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delusion. Again and again, how. against all sin. At other times they ever, we repeat that we do not were affected, under the power of make any individual responsible for God, with a mighty shaking; and what he does not himself vouch for. were occasionally exercised in singWe would not, for example, charge ing, shouting, or walking the floor, upon Mr. Boys or Mr. Ñ‘Neile the under the influence of spiritual absurdities of Port-Glasgow, how. signs, shoving each other about, or ever closely we may think such ab- swiftly passing and repassing each surdities would follow upon their other, like clouds agitated by a general position; much less would mighty wind.
From these strange we lay to their account those exercises they receive the name of too probable future extravagancies Shakers. The work which God which a belief in modern miracles is promised to accomplish in the latter likely to generate in illiterate and day, say they, was eminently markunsound minds. But, though not ed out by the prophets to be a work invidiously, or for accusation, yet for of shaking; and hence the name serious warning, we think it not ir. was properly applied to the people relevant to remind them of former who were both the subjects and indays; and, as germain to this par struments of the work of God in the ticular matter of modern miracles,
latter day. of the case of the Shakers, described “ “ About the year 1770, we are as follows by Dr. Dwight.
informed that the present testi“ The history of these people has mony of salvation and eternal life been published by themselves, in an was fully opened, according to the octavo volume entitled, · The Testi- special gift and revelation of God, mony of Christ's Second Appearing.' through Anne Lee, that extraordiIn the introduction of this work we nary woman, who at that time was are informed that a few of the French received by their society as their prophets came over to England spiritual mother.' This woman was about the year 1706. A few of the born at Manchester Her father, people, who became ultimately their John Lee, was a blacksmith. Her followers at Bolton and Manchester busband, Abraham Stanley, was also in England, united themselves in a a blacksmith ; and she was a cutter society, under the special ministry of of batters' fur. To such as addressJames and Jane Wardley. These ed her by the customary titles used people were both tailors by occupa- by the world she would reply, 'I tion, and of the sect of Quakers; but, am Anne the Word. After having receiving the spirit of the French been imprisoned in England, and prophets, their testimony, accord-confined in a mad-house, she set sail ing to what they saw by vision and for America in 1774, with a number revelation from God, was, that the of her followers. second appearing of Christ was at “She professed that she was able hand, and that the church was rising to work miracles, and that she was in her full and transcendent glory, endued with the power of speaking which would effect the final downfall with tongues, in the manner reof Antichrist. The meetings of these corded of the Apostles. Pretenpeople were held alternately in sions to miraculous powers at this Bolton and Manchester, and some- period (Dr. Dwight was writing in times in Mayortown. The manner 1799] excite, not only in persons of of public devotion practised by them intelligence, but in most men of at these places was the following. sober thought, indignation or conSometimes, after assembling together tempt; but in ignorant persons, and sitting awhile in silent medita- especially those who have warm tion, they were taken with a mighty feelings and lively imaginations, trembling, under which they would they awaken wonder, alarm, and express the indignation of God ultimately confidence. With the aid
of a cunning which levels its efforts spiritual pride and self-sufficiency;" directly at their degree of under- and who, when hardly pushed, “bestanding, a ready voluble eloquence, took himself, like all other enthuand a solemn air of mystery, such siasts, to disingenuous methods, in pretenders have usually made con- order to avoid acknowledging that he siderable impression on persons of was vanquished.” Dr. Dwight adds: this character.”
“In their worship they sung what “ The book which contains their they called an unknown language. doctrines, is divided into eight parts, It was a succession of unmeaning four of which, together with many sounds, frequently repeated, half passages in other parts, are employed articulated, and plainly gotten by in railing at various classes of Chris. heart, for they all uttered the same tians, particularly those who have words in succession. The tune with been generally denominated orthodox, which they were at this time inspired both in ancient and modern times. was Nancy Dawson. For those who have been denomi- “ In their worship they practised nated heretics they appear to enter- many contortions of body and distain much charity, particularly for tortions of countenance. The gestithe Manicheans. The style of the culations of the women were violent, work is grave, remarkably abstract, and had been practised so often, and and mysterious ; and the doctrines, in such a degree, as to have fixed their taken together, a singular combination features in an unnatural position. of mysticism. The spirit with which “ The power of working miracles it is written is vain, arrogant, and they still claim; and in the book self-righteous without a parallel. which I have so often mentioned, a The opinions, it is hardly necessary number of instances are produced, in to observe, are not only weak and which the effects of these powers are silly, but monstrous, beyond any said to have been realized by sevemodern example.
