« VorigeDoorgaan »
physic; and more particularly in 1666, he concurred in a plan, de
vised by Dr. Plott, for keeping a " No part of History is more in
register of the air, in order to perstructive and delightful than the Lives of great and worthy Men.”
fect the history of what the physiBURNETT.
cians call - Non-paturals." This he printed at the end of a posthu
mous work of Mr. Boyle, entitled LIFE OF JOHN LOCKE.
“A general history of the Am," The immortal Locke was born under the name of “ A Register of at Wrington, in Somersetshire, in the Changes of Air observed at Ox1632. During his infancy, his edu- ford hy the Barometer, Thermomecation was conducted with paternal ter, and Hygrometer, from June affection, but at the same time, 33, 1660, to March 28, 1667.” with great strictness, by his father, He was thus employed when who had been bred up to the law. accident brought him acquainted The first part of his learning he with Anthony Ashley Cooper, received at Westminster School, afterwards Earl of Shaftesbury : whence, at nineteen, he was remov- and this gentleman became Locke's ed to Christ Church, Oxford. He declared patron. became subsequently a Student of In 1070 and the following year, that College, and distinguished he began to form the plan of his himself by several copies of verses." Essay on Human Understand
Having taken, at the regular ing," but was prevented from periods, both his degrees in Arts, making any considerable progress he placed himself on the physic in it by other employments; beline, in which profession he prac-ing, in 1672, appointed by his tised a short time at Oxford ; but patron (then Lord Chancellor) sefinding his constitution 'unable to cretary of the Presentations. The bear the fatigue of much business, Great Seal being taken from and being highly delighted with Shaftesbury in the November of 'the philosophy of Des Cartes, he the year following, Locke of transferred his studies to that course fell with him. As his Lordbranch of science.
ship, however, continued PresiIn 1664, he had an opportunity dent of the Board of Trade, Locke of going abroad, as secretary to was made secretary, with a salary Sir W. Swan, Envoy to the Elec- of £500 per annum; but *this 'tor of Brandenburgh, and some likewise, was an appointment of other German Princes. The next short duration, the commission year he returned to Oxford, where being dissolved in the year 1674. he continued to improve his know- Being still Student of Christ ledge in natural philosophy and Church, he resorted frequently
thither, as well for the conveniency Oxford, who had attacked his first. of books, as for the improvement In 1693, his “Thoughts conof his health, the air of London cerning Education" appeared, not agreeing well with his consti- and at different times he published tution. After taking his degree two other letters on toleration. of M.B. he, in 1675, went to But the asthma to which Mr. Montpelier, being apprehensive Locke had been long subject, inof a consumption; keeping up creasing with his years, now renhowever, at the same time an ac- dered him very infirm. quaintance with several of the this time he retired from public English faculty, and continuing duties, and continued at Oates, his studies in the profession. where he spent the last years
of He had not been a year on the his life in the study of the Holy Continent, when he was accused Scriptures. He had often spoken at the English court of having of his departure, which he found written certain tracts against the in 1703, fast approaching. government; and though another he had been long incapable of person was subsequently found to going to church, he received the be the author, yet application was sacrament at home ; as soon as made to Bishop Fell, then Dean of the office was finished he told the Christ Church, to expel him from minister, that, "he was in the his Studentship, which was effected sentiments of perfect charity to in November, 1684.
wards all men, and of a sincere In 1089, he printed at Gouda, union with the church of Christ, in Latin, his “ First Letter upon under whatever name distin.'
Toleration.” Soon after the Re- guished. volution, he returned to England, The day before his death, he and preferred a claim to his Stu- exhorted Lady Masham, who was dentship at Christ Church : but attending him, “to regard this that society rejected his preten- world only as a preparation for sions as the proceedings against the next," adding “I have lived him, they contended, were con- long enough, and I thank God for formable to their statutes. having.lived so happily.”
In 1690, he published his cele- His death took place on the brated “Treatise on Government.” 28th of October, 1704: he was And the same year he produced interred in the church at Oates,
Essay on Human Under- where a simple monument was standing,” nor was the year ex- erected to his memory, with an pired when his “Second Letter on inscription in Latin, written by Teleration” appeared, in answer himself, containing all that he to Mr. J. Proast, Chaplain of All thought proper to leave concernSoul's College, in the University of ing his character,
To the Editor of the O.xford Enter
faintly through the dusky foliage taining Miscelluny
of a yew tree, planted near the Sir,
curate's last home. I thought of
those I had loved and lost for, Several of your readers have expressed a desire to see
ever! I fanciedt very feeling bethe following little iuteresting va- came purer, and my heart seemed rative, from «The Novelist," in
disposed to abandon itself to the
influence of those ideas the hopes your Entertaining Miscellany, and
of another and brighter world, I among thë rest shall feel obliged
inspire, by your inserting it.
