wretchedness to a premature which ever characterize the works death. was painting to of genius.

reason, and to the heart: none Little else remains of the cirhad ever before made the art sub-cumstances of this admirable man's servient to the purposes of moral-life, except his contest with

ity and instruction: a book like this is fitted to every soil and every observer, “and he that runs may read."

Churchill the poet, which at this period would be very uninteresting to the public; and, like that of his birth, the time of his death is not accurately known. Suffice it to say, that Hogarth has left behind him, works which will continue to draw forth the admiration of future generations, as they have done from those "long since fall



The Rake's Progress followed the former, which, though not equal to it, yet came short only of that single excellence: no other could come near him in that way. His great excellence consisted in what we may term the furniture en asleep." of his pieces; for, as in sublime subjects, and history-pieces, the fewer little circumstances there are to divide the spectator's attention from the principal figures, is reckoned a merit; so, in life painting, the greater variety there is of those little domestic images, it gives the whole a greater de gree of force and resemblance. In the pieces of Marriage à la Mode, what can be more finely or satyrically conceived, than his introducing a gouty lord, who carries his pride even to his infirmities, and has his very crutches marked with a coronet.

But a comment, or panegyric on pictures, is of all others the most displeasing; and yet the life before us scarce offers little else. About the year 1750, he published his Analysis of Beauty, which, though it was strongly opposed, yet was replete with those strokes

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Drive to the church,' said Emilia Countess Z**** to her coachman, as she stepped into her carriage. It was the eve of All Saints, and the pious Emilia wished to unburden her mind by confession. A young and amiable woman, united to a husband who was the choice of her own heart-adored by him already the mother of a charming boy— soon to produce the second pledge of nuptial love-gratefully plucking every flower which joy scattered on her path-willingly fulfilling every duty of a faithful wife and tender mother-what can such a woman have to confess? With a heart devoid of guile, and a conscience without blemish, why. does she visit the chair of abso


lution? What will she reply to the priest, if he require more than the universal declaration-I am a miserable sinner?' Thus spoke Gustavus Count Z**** to himself, as he was standing at the window,

Oh, all ye husbands! whoever of you is in possession of a beautiful wife, whom he loves with the whole fullness of his heart, in whose arms he carelessly reposes, on whose chaste bosom he conceives him

and heard his Emilia's direction self a god, let him fancy, if it be possible, let him fancy himself in the situation of the listening Count. His first motion was with his hand upon his sword, but the idea of profaning the Almighty's Temple, and of defiling his floor with

Drive to the church,' 'Shall I privately follow her,' continued he in his soliloquy. Shall I conceal myself in a corner of the church, and hear the avowal of my beloved sinner? Is this curiosity? No! Is it jealousy?-blood, prevented him. He left Pshaw! Well, what is it then?— the church, to him the grave of A joke and nothing more. I am his repose; arrived, without knowher husband, and surely have as ing how, at his own house, and great a right to know her little demanded horses. A light postsecrets as father Anselmo. I shall chaise was prepared. The Count rally her-she will be surprised- left a note for his wife, in which I shall laugh—and there the mat- he very laconically informed her, ter will end.' He went. It was that business of importance oblig→ not far to the church. He crept ed him to visit one of his estates, into it under the cover of twilight, threw himself into the carriage, and approached as near to the con- and fled from the place. fessor's chair as was possible Emilia returned from the temwithout being detected. He lis-ple with that cheerfulness so petened attentively. Emilia spoke culiar to pious simplicity, when it rather lou. This is the fragment of her confession, of which her unfortunate husband lost not a word- Yes, reverend father, the youth was lovely. For in so unaccountable a way-withmore than six months he daily out a parting kiss-without fixing passed several hours in my any time for his return-without chamber, and while I was at sup- having even thought of the jour per with my husband, he escaped ney two hours before. by means of my maid, through a These reflections made the genprivate door. I have always con- tle Emilia uneasy. She summoncealed from his lordship my rea-ed the steward, and asked whe son for dismissing this girl from ther he had spoken to the Count before his departure. The steward

my service,'

believes it has liquidated all accounts with Heaven. Her husband's note surprised her much. He had never before quitted her

third day he reached the bounds of his estate. An ancient castle of the ninth century, furnished with turrets, moats, draw-bridges, and palisades, just caught the last beam of the sun, and cast a long shadow on the flowery meadow.

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replied he had seen him, but not spoken to him- Not spoken to him!' exclaimed Emilia. 'No orders! no directions! I mean only with regard to the household?' 'None whatever,' answered he. 'That is strange,' said Emilia. Ay, strange indeed, my lady,' It was the first time that the returned the steward. 'I have young Count had visited this, the known his lordship ever since he remotest of his estates, since he inwas born, I have often had the herited them from his father. A honour of carrying him in my steward, an old gardener, and his arms, but I never saw him as he wife, were the only inhabitants of was to-day. Twenty times he the castle. Neither of the three harwas pleased to send for me-boured the most distant expectation twenty times I had the honour of of a visit from their young master, waiting on him; but there I stood, They surrounded him with every and he never even looked at me. demonstration of joy, and welcomOnce or twice I took the liberty ed him with hearty good will; but of coughing, but all in vain. His he scarce even saw them; his eyes lordship did nothing but bite his were wild and gloomy; he threw nails, and all the while looked himself upon a sofa, and desired as red as my good old master, his to be left alone. father, of blessed memory, when The whole village was in moti→ he had swallowed five bottles of on. The oldest boors dressed wine after dinner. At last his themselves in their Sunday clothes, lordship threw himself into the and plodded towards the castle, chaise, without so much as just saying good bye, Thomas, as he was always pleased to do, when he left home.'-'Inexplicable!' prize his lordship. At the gates murmured Emilia- Undoubtedly of the castle, however, they some very unpleasant accident has were informed that the Count was torn him from my arms.' Far, very far, was she from suspecting the real cause.