members of the fraternity. The “ Incredible as it may seem, one writer expressly says that the gifts is tempted, from the apparent since- of healing, working of miracles, prority of these people in other cases, to phesying, discerning of spirits, dibelieve them sincere in the adoption verse kinds of tongues, the interof those mental vagaries by which preting of tongues, &c., have been they are distinguished as a religious abundantly ministered through Mosociety. They profess, and appear ther and the first witnesses, and from to believe, that they are regularly them to others, and frequently used inspired in their worship; that they on various occasions.' Ten instances are enabled to speak and to sing in in which persons have professedly unknown languages ; that they de- been healed of various wounds and rive their sentiments, their know. diseases are recorded. Five of these ledge, their devotion, their unnatural are testified to by the patients themactions, and even their tunes, from selves; four are testified by one other the same Divine source.”
witness to each, beside the patient; Dr. Dwight not only learned these two by two witnesses, together with and many other particulars from their the patient; and one by two witown publications, but from personal nesses, without the testimony of the interviews among them. Being once patient, who was a child of two years detained near their settlement by a old. snow-storm, he fell in with a party “ I have mentioned that the comof them. Their leading theologian pany at whose worship I was prehe found to be a man very ignorant sent, declared that they could speak of Scripture, and “ destitute of any with tongues, and that both the coherent views concerning religious words and the tune which they sung subjects,” but “replenished with was inspired. It is unnecessary to
add any thing concerning the tune. to be introduced to the spiritual I observed to them, that the sounds privileges of the kingdom of the which they made, and which they Messiah, which every Christian mind called language, could not be words, glows to anticipate, but that “they because they were not articulated. shall enjoy metropolitan pre-eminence One of the women replied, • How over all the other nations of the carth;" dost thou know but that we speak that Great Britain, the nations of the the Hotmatot language? The lan- continents of Europe and America guage of the Hotmatots is said to in short, the whole world shall crouch be made up of such sort of words.' before them, “confessing their own I challenged them to speak either inferiority" and acknowledging the Greek, Latin, or French, and told “manifest superiority " of the Jews; them, that if they would do this I we consider a mere fancy, not likely would acknowledge that they had to make many sober converts, or to the power of speaking witli tongues; do much harm; except indeed but they were silent."
and no slight exception-as it may But enough ; we have no heart to render the Jews very conceited, and proceed further ; nor is it neces- impede their conversion to God and sary. Dr. Dwight concludes his Christ, by leading them to fancy statement with saying, that, irrational that our Lord's kingdom is of this as is such a system, yet “ the strong world, though He said it was not; and propensity of individuals scattered to look with national pride for crowns throughout the world to relish what and sceptres, instead of prostrating is strange and mysterious, merely themselves in humility as sinners because it is so, will in all proba- before the cross of Calvary. But bility prolong this delusion until it the question of modern miracles is shall be terminated by the Millen- more practically alarming ; for, if nium.” We fear that he speaks too once indulged, the evils are inevittruly; for the scenes at Port-Glasgow able: in proof of which we need only closely resemble the fanaticism of remind Mr. M`Neile of the whole the Shakers, and are connected with page of history, with most earnest some of the same doctrines, espe- warnings and exhortations to him cially the continuance of miracles; not to give countenance to a de-another proof, we shall perhaps lusion, the results of which he may be be told, that “ the church has among the foremost to lament when never relinquished its claim” to it is too late to controul them. them. To appeal to the ignorant fanatics of Port-Glasgow were vain; but we do even yet hope that those persons of understanding and edu- For the Christian Observer. cation who have directly or indirectly encouraged such delusions
"fumum et opes strepitumque." will pause before it be too late, and return to the good old paths of Scrip- LIKE monk, or eremite, or holg maid, tural sobriety and truth. Let them Within the cloister's consecrated shade, look at the declivity which is before Slow.pacing some old minster's long drawn aisle
Entranc'd in mystic dream, and sooth'd the while them, and oppose these new extra- By the hush'd murmur of the city's dio, vagances with the same zeal with Which faintly sounds the hallow'd walls within ;
So walks the Christian mid the stirring crowd which they opposed the delusions
Of ever-busy worldlings, fierce and loud. of Brothers or Joanna Southcote. He walks apart, amongst the eager press No opinion which Mr. M°Neile has That swells the city's crowded loveliness,
And carries with bim, through its madd'ning dia, taken up seems to us to tend to so
A holy quietude and peace within. much practical evil as this of mo- The strife of angry tongues, the converse rude, dern miracles. His notion, for ex
That sound amid his peopled solitude,
Scarce needed, fall upon his satiate ear ample, that the Jews are not only Like distant bells heard fitful o'er the mere ;
THE CHRISTIAN CITIZEN.