A deep sigh near me awakened.
me from my dream, apd, turning SERVATOR.
hastily round, I perceived a female,
figure, habited in the deepest, POOR ELLEN."
mourning, bending, in the act of We shook hands and parted; endeavouring to fasten he refracmy friends passed on, while I re-tory bramble which had confined, mained seated on the marble slab the greenturf of a n-wly-made; which recorded the name and years grave. I started up, and taking of the deceased village curate. the briar from her feeble attenum, The Bolognian stones, they say, ated hands, placed it once more possess the property of retaining firmly in the earth an expressi-, the light that has once shone on on of thankfulness broke from her them; thus my heart, in that mo- lips as I rose from the ground, ment of solitary reflection in a tears fell fast from her eyes, and village churchyard, seemed to frequent sighs agitated her bosom, glow with the light of other days her face was pale, and her whole so silent, so calm was every appearance seemed to indicate, a thing around me, that involun-speedy removal from this world of tarily I began to retrace scenes of tears. happiness long since passed away! During my stay in the village, There was a time when memory I frequently observed her bend loved to dwell on them; but now her way to the same place, and the recollection of them may be had heard her little history. She compared to a lingering sunbeam was the daughter of the late 'worshedding its rays over a world of thy village school-master; was snow !
once beautiful, amiable, and con, I felt happy, almost resigned, fiding ;-had loved, trusted, and but melancholy; yet there was been deceived ! and now droopmore pleasure in that sensation ing and spiritless, wept over the than I had experienced for years in grave of her father, whose death gayer scenes, the setting sun shone was in a great measure caused by
the desertion of a child hé adored! chair is an altar, on each side for consolation to sorrow such as of which are stately tombs of brass hers, she could only apply to hea- and marble, of the most curious ven, and from heaven alone could workmanship. That of Urban she receive it.
VIII. on the right hand, has two Some unonths afterwards I had statues of white marble, representoccasion to visit L ... again, ing two virtues of exquisite beau-. and, in answer to my inquiries con- ty, Among the other toibs, cerning her, heard she was placed those of the Emperor Otho Il. beyond the influence of sorrow Charlotte Queen of Jerusalem, and shame for ever!
Adrian IV. the only English pope; I went to the churchyard, and Paul III, and Alexander III. are near the spot where I had first works of great magnificence. Nor seen her, a plain white stone de- must we forget the mausolea of notes where her ashes repose, and the Countess Matilda, and Chrisall of eulogy or compassion is tina, Queen of Sweden; the former comprised in the short and simple of whom gave her estate to the inscription of “Poor Ellen !" church, and the latter voluntarily
Poor Elen," repeated I, as I abandoned her dominions, and the stood over it, “ a broken and con- glory of a crown, for a religious trite heart, O God, thou wilt not retirement. Christina's tomb is despise."
nobly designed, without being FRANCISCO.
over-charged with ornament; and
her features are well expressed on Travels
g'reat brass medal, which must have been the work of an excellent
artist." The riches and beauty of An Abridgment of the Travels of a the little chapels and altars round Gentleman through France, Italy, this church are almost inexpresTurkey in Europe, the Holy Ļand,
sible; the gilding, carving, emIrubia, Egypt, &c.
bossed work, brass and marble (Continued from Page 229.)
statues, are all so well contrived "At the bottom of the church, and disposed, that the abundance highly elevated, stands St. Peter's occasions not the least confusion, chair, of the finest workmanship, nor does any thing appear superall of brass gilt, and supported by fluous. Among other curions pieces four gigantic figures, represent- of sculpture, the Dead Christ, ing four fathers of the church, in alabaster, by Michael Angelo, viz. St. Ambrose, St. Jerom, St. is particularly admired; as are Austin, and St. Gregory; with a also two wreathed pillars of alagilded glory over them reaching baster, brought from Jerusalem by quite to the roof. Under the Helen, the mother of Constantine,
and erected at a side-altar. But that the 'riches it contains are though cvery thing in St. Peter's equally surprising with its exterchurch is worthy the observation nal magnificence, the sacristy beof a curious traveller, I think ing filled with a vast variety of nothing deserves it more than the holy vessels and utensils, in gold Mosaic pictures wherewith the and silver, enriched with preciou's altars are decorated, which ex-stones, as crosses, shrines, chalices, ceed any thing of that kind that mitres, and priestly habits and ever was done by the ancients. In ornaments of inestimable value. this sort of work we see represent
The church of St. Mary Maged the Visitation of the Blessed giore, though but small, is esteem
ed one of the most beautiful in Virgin, the crucifixion of St. Pe
Rome; the body of it being sup-, ter, the fall of Simon Magus, and a thousand other pieces of serip- ported by marble pillars, the roof
gilt, and the walls adorned with ture and ecclesiastical history:
Mosaic work. one of these pictures especially,
Before I conclude this descrip-, which represents the story of St.
tion of Rome it will be proper to, Petronilla, St. Peter's sister, is so
mention some of the most remarkexcellently designed, and so nicely able Piazzas, called places by the coloured and polished, that it
French, and squares by the Enseems impossible for human art to
glish. That called the Campo go beyond it. To the eye it ap- Vaccino was the ancient Forum pears exactly like a picture be
Romanum, famous for the pleadhind a glass ; yet it consists only ings and harangues delivered here of little glass squares of various
from the Rostra by the Roman colours, nicely cemented together
orators. When a man stands in by an astringent gum, mixed with
the middle of this great square, whites of eggs and other ingredi- and sees nothing all round him ents. This sort of work is the but the ruins of ancient Rome, it more valuable, as the colours have
gives him some concern, and a fine lustre, are surprisingly du
raises melancholy reflections. On rable, and proof against the inju- one side we see the walls of the ries of the weather. However, Capitol, on the other the Conby extolling these Mosaic works, stantine arch, and that of Titus, I would not be thought to despise in a broken decaying condition : or depreciate the paintings of this on the right hand we view the re-? church, many of which are excel-mains of the Temple of Concord, lent, and some of them master- and on the left the immense ruins pieces of the most celebrated pen- of the Temple of Peace. cils. Enough has been said to I will now say a word or two regive a grand idea of this superb specting his Holiness the Pope, edifice: I shall only add farther, The form of demanding audi