward act towards me, God; it will finish my apprenticeship: and I towards him, as he and his people but I like my Master and his service so do towards each other. O, my Lord ! let well, that I am willing now to bind myself thy grace, which excites in me this pur- to him for ever, as Deuteronomy xv. 16, 17. pose, assist me to bring it into good effect! O, my Saviour ! reject me not for my past Amen.'
dullness and waywardness, and for the “ • Nov. 14, 1790.-During my visit at trouble which I have so constantly given home, I had to exercise only passive grace, thee.' and there was almost a total suspension "" Nov. 25, 1790.—I am now nominated of all active obedience. This was then to the tutorship; 0, my God! thou knowest my line of duty, I verily believe,—but on that I have not taken it for myself, but coming to college, I find work unexpect- for thec, as believing it to be thy will that edly prepared for me; bere is likely to be I should do so, and hoping that thou demuch exercise both for my judgment and signest to employ me in the office for the grace, and much for my understanding and promoting of thy own glory, &c. I thank memory too, if I should succeed Mr. Nor- ihee that, even to the very last, thou didst bury as tutor. My duty now is, to be preserve me from the influence of those almost constantly doing, yet without exer- carnal motives which would have led me tion; a system of idleness is no longer to to wish earnestly for the appointment, in be allowed to my disorder ; but I must order to my exaltation. I can appeal to rather allow for it, in the manner of doing, thee, that thou hast enabled me to sit ut. which should be as easy and as compa- terly loose to it; and that even now I am tible with a relaxed frame of mind as pos- ready to resign it as soon as ever thou sible. Pride will, I doubt not, persuade callest for it. O! remember what I have me to an intense application, that I may begged of thee from day to day, viz. do what I do well. Such a spirit must be that I might not have the tutorship, unless carefully guarded against, and a peculiar I had also grace and gifts suitable to it. moderation in my studies kept up, at least, On these terms alone have 1 accepted the for some time. Oh, for help! That time Provost's offer, therefore fulfil them, O, which I have been wont to squander away heavenly Father! and help me to trust on a tedious and unprofitable attention to thee for all necessary influences of thy
Spirit, and to go forth to my new work as direction and strength, &c. I was able to one assured of having sufficient supplies expect, that as my day was, so my strength from thee for the discharge of it. On my would be ; and I believe that I truly gave expressing my fear that my health would myself into the hands of my God, that he not admit of my fulfilling such a trust might do all for, in, and by me. O! my properly, he desired me to give it a trial, God, remember that time and those prayers and observed that I might afterwards re- and professions, for good. Let me have sign it, if I found this the case. He beg- the fruit of them, and draw fresh encouged that I would endeavour to make the ragement from every review of them, — office as easy to myself as I could, and ex- and O! help me to live henceforth conpressed his fear lest my sense of duty tinually, as one who is not his own, but should overset me. He did not doubt thine, mindful both of thy engagements to my conscientious regard to the business me, and of my own obligations to thee. of the tutorship, but was only apprehen. Amen. Amen. sive that it would lead me to neglect my “ The only thing that weighs me down health. That God did not require more at now, is, lest the honour of the Gospel our hands than we could pay, consistently should suffer by my miscarriage in my new with other considerations; that he was office; lest it should be observed, that I not a hard master, &c. This advice was am like many other religious characters,very suitable indeed to my case ; Lord, I know nothing, and therefore it is no help me to observe it! There are three wonder that one so weak and ill-informed things chiefly to be regarded by me in ex- should be misled, and give way to such ecuting the office assigned me.
foolish fancies.' O! my God, I am ashamFirst, I must try to do it entirely to ed before thee that I have given so much God, as the work which he has set me: any occasion for the charge of ignorance, by expressions of censure from the scholars neglecting to cultivate my intellects, &c. should not move me; I should be as one I would I had improved my talents in a who noticed them not, &c. O, my God! literary way, that thine enemies might be so crucify me to the world, that I may, in- constrained rather to say of me, it is not deed, enter upon my office in such a spirit. for want of knowledge or understanding
Secondly, I must aim at being solid that he holds these peculiar opinions. But rather than shewy, at saying useful, rather what is past cannot be remedied. Ought than splendid things. This will not in- I then to have accepted a place, to which deed be to set myself off, it will not tend I am so little competent? I certainly to exalt me in their esteem ; but it will be should not have done it, but on the idea the most suitable to their literary state : of its being my God's will. I have good they are much in want of solidity, and ground for believing, that he hath assigned therefore by aiming at this, rather than the me my office ;-thus much I thought due other, I shall approve myself to God, as to the sense I had of my own insufficiency, shewing the best motives in the business, viz. to be quite passive, and not to &c.
make any the least advance towards the “ Third and lastly, I must beware of tutorship. But when offered me, I did being wordy in giving lectures: I should not dare to refuse it, because all my relirather endeavour to say little, and that to gious friends were for my accepting it; the purpose, and what little I do speak because the providence of God led manishould be delivered with emphasis ; this festly, and in a very striking way, towards would add much weight to my instruc- it,--and because it was my desire, whether tions; something of this effect might take tutor or not, in this my relaxed state, to place :--sortilegis non discrepuit sententia apply for some time to literary things.” Delphis."
“ Jan. 1, 1791.-Spared to another year, “ Dec. 7, 1790.—Last Sunday I was en- O! my soul, bless the Lord. I foresee it abled to make the (written) surrender of will be a year of severe trials to me: there myself to the Lord in the bonds of his will be much exactly calculated to mortify covenant ; my sloth prevented my draw- my sinful nature, and for this prospect I ing one up for myself, so that I transcribed bless thee; I welcome it, though with that in Doddridge, and sealed it at the trembling, as a new proof of thy wise and table of the Lord. Though this religious holy love towards me; and I only beg I transaction was not carried through by me may not be suffered to faint ; I have had with that deliberation and solemnity which some declamations to look over, which, it required, yet my God graciously accept together with my inactivity, have prevented me in it. It was a good season to me; ed much my getting forward in my prepaI found more than usual access to him; rations for lectures; I am yet but at ihe and could cast every burden upon him, threshold;0! my God, pardon and quicken viz. my previous sloth of the last three weeks,--my shameful cowardice, and the “ Jan. 16, 1791.–To-morrow night my working of other sad corruptions ;-the lectures begin ; I have all the work of a snares and difficulties of my new situation, very long term before me, and am very -my exceeding unfitness and inequality little prepared for it. 0! why have I not to the duties of the tutorship,--and my been more diligent, and why have I not very pressing want of more than common been content to do more slightly the little