And while, perchance, his giddy comrades hold And he a freshness in his spirit hach,
Earth fades in Heaven's own light- Earth's proFrom love to God, he learns to love mankiud,
spects die, But heaveoward still his wishes heavenward And all his spirit feels the present Deity!
W. L. N. A waste bebiod, eternity before !
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
Memoir of the Rev. Thomas Lloyd, tive. The “ adventures" are not
M. A. late Vicar of Lois-Weedon, numerous or remarkable. Mr. Lloyd Northamptonshire, and formerly was a regularly trained student; be. Fellow and Tutor of King's Cob- came a Fellow and Tutor of his col. lege, Cambridge. By the Rev. lege; and at length succeeded to an Richard LLOYD, M. A. Rector academical living, where he passed of St. Dunstan's in the West. 8vo. the remainder of his days. London. 1830.
an invalid; sensitive, it may be ner
vous; and often secluded by his weakIt is a refreshing part of our monthly ness from active pastoral life: but he labours to forget the jars of criticism exemplified throughout his course and controversy, and to luxuriate in such meek piety, such patient enthe devout and edifying sentiments durance, and other special graces of of some faithful scriptural discourse the Christian character, that we feel on faith, hope, or charity; or to fol- rejoiced in presenting his portrait to low the track of some heavenly. our readers; more especially to our minded servant of Christ, who has clerical and academical readers, to left to his fellow-Christians an ex
whom the difficulties and encourageample of how they might walk so as ments, the labours and the trials of to please God and benefit mankind. a man whose sphere of duty was for Inpresenting to our readers the pages many years much connected with of Christian biography, we are glad to collegiate studies and employments, exchange our character of reviewers may not be less interesting or useful for that of narrators; and to blow than the habits and vicissitudes of a away the husks and chaff of barren more bustling life. There is no class speculations, for the solid fruit of holy of persons whose vocation and tempdoctrine practically embodied in a tations are more peculiar, or require holy life. Such is our wish in the more to be nicely discriminated, than columns which we are about to de- those of the Christian student. We vote to the narrative now before us. have known some indolent young It would furnish many topics for in- academics attempt, or profess, to teresting disquisition, and some for throw off those difficulties, by throwspeculations, not, we would hope, ing off their studies; whether that the deserving the epithet just applied, of demon of laziness expelled the demon “ barren;" but we shall perhaps best of pride; or that unbelief tacitly sug. consult the spiritual edification of gested that the path of duty was not our readers, and the object of the the path of safety, and that God biographer whose fraternal pen has could not, or would not, preserve refavoured the world with these me- ligious students, as he preserves other morials of his deceased relative, if classes of Christians, in the line of we confine our notices chiefly to a their calling, that calling being lawfew extracts, connected together by ful, and not by withdrawing them the chief facts of the personal narra
from it. The narrative before us, inChrist. OBSERV. No. 351.
teresting in many respects, is parti- being 'an evangelical minister.' He was a cularly so in reference to this point, very excellent man, of great suavity of to the illustration of which we shall temper and amenity of manners, and his
ministerial conduct was calculated to give devote several of our extracts. no offence, except what a faithful promul.