Meanwhile the Count pursued his journey day and night. 'Twas night within his soul-not a gleam of hope there cast its transient twilight, On the evening of the

while the bailiff on the road studied a complimentary harangue, with which he proposed to sur➜

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fatigued with his journey, and would not be seen by any body. The good people returned sorrow❤ fully home. The late lord never was so high with us,' said one to the other. "Whenever he came here to hunt and shoot, he always received us, and said


day, my lads! How goes your in motion. By this means a corn on? How are your cattle?-great deal of work is done by a God bless his good old soul.' few hands, and consequently their

To be continued.


An Abridgment of the Travels of a
Gentleman through France, Italy,
Turkey in Europe, the Holy Land,
Arabia, Egypt, &c.


can be afforded cheaper, than where they have not these advantages. Bologna is also famous for its soap, snuff, perfumes, hams, and sausages; but has one species of goods almost peculiar to itself, I mean lap-dogs, which are very small, and purchased by the ladies at an excessive price.

(Continued from page 190.) About four miles from the city The air of Bologna is extremeis kept a Madona, or picture of ly cold in winter, as it stands near our lady, which, according to tra- the foot of the Apennines, on the dition, was drawn by St. Luke. north side; and yet the heats in The religious have a profound summer are almost as troublesome veneration for this image, and go as they are to the southward, inannually in procession to fetch it somuch that they use ice with to Bologna, where they carry it their wines, and drink all manner about with all imaginable pomp; of cooling liquors. But thongh the incorporated companies, fra- the situation of this city is not the ternities, magistrates, and the most agreeable, and subjects it to pope's legate himself, assisting at some inconveniences; yet the the solemnity; and as the image great plenty of provisions, the popasses by, which is carried under a rich canopy, the spectators fall upon their knees, and express the utmost devotion.

The public school is a magnificent edifice, with a noble portico before it, supported by marble pillars; and the rooms and galleries within are adorned with admirable paintings and statues.

liteness of the inhabitants, the fine paintings and statues with which it abounds, and their frequent concerts of music, operas and comedies, render it delightful to a traveller, and afford him both instruction and amusement.

We left Bologna for Florence. Florence is situated on the river Arno, in a fruitful valley, and is The trade of Bologna consists almost encompassed with hills, chiefly in their manufactures of which are covered with countrysilk and velvets, in which, toge-seats, gardens, and woods of olives, ther with those of flax and hemp, rising gradually till they join the several hundred mills are employ-highest mountains of the Apened, to put their various machines nine.

The streets are most of them the great dukes are placed in straight, and well paved with thick niches, all of brass gilt, and large

flat stones, hollowed in their joinings, that the horses may find fastening for their feet. In many of the streets we meet with statues, fountains, or some other a

as the life. In the middle of each face of the octagon rises a double pilaster of jasper; and on the pedestal of each pilaster are several emblematical figures, curious

greeable object. Their houses ly wrought with precious stones.

The pavement is of the choicest marble, and the roof adorned with lapis lazuli, of the brightest blue,

are lofty, their palaces magnificent, and their churches may be ranked among the finest in Italy. Add to this their spacious squares and intermixed with stars and and beautiful gardens; and we veins of gold. This sumptuous must allow that this city has just-and dazzling structure cost many ly obtained the title of Florence millions sterling.

the Fair.

honour vary in different countries : physic being esteemed in England one of the most honourable professions, and retailing of liquors one of the meanest.

Many of the gentry sell their The collegiate church of St. own wines by retail, and hang up Laurence is a beautiful edifice, a broken flask for a sign at the adorned with excellent statues, gates of their houses: their cuspaintings, and other rich orna-tomers however do not come withments. But the chapel of the in doors, but take their wine and same name adjoining to it, the pay their money at the cellar winburial of the Medicean family, is dow. At the same time they look the admiration of all that have upon the profession of physic as seen it, and universally allowed a disparagement to a gentleman; to be the finest and most costly which shews how the notions of piece of work upon the face of the earth. The form of this chapel is octagonal, its roof a spacious cupola, and its walls on the inside are incrusted and covered with porphyry, agate, lapis la- Instead of pursuing our direct zuli, jasper, oriental alabaster, road to Rome, we took a tour and other rich materials. All from Florence to the westward, round it are the tombs of the being unwilling to lose the sight great dukes, composed of por- of Pisa. The streets of Pisa phyry, granite, and the most pre- are broad, straight, paved with cious marble; and on each tomb large stones, and the houses well is a pillar of jasper, with a ducal built. The cathedral, dedicated crown on the top of it, enriched to St. Mary, is a stately gothic with various sorts of jewels. A-structure, built chiefly with bove these tombs the statues of wrought marble. It has three

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