The Rev. Thomas Lloyd was the gation of the truth as it is in Jesus,' will eldest son of the Rev. J. Lloyd, who
more or less produce. I well remember
that in his scholastic days he held the perwas for more than half a century sonal piety of this beloved relative in great rector of Thorpe, in Derbyshire, so respect, and used to defend him whencelebrated for the romantic valley of ever he heard (what was rarely the case) Dove-dale. He had also a living in any reflections cast upon his character.
The moral instincts of our fallen nature are Montgomeryshire; but resided at
on the side of religion, and his example left Wrexham, of which populous parish upon his juvenile and inexperienced mind he was curate, under Dr. Shipley. a vague and indefinite sort of impression His son Thomas commenced his stu.
of its transcendent excellency and import
Whilst his uncle's unaffected sindies in the grammar school of Wrex
gularity,—the singularity only of superior ham; whence he was removed, at the sanctity to many of his clerical brethren age of thirteen, to Eton; and after around him, kindled in his breast a strong wards obtained, not by routine, but predilection in his favour-this predilection by peculiar diligence and talent, the lumined by a clear discernment of the dienvied appointment of a Fellowship vine principles from which emanated at King's college, Cambridge. His piety which he held in such veneration. I brother describes him as follows, at
have reason, however, to think, upon a this period of his bright and honour. retrospective view of this period of his life,
that these early impressions and associaable career.
tions might have had a secret and imper“ I have no recollection of his writing for ceptible influence in subduing those prejuany of the Latin or Greek prizes, though dices against vital religion so inherent in the he was so well qualified for the under- human heart, and in preparing his mind taking. The fact is, that his mind at this to contemplate Mr. Simeon's character period took another direction; he began (though enveloped at this time in a cloud to bend his attention to the great subject of prejudices) in a favourable light, and of theology,—not merely to an examina- to hold in respect his ardent piety,-nottion of its external, but chiefly of its inter- withstanding some constitutional peculianal evidences ; and it is no wonder that the rities which gave, during the early state of stupendous scheme of redemption, and the his ministry, a repulsive appearance to it. glorious prospects of immortality which it He distinguished, however, between the opens to our view, so deeply interested bis Christian and the man, and even representfeelings, as to render him comparatively ed to him what was exceptionable in the indifferent to all other pursuits. Under latter in some strong and admirable stricthese impressions, he occasionally fre- tures which he sent him, and which were quented Mr. Simeon's church in the town received with Christian humility, and exof Cambridge, who was a Fellow of the pressions of the warmest gratitude. Under same college, and attracted considerable the ministry and example of this worthy attention by his extraordinary zeal. He servant of Christ, who has long since surformed a personal acquaintance with him, vived reproach, and conciliated by his conand gradually acquired more extensive and duct the esteem of those who once misspiritual views of the Christian faith. An- understood and misrepresented his chatecedent to this period, I have no reason racter,—the subject of this memoir acquirto think that he had ever been guilty of ed a deeper and more humiliating convicany gross immoralities; he was, allowing tion of the fall of man, of his moral inabi. for the occasional indiscretions of youth, lity to renovate the lapsed powers of his a correct character,-and conscientiously nature, and the consequent necessity of the attended to his morning and evening devo. aid of the Holy Spirit, whose sole prerogations. He inherited a strong attachment tive it is to convince of sin, and to enthrone to the Church of England, being brought Christ in the heart, as the only • hope of up with a reverential regard for her epis- glory. From this time to the termination copal constitution, under the instruction of his life, he was indeed a truly religious and example not only of his respected fa- character. His light shone more and more ther, but also of a venerable grandfather, to the perfect day!" pp. 5-8. who was Vicar of St. Martyn's, in Shropshire, and with whom he was in the con- We could not quite reconcile the stant habit of spending his vacations. The Rector of Loppington, in the same county, but we accept the latter as super
two clauses above marked in italics, was also his uncle, who had the credit, or, in the estimation of some, the discredit of seding an answer to the former